Buckles

Buckle dimensions to record

Buckle shapes are generally circular, D-shaped, oval, rectangular, trapezoidal or asymmetrical. They can be single or double looped. They can have integral plates or forks (cast as one piece with the frame) or separate sheet plates that are usually folded over the bar. They can have a roller for the pin rest.

There are Roman and Early Medieval buckles, although in the mid 13th century they came into more general use. 13th - 14th century buckles are often simple single looped circular or D-shaped. Copper alloy and iron are the main materials, however pewter was used from the 15th century for shoe buckles. Silver buckles are known. Iron was used on horse buckles. Gilding and silvering were present on buckles in 17th - 18th centuries.

Example Description:

A complete Post Medieval cast copper alloy buckle. This is an oval double looped buckle with pin. The frame is scalloped on the outer edge and has points at either end. The bar is central. There is a slight recess at the centre of the frame for the pin to rest. The pin is a cast pointed strip of copper alloy, folded over the bar. The buckle is in good condition. The buckle is 42mm L x 35mm W, and weighs 9.6g. 15th century. A similar buckle can be seen on the database, SUR-F5C9F6. 

Example records