Measurements and part of a bell

The earliest bells have a separate striker and were produced from the Bronze Age. Clapper bells have the clapper attached inside. Crotal bells have the pea loose inside a chamber.

Rumbler or crotal bells in copper alloy and tin became common from the late 13th century. Brass and gunmetal crotal bells generally date to the 13th—15th centuries, although can be later. They tend to be made of 4 components; a suspension loop, 2 halves of the body and a pea. They can have a join around the middle.

Tin bells were made in a variety of forms. In the 13th century they were cast as an open bell, and the quarters were enclosed around the pea. In the later 13th century only the bottom half was open, and then the 2 halves were closed around the pea. From the 14th century onwards they were cast in 2 pieces, with an integral loop, and then soldered together around the pea.

Example description: A complete Post Medieval cast copper alloy crotal bell. The bell is circular, has been cast in one piece and has a two holes at the top. There is an integral suspension loop, which has been drilled to create a circular hole. There is cast curvilinear decoration across the entire body of the bell. The bell is 45mm high, 32mm wide and weighs 40g. This dates 1500 AD to 1600 AD. Similar bells can be seen on the database.

Example records