Details of Mars personified

The attributes of Mars – a shield and spear or a trophy – reflect his role as the god of war. He is shown either naked except for a cloak or in full armour and is easily confused with Virtus.

Mars appears on coins of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire until the end of the 3rd century AD. He is often given the titles Conservator, Propugnator (both ‘The Defender’), Ultor (‘The Avenger’), Victor (‘The Victorious’) and Pacifer (‘The Peace-bringer’) who holds an olive-branch.

Attributes

  • Shield
  • Spear
  • Trophy

Greek counterpart

Mars can be identified with the Greek deity Ares

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