Details of Jupiter personified

Jupiter was the father of the gods. He normally appears as an older, bearded man and holds a thunderbolt and a sceptre.

Other common attributes include an eagle and a small figure of Victory. Jupiter appears on coins of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire until the adoption of Christianity in the 4th century.

He is often given the titles Optimus Maximus (‘The Best and Greatest’), Conservator (‘The Defender’), Custos (‘The Protector’), Stator (‘The Stayer’ in battle), Tonans (‘The Thunderer’) and Victor (‘The Victorious’).


  • Bearded, older man
  • Thunderbolt and Sceptre
  • Eagle, small Victory

Greek counterpart

Jupiter can be identified with the Greek deity Zeus

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