Personifications present on Roman coins

The reverse often shows a Roman deity (such as Jupiter or Venus); a personification of a virtue (such as Aequitas meaning 'fair-dealing') or something symbolic (such as military or religous symbols). The reverse inscriptions either name these figures or list the emperor's titles. The following examples of the Personifications of Victoria (Victory) and Pax (Peace) demonstrate how to work out who is shown on the reverse:

Gods present on coins

Virtues present


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