Agrippina the Younger

Reece Period attributed: Period 2

Obverse image of a coin of Agrippina the Younger

Member of the Julio-Claudians dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 15 until 59.

Agrippina the Younger (sometimes called Agrippanilla) was born in AD 15 to Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder. At age 13 she married Gn. Domitius Ahenobarbus; she bore him one child, the future emperor Nero (named Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus).

During the reign of her brother Gaius, Agrippina first enjoyed the special honors he bestowed upon his three sisters. However, after the death of their pregnant sister Drusilla, Gaius treated the two remaining sisters very poorly - some sources report that he forced them to dive for sponges.

The emperor Claudius married Agrippina, his niece, after the death of his third wife (Messalina). She set about angling for her son to become Claudius' heir, although he already had a natural son named Britannicus. Nero was three years older than Britannicus, and achieved far greater honours. Once she guaranteed this succession, it is reported that Agrippina poisoned Claudius in a dish of fancy mushrooms.

Agrippina sought even greater power through Nero. At first, he treated her well and allowed her contributions to rule; in AD55, however, he dismissed her guards and told her to leave the palace. She survived a number of assassination attempts, including a boat that purposely collapsed with her in it. She swam to shore; soldiers followed her to her home and killed her there.

Other resources about Agrippina the Younger

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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Agrippina the Younger
  • Full names:
    • Agrippina the Younger
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  • Definition: Julia Agrippina (6 November 15 – 23 March AD 59), also referred to as Agrippina the Younger, was a Roman empress. One of the most prominent women in the Julio-Claudian dynasty, her father was the Roman general Germanicus (one-time heir apparent to the Roman Empire under Tiberius), her mother was Agrippina the Elder (granddaughter of the first Roman emperor Augustus), she was the younger sister of emperor Caligula, niece and fourth wife of emperor Claudius (who succeeded Caligula) and the mother of emperor Nero (who succeeded Claudius). Empress Agrippina functioned as a behind-the-scenes advisor in the affairs of the Roman state via powerful political ties. She maneuvered Nero (her son by an earlier marriage) into the line of succession. Claudius became aware of her plotting, but died in 54. Agrippina exerted a commanding influence in the early years of Emperor Nero's reign, but in 59 she was killed. Both ancient and modern sources describe Agrippina's personality as ruthless, ambitious, violent and domineering. Physically she was a beautiful and reputable woman; according to Pliny the Elder, she had a double canine in her upper right jaw, a sign of good fortune. Many ancient historians accuse Agrippina of poisoning her husband Claudius, though accounts vary.
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  • Birth place: Oppidum Ubiorum
  • Death place: Misenum, Roman Italy
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  • Other title(s):
    • List of Roman and Byzantine empresses
    • Augusta (honorific)
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