Titus

Reece Period attributed: Period 4

Obverse image of a coin of Titus

Member of the The Flavians dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 79 until 81.

Titus Flavius Vespasianus was born in AD 41 and grew up at the court. He was a popular, handsome, and talented youth, both intelligent and skilled at warfare. He was highly successful in Germany and Britain, and commanded one of his father’s legions in Judaea during the suppression of the Jewish revolt. He also saw the completion of the Flavian Amphitheatre, or Colosseum, during his reign.

Titus shared the consulship with his father and celebrated an immense triumph for the Jewish War. He grew somewhat cruel as commander of the Praetorian Guards and held riotous all-night parties, but enjoyed quiet dinner-parties with his closest friends. However, Titus was ultimately kind-hearted and attempted to meet all individual petitions favourably.

Titus’ reign, after his father’s death, saw two terrible disasters: the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 and the fire of Rome in 80. He spent much of his personal wealth to aid those afflicted by the disasters. His brother Domitian constantly plotted against Titus, who never directly ordered anyone killed and attacked the practice of informants. Titus died after contracting a fever in the countryside after complaining that he had only one sin on his conscience. He was mourned as an emperor with the best interests of his people at heart.

Suetonius describes Titus as muscular and handsome, though slightly paunchy.

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Record: SUR-46E025
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A silver denarius of Titus (AD 79-81), dat…
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Record: SUR-03A68C
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An incomplete silver Roman Denarius of Dom…
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Record: SUR-B5EFAB
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman copper alloy As, possibly of Vespa…
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Record: NLM-5F2064
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A silver Roman denarius of Titus (AD 79-81…
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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Titus
  • Full names:
    • * Titus Flavius Sabinus Vespasianus (birth name)
    • * Titus Flāvius Caesar Vespasiānus Augustus (Imperial name)
    • Titus
  • Title: Consul of the Roman Empire, Consul of the Roman Empire with Vespasian, Consul of the Roman Empire together with Vespasian
  • Predecessor: Vespasian
  • Successor: Domitian
  • Definition: Titus (Latin: Titus Flāvius Caesar Vespasiānus Augustus; 30 December 39 AD – 13 September 81 AD) was Roman emperor from 79 to 81. A member of the Flavian dynasty, Titus succeeded his father Vespasian upon his death, thus becoming the first Roman Emperor to come to the throne after his own biological father. Prior to becoming Emperor, Titus gained renown as a military commander, serving under his father in Judea during the First Jewish–Roman War. The campaign came to a brief halt with the death of emperor Nero in 68, launching Vespasian's bid for the imperial power during the Year of the Four Emperors. When Vespasian was declared Emperor on 1 July 69, Titus was left in charge of ending the Jewish rebellion. In 70, he besieged and captured Jerusalem, and destroyed the city and the Second Temple. For this achievement Titus was awarded a triumph: the Arch of Titus commemorates his victory to this day. Under the rule of his father, Titus gained notoriety in Rome serving as prefect of the Praetorian Guard, and for carrying on a controversial relationship with the Jewish queen Berenice. Despite concerns over his character, Titus ruled to great acclaim following the death of Vespasian in 79, and was considered a good emperor by Suetonius and other contemporary historians. As emperor, he is best known for completing the Colosseum and for his generosity in relieving the suffering caused by two disasters, the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79 and a fire in Rome in 80. After barely two years in office, Titus died of a fever on 13 September 81. He was deified by the Roman Senate and succeeded by his younger brother Domitian.
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  • Other title(s):
    • List of Roman Emperors
    • Consul of the Roman Empire
    • Consul of the Roman Empire with Vespasian
    • Consul of the Roman Empire together with Vespasian
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