Maximinus Thrax

Reece Period attributed: Period 11

Obverse image of a coin of Maximinus Thrax

Member of the Third Century Emperors dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 235 until 238.

Gaius Julius Valerius Maximinus was born in Thrace and began life as a lowly soldier. He rose through the ranks until, by the military campaigns of Severus Alexander, he had control of a legion and governorship of Mesopotamia. He was involved in Alexander’s German campaign and acclaimed emperor by his troops near Mainz.

The Senate did not like Maximinus because he spent no time in Rome and extorted huge sums of money to finance his very successful military campaigns. They also viewed him with prejudice because of his very humble origins. Gordian I and II tried to take over the government from Africa, but that rebellion was put down; in Rome, Balbienus and Pupienus were elected joint emperors by the Senate and Maximinus marched towards Rome. He was stopped in Aquileia when the town refused to offer him shelter. He started a siege but was killed by assassins who took his head to Rome.

Maximinus, also called Maximinus Thrax in refernce to his Thracian origins, was a huge man with a prominent chin. Reports characterize him as abnormally tall and very muscular.

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 96 examples.

Record: LVPL-A959C2
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A base silver denarius of Maximinus I…
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Record: BM-219093
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy Roman sestertius of Maximin…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Record: WAW-8553E6
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An incomplete copper alloy sestertius of M…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Record: HESH-0834DD
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An incomplete base silver Roman denarius o…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Other resources about Maximinus Thrax

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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Maximinus Thrax
  • Full names:
    • Maximinus Thrax
  • Title: Consul of the Roman Empire
  • Predecessor: Severus Alexander
  • Successor: Pupienus, Balbinus
  • Definition: Maximinus Thrax ("the Thracian") or Maximinus I (Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus; c. 173 – May 238) was Roman emperor from 235 to 238. His father was an accountant in the governor's office and sprang from ancestors who were Carpi (a Dacian tribe), a people whom Diocletian would eventually drive from their ancient abode (in Dacia) and transfer to Pannonia (Roman Antiquities, book XXVIII, Ammianus Marcellinus). Maximinus was the commander of the Legio IV Italica when Severus Alexander was assassinated by his own troops in 235. The Pannonian army then elected Maximinus emperor. In 238 (which came to be known as the Year of the Six Emperors), a senatorial revolt broke out, leading to the successive proclamation of Gordian I, Gordian II, Pupienus, Balbinus and Gordian III as emperors in opposition to Maximinus. Maximinus advanced on Rome to put down the revolt, but was halted at Aquileia, where he was assassinated by disaffected elements of the Legio II Parthica. Maximinus is described by several ancient sources, though none are contemporary except Herodian's Roman History. He was a so-called barracks emperor of the 3rd century; his rule is often considered to mark the beginning of the Crisis of the Third Century. Maximinus was the first emperor who hailed neither from the senatorial class nor from the equestrian class.
  • Parents:
    • Father:
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  • Birth place:
  • Death place: Roman Italy, Aquileia
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  • Other title(s):
    • Consul of the Roman Empire
    • List of Roman emperors
  • Came After:
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