Marcus Aurelius (as Augustus)

Reece Period attributed: Period 8

Obverse image of a coin of Marcus Aurelius (as Augustus)

Member of the The Antonines dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 161 until 180.

Marcus Annius Verus was born in AD 121 and somehow caught the attention of the reigning emperor Hadrian. At age 18, he was adopted by Antoninus Pius along with Lucius Ceionius Commodus; he because deeply attached to his adoptive father.

Upon the death of Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius had himself and Lucius Verus proclaimed co-emperors, although it seems to have been his father’s wish that only Marcus Aurelius fulfil that position. Marcus Aurelius may have thus elevated his adoptive brother because he wished to have more time for philosophy.

Soon after their accession, the dual Caesars faced the Parthian War and, immediately after, the Plague. Germanic invaders also attacked in the north. Verus suffered a stroke in 168, and Marcus Aurelius was left to rule alone. He had to deal with continued revolts in Germany, as well as an attempt by the governor of Syria to gain more power.

Faustina the Younger, wife of Marcus Aurelius, conspired against him with this governor of Syria (Cassius). However, soldiers loyal to the emperor killed Cassius and the ruler himself sought to avoid further conspiracy. At this point, Marcus Aurelius’ son Commodus joined him in the struggles on the Danube frontier.

The emperor died after several years of body pains and a possible dependence on opium. He was buried in Hadrian’s mausoleum and remembered as a good emperor who met with undue hardship.

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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Marcus Aurelius
  • Full names:
    • Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus
    • Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus
    • Marcus Annius Catilius Severus
    • (as emperor)
    • (or Marcus Catilius Severus;
    • Marcus Aelius Aurelius Verus Caesar
    • (as imperial heir)
    • birth to marriage)
    • Marcus Annius Verus
    • (marriage to adoption by Antoninus Pius)
    • Marcus Aurelius
  • Title: Joint 16th Emperor of the Roman Empire, Consul of the Roman Empire with Antoninus Pius, Consul of the Roman Empire with Lucius Verus
  • Predecessor: Antoninus Pius
  • Successor: Commodus
  • Definition: Marcus Aurelius (/ɔːˈriːliəs/; Latin: Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus; Espejo, 26 April 121 AD – Vienna, 17 March 180 AD) was Roman Emperor from 161 to 180. He ruled with Lucius Verus as co-emperor from 161 until Verus' death in 169. He was the last of the Five Good Emperors, and is also considered one of the most important Stoic philosophers.During his reign, the Empire defeated a revitalized Parthian Empire in the East; Aurelius' general Avidius Cassius sacked the capital Ctesiphon in 164. In central Europe, Aurelius fought the Marcomanni, Quadi, and Sarmatians with success during the Marcomannic Wars, with the threat of the Germanic tribes beginning to represent a troubling reality for the Empire. A revolt in the East led by Avidius Cassius failed to gain momentum and was suppressed immediately.Marcus Aurelius' Stoic tome Meditations, written in Greek while on campaign between 170 and 180, is still revered as a literary monument to a philosophy of service and duty, describing how to find and preserve equanimity in the midst of conflict by following nature as a source of guidance and inspiration.
  • Parents:
  • Birth place: Rome
  • Death place:
  • Spouse:
  • Other title(s):
    • Joint 16th Emperor of the Roman Empire
    • Consul of the Roman Empire with Antoninus Pius
    • List of Roman emperors
    • Consul of the Roman Empire with Lucius Verus
  • Came After:
    • Came before:
      • Subjects on wikipedia:

      Commander during battles

      • Marcomannic Wars : Whole length of river Danube, the northeastern European border of Roman Empire
        The Marcomannic Wars (Latin: bellum Germanicum et Sarmaticum, "German and Sarmatian War") were a series of wars lasting over a dozen years from about AD 166 until 180. These wars pitted the Roman Empire against, principally, the Germanic Marcomanni and Quadi and the Sarmatian Iazyges as well as related conflicts with several other barbarian peoples along both sides of the whole length of the Roman empire's northeastern European border, the river Danube. The struggle against the Germans and Sarmatians occupied the major part of the reign of Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius, and it was during his campaigns against them that he started writing his philosophical work Meditations, whose book 1 bears the note "Among the Quadi at the Granua".

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