Gallienus (sole reign)

Reece Period attributed: Period 13

Obverse image of a coin of Gallienus (sole reign)

Member of the Third Century Emperors dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 260 until 268.

Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus was the son of Valerian, born in 213. He ruled with his father, commanding the armies in the West while his father took care of the East. Valerian was taken captive by the Persians, and thus Gallienus became sole emperor. He struggled to keep the empire together and introduced a policy of religious tolerance that lasted for decades. Over seven attempts were made to set up a rival emperor and a series of secessionists in Gaul made things difficult.

A major revolt by Postumus formed a northern ‘empire’ which lasted about 15 years. Gallienus was a good soldier but unable to cope with the many factions on all edges of the empire; he was killed by his men near Milan and buried on the Appian way. His legacy is undeservedly bad; he alienated the Senate by refusing to allow senators into the military, a policy which stemmed from the recent betrayals and succession issues caused in part by senators in the army.

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Broadperiod: ROMAN
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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Gallienus
  • Full names:
    • Caesar Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus (as emperor)
    • Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus (from birth to accession);
    • Gallienus
  • Title: Consul of the Roman Empire
  • Predecessor: Aemilianus
  • Successor: Claudius II
  • Definition: Gallienus (/ˌɡæliˈiːnəs/; Latin: Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus; c. 218 – 268) was Roman Emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260 and alone from 260 to 268. He ruled during the Crisis of the Third Century that nearly caused the collapse of the empire. While he won a number of military victories, he was unable to prevent the secession of important provinces.
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    • Other title(s):
      • List of Roman Emperors
      • Consul of the Roman Empire
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