Gallienus (Joint reign)

Reece Period attributed: Period 12

Obverse image of a coin of Gallienus (Joint reign)

Member of the Third Century Emperors dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 253 until 260.

Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus was the son of Valerian, born in 213. He ruled with his father, commanding the armies in the West while his father took care of the East. Valerian was taken captive by the Persians, and thus Gallienus became sole emperor. He struggled to keep the empire together and introduced a policy of religious tolerance that lasted for decades. Over seven attempts were made to set up a rival emperor and a series of secessionists in Gaul made things difficult.

A major revolt by Postumus formed a northern ‘empire’ which lasted about 15 years. Gallienus was a good soldier but unable to cope with the many factions on all edges of the empire; he was killed by his men near Milan and buried on the Appian way. His legacy is undeservedly bad; he alienated the Senate by refusing to allow senators into the military, a policy which stemmed from the recent betrayals and succession issues caused in part by senators in the army.

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Record: SF-D99DC2
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A base silver Roman radiate of Gallienus, …
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Record: OXON-9CA56B
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An incomplete Roman silver radiate of Gall…
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Record: CORN-3F8659
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy Roman radiate of Galli…
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Record: SUSS-0550AD
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An incomplete, worn copper-alloy Roman rad…
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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Gallienus
  • Full names:
    • Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus (from birth to accession);
    • Gallienus
    • Caesar Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus (as emperor)
  • Title: Consul of the Roman Empire
  • Predecessor: Aemilianus
  • Successor: Claudius II
  • Definition: Gallienus (/ˌɡæliˈiːnəs/; Latin: Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus; c. 218 – 268) was Roman Emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260 and alone from 260 to 268. He ruled during the Crisis of the Third Century that nearly caused the collapse of the empire. While he won a number of military victories, he was unable to prevent the secession of important provinces.
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    • Other title(s):
      • Consul of the Roman Empire
      • List of Roman Emperors
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