Constantius Chlorus

Reece Period attributed: Period 15

Obverse image of a coin of Constantius Chlorus

Member of the The Tetrarchy dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 293 until 306.

Constantius was born ca 250 in Illyricum. Maximian adopted him as son and heir in 293 as Diocletian adopted Galerian, forming the new system of tetrarchy.

Upon the abdication of the older Augusti, Constantius I was named Augustus of the Western empire in 305. He had left his concubine Helena (mother of Constantine) to marry Maximian’s daughter Theodora. He had been assigned to subdue Carausius, the British usurper, who was killed by Allectus; three years later in a larger operation, Constantius was able to suppress Allectus’ regime. Now, as Augustus, Constantius again went to Britain and fought successfully against the Picts. He died in 306 and his troops proclaimed Constantine emperor.

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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Constantius Chlorus
  • Full names:
    • Title: Roman consul IV, Roman consul III, Roman consul V, Roman consul II
    • Predecessor: Maximian
    • Successor: Valerius Severus, Constantine the Great
    • Definition: Flavius Valerius Constantius "Chlorus" (c. 250 – 25 July 306), also called Constantius I, was a Roman emperor as one of the four original members of the "Tetrarchy" established by Diocletian in 293. He was a junior-ranking emperor, or Caesar, from 293 to 305, and senior emperor, Augustus, from 305 to 306. Constantius was also father of Constantine the Great, the first Christian emperor of Rome. The nickname Chlorus (Greek: Χλωρός, lit. "the Green") was first popularized by Byzantine-era historians and not used during the emperor's lifetime. Of humble origin, Constantius had a distinguished military career and rose to the top ranks of the army. Around 289 he set aside Helena, Constantine's mother, to marry a daughter of Emperor Maximian, and in 293 was added to the imperial college by Maximian's colleague, Diocletian. Assigned to rule Gaul, Constantius defeated the usurper Carausius there and his successor Allectus in Britain, and campaigned extensively along the Rhine frontier, defeating the Alamanni and Franks. When the Diocletianic Persecution was announced in 303, Constantius ordered the demolition of churches but did not actively hunt down Christians in his domain. Upon becoming senior emperor in May 305, Constantius launched a successful punitive campaign against the Picts beyond the Antonine Wall. He died suddenly at Eboracum (York) in July the following year. After Constantius's death, the army, perhaps at his own instigation, immediately acclaimed his son Constantine as emperor. This act contributed to the collapse of the Diocletianic tetrarchy, sparking a series of civil wars which only ended when Constantine finally united the whole Roman Empire under his rule in 324. According to the Oxford Classical Dictionary, "Constantinian propaganda bedevils assessment of Constantius, yet he appears to have been an able general and a generous ruler". His descendants, the Constantinian dynasty, ruled the Empire until the death of his grandson Julian in 363.
    • Parents:
      • Father:
      • Mother:
    • Birth place: Dacia Ripensis
    • Death place: York, Roman Britain
    • Spouse:
    • Other title(s):
      • List of Roman emperors
      • List of legendary kings of Britain
      • Roman consul IV
      • Roman consul III
      • List of Roman consuls
      • Roman consul V
      • Roman consul II
    • Came After:
      • Virius Nepotianus
      • Titus Flavius Postumius Titianus
      • Constantine I
      • Nummius Tuscus
      • Valerius Severus
      • Maximinus Daza
      • Galerius
      • Maximian
      • Gaius Annius Anullinus
      • Diocletian
    • Came before:
      • Titus Flavius Postumius Titianus
      • Diocletian
      • Gaius Annius Anullinus
      • Nummius Tuscus
      • Maximian
      • Virius Nepotianus
    • Subjects on wikipedia:

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