Tiberius

Reece Period attributed: Period 1

Obverse image of a coin of Tiberius

Member of the Julio-Claudians dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 14 until 37.

Tiberius Caesar Augustus, born Tiberius Claudius Nero (November 16, 42 BC – March 16 AD 37), was the second Roman Emperor, from the death of Augustus in AD 14 until his own death in 37. Tiberius was by birth a Claudian, son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla. His mother divorced his father and remarried to Augustus in 39 BC. Tiberius would later marry Augustus' daughter Julia the Elder (from an earlier marriage) and even later be adopted by Augustus and by this act he became a Julian. The subsequent emperors after Tiberius would continue this blended dynasty of both families for the next forty years; historians have named it the Julio-Claudian dynasty.

Tiberius Claudius Nero is recognized as one of Rome's greatest generals, whose campaigns in Pannonia, Illyricum, Rhaetia and Germania laid the foundations for the northern frontier. But he came to be remembered as a dark, reclusive, and sombre ruler (tristissimus hominum – ‘the gloomiest of men’, by one account), who never really desired to be Emperor. After the death of Tiberius’ son Drusus in 23, the quality of his rule declined, and ended in a Terror. In 26 Tiberius exiled himself from Rome and left administration largely in the hands of his unscrupulous Praetorian Prefects Lucius Aelius Sejanus and Quintus Naevius Macro. Caligula, Tiberius’ adopted grandson, succeeded the Emperor on his demise.

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Record: NMGW-8B0739
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: Roman silver coin Tiberius (AD 14-37) de…
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Record: HAMP-BFE63C
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An apparently silver plated Roman denariu…
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Record: WILT-819ADE
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Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A silver denarius of Tiberius dating to t…
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Record: WILT-C5A2E5
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Tiberius
  • Full names:
    • Tiberius
    • * Tiberius Caesar Divi Augusti fili Augustus (as Emperor)
    • * Tiberius Claudius Nero (birth to adoption)
    • * Tiberius Julius Caesar (adoption to accession)
  • Title: Commanding General in Germania, Consul of the Roman Empire, Commanding General in Armenia, Commanding General in Rhaetia, Caesar of the Roman Empire, Commanding General in Pannonia
  • Predecessor: Augustus
  • Successor: Caligula
  • Definition: Tiberius (/taɪˈbɪəriəs/; Latin: Tiberius Caesar Divi Augusti filius Augustus; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March 37 AD) was Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD. Born Tiberius Claudius Nero, a Claudian, Tiberius was the son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla. His mother divorced Nero and married Augustus in 39 BC, making him a step-son of Octavian.Tiberius would later marry Augustus' daughter Julia the Elder (from his marriage to Scribonia) and even later be adopted by Augustus, by which act he officially became a Julian, bearing the name Tiberius Julius Caesar. The subsequent emperors after Tiberius would continue this blended dynasty of both families for the next forty years; historians have named it the Julio-Claudian dynasty. In relations to the other emperors of this dynasty, Tiberius was the stepson of Augustus, grand-uncle of Caligula, paternal uncle of Claudius, and great-grand uncle of Nero.Tiberius was one of Rome's greatest generals, conquering Pannonia, Dalmatia, Raetia, and temporarily Germania; laying the foundations for the northern frontier. But he came to be remembered as a dark, reclusive, and sombre ruler who never really desired to be emperor; Pliny the Elder called him tristissimus hominum, "the gloomiest of men."After the death of Tiberius’ son Drusus Julius Caesar in 23, he became more reclusive and aloof. In 26, against better judgement, Tiberius exiled himself from Rome and left administration largely in the hands of his unscrupulous Praetorian Prefects Lucius Aelius Sejanus and Quintus Naevius Sutorius Macro. It was during the government of Tiberius that, in the Roman province of Judea, Jesus was crucified by Pontius Pilate.Caligula, Tiberius' grand-nephew and adopted grandson, succeeded Tiberius upon his death.
  • Parents:
  • Birth place: Rome
  • Death place: Roman Italy, Miseno
  • Spouse:
  • Other title(s):
    • Commanding General in Germania
    • Roman emperor
    • Consul of the Roman Empire
    • Commanding General in Armenia
    • Julio-Claudian dynasty
    • Commanding General in Rhaetia
    • Caesar of the Roman Empire
    • Commanding General in Pannonia
  • Came After:
    • Quirinius
    • Lucius Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus
    • Decimus Laelius Balbus
    • Marcus Valerius Messalla Appianus
    • Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 32)
    • Gaius Antistius Vetus (consul 6 BC)
    • Gaius Sulpicius Galba
    • Lucius Norbanus Balbus
    • Marcus Junius Silanus Torquatus (consul AD 19)
    • Decimus Haterius Agrippa
  • Came before:
    • Marcus Aurelius Cotta Maximus Messalinus
    • Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Augur
    • Marcus Valerius Messalla Barbatus
    • Marcus Licinius Crassus Dives (consul 14 BC)
    • Gaius Marcius Censorinus (consul 8 BC)
    • Gaius Caelius Rufus
    • Marcus Vinicius (consul 30)
    • Lucius Cassius Longinus (consul 30)
    • Lucius Pomponius Flaccus
    • Gaius Asinius Gallus Saloninus
  • Subjects on wikipedia:

Commander during battles

  • Great Illyrian Revolt : Illyria
    The Great Illyrian Revolt, (Bellum Batonianum or Pannonian Revolt) was a series of military conflicts between an Illyrian alliance and the Roman Empire. The rising began among the Daesitiates of central Bosnia under their leader Bato but were soon joined by the Breuci and numerous other Illyrians. The four year war which lasted from AD 6 to 9 saw huge concentrations of Roman forces in the area, (on one occasion the legions and their auxiliaries in a single camp), with whole armies operating across the western Balkans and fighting on more than one front. On 3 August AD 8 the Breuci of the Sava valley surrendered, but it took another winter blockade and a season of fighting before the surrender of the Daesiates came in AD 9. It took the Romans three years of hard fighting to quell the revolt, which was described by the Roman historian Suetonius as the most difficult conflict faced by Rome since the Punic Wars two centuries earlier.All Illyrians were now subject to Roman rule.In the reign of Nero (AD 54-68) the ancient city of Aphrodisias in Asia Minor celebrated the victories of the Caesars with a monument incorporating figured reliefs depicting the imperial triumphs over the individual peoples. Among the several Illyrian groups singled out were the Japodes, Dardanians, Pannonians, Andizetes and Pirustae.

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