Decius

Reece Period attributed: Period 12

Obverse image of a coin of Decius

Member of the Third Century Emperors dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 249 until 251.

Quintus Decius Valerinus was born ca. 190 and was the first of many emperors to come from the Balkans. His career included a consulship and three governorships, and served as urban prefect under Philip I.

After Philip’s death, Decius went to Rome and consolidated his power; he took the name Traianus out of respect for the great emperor of the last century, and undertook many building projects. He also repaired the Colosseum, which continued to be struck by lightning.

Decius is remembered for persecuting Christians and forcing them to sacrifice to the emperor, though his edict was in fact not aimed solely at Christians. Decius died in battle against the Goths—the first emperor to die fighting a foreign enemy.

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Record: HAMP-A368FC
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A silver plated Roman radiate of Divus Sev…
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Record: LON-5EE3AB
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A worn and corroded copper-alloy Roman as …
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Record: WILT-3B15B9
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman copper alloy double sestertius of …
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Record: WMID-4132A6
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman silver radiate of Trajan Decius da…
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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Decius
  • Full names:
    • Decius
  • Title: Consul of the Roman Empire
  • Predecessor: Philip the Arab
  • Successor: Hostilian, Trebonianus Gallus
  • Definition: Trajan Decius (; Latin: Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius; c. 201 – June 251) was Roman emperor from 249 to 251. A distinguished politician during the reign of Philip the Arab, Decius was proclaimed emperor by his troops after putting down a rebellion in Moesia. In 249, he defeated and killed Philip near Verona and was recognized as emperor by the Senate afterwards. During his reign, he attempted to strengthen the Roman state and its religion, leading to the Decian persecution, where a number of prominent Christians (including Pope Fabian) were put to death. In the last year of his reign, Decius co-ruled with his son Herennius Etruscus, until they were both killed by the Goths in the Battle of Abritus.
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  • Other title(s):
    • List of Roman emperors
    • Consul of the Roman Empire
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