Probus

Reece Period attributed: Period 14

Obverse image of a coin of Probus

Member of the Third Century Emperors dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 276 until 282.

Marcus Aurelius Probus was born in 232. He was a highly accomplished military man, much like the emperor Aurelius. When Florian was betrayed by his own men, his rival Probus became emperor. Probus spent his most of his reign trying to consolidate the empire, generally by solidifying the borders which were increasingly attacked by Goths, Vandals, Germanic tribes, etc. In 280 he also had to deal with internal insurrections, when Bonosus and Proculus proclaimed themselves emperors at Cologne. British and Moorish governors also grabbed at power.

After celebrating a triumph for his German victories, Probus set out again for the east. In his absence Carus, the Praetorian Prefect, raised support and made a bid for power. Probus sent troops back to crush the movement, but these troops defected to the usurper. When Probus’ remaining troops heard of the defection, they murdered him in a look-out tower near Sirmium.

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Record: BH-6CBBD3
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A worn complete copper-alloy radiate of Pr…
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Record: OXON-7637EB
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A silver washed copper alloy radiate of Pr…
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Record: BH-C12ADE
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An incomplete copper-alloy radiate, possib…
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Record: SF-9B94B6
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An incomplete and corroded copper-alloy ra…
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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Marcus Aurelius Probus
  • Full names:
    • Marcus Aurelius Probus (from birth to accession);
    • Caesar Marcus Aurelius Probus Augustus (as emperor)
    • Probus
    • Marcus Aurelius Probus
  • Title: Consul of the Roman Empire
  • Predecessor: Florianus
  • Successor: Carus
  • Definition: Probus (/ˈproʊbəs/; Latin: Marcus Aurelius Probus Augustus; c. 19 August 232 – September/October 282), was Roman Emperor from 276 to 282. During his reign, the Rhine and Danube frontier was strengthened after successful wars against several Germanic tribes such as the Goths, Alamanni, Longiones, Franks, Burgundians, and Vandals. The Agri Decumates and much of the Limes Germanicus in Germania Superior were officially abandoned during his reign, with the Romans withdrawing to the Rhine and Danube rivers.
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    • Other title(s):
      • List of Roman Emperors
      • Consul of the Roman Empire
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