Gordian III

Reece Period attributed: Period 12

Obverse image of a coin of Gordian III

Member of the Third Century Emperors dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 238 until 244.

Marcus Antonius Gordianus was born in 225 to Gordian I\'s daughter. Gordian III was named Caesar by Pupienus and Balbinus in a move to pacify the people of Rome; he was proclaimed sole emperor by the Praetorian Guard in May 238.

Military conflict broke out as the Persians attacked Roman territory. When the able commander of the Roman forces, the father of Gordian III\'s wife and former commander of the Praetorian Guard, died, his replacement was a less conscientious commander. This new leader, Phillip the Arab, used his position to foment mutiny rather than to fight the war, and he undermined Gordian III\'s power as much as he could.

Gordian III called the soldiers to choose between Philip and himself, and they chose Philip. Gordian was killed and his remains brought back to Rome; the Senate deified him.

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