Gordian III

Reece Period attributed: Period 12

Obverse image of a coin of Gordian III

Member of the Third Century Emperors dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 238 until 244.

Marcus Antonius Gordianus was born in 225 to Gordian I\'s daughter. Gordian III was named Caesar by Pupienus and Balbinus in a move to pacify the people of Rome; he was proclaimed sole emperor by the Praetorian Guard in May 238.

Military conflict broke out as the Persians attacked Roman territory. When the able commander of the Roman forces, the father of Gordian III\'s wife and former commander of the Praetorian Guard, died, his replacement was a less conscientious commander. This new leader, Phillip the Arab, used his position to foment mutiny rather than to fight the war, and he undermined Gordian III\'s power as much as he could.

Gordian III called the soldiers to choose between Philip and himself, and they chose Philip. Gordian was killed and his remains brought back to Rome; the Senate deified him.

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Record: PUBLIC-E87D59
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An incomplete copper-alloy Roman sestertiu…
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Record: KENT-58C7AC
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy Roman as of Gordian III (AD
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Record: BH-3F2221
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A complete copper-alloy contemporary plate…
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Record: LIN-1882BF
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: Copper-alloy and silver washed Roman radia…
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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Gordian III
  • Full names:
    • Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius (birth to accession)
    • Caesar Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius Augustus (as emperor)
    • Gordian III
  • Title: Consul of the Roman Empire
  • Predecessor: Balbinus, Pupienus
  • Successor: Philip the Arab
  • Definition: Gordian III (Latin: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius Augustus; 20 January 225 AD – 11 February 244 AD) was Roman Emperor from 238 AD to 244 AD. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. Antonia Gordiana was the daughter of Emperor Gordian I and younger sister of Emperor Gordian II. Very little is known on his early life before his acclamation. Gordian had assumed the name of his maternal grandfather in 238 AD.
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    • Other title(s):
      • Consul of the Roman Empire
      • List of Roman Emperors
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