Antoninus Pius

Reece Period attributed: Period 7

Obverse image of a coin of Antoninus Pius

Member of the The Antonines dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 138 until 161.

Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionus Arrius Antoninus was born in AD 86 to a politically-involved family. He eventually gained the honorific name 'Pius', possibly because of his devotion to duty and upstanding character. He took the usual route through Roman political offices, but he knew little of military affairs.

Hadrian adopted Antoninus in AD 138 after the death of designated heir Aelius Caesar. In turn, Antoninus adopted Marcus Annius Verus (eventually Marcus Aurelius) and the future emperor Commodus at the same ceremony. Antoninus' succession was unchallenged, and he introduced reforms for the acceptable treatment of slaves. An excellent public speaker, he ruled justly and compassionately. Antoninus engaged in no major military campaigns, and the empire enjoyed peace during his reign.

Antoninus Pius died of a short illness and was deified almost immediately by the Senate. He officially handed his power to his adoptive son Marcus Aurelius while dying. His body, along with his wife Faustina's, was laid to rest in the Mausoleum of Hadrian in one of the first imperial inhumations (as opposed to the more-common cremation).

Antoninus Pius followed his predecessor Hadrian's new fashion and wore a beard. He had a stern expression and was very tall and handsome.

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Record: WAW-4B8369
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: Contemporary copy of an as of Antoninus Pi…
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Record: IOW-B96B57
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A complete Roman silver denarius of Antoni…
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Record: LANCUM-B547B1
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy sestertius of Faustina I da…
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Record: CORN-26E4C3
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: Silver denarius of Antoninus Pius (AD 138-…
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