Aurelian

Reece Period attributed: Period 13

Obverse image of a coin of Aurelian

Member of the Third Century Emperors dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 270 until 275.

Lucius Domitius Aurelianus was born ca. 214 in Moesia Inferior (a Danube province). He led a military career and achieved honours under Gallienus; he may have instigated the plot which led to the murder of that emperor. Aurelian did not succeed Gallienus, but allowed the more popular Claudius II to rule.

When Claudius II died of the Plague, Aurelian became the natural choice for a successor. He went to Rome for the winter, but then went back to the Danube to face the threats of various tribes along the border. Recurring invasions by Germanic groups made Aurelian decide that Rome, unwalled since the reign of Augustus, needed a city wall. He accordingly built the Aurelian Wall (finished by Probus).

Probus, Aurelian’s chief general and future successor, reconquered Egypt; Aurelian re-took the separatist Gallic Empire. He celebrated a huge victory in Rome and set off to fight the Persians. On the way, he fell victim to a misunderstanding—his men thought they were sentenced to punishment and revolted, when in reality the rumor was spread by the emperor’s secretary to escape his own punishment. After only five years this beloved and successful emperor died; the Senate immediately deified him and his soldiers gave him a magnificent burial.

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Record: IOW-66E6E4
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An almost complete Roman radiate of Aureli…
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Record: YORYM-D7346B
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy Roman radiate of Aurelian d…
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Record: BH-B528A3
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy sestertius, probably of Aur…
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Record: SF-146176
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An incomplete copper-alloy Roman radiate o…
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Other resources about Aurelian

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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Aurelian
  • Full names:
    • Lucius Domitius Aurelianus Augustus (as emperor)
    • Aurelian
    • Lucius Domitius Aurelianus (from birth to accession);
  • Title: Consul of the Roman Empire
  • Predecessor: Quintillus
  • Successor: Marcus Claudius Tacitus
  • Definition: Aurelian (Latin: Lucius Domitius Aurelianus Augustus; 9 September 214 or 215 – September or October 275), was Roman Emperor from 270 to 275. Born in humble circumstances, he rose through the military ranks to become emperor. During his reign, he defeated the Alamanni after a devastating war. He also defeated the Goths, Vandals, Juthungi, Sarmatians, and Carpi. Aurelian restored the Empire's eastern provinces after his conquest of the Palmyrene Empire in 273. The following year he conquered the Gallic Empire in the west, reuniting the Empire in its entirety. He was also responsible for the construction of the Aurelian Walls in Rome, and the abandonment of the province of Dacia. His successes were instrumental in ending the Roman Empire's Crisis of the Third Century, earning him the title Restitutor Orbis or 'Restorer of the World'. Although Domitian was the first emperor who had demanded to be officially hailed as dominus et deus (master and god), these titles never occurred in written form on official documents until the reign of Aurelian.
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  • Other title(s):
    • Consul of the Roman Empire
    • Roman Emperor
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