Julia Maesa

Reece Period attributed: Period 10

Obverse image of a coin of Julia Maesa

Member of the The Severans dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 218 until 222.

Julia Maesa was the grandmother of both Elagabalus and Alexander Severus. With her daughter, Julia Soaemias, she administered Elagabalus’ reign. She turned her support to Alexander Severus when it became clear that Elagabalus would not last long, but died in 224 having had less influence on Alexander’s regime.

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Record: SF-31192B
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman silver plated denarius of Julia M…
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Record: BERK-0D51B6
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A silver denarius of Julia Maesa mint: Ro…
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Record: KENT-AA60F6
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A contemporary, plated, copy of a Roman d…
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Record: SF-C0DFD7
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman copper-alloy sestertius of Julia …
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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Julia Maesa
  • Full names:
    • Julia Maesa
  • Title:
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  • Definition: Julia Maesa (7 May before 160 AD – c. 224 AD) was a member of the Severan dynasty of the Roman Empire who was the grandmother of emperors Elagabalus and Severus Alexander, elder sister of empress Julia Domna, and mother of Julia Soaemias and Julia Mamaea. She wielded influence during the reigns of her grandsons as Augusta of the Empire from 218 to her death, especially on their elevation to emperors. Born in Emesa, Syria (modern day Homs), to an Arab family of priests of the deity Elagabalus, Maesa and her sister Domna were the daughters of Julius Bassianus. Through her sister's marriage, Maesa became sister-in-law to Septimius Severus and aunt of Caracalla and Geta, who all became emperors. She married fellow Syrian Julius Avitus, who was of consular rank. She bore him two daughters, Soaemias and Mamaea, who became mothers of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander, respectively. As one of the Severan dynasty's prominent women, Maesa sought to return to power after her sister's suicide. She was closely involved in raising her grandson Elagabalus, and after his murder, another grandson, Severus Alexander, as emperors, which resulted in the restoration of the Severan dynasty to the Roman throne after the assassination of Caracalla and the usurpation of the throne by Macrinus. Sometime after Alexander's accession, she died in Rome. She was later deified in Syria along with her sister.
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  • Birth place: Roman Syria, Homs
  • Death place: Roman Italy, Rome
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  • Other title(s):
    • Augusta (honorific)
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