Marcus Aurelius (as Caesar)

Reece Period attributed: Period 7

Obverse image of a coin of Marcus Aurelius (as Caesar)

Member of the The Antonines dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 139 until 180.

Marcus Annius Verus was born in AD 121 and somehow caught the attention of the reigning emperor Hadrian. At age 18, he was adopted by Antoninus Pius along with Lucius Ceionius Commodus; he because deeply attached to his adoptive father.

Upon the death of Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius had himself and Lucius Verus proclaimed co-emperors, although it seems to have been his father’s wish that only Marcus Aurelius fulfil that position. Marcus Aurelius may have thus elevated his adoptive brother because he wished to have more time for philosophy.

Soon after their accession, the dual Caesars faced the Parthian War and, immediately after, the Plague. Germanic invaders also attacked in the north. Verus suffered a stroke in 168, and Marcus Aurelius was left to rule alone. He had to deal with continued revolts in Germany, as well as an attempt by the governor of Syria to gain more power.

Faustina the Younger, wife of Marcus Aurelius, conspired against him with this governor of Syria (Cassius). However, soldiers loyal to the emperor killed Cassius and the ruler himself sought to avoid further conspiracy. At this point, Marcus Aurelius’ son Commodus joined him in the struggles on the Danube frontier.

The emperor died after several years of body pains and a possible dependence on opium. He was buried in Hadrian’s mausoleum and remembered as a good emperor who met with undue hardship.

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 403 examples.

Record: WMID-3F6D09
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A corroded copper-alloy Roman as or dupond…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Record: LEIC-2B85CC
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An incomple Roman silver denarius of Marcu…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Record: LANCUM-FC01CC
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A silver Roman denarius of Marcus Aur…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Record: KENT-7C801A
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper alloy dupondius of Marcus Aureliu…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Other resources about Marcus Aurelius (as Caesar)

View all coins recorded by the scheme attributed to Marcus Aurelius (as Caesar).

Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Marcus Aurelius
  • Full names:
    • Marcus Aurelius
  • Title: Consul of Rome
  • Predecessor: Antoninus Pius
  • Successor: Commodus
  • Definition: Marcus Aurelius (; Marcus Aurelius Antoninus; 26 April 121 – 17 March 180) was a Roman emperor from 161 to 180 and a Stoic philosopher. He was the last of the rulers known as the Five Good Emperors (a term coined some 13 centuries later by Niccolò Machiavelli), and the last emperor of the Pax Romana, an age of relative peace and stability for the Roman Empire. He served as Roman consul in 140, 145, and 161. Marcus was born during the reign of Hadrian to the emperor's nephew, the praetor Marcus Annius Verus, and the heiress Domitia Lucilla. His father died when he was three, and Marcus was raised by his mother and grandfather. After Hadrian's adoptive son, Aelius Caesar, died in 138, the emperor adopted Marcus' uncle Antoninus Pius as his new heir. In turn, Antoninus adopted Marcus and Lucius, the son of Aelius. Hadrian died that year and Antoninus became emperor. Now heir to the throne, Marcus studied Greek and Latin under tutors such as Herodes Atticus and Marcus Cornelius Fronto. He kept in close correspondence with Fronto for many years afterwards. Marcus married Antoninus' daughter Faustina in 145. After Antoninus died in 161, Marcus acceded to the throne alongside his adoptive brother, who took the name Lucius Verus. The reign of Marcus Aurelius was marked by military conflict. In the East, the Roman Empire fought successfully with a revitalized Parthian Empire and the rebel Kingdom of Armenia. Marcus defeated the Marcomanni, Quadi, and Sarmatian Iazyges in the Marcomannic Wars; however, these and other Germanic peoples began to represent a troubling reality for the Empire. He modified the silver purity of the Roman currency, the denarius. The persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire appears to have increased during his reign, but it is unknown how involved Marcus was in the persecution. The Antonine Plague broke out in 165 or 166 and devastated the population of the Roman Empire, causing the deaths of five million people. Lucius Verus may have died from the plague in 169. Unlike some of his predecessors, Marcus chose not to adopt an heir. His children included Lucilla, who married Lucius, and Commodus, whose succession after Marcus has been a subject of debate among both contemporary and modern historians. The Column and Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius still stand in Rome, where they were erected in celebration of his military victories. Meditations, the writings of "the philosopher" – as contemporary biographers called Marcus, are a significant source of the modern understanding of ancient Stoic philosophy. They have been praised by fellow writers, philosophers, monarchs, and politicians centuries after his death.
  • Parents:
  • Birth place: Rome
  • Death place: Vindobona
  • Spouse:
  • Other title(s):
    • Consul of Rome
    • List of Roman emperors
    • List of Roman consuls
  • Came After:
    • Quintus Camurius Numisius Junior
    • Marcus Annius Libo (consul 161)
    • Lucius Poblicola Priscus
    • Lucius Aurelius Flaccus
    • Lucius Plautius Lamia Silvanus
    • Quintus Antonius Isauricus
  • Came before:
    • Novius Sabinianus
    • Oclatinia (gens)
    • Marcus Ceccius Justinus
    • Gaius Julius Bassus (consul 139)
    • Decimus Velius Fidus
    • Lucius Marcius Celer Marcus Calpurnius Longus
  • Subjects on wikipedia:

Types issued

Other formats: this page is available as xml json rdf representations.