Marcus Aurelius (as Caesar)

Reece Period attributed: Period 7

Obverse image of a coin of Marcus Aurelius (as Caesar)

Member of the The Antonines dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 139 until 180.

Marcus Annius Verus was born in AD 121 and somehow caught the attention of the reigning emperor Hadrian. At age 18, he was adopted by Antoninus Pius along with Lucius Ceionius Commodus; he because deeply attached to his adoptive father.

Upon the death of Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius had himself and Lucius Verus proclaimed co-emperors, although it seems to have been his father’s wish that only Marcus Aurelius fulfil that position. Marcus Aurelius may have thus elevated his adoptive brother because he wished to have more time for philosophy.

Soon after their accession, the dual Caesars faced the Parthian War and, immediately after, the Plague. Germanic invaders also attacked in the north. Verus suffered a stroke in 168, and Marcus Aurelius was left to rule alone. He had to deal with continued revolts in Germany, as well as an attempt by the governor of Syria to gain more power.

Faustina the Younger, wife of Marcus Aurelius, conspired against him with this governor of Syria (Cassius). However, soldiers loyal to the emperor killed Cassius and the ruler himself sought to avoid further conspiracy. At this point, Marcus Aurelius’ son Commodus joined him in the struggles on the Danube frontier.

The emperor died after several years of body pains and a possible dependence on opium. He was buried in Hadrian’s mausoleum and remembered as a good emperor who met with undue hardship.

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Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Marcus Aurelius
  • Full names:
    • Marcus Annius Catilius Severus
    • Marcus Annius Verus
    • Marcus Aurelius Antoninus
    • Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus
    • (or Marcus Catilius Severus;
    • Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus
    • Marcus Aelius Aurelius Verus Caesar
    • birth to marriage)
    • (marriage to adoption byAntoninus Pius)
    • (as emperor)
    • (as imperial heir)
  • Title: Consul of the Roman Empire with Antoninus Pius, Consul of the Roman Empire with Lucius Verus
  • Predecessor: Antoninus Pius
  • Successor: Commodus
  • Definition: Marcus Aurelius (/ɔːˈriːliəs/; Latin: Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus; 26 April 121 – 17 March 180 AD) was Roman Emperor from 161 to 180. He ruled with Lucius Verus as co-emperor from 161 until Verus' death in 169. Marcus Aurelius was the last of the so-called Five Good Emperors. He was a practitioner of Stoicism, and his untitled writing, commonly known as the Meditations, is the most significant source of the modern understanding of ancient Stoic philosophy. During his reign, the Empire defeated a revitalized Parthian Empire in the East: Aurelius' general Avidius Cassius sacked the capital Ctesiphon in 164. In central Europe, Aurelius fought the Marcomanni, Quadi, and Sarmatians with success during the Marcomannic Wars, although the threat of the Germanic tribes began to represent a troubling reality for the Empire. A revolt in the East led by Avidius Cassius failed to gain momentum and was suppressed immediately. Aurelius' Meditations, written in Greek while on campaign between 170 and 180, is still revered as a literary monument to a philosophy of service and duty, describing how to find and preserve equanimity in the midst of conflict by following nature as a source of guidance and inspiration.
  • Parents:
  • Birth place: Rome
  • Death place:
  • Spouse:
    • Other title(s):
      • List of Roman Emperors
      • Consul of the Roman Empire with Antoninus Pius
      • Consul of the Roman Empire with Lucius Verus
    • Came After:
      • Came before:
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