Trajan

Reece Period attributed: Period 5

Obverse image of a coin of Trajan

Member of the The Adoptive Emperors dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 98 until 117.

Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus (Caesar) was born in AD 53 and spent much of his early career in Syria, where his father was governor. He later served as governor of Germany under Nerva, who also adopted him. After Nerva’s death he entered Rome humbly, but soon began military campaigns.

Trajan treated his citizens well and was known for his affability. He exiled his enemies, but did not kill them, and engaged in public works and restored infrastructure. Trajan’s column still stands at the end of Trajan’s Forum in Rome; the emperor levelled that hilly region and constructed more public buildings.

Although a pederast and heavy drinker, Trajan was well-liked for his policies and government. Among other military endeavours, he conquered Armenia and won many honorific military titles. He died from complications of a possible stroke, though Trajan believed he had been poisoned. He was deified and his ashes placed at the foot of his column.

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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Trajan
  • Full names:
    • Title: Optimus Princeps
    • Predecessor: Nerva
    • Successor: Hadrian
    • Definition: Trajan (/ˈtreɪdʒən/ TRAY-jən; Latin: Caesar Nerva Trajanus; 18 September 53 – 9/11 August 117) was Roman emperor from 98 to 117. Officially declared by the Senate optimus princeps ("best ruler"), Trajan is remembered as a successful soldier-emperor who presided over the second-greatest military expansion in Roman history, after Augustus, leading the empire to attain its maximum territorial extent by the time of his death. He is also known for his philanthropic rule, overseeing extensive public and implementing social welfare policies, which earned him his enduring reputation as the second of the Five Good Emperors who presided over an era of peace within the Empire and prosperity in the Mediterranean world. Trajan was born in Italica, close to modern Seville in present-day Spain, an Italic settlement in the Roman province of Hispania Baetica. Although misleadingly designated by some later writers as a provincial, his Ulpia gens came from Umbria and he was born in the senatorial family. Trajan rose to prominence during the reign of emperor Domitian. Serving as a legatus legionis in Hispania Tarraconensis, in 89 Trajan supported Domitian against a revolt on the Rhine led by Antonius Saturninus. In September 96, Domitian was succeeded by the old and childless Nerva, who proved to be unpopular with the army. After a brief and tumultuous year in power, culminating in a revolt by members of the Praetorian Guard, he decided to adopt the more popular Trajan as his heir and successor. Nerva died in 98 and was succeeded by his adopted son without incident. As a civilian administrator, Trajan is best known for his extensive public building program, which reshaped the city of Rome and left numerous enduring landmarks such as Trajan's Forum, Trajan's Market and Trajan's Column. Early in his reign, he annexed the Nabataean Kingdom, creating the province of Arabia Petraea. His conquest of Dacia enriched the empire greatly, as the new province possessed many valuable gold mines. Trajan's war against the Parthian Empire ended with the sack of the capital Ctesiphon and the annexation of Armenia and Mesopotamia. In late 117, while sailing back to Rome, Trajan fell ill and died of a stroke in the city of Selinus. He was deified by the Senate and his ashes were laid to rest under Trajan's Column. He was succeeded by his cousin Hadrian, whom Trajan supposedly adopted on his deathbed.
    • Parents:
    • Birth place: Hispania Baetica, Italica
    • Death place: Selinus (Cilicia), Cilicia (Roman province)
    • Spouse:
    • Other title(s):
      • List of Roman consuls
      • Optimus Princeps
      • Roman emperor
    • Came After:
      • Marcus Licinius Ruso
      • Marcus Laberius Maximus
      • Decimus Minicius Faustinus
      • Gnaeus Domitius Afer Curvius Tullus
      • Hadrian
      • Nerva
      • Valeria gens
      • Lucius Julius Ursus Servianus
      • Lucius Licinius Sura
      • Q. Glitius Atilius Agricola II
    • Came before:
      • Pompeia gens
      • Marcus Tullius Cerialis
      • Antonia gens
      • Tacitus
      • Aulus Cornelius Palma Frontonianus
      • Nerva
      • Marcus Ostorius Scapula
      • Publius Coelius Apollinaris
      • Lucius Octavius Crassus
      • Marcus Junius Homullus
      • Quintus Sosius Senecio
    • Subjects on wikipedia:

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