Nero

Reece Period attributed: Period 3

Obverse image of a coin of Nero

Member of the Julio-Claudians dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 54 until 68.

Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (December 15, 37 - June 9, 68), born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, also called Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, was the fifth and last Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty (54 - 68). Nero became heir to the then emperor, his grand-uncle and adoptive father Claudius. As Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus, he succeeded to the throne on October 13, 54 following Claudius' death. In 66, he added the title imperator to his name. In 68, Nero was deposed. His subsequent death was reportedly the result of suicide assisted by his scribe Epaphroditos motivated by the threat of execution.

Popular legend remembers Nero as a playboy engaged in petty amusements while neglecting the problems of the Roman city and empire, the emperor who "fiddled while Rome burned".

These assumptions of his behavior are based entirely on hostile sources; namely Suetonius, Dio Cassius and Tacitus. Nero's life was documented almost entirely by his primary rivals - the senatorial class who were pro-Flavian.

The changing face of Nero

A composite image showing the changing profile of Nero. A further rendering of this change in a video from the British Museum.

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Record: SF-2096F1
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A complete gold plated copper alloy Roman …
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Record: DENO-83F542
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A silver plated contemporary copy of a sil…
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Record: GLO-F16944
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: Silver denarius of Nero struck in Rome bet…
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Record: LVPL-C9830E
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman sestertius of the first or second …
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Other resources about Nero

View all coins recorded by the scheme attributed to Nero.

Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Nero
  • Full names:
    • Nero
    • Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
    • * Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (birth to adoption)
    • * Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus (adoption to accession)
    • * Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (imperial name)
  • Title: Consul of the Roman Empire
  • Predecessor: Claudius
  • Successor: Galba
  • Definition: Nero (/ˈnɪəroʊ/; Latin: Nerō Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 15 December 37 AD – 9 June 68 AD) was Roman Emperor from 54 to 68, and the last in the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Nero was adopted by his great-uncle Claudius to become his heir and successor, and acceded to the throne in 54 following Claudius' death. Nero focused much of his attention on diplomacy, trade and enhancing the cultural life of the empire, ordering theatres built and promoting athletic games, but according to the historian Tacitus (writing one generation later) he was viewed by the Roman people as compulsive and corrupt. During his reign, the redoubtable general Corbulo conducted a successful war and negotiated peace with the Parthian Empire. His general Suetonius Paulinus crushed a revolt in Britain. Nero annexed the Bosporan Kingdom to the empire and may have begun the First Jewish–Roman War. In 64 AD, most of Rome was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome. Suetonius, writing a generation later claims that many Romans believed Nero himself had started the fire, in order to clear land for his planned palatial complex, the Domus Aurea. In 68, the rebellion of Vindex in Gaul and later the acclamation of Galba in Hispania drove Nero from the throne. Facing a false report of being denounced as a public enemy who was to be executed, he committed suicide on 9 June 68 (the first Roman emperor to do so). His death ended the Julio-Claudian dynasty, sparking a brief period of civil wars known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Nero's rule is often associated with tyranny and extravagance. He is known for many executions, including that of his mother, and the probable murder by poison of his stepbrother Britannicus. Nero was rumored to have had captured Christians dipped in oil and set on fire in his garden at night as a source of light. This view is based on the writings of Tacitus, Suetonius and Cassius Dio, the main surviving sources for Nero's reign, but a few sources paint Nero in a more favourable light. Some sources, including some mentioned above, portray him as an emperor who was popular with the common Roman people, especially in the East. Some modern historians question the reliability of ancient sources when reporting on Nero's tyrannical acts.
  • Parents:
    • Father:
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  • Other title(s):
    • Consul of the Roman Empire
    • List of Roman Emperors
    • Julio-Claudian Dynasty
  • Came After:
    • Came before:
      • Claudius
    • Subjects on wikipedia:

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