Galerius

Reece Period attributed: Period 15

Obverse image of a coin of Galerius

Member of the The Tetrarchy dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 293 until 311.

Gaius Galerius Valerius was born ca 250 near Serdica. He had a distinguished military career, and Diocletian nominated him as junior emperor in 293 (at which point Galerius divorced his wife and married Diocletian’s daughter Valeria). Galerius successfully ruled Egypt and supposedly incited Diocletian to persecute the Christians; he became Augustus in 305 when Diocletian abdicated.

As Augustus of the east, Galerius was theoretically subordinate to the Western emperor but managed to appoint two favourites, Maximinus and Valerius Severus, as the junior Caesars. Upon the death of Constantius, he grudgingly allowed Constantine to become Caesar, but insisted that Severus be Augustus.

Maxentius soon overthrew Severus, and Galerius invaded Italy but was forced to retreat. He summoned Diocletian and Maximian to meet him and declare Maxentius a usurper in 308; they appointed Licinus in his place. Galerius grew sick in 310 and feared the illness was retribution from the Christian god, so he reluctantly lifted some of his persecution. He died in 311.

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We have recorded 161 examples.

Record: LANCUM-098700
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A pierced copper-alloy Roman nummus of Gal…
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Record: BM-888699
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy Roman nummus, possibly of G…
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Record: SF-012A9D
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy Roman nummus of unclear Tet…
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Record: SF-370474
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A copper-alloy Roman nummus of Galerius (A…
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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Galerius
  • Full names:
    • Galerius
    • Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus Augustus
  • Title: Consul of the Roman Empire
  • Predecessor: Diocletian, Maximian
  • Successor: Constantine I, Maximinus II, Licinius
  • Definition: Galerius (/ɡəˈlɛərɪəs/; Latin: Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus Augustus; c. 260 – April or May 311) was Roman Emperor from 305 to 311. During his reign he campaigned, aided by Diocletian, against the Sassanid Empire, sacking their capital Ctesiphon in 299. He also campaigned across the Danube against the Carpi, defeating them in 297 and 300. Although he was a staunch opponent of Christianity, Galerius ended the Diocletianic Persecution when he issued an edict of toleration in 311.
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  • Other title(s):
    • List of Roman Emperors
    • Consul of the Roman Empire
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