Constantius II

Obverse image of a coin of Constantius II

Member of the House of Constantine dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 323 until 361.

Flavius Julius Constantius was the second son of Constantine and Fausta, born in 317. He was given the rank of Caesar soon after the defeat of Licinius, and when the empire was divided after Constantine’s death he received the eastern territories.

After the death of Constans in 350, Constantius II marched against the usurper Magnentius; he finally defeated him in 353 and spent the next years on the Danube border. In 359 he went to fight Persia, but received news that Julian had been proclaimed Augustus in Paris. Constantius II tried to march back and face him in battle, but died of fever on the way in Mopsucrene in 361.

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 3,870 examples.

Record: SUR-563A33
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman copper alloy nummus of Consta…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Record: PUBLIC-0016D1
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A worn copper-alloy Roman nummus, contempo…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Record: SUR-DBBAE9
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman copper alloy nummus of Constantius…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Record: SUR-DB8FEC
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman copper-alloy contemporary copy of …
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Other resources about Constantius II

View all coins recorded by the scheme attributed to Constantius II.

Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Constantius II
  • Full names:
    • Constantius II
  • Title: Consul of the Roman Empire
  • Predecessor: Constantine the Great
  • Successor: Julian (emperor)
  • Definition: Constantius II (Flavius Julius Constantius; 7 August 317 – 3 November 361) was Roman emperor from 337 to 361. His reign saw constant warfare on the borders against the Sasanian Empire and Germanic peoples, while internally the Roman Empire went through repeated civil wars and usurpations. His religious policies inflamed domestic conflicts that would continue after his death. The second son of Constantine I and Fausta, Constantius was made Caesar by his father in 324. He led the Roman army in war against the Sasanian Empire in 336. A year later, Constantine I died, and Constantius became Augustus with his brothers Constantine II and Constans. He promptly oversaw the massacre of eight of his relatives, consolidating his hold on power. The brothers divided the empire among themselves, with Constantius receiving the eastern provinces (Asian provinces and Egypt). In 340, his brothers Constantine and Constans clashed over the western provinces of the empire. The resulting conflict left Constantine dead and Constans as ruler of the west. The war against the Sasanians continued, with Constantius losing a major battle at Singara in 344. Constans was overthrown and assassinated in 350 by the usurper Magnentius. Unwilling to accept Magnentius as co-ruler, Constantius waged a civil war against the usurper, defeating him at the battles of Mursa Major in 351 and Mons Seleucus in 353. Magnentius committed suicide after the latter battle, leaving Constantius as sole ruler of the empire. In 351, Constantius elevated his cousin Constantius Gallus to the subordinate rank of Caesar to rule in the east, but had him executed three years later after receiving scathing reports of his violent and corrupt nature. Shortly thereafter, in 355, Constantius promoted his last surviving cousin, Gallus' younger half-brother Julian, to the rank of Caesar. As emperor, Constantius promoted Arian Christianity, persecuted pagans by banning sacrifices and closing pagan temples and issued laws discriminating against Jews. His military campaigns against Germanic tribes were successful: he defeated the Alamanni in 354 and campaigned across the Danube against the Quadi and Sarmatians in 357. The war against the Sasanians, which had been in a lull since 350, erupted with renewed intensity in 359 and Constantius traveled to the east in 360 to restore stability after the loss of several border fortresses. However, Julian claimed the rank of Augustus in 360, leading to war between the two after Constantius' attempts to persuade Julian to back down failed. No battle was fought, as Constantius became ill and died of fever on 3 November 361 in Mopsuestia, naming Julian as his rightful successor before his death.
  • Parents:
  • Birth place:
  • Death place: Mopsuestia, Cilicia
  • Spouse:
  • Other title(s):
    • List of Roman emperors
    • Consul of the Roman Empire
  • Came After:
    • Florentius (consul 361)
    • Neratius Cerealis
    • Eusebius (consul 347)
    • Marcus Maecius Memmius Furius Baburius Caecilianus Placidus
    • Septimius Acindynus
    • Lollianus Mavortius
    • Censorius Datianus
    • Arbitio
    • Flavius Constantius
    • Vulcacius Rufinus
    • Lucius Aradius Valerius Proculus
    • Taurus (consul 361)
    • Flavius Romulus
    • Valerius Maximus (consul 327)
  • Came before:
    • Polemius
    • Hypatius (consul 359)
    • Marcus Nummius Albinus
    • Lollianus Mavortius
    • Magnentius
    • Ursus
    • Sextus Anicius Faustus Paulinus (consul 325)
    • Arbitio
    • Eusebius (consul 359)
    • Julius Julianus
    • Gaiso
    • Petronius Probinus (consul 341)
    • Antonius Marcellinus
    • Amantius
  • Subjects on wikipedia:

Other formats: this page is available as xml json rdf representations.