Vespasian

Reece Period attributed: Period 4

Obverse image of a coin of Vespasian

Member of the The Flavians dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from 69 until 79.

Titus Flavius Vespasianus was born in AD 9 and grew up on his grandmother's estate. He entered politics rather late and at the urging of his mother; he survived the reign of Gaius by flattering the emperor and commanded a legion in Germany for Claudius. He lost Nero's favour by failing to appreciate the emperor's musical recitals but was appointed to deal with the province of Judaea, where civil discontent was turning into open rebellion.

Vespasian got news of the succession struggles in Rome as Galba, Otho, and Vitellius made their bids for power. He sent troops to Italy and himself went to Alexandria to take control of Italy's grain supply. As soon as he had word of Vitellius' demise, Vespasian went to Rome himself and set about restoring the city that had suffered at the hands of the warring would-be emperors.

A popular emperor who was later deified, Vespasian treated all classes well and reformed the Senatorial order. He was remembered as just and fair, a welcome change after Nero and his successors. He died after catching fever on a visit to Campania.

Suetonius reports that Vespasian had a strong and well-proportioned body but always wore a strained expression on his face.

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Record: KENT-6C2CF1
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Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A worn copper alloy Roman dupondius of Ves…
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Record: BUC-416A66
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
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Broadperiod: ROMAN
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Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Vespasian
  • Full names:
    • Titus Flavius Caesar Vespasianus Augustus
    • Vespasian
  • Title: Consul of the Roman Empire, Lives of the Twelve Caesars
  • Predecessor: Vitellius
  • Successor: Titus
  • Definition: Vespasian (/vɛsˈpeɪʒiən, vɛsˈpeɪziən/; Latin: Titus Flāvius Caesar Vespasiānus Augustus; 17 November 9 – 23 June 79) was Roman emperor from AD 69 to AD 79. Vespasian founded the Flavian dynasty that ruled the Empire for twenty-seven years. Vespasian was from an equestrian family that rose into the senatorial rank under the Julio–Claudian emperors. Although he fulfilled the standard succession of public offices and held the consulship in AD 51, Vespasian's renown came from his military success: he was legate of Legio II Augusta during the Roman invasion of Britain in 43 and subjugated Judaea during the Jewish rebellion of 66. While Vespasian besieged Jerusalem during the Jewish rebellion, emperor Nero committed suicide and plunged Rome into a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. After Galba and Otho perished in quick succession, Vitellius became the third emperor in April 69. The Roman legions of Roman Egypt and Judaea reacted by declaring Vespasian, their commander, emperor on 1 July 69. In his bid for imperial power, Vespasian joined forces with Mucianus, the governor of Syria, and Primus, a general in Pannonia, leaving his son Titus to command the besieging forces at Jerusalem. Primus and Mucianus led the Flavian forces against Vitellius, while Vespasian took control of Egypt. On 20 December 69, Vitellius was defeated, and the following day Vespasian was declared Emperor by the Senate. Vespasian dated his tribunician years from 1 July, substituting the acts of Rome's senate and people as the legal basis for his appointment with the declaration of his legions, and transforming his legions into an electoral college. Little information survives about the government during Vespasian's ten-year rule. He reformed the financial system at Rome after the campaign against Judaea ended successfully, and initiated several ambitious construction projects. He built the Flavian Amphitheatre, better known today as the Roman Colosseum. In reaction to the events of 68–69, Vespasian forced through an improvement in army discipline. Through his general Agricola, Vespasian increased imperial expansion in Britain. After his death in 79, he was succeeded by his eldest son Titus, thus becoming the first Roman Emperor to be directly succeeded by his own natural son and establishing the Flavian dynasty.
  • Parents:
    • Father:
    • Mother:
  • Birth place:
  • Death place:
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    • Other title(s):
      • Consul of the Roman Empire
      • List of Roman Emperors
      • Lives of the Twelve Caesars
    • Came After:
      • Lucius Ceionius Commodus Verus
      • Lucius Valerius Catullus Messallinus
      • Domitian
      • Titus
      • Decimus Iunius Novius Priscus Rufus
    • Came before:
      • Lucius Ceionius Commodus (consul 78)
      • Gaius Quintius Atticus
      • Gnaeus Caecilius Simplex
      • Lucius Valerius Catullus Messallinus
      • Domitian
      • Decimus Iunius Novius Priscus Rufus
    • Subjects on wikipedia:

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