Augustus

Reece Period attributed: Period 1

Obverse image of a coin of Augustus

Member of the Julio-Claudians dynasty.

Coins for this issuer were issued from -31 until 14.

Augustus (born Gaius Octavius) was the great nephew and adopted son of Julius Caesar. In the years immediately after Caesar's assassination in 44 BC, Augustus and Mark Antony (Caesar's closest friend and ally) set out to avenge his murder. Within a decade, however, relations between the two had broken down and the Roman World was plunged into civil war. By 31 BC Augustus had emerged as the undisputed victor: Rome's first emperor.

Rome had been a republic for centuries since the fall of its kings and was ruled by the Senate (its supreme political body) and the Roman people. Augustus was anxious that his political position was acceptable to everyone. He based his powers on traditional political offices and presented himself as the "first man" of the Senate rather than as a king. In this way he cleverly preserved the ideals of the Roman Republic.

In about 23 BC, Augustus reformed the coinage. He continued to produce the gold aureus and the silver denarius, but introduced a series of new copper-alloy denominations. The new coinage system was more advanced than anything the ancient world had seen.

Latest examples recorded with images

We have recorded 230 examples.

Record: WREX-724DB8
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: Silver denarius of Augustus (27BC – …
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Record: PUBLIC-D2B126
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman copper-alloy as of P. Lurius Agrip…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Record: SF-98C4AD
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: A Roman silver denarius of Augustus (27 BC
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Record: DEV-2639CC
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: ROMAN
Description: An incomplete silver Roman denarius of Aug…
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Other resources about Augustus

View all coins recorded by the scheme attributed to Augustus.

Information from Wikipedia

  • Preferred label: Augustus
  • Full names:
    • Augustus
  • Title: Princeps Civitatis
  • Predecessor:
  • Successor: Tiberius
  • Definition: Augustus (Imperator Caesar divi filius Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14) was a Roman statesman and military leader who became the first emperor of the Roman Empire, reigning from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. He was the first ruler of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. His status as the founder of the Roman Principate has consolidated an enduring legacy as one of the most effective and controversial leaders in human history. The reign of Augustus initiated an era of relative peace known as the Pax Romana. The Roman world was largely free from large-scale conflict for more than two centuries, despite continuous wars of imperial expansion on the Empire's frontiers and the year-long civil war known as the "Year of the Four Emperors" over the imperial succession. Augustus was born Gaius Octavius into an old and wealthy equestrian branch of the plebeian gens Octavia. His maternal great-uncle Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC, and Octavius was named in Caesar's will as his adopted son and heir, taking the name Octavian (Latin: Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus). Along with Mark Antony and Marcus Lepidus, he formed the Second Triumvirate to defeat the assassins of Caesar. Following their victory at the Battle of Philippi, the Triumvirate divided the Roman Republic among themselves and ruled as de facto dictators. The Triumvirate was eventually torn apart by the competing ambitions of its members. Lepidus was driven into exile and stripped of his position, and Antony committed suicide following his defeat at the Battle of Actium by Octavian in 31 BC. After the demise of the Second Triumvirate, Augustus restored the outward façade of the free Republic, with governmental power vested in the Roman Senate, the executive magistrates, and the legislative assemblies. In reality, however, he retained his autocratic power over the Republic. By law, Augustus held a collection of powers granted to him for life by the Senate, including supreme military command, and those of tribune and censor. It took several years for Augustus to develop the framework within which a formally republican state could be led under his sole rule. He rejected monarchical titles, and instead called himself Princeps Civitatis ("First Citizen"). The resulting constitutional framework became known as the Principate, the first phase of the Roman Empire. Augustus dramatically enlarged the Empire, annexing Egypt, Dalmatia, Pannonia, Noricum, and Raetia, expanding possessions in Africa, and completing the conquest of Hispania, but suffered a major setback in Germania. Beyond the frontiers, he secured the Empire with a buffer region of client states and made peace with the Parthian Empire through diplomacy. He reformed the Roman system of taxation, developed networks of roads with an official courier system, established a standing army, established the Praetorian Guard, created official police and fire-fighting services for Rome, and rebuilt much of the city during his reign. Augustus died in AD 14 at the age of 75, probably from natural causes. However, there were unconfirmed rumors that his wife Livia poisoned him. He was succeeded as emperor by his adopted son Tiberius (also stepson and former son-in-law).
  • Parents:
  • Birth place: Rome, Roman Italy, Roman Republic
  • Death place:
  • Spouse:
  • Other title(s):
    • Julio-Claudian dynasty
    • Princeps Civitatis
    • Pontifex maximus
    • List of Roman emperors
    • List of Roman consuls
  • Came After:
    • Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 32 BC)
    • Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (triumvir)
    • Lucius Passienus Rufus
    • Lucius Arruntius (battle of Actium)
    • Cossus Cornelius Lentulus Gaetulicus (consul 1 BC)
    • Gaius Calvisius Sabinus (consul 4 BC)
    • Lucius Calpurnius Piso (consul 1 BC)
    • Marcus Claudius Marcellus Aeserninus
    • Gaius Sosius
    • Lucius Munatius Plancus
  • Came before:
    • Mark Antony
    • Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 32 BC)
    • Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetronianus
    • Lucius Scribonius Libo (consul 34 BC)
    • Decimus Laelius Balbus
    • Gaius Antistius Vetus (consul 6 BC)
    • Lucius Cornelius Lentulus (consul 3 BC)
    • Aulus Hirtius
    • Marcus Valerius Messalla Messallinus
    • Gaius Sosius
    • Paullus Aemilius Lepidus
  • Subjects on wikipedia:

Types issued

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