When did the graphite pencil really replace the lead pencil?

Suggested period: POST MEDIEVAL

In theory, the discovery of graphite deposits in Cumbria in the late 16th century rendered the lead pencil obsolete. But the PAS database has recorded hundreds of mysterious items, apparently writing leads or pencils, that look late post-medieval. They are not apparently found on archaeological sites in the UK, but they do turn up in North America. This project offers a workout for all the skills of the historical archaeologist – the archaeology of American colonial sites, together with research into sales catalogues and stationers’ or building merchants’ inventories.

Audit data

Created by: Helen Geake
Created: 2 years ago

Other formats: this page is available as xml json representations.