News from the Scheme

Buried Treasure moves to Manchester

Published: 16 years ago Author:

'Buried Treasure' at Manchester Museum
October 1st-January 15th

As part of the events organised around the 'Buried Treasure' exhibition that opens in Manchester Museum on October 1st, Nick Herepath will be hosting 'Discovery Detectives' sessions at Manchester Museum between 1.00-4.00pm on the Saturdays of October 2nd, November 6th and December 11th. Nick will be on hand to examine any finds you wish to bring in (valuations not given), and you can find out more about the work done to conserve the Museum's treasures.

Buried Treasure - Hidden History
Saturday 16 October
A day school with curators from the British Museum and the Manchester Museum. Learn what to do if you unearth "treasure" with our Finds Liaison Officer and local metal detectorist. See the exhibition through the eyes of our experts, and show them your own discoveries in our 'finds surgery'. £15 per person, for more information and to book call 0161 275 8788.

Other Events
There is a whole host of free events on the theme of 'treasure' suitable for both for families and adults happening throughout the exhibition period. Please contact Manchester Museum for details on 0161 275 2676.

New Finds Days Announced.

Published: 16 years ago Author:

Tubulistum and Finds identification day Saturday 25th September at the Royal
Albert memorial Museum in Queen Street, Exeter. Come and celebrate Augustus
10.00 to 4.00

Finds Surgery held regularly at the museum of Barnstaple and North Devon
next one Tuesday 5th October and first Tuesday in the month (please
telephone first 01392 665983)  10.00 to 1.00

Finds Day Barnstaple Museum 9th October 12.00 to 3.30

Treasure: West Midlands 13th November, 2004

Published: 16 years ago Author:

Minature Shield
Iron Age Minature Shield, Alcester Warwickshire
Drawing Copyright - Candy Stevens

The Portable Antiquities Scheme ( has now recorded over 113,000 archaeological finds made by members of the public. In the West Midlands, people are continually discovering archaeological treasures, and recording them with the Scheme. This Day School will show you what has been recorded, and how these finds are contributing to - and even changing - our understanding of the past.

Find out about nationally important West Midlands finds, such as the Herefordshire papal bulla (lead seal), one of the oldest papal bulla ever found in England, and the Staffordshire Moorlands cup, one of three known enamelled bronze cups which list the forts on Hadrian's Wall. Hear from people involved with the Scheme, like the Finds Liaison Officers and the finders themselves. What is it like for a Finds Liaison Officer to visit a metal detecting club, what do metal detector users think of archaeologists'

£20 (£15 for C.B.A. Members) Lunch not included.
For a programme and enrolment contact Irene McKenzie 0121 414 8065
Quote course code: B/04N/176/AHD

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Rare Viking gold arm ring found in York area.

Published: 16 years ago Author:

A gold Viking arm ring, the second of its kind to be discovered in Britain, has been found in the York area.
The arm ring was brought in to Simon Holmes, of the national Portable Antiquities Scheme, who is based at the Yorkshire Museum, York.

It was brought in by a brother and sister who found the ring amongst their late father s possessions.
The ring was analysed by experts at the British Museum and was declared  treasure  at an inquest in York held this week.

The ring consists of 95 per cent gold and weighs 325 grams. It has been cut through and partly straightened into a curved L-shape, but it is otherwise complete and measures 26cm in diameter.
It is made of two thick, round rods with beaded wires between them, twisted into a cable and tapering to the ends. The original ends are joined to a plain, polyhedral knob at the end.

The arm ring is similar to another example from the Viking period, found in Wipholm, Germany, and the polyhedral knob is similar to other Viking gold arm rings from Dublin and Hornelund, Denmark.Mr Holmes said: 

The only other similar example to be found in Britain was found in Goodrington in Devon and I believe our example is the larger of the two. It s a fascinating find and a beautiful object. 

The ring is currently at the British Museum, where it is being studied, but York Museums Trust now hopes to acquire the arm ring for display at the Yorkshire Museum.

Andrew Morrison, curator of access for archaeology, said:  

"It is a really exciting find. Gold Viking arm rings are not common objects at all and we would be very keen to acquire this object, subject to us raising enough funds."

If you would like to bring in your archaeological finds to be identified, email or visit the Yorkshire Museum s free finds surgeries on 4 September, 2 October, 6 November and 4 December, from 10am - 2pm.

Back view of arm ring

Back view of Viking Arm-ring

Front view of arm ring

Front view of Viking Arm-ring.

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England’s first Viking burial ground found in Cumbria

Published: 16 years ago Author:

(For  more information and high quality pictures:
For high quality images for publication contact

The burial site of six Viking men and women, complete with swords and spears, jewellery, firemaking materials and riding equipment, has been discovered near Cumwhitton, Cumbria. 

The site, which is believed to date from the early tenth century, was unearthed following the discovery by a local metal detectorist of two Viking Age copper brooches. The grave of a Viking woman was found beneath the brooches. She had been buried with a wooden chest at her feet, which x-rays may determine holds weaving equipment.  Further excavation led to the discovery of the graves of another woman and four men 10 metres away from the first grave, all buried with their grave goods.  The four men were buried with weaponry, two had firemaking materials, and one was buried with spurs, a possible bridle and what is thought to be the remains of a drinking horn. The female Viking was buried wearing a magnificent jet bracelet on her left wrist and with a copper alloy belt fitting, amongst other goods.

The sandy soil of the area means that while the bodies have decomposed, their equipment had remained exactly where it was buried over a thousand years ago, providing a unique opportunity to excavate a Viking Age cemetery under twenty first century conditions.

Local metal detectorist Peter Adams reported his find via the Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS), the UK’s largest community archaeology project, which identifies, records and advises on archaeological objects found by the public. The site was subsequently excavated by Oxford Archaeology North with English Heritage, which is now working on the conservation of the finds to ensure that information about the objects recovered is preserved for further study. 

Describing the site, local PAS representative Faye Simpson said: “This was a haunting find. When I first saw the excavated graves, complete with artefacts but the bodies of those buried long decomposed, it seemed as though the people buried there had indeed followed in the footsteps of their ancestors and gone to Valhalla – the Viking afterlife.”

Arts Minister Estelle Morris said: "We should all be grateful to Mr Adams who recorded his find so promptly.  As a result, the experts have been able to learn more about this fascinating site, and uncover the secrets of a time capsule more than a thousand years old.

"Community projects like the Portable Antiquities Scheme help people throughout the country get involved in archaeology and local history.  And museums benefit too, through this direct engagement with local experts.”

Mark Wood, Chair of the Museums, Libraries and Archive Council which manages the Portable Antiquities Scheme said: “This is tremendous news: a unique discovery which will improve people’s understanding of the area and its history. The museum community relies on members of the public to report archaeological treasures to our network of Finds Liaison Officers, and you can imagine how pleased we are when important finds of this nature are unearthed.”

Sir Neil Cossons, Chairman of English Heritage, said: “This incredible find provides rare archaeological evidence of the Vikings as settlers who integrated themselves into English life. This exciting find reveals the presence of the Vikings as a community group including woman and challenges the war-lords stereotype as depicted by Hollywood.
“English Heritage is delighted to have been able to support this momentous discovery by funding the archaeological dig. Treasure hunting for its own sake can be damaging and can lead to the loss of valuable objects. We have been able to discover the secrets of this important site thanks to the responsible detective work of Peter Adams who reported the find to the Portable Antiquities Scheme. It is vital that the many other amateur archaeologists across the country continue to help us uncover new evidence of our archaeological past by following Peter’s admirable lead.”
Rachel Newman of Oxford Archaeology North said, ‘We could not have expected more from the excavation of the site. We knew the brooches found by Mr Adams came from a burial of a Viking Age woman, which was exciting and of great importance in itself, but we did not expect to find five other graves complete with such a splendid array of artefacts. It truly has been an amazing few months excavating this extremely important Viking Age site’.

Finder Peter Adams said, “Finding the brooches was just the beginning.  By detecting alongside the archaeologists I was also able to locate a sword hilt which led to the second, and main, excavation and the discovery of all six graves.  Faye Simpson, our Finds Liaison Officer, did a fantastic job pulling all the resources together to make this excavation possible.  Her dedication, together with the archaeologists on site, enabled us all to learn so much from what is the find of a lifetime for me.”


Notes to Editors

Press enquiries:  Fiona Cameron at MLA on 020 7273 1459, email,
Alex Robat at Brunswick Arts on 020 7936 1296 

Press event: A press event will be held at Tullie House Museum and Art Gallery, Carlisle on Tuesday 7 September, 11.30am. Many of the finds will be on view and interviews will be available with:

Michael Lewis, Deputy Head of Portable Antiquities Scheme
Faye Simpson, Portable Antiquities Scheme - Finds Liaison Officer (Cumbria & Lancashire)
Sir Neil Cossons, Chairman, English Heritage
Andrew Davison, English Heritage Inspector of Ancient Monuments, North West Region
Alan Lupton, Operations Manager at Oxford Archaeology North
Rachel Newman, Director of Oxford Archaeology North
Tim Padley, Keeper of Archaeology, Tullie House
Peter Adams, local metal detector, and finder of the site.

A reconstruction drawing of one of the graves will be on view.
To attend the press call please contact Fiona Cameron as above.

Photos and images

Print quality images including a reconstruction drawing will be available from PA Picselect at under DCMS/PAS folder. For more images contact Fiona Cameron as above.

Viking burial sites in England

The only other known Viking cemetery in England is the cremation cemetery at Ingleby in Derbyshire, which was excavated in the 1940s.  Here ashes were buried in eathenware pots and few artefacts survive.  The only other group of bodies to be found buried together was a battlefield cemetery at Repton, Derbyshire. 

About the Portable Antiquities Scheme

The Portable Antiquities Scheme is the largest community archaeology project this country has ever seen. It was established in 1997 to encourage the voluntary recording of archaeological objects found by the public and to broaden public awareness of the importance of such finds for understanding our past.

The data recorded - itself an important educational resource - is published on the Scheme's website ( allowing public access to over 60,000 records and over 21,000 images of finds, as diverse as prehistoric flints to post-medieval buckles - and new finds are going online everyday.

The Portable Scheme is managed by a consortium of national bodies led by Museums, Libraries and Archives Council (MLA), and includes the British Museum, English Heritage, the National Museums & Galleries of Wales (NMGW) and the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales, together with the Association of Local Government Archaeological Officers, the Council for British Archaeology, the National Council for Metal-detecting, the Society of Museum Archaeologists and the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS). The major funding partners of the Scheme are the Heritage Lottery Fund, the DCMS, MLA, the British Museum and the NMGW.

For more information about the Portable Antiquities Scheme contact Dr Michael Lewis (Deputy Head of Portable Antiquities) at or 020 7323 8611.

Organisations involved

English Heritage

English Heritage ( is the Government's lead body for the historic environment. Funded partly by the Government and in part from revenue earned from its historic properties and other services, English Heritage aims to increase the understanding of the past, conserve and enhance the historic environment and broaden access and appreciation of heritage.
As the national archaeology service for England, English Heritage sets standards, promotes innovation and provides detailed archaeological knowledge on the historic environment. This work includes the discovery and analysis of new sites from the air and on the ground, recording and researching the history of landscapes and developing techniques for geophysical survey, technological analysis and dating.

MLA (the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council)

MLA is the national development agency for museums, libraries and archives, advising the government on policy and priorities for the sector. MLA's roles are to provide strategic leadership, to act as a powerful advocate, to develop capacity and to promote innovation and change.  Museums, libraries and archives connect people to knowledge and information, creativity and inspiration. MLA is leading the drive to unlock this wealth, for everyone. For further information visit the MLA website at

Oxford Archaeology North

Oxford Archaeology ( is an educational charity with a Board of Trustees and has over 30 years of experience in professional archaeology and are the largest employer of archaeologists in the country (we currently have more than 200 members of staff). We have offices in Lancaster and Oxford, trading as Oxford Archaeology North (OA North), and Oxford Archaeology (OA) respectively, enabling us to provide a truly nationwide service. OA is an Institute of Field Archaeologists Registered Organisation (No 17), and is thus bound by the IFA's Code of Conduct and required to apply the IFA's quality standards. Oxford Archaeology North staff have unrivalled experience of the archaeology of the North West, having worked in the county for over 20 years

Tullie House Museum and Art Gallery

Established by Carlisle Corporation in 1893, Tullie House Museum and Art Gallery ( houses considerable collections of fine and decorative art, human history and natural sciences.

The Museums Human History (Archaeology) collections comprise Cumbrian Prehistory; Roman Cumbria (especially Carlisle and the Hadrian's Wall area): Dark Age and Medieval Cumbria. There are a number of important excavation archives, including several from recent work in Carlisle itself, in which organic materials - especially wood and leatherwork - are notable. Important items within the collections include: Bronze Age stone spear-mould from Croglin, gold neck-ring from Greysouthern; Roman inscribed and sculpted stones from Carlisle and Hadrian's Wall; Dark Age objects from Viking burials at Ormside and Hesket; Saxon sword; Medieval city bell, chest & stocks; Elizabethan weights & measures.

Portable Antiquities at the English Heritage Festival of History

Published: 16 years ago Author:

In August, 2004 and Wendy Scott (Finds Liaison Officer for Leicestershire) and Kevin Leahy, (Finds Advisor) assisted by Dianne, his wife, attended the Festival at Stoneleigh Park, Warwickshire where they had a superb, but completely exhausting day. 

Visitors were able to look through trays of finds from the North Lincolnshire Museum's reserve collection and Wendy took a computer presentation of finds she has recorded.  We also had displays showing the results of the Scheme on our knowledge of the Anglo-Saxons and Vikings. 

The day was a great success, our stand was constantly surrounded by a throng of interested people clamouring to see what they could find on the trays.  Children found Wendy's Roman coins fascinating, the thrill of holding something made by the Romans!  We had 655 direct contacts plus many other people who just looked at what we had on show.  Some objects, including a mount from a late 19th century gig saddle, were identified for us by visitors.

This was not a day for recording finds but an occasion to show to the public some of the results of what we are doing.  It looks as if people liked what they saw and appreciate what the Scheme is achieving. 

 Kevin Leahy discussing finds.Kevin Leahy with young scholar
Above: Dr. Kevin Leahy (North Lincolnshire Museum) discussing portable antiquities with interested members of the public.

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Ancient Greece Family Day

Published: 16 years ago Author:

Ancient Greece Family Day
11 July, 10.30 - 5.00
Admission free
All events free

Meet some ancient Greek warriors, try on a helmet and find out what it feels like to carry a shield.

Listen to the story of the Trojan War - Helen, Paris, the golden apple, Hector and mighty Achilles.

Decorate Greek clothes, help build an Athenian ship, make gifts for the goddess Athena and march in the great procession to celebrate her birthday.

Visit Greece through the Ages with our fantastic new Hamlyn Family Trail.

See Kirk Douglas as Ulysses as he battles the fearsome one-eyed giant Cyclops.

11 July 2004
Events start at 10.30 am
Great Procession at 2.45 pm
Film at 3.15 pm

For further details, contact Katharine Kelland on 0207 3238327

Job vacancy - Finds Liaison Officer/ Community Archaeologist

Published: 16 years ago Author:

Finds Liaison Officer (Portable Antiquities Scheme)
/ Community Archaeologist

Department of Early London History and Collections, Museum of London.

Fixed term contract until 31st March 2006

Salary: £19,524 - £22,992 inclusive of London Allowance.

Applications are invited for an archaeological post funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and the Museum of London, to be based at the Museum of London.

Half of the post will be dedicated to the work of the Portable Antiquities Scheme. The main aims of the Scheme is to advance our knowledge of the history and archaeology of England and Wales by recording of archaeological objects found by the public and to increase opportunities for active public involvement in archaeology. This data is published on and made available to the relevant Historic Environment Record. The post holder will make contact with members of the public - including metal-detector users, attend metal-detecting club meetings, explain the aims of the Scheme and the Treasure Act through giving talks, and will record finds on the Scheme's finds database.

The other half of the post will be working as Community Archaeologist for London. This will involve promoting the positive involvement in London archaeology of as many members of the public as possible, particularly through existing community organisations and groups. This will also involve carrying out liaison between different parts of the archaeological sector in London including the support of local archaeological societies.

The ideal candidate will have a degree in Archaeology and a minimum of one year's relevant experience including artefact identification.  It is essential that you have the ability to communicate effectively with a wide range of people and are highly organised when working under pressure and to deadlines.  A high level of PC literacy is key, in particular a sound knowledge of using databases.

Further details and an application pack for this post is available by telephone on 020 7814 5793 (24 hour ansaphone) or email  Closing date: 26th July 2004. For an informal discussion about both aspects of the post please ring Hedley Swain on 020 7814 5713. Visit                      

The Museum of London is striving for diversity and welcomes applications from all sectors of the community.

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Government recognises the role of the Portable Antiquities Scheme in monitoring the Internet trade in illicit antiquities

Published: 16 years ago Author:

During a debate in the House of Lords on Wednesday 23rd June 2004, Lord Davies of Oldham (Government Minister) noted that the Government was 'working with the Portable Antiquities Scheme to inform eBay of any potential breaches of the Treasure Act 1996 or the Dealing in Cultural Objects (Offences) Act 2003'.  

The illicit trade in cultural objects (Portable Antiquities) is a matter of concern for archaeologists, responsible metal-detector users and all law abiding people, and there have been calls upon 'someone' to monitor (and where possible - check) such activities. The Department for Culture Media & Sport, the British Museum, the Portable Antiquities Scheme and representatives of the All Party Parliamentary Archaeological Group have been working with eBay on a policy for stopping criminals who try to sell archaeological objects which have been 'nighthawked' (i.e. recovered without the permission of the landowner or from scheduled monuments) and unreported Treasure finds. Finders selling objects on eBay should make it clear when and where the object was found and reassure potential buyers the objects are being sold legitimately.

'Nighthawking is a big problem for landowners and responsible metal-detectorists. Therefore we in the National Council for Metal Detecting (NCMD) welcome the fact that the Government, Portable Antiquities Scheme and others are working together and with Internet auction houses to clamp down on the illicit trade in antiquities'.     David Barwell (Chairman, National Council for Metal Detecting)

Looking Forward To The Past: Heritage Minister Sets Out The Future For Heritage Protection

Published: 16 years ago Author:


Andrew McIntosh said: "Our current system of heritage protection is second to none. If it did not exist, the landscape of England today would be a vastly different, and infinitely poorer one. But improvements can be made. There is too much overlap between safeguards that have built up over time, and not enough transparency. We need a more open, more effective system. We need to enable and manage change where necessary to ensure that old buildings and public spaces are put to productive new uses, while retaining a robust level of protection for our historic assets. We need to breathe new life into an old regime."

The primary changes will include:

A new unified "Register of Historic Sites and Buildings of England" bringing together listing, scheduling and registration and incorporating World Heritage Sites. It will also contain a "local section" recording conservation areas, local lists and registers.

85% of respondents to the public consultation believed that a unified list would improve existing arrangements.

The transfer of responsibility for making designation decisions at national level to English Heritage, subject to certain important new safeguards: English Heritage will be required to act within published Government policies and criteria for designation.

The Secretary of State will retain a power to call in exceptional cases for her decision.

Owners will have a new statutory right of appeal.

English Heritage will be required to give an annual account of activities against the published policies and criteria.

90% of respondents agreed that English Heritage should assume responsibility for maintaining the List. 87% agreed there should be a right of appeal.

The introduction of public consultation in respect of applications to list, promoting transparency and openness. A new interim protection order will be placed on each asset until a decision is made.

96% of respondents supported plans to make the listing process more open. 99% agreed that interim protection should be applied.

The unification of listed building consent with scheduled monument consent to create a simplified, integrated heritage consent, administered by local authorities. Government will also consider further recent research into the unification of consent regimes, including the possible the integration of conservation area consent and planning permission with the new heritage consent.

90% of respondents felt that a new consent regime should be as simple as possible.

Andrew McIntosh continued:

"In light of the overwhelming public support shown in consultation, the Government has concluded that Ministers should make policy, not act as case-by-case decision makers. Subject to real safeguards, like the right of appeal, the introduction of English Heritage to this role will bring a much improved clarity and accountability to the new system."

Implementation of the above measures will require primary legislation. The Government intends to seek Parliamentary time at the first opportunity, likely to be 2006/7. Meanwhile, English Heritage's wide-ranging pilot project programme will provide an invaluable opportunity to explore fully these proposals in practice, and ensure that the details are right prior to primary legislation.

At the same time, an additional series of measures aimed at immediately improving the everyday experience of heritage protection will be introduced without legislation, some as early as April 2005. These will include:

A review of the criteria for listing buildings by DCMS and English Heritage. Proposals will be consulted on later this year.

The assumption of the day-to-day administration of the system (but not designation decisions) by English Heritage from April 2005. Changes to the list will be subject to the approval of the Secretary of State.

The creation of a comprehensive pack for owners, including a "summary of importance" setting out the reasons for listing, a map which indicates the extent of listing, and general information on designation and seeking planning consent.

Andrew McIntosh concluded: "The Government wants to make it easier for the owners and tenants of heritage properties to take pride in their conservation and care. One way to do this is to provide better information about what makes their property special and how to keep it in good condition. We want to open up the system by offering a one-stop shop for applications and enquiries, providing information in a clear and comprehensible form, and offering the opportunity to request a review of listing decisions. Taken as a whole, the proposed new system will allow us to work in closer partnership with others, making it easier to safeguard the past and build for the future."

Simon Thurley, Chief Executive of English Heritage said: "English Heritage welcomes the government's decision to implement major reform of the heritage protection system. Having worked in partnership with the Department for Culture, Media and Sport on its review, we now look forward to leading the introduction of the reforms that will create a modern, positive and comprehensive framework for the management of the historic environment. "The new system will give English Heritage additional roles and enhanced responsibilities. We are confident we shall rise to the challenges they bring and are committed to working with all our partners to ensure that the transition to the new arrangements over the next few years is delivered efficiently and effectively."


The Government's review of heritage protection legislation was conceived as a response to issues raised over time about the way the historic environment was being protected. A project was set up to examine the issues in depth. A massive fact-finding exercise was instituted across the sector and beyond through regional seminars, individual interviews and focus groups. Early soundings taken in the pre-consultation period made it clear that, for many stakeholders, the current heritage protection systems were complex. New protections had been added piecemeal over time. Few people, even amongst those working with the systems on a daily basis, had a clear grasp of all parts of the legislation and unsurprisingly there were inconsistencies in its interpretation. A system was needed which was more simple and transparent to the general public and other key stakeholders but which maintained at least the same level of protection for historic assets.

The information gained from the pre-consultation phase led to a set of proposals for change. These proposals were set out in the consultation document Protecting the historic environment: Making the system work better, launched in July 2003. Throughout the consultation period a further series of seminars for key stakeholders and other interests discussed the proposals and how they might work. In addition, a number of working groups, which included historic environment and legal experts, examined the proposals to see how they might work in practice and any potential problems.

The Government received over 500 substantive and thoughtful responses to the public consultation exercise. ODPM is publishing today a report by the Halcrow Group Ltd on the Unification of Consent Regimes. The report and a summary are available at

Press Enquiries: 020 7211 6272/76 Out of hours telephone pager no: 07699 751153 Public Enquiries: 020 7211 6200

How will it make a difference' Heritage Protection Case Studies

Hospitals, Schools and Other Public Buildings Private Homes Heritage Assets on Agricultural Land

Hospitals, Schools and Other Public Buildings

Problem: A listed hospital complex or school may face an urgent need to update existing facilities that do not meet modern day standards. There may also be great pressure to maximise space and use the site efficiently. However list descriptions can be unclear regarding which features are most important and should be retained. The need for repetitive consent applications can make long term planning for the site difficult.

The solution: A new way of working. Under the new system a comprehensive pack for owners will be produced, including a site map and a "summary of importance" highlighting what is notable about the site, and why, and identifying particular areas of sensitivity. If appropriate, the site could be protected under a management agreement, where English Heritage would work in partnership with the owners to establish an advance understanding of important buildings and features and what could be changed without special consent. Bureaucracy could be reduced by agreeing simple, repeat requests for maintenance that would usually require Listed Building Consent. Good for the Public Services: The new system will provide owners and site managers with a greater degree of clarity and certainty regarding the building's future management, and allow for long term strategic planning in a busy and pressured environment. A management agreement could offer a greater degree of flexibility by anticipating a programme of work and agreeing a solution beforehand.

Good for Heritage: Setting them out in summary of importance and possibly a management agreement will ensure that owners and site managers have a clear understanding of their responsibilities. Working together and coming to a joint agreement will allow owners to know more about their heritage assets and encourage their 'buy-in' to protection.

Private Homes

Problem: Currently, home-owners may not know that their building is under consideration for listing until they are informed of the outcome. That decision documentation is not comprehensive, may not be easy to understand, and there is no formal appeal process.

The solution: Under the new system, when a private home is put forward for designation there will be an opportunity for consultation with the home-owner, enabling them to comment on the application and to submit their own evidence if they so wish (at which time any issues and worries can be discussed and ideally resolved). Once the building is registered, the owner will be sent a comprehensive 'owners pack', which will clearly state why the building is listed and what are its particularly important features. A map will be included which will show the extent of the designation. Owners will also receive details on who to contact for further advice, and the implications of owning a registered property, with details of how to seek a formal review or appeal. This will ensure a greater degree of clarity and openness for owners than under the current system.

Good for Home-Owners: The new system will provide owners with a new right of appeal and opportunities for consultation. An 'owners pack' will offer much improved information about their heritage property and make it easier for owners to negotiate the system.

Good for Heritage: The Government believes that owners are more likely to take pride in conserving their property if they are better informed both about what makes it important and how best to keep it in good condition.

Heritage Assets on Agricultural Land

Problem: On a working farm there may be multiple items designated in different ways, for example listed buildings and scheduled archaeological sites. Current agri-environment schemes can conflict with the management of the historic environment.

The solution: Under the new system, multiple designations on one site could be combined into one list entry, with a single set of documentation, putting the entire site in context. A management agreement could be used to combat potential conflicts with agri-environment schemes by flagging these up and allowing complementary regimes for sensible land use while at the same time giving due consideration to items of archaeological importance and the pressures created by modern farming practices. Management agreements could be aligned with the farm's projected development plan and any issues arising could be discussed and resolved in a manner satisfactory to all parties.

Good for Farmers: The new system will offer a greater degree of clarity and certainty for farm manager/owners and will provide an opportunity to discuss the implications, and agree a reasonable approach, to conflicting interests. This will greatly assist owners who often have to manage land with overlapping historic environment and nature conservation designations.

Good for Heritage: The creation of a single integrated consent regime for the historic environment, together with the option of statutory management agreements responsive to nature conservation objectives, will permit far more effective alignment of nature and heritage conservation in land management activity.

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