News from the Scheme

Hoard of American gold Double-Eagles dug up in Hackney

Published: 11 years ago Author:

Today at St Pancras Coroner's Court, an inquest was opened into the discovery of a hoard of American gold dollar coins found in Hackney, which are currently being examined in the Museum of London. The inquest will determine whether the hoard qualifies as Treasure. This is an interesting case, because the coins are less than 300 years old, so for them to qualify as Treasure they need to meet the following criteria:

  1. Made of gold or silver
  2. Deliberately concealed by the owner with a view to later recovery
  3. The owner, or his or her present heirs or successors, must be unknown

The inquest has been adjourned and is due to be at the Poplar Coroner's Court on the 8th of February 2011.

The hoard of gold double eaglesThe public will be able to view these coins in the British Museum from Tuesday 19th October, in gallery 41. Anyone with any information about the original owners of the coins, their heirs or successors, should provide this to the Treasure Registrar, the British Museum. The Museum will require evidence about how, when, where and why the coins were concealed and evidence upon which they can be sure of the ownership by any potential claimant.

There is no penalty for mistaken claims made in good faith but any false claims may be reported to the police for consideration of charges of perverting the course of justice, or other offences of dishonesty.

More about the hoard

The hoard contains 80 coins, minted in the United States between 1854 and 1913. They are all $20 denominations of the type known as 'Double-Eagle'. The find is totally unprecedented in the United Kingdom.

The coins were reported to Kate Sumnall, Finds Liaison Officer for the Portable Antiquities Scheme, and are currently on show in the Museum of London. The coins will qualify as 'Treasure' under the terms of the Treasure Act 1996 and thus the property of the Crown, if the coroner finds that they have been buried with the intent of future recovery. However if the original owner or his or her heirs are able to establish their title to the coins, this will override the Crown's claim.

Hackney Museum has expressed an interest in acquiring the coins, which would then be valued by the Treasure Valuation Committee at their full market value. Hackney Museum would then have up to four months to raise the money to pay for the hoard, and this sum would be divided between the owner of the land and the finder.

Dr Barrie Cook of the British Museum (Department of Coins and Medals) reports:

The 80 coins are all gold 20-dollar pieces of the United States, issued between 1854 and 1913. The coins are thus all the same denomination, introduced in this form in 1850, and were struck to the same standard, 90% gold, used from 1837 until the end of US gold coinage in 1933. The catalogue shows that the coins gradually increase in number across the decades from 1870 to 1909 (13 coins from 1870-9; 14 from 1880-89; 18 from 1890-99; and 25 from 1900-9). Over a quarter of the total were issued in the last 6 six years represented. Together these factors suggest that the material began to be put aside during this later period, rather than being built up systematically across a range of time represented. The main element among this latest material are the 17 coins dating to 1908, which suggests that a single batch of coins from that year might have formed the core for the group.

Date Mint Total
1854 San Francisco 1
1867 San Francisco 1
1870 San Francisco 1
1875 Carson City 1
1875 San Francisco 1
1876 San Francisco 5
1876 Philadelphia 2
1877 San Francisco 2
1877 Philadelphia 1
1881 San Francisco 1
1882 San Francisco 2
1883 San Francisco 3
1884 San Francisco 2
1885 San Francisco 1
1888 San Francisco 4
1889 San Francisco 1
1890 Philadelphia 1
1891 San Francisco 1
1893 San Francisco 1
1894 San Francisco 4
1896 San Francisco 3
1898 San Francisco 4
1899 San Francisco 4
1900 San Francisco 2
1901 San Francisco 3
1902 San Francisco 2
1905 San Francisco 2
1907 Philadelphia 1
1908 Philadelphia 17
1909 Philadelphia 1
1910 Philadelphia 1
1913 Philadelphia 3
1913 Denver 1

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£320,250 needed to save Frome Hoard for Somerset

Published: 11 years ago Author:

Art Fund to match-fund public donations to appeal

The Art Fund logo

Victor Ambrus' water colour of his view of the hoard being depositedToday, the value of the Frome Hoard has been announced at £320,250. Somerset County Council Heritage Service now has until 1 February 2011 to raise the funds in order to keep this important treasure on public display in the county in which it was discovered. The rare find, made up of 52,503 Roman coins dating from the 3rd century AD, was unearthed tightly packed in a pot and is the largest coin hoard to have been found in a single container.

The Art Fund, the national fundraising charity for works of art, today announces a grant of £40,250 to kick-start the appeal. For the first time, the Fund is offering members of the public the chance to double the value of their donation to the appeal. For every £1 donated by a member of the public, the Art Fund will match fund it - up to a total value of £10,000, thereby boosting the appeal with up to a further £20,000.

Stephen Deuchar, director of the Art Fund, said:

"We're extremely excited to be part of Somerset's campaign to acquire this extraordinary treasure. To think that this pot packed full of coins lay buried beneath the soil for almost 2,000 years - it really is incredible. We need to save the hoard so that experts can carry out vital research - and so that new generations can enjoy and be inspired by it. As a way to encourage philanthropic giving and support from the public, we are also pleased to be offering members of the public the chance to double the value of their donation to the appeal by donating via us."

Roger Bland, Head of Portable Antiquities & Treasure, British Museum said:

"Dave Crisp, the finder, behaved in an exemplary way. When he found the hoard he didn't try and dig it out himself, but reported it to the Portable Antiquities Scheme, so that an archaeological excavation could be organised to recover the find systematically. As a result there is enormous potential to properly understand why and how this coin hoard was buried, and perhaps change pre-existing views on the hoarding and burial of such assemblages".

Dave Crisp discovered the hoard on 11 April 2010 while metal-detecting near Frome, Somerset. The 'Frome Hoard' was declared Treasure under the Treasure Act 1996 on 22 July. The coins range from c. AD 253 to c. 293 and except for five silver coins are all base-silver or bronze 'radiate' coins. Weighing 160 kilograms, it is said to be one of the largest and most important hoards of coins of this period in Britain. There are still mysteries surrounding why it was buried, and Dr Bland says that its discovery could make experts

"rethink the nature of such hoards."

Over 760 of the coins belong to the emperor Carausius, a general in the Roman army who usurped against the Central Empire. Carausius set up his own empire in northern Gaul and Britain, and This is the largest group of his coins found anywhere. The entire hoard includes coins minted by 21 emperors and three emperors' wives.
Because the coins were excavated by layer, experts were able to detect that most of the latest coins (those of Carausius) had lain over half-way down the pot. This led to the conclusion that the hoard was almost certainly buried in one event. The pot could not have held 160kg of metal without breaking. It therefore must have been buried in the ground before the coins were tipped in from smaller containers.

There has already been considerable local enthusiasm for the hoard. On 22 July, the County Council Heritage Service organised a special event showcasing a selection of coins from the find. Over 2,000 people and two school groups attended, many having to queue for up to an hour. A second event is planned for 23 October 2010. This will be a major opportunity for the public to find out more about the find and what they can do to help save it.

In addition to the target £320,250 needed to acquire the hoard for Somerset, an additional £35,000 will be needed for its long-term conservation.

The first book on the Frome Hoard, written by experts Sam Moorhead, Roger Bland and Anna Booth, and published by the British Museum Press, is now available from

50 pence of every sale will go towards the vital conservation costs..The Frome Hoard tells the remarkable story of the discovery of the hoard, describes the fascinating collection of coins it contains and offers an initial interpretation of the treasure, and its significance. Close-up photographs show intricate details of the amazing coins.

How to donate

To donate towards the appeal to save the hoard for Somerset, please register your interest via and the Art Fund will be in touch with details about how to donate. Every public donation will be match-funded by the Art Fund, up to a total of £10,000.


Notes to editors

The Art Fund is the national fundraising charity for works of art and plays a major part in enriching the range, quality and understanding of art in the UK. It campaigns, fundraises and gives money to museums and galleries to buy and show art, and promotes its enjoyment through its events and membership scheme. Current initiatives include sponsoring the UK tour of the ARTIST ROOMS collection, and running a major campaign in partnership with the National Trust to raise £2.7 million to save Brueghel's The Procession to Calvary for Nostell Priory. The Art Fund is funded by its art-loving and museum-going members and supporters who believe that great art should be for everyone to enjoy. Find out more at

Portable Antiquities Scheme

The Portable Antiquities Scheme was established to encourage the recording of archaeological finds found by the public, and also supports the mandatory reporting of Treasure (such as the Frome Hoard) under the Treasure Act 1996. The Scheme is managed by the British Museum on behalf of the Museums, Libraries & Archives Council. Across England and Wales its Finds Liaison Officers liaise with finders and record their finds, which are published on its online database ( so that people can learn about the archaeology of their local area, and also for the advancement of archaeological knowledge.

Contact Roger Bland, Head of Portable Antiquities and Treasure, 020 7323 8611; e-mail:

Museum of Somerset

The Frome Hoard will be prominently displayed in the Museum of Somerset, Taunton, when it re-opens in the Summer of 2010. The museum is presently undergoing a £6.9 million refurbishment largely funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Locally, support for the hoard's acquisition has been shown by a contribution of £10,000 from the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society.

Contact Stephen Minnitt, Head of Museum 01823 347440 or 01823 278805. Email:

Details on the Book

The first book on the Frome Hoard, written by Sam Moorhead, Roger Bland and Anna Booth, and published by the British Museum Press, available from, 48 pages, 50 colour illustrations, ISBN 978 0 7141 2334 9, PB £4.99. The Frome Hoard has been printed with the generous support of local Frome-based printers, Butler, Tanner & Dennis

The Authors

Cover image for The Frome Hoard

Sam Moorhead is National Finds Adviser for Iron Age and Roman coins in the department of Portable Antiquities and Treasure at the British Museum.

Anna Booth was Somerset County Council's Finds Liaison Officer, and worked on the excavation of the hoard. She is now researching for a PhD at the University of Leicester.

Roger Bland is Head of Portable Antiquities and Treasure at the British Museum. He is the co-author of The Staffordshire Hoard (British Museum Press)

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Exceptional Roman cavalry helmet discovered in Cumbria

Published: 11 years ago Author:

An image of the Roman helmet restored by Christies

Earlier this year, an astonishing Roman cavalry helmet was discovered by a metal detectorist searching on disturbed pastureland with the landowner's permission at Crosby Garrett in Cumbria.

This helmet is only the third known example discovered in the United Kingdom; however neither of the previous examples is as complete or as elaborate in design. The face mask of this helmet is of the usual style - an idealised youthful visage (Greek in style), clean shaven with a head of luxurious curly hair.

This exceptional discovery of National importance, will hopefully be acquired for Tullie House Museum and it has been recorded in full (with a precise grid reference) on the Portable Antiquities Scheme's database (record number: LANCUM-E48D73). The find spot has been visited by local archaeologists and Scheme staff, and a preliminary assessment has been made of the discovery site.

The helmet was discovered in 67 pieces and has been restored at Christies to the state in which it has been offered for sale; images of the helmet in its discovery state can be seen attached to the Scheme's record.

Several experts have examined the helmet and Dr Ralph Jackson of the British Museum said:

The face mask of the Cumbria helmet, like many others, is both extremely finely wrought and chillingly striking, but it is as an ensemble that the helmet is so exceptional and, in its specifics, unparalleled. It is a find of the greatest importance. As a most powerful symbol of the might of Rome, it is a star display piece which could hardly be more appropriate to the collections, galleries and curatorial expertise of Carlisle's Tullie House Museum: it is vital that the Museum secures it.

Dr Roger Bland OBE, Head of Portable Antiquities and Treasure at the British Museum said:

This is an internationally important find and one which everyone agrees should be in a museum in this country and we are supporting the efforts of Tullie House Museum in Carlisle to acquire it.

The Portable Antiquities Scheme played an essential role in working with the finder to discover exactly where it was found, so that Tullie House Museum are able to bid for it and we hope that they are successful, although it is always difficult for a museum to buy an object like this at auction.
It is a pity that the object was restored before there was any opportunity to examine it scientifically, as that would have given us more information about how it came to be in the ground. We hope it will be possible for there to be an archaeological examination of the findspot.

Sally Worrell, National Finds Adviser (Roman and Prehistoric artefacts) for the Scheme said:

..without a precise find spot the archaeological significance of this rare find would have been greatly diminished, and now we know where the object has come from, it would be great for it to be displayed in a local museum for the public to enjoy. Our FLOs for Cumbria, Dot Boughton and Stuart Noon, have visited the findspot and have discovered previously unknown evidence for human occupation in the immediate vicinity of the findspot. We very much hope to be able to investigate this further, as is so important to know as much as possible about the context of the find.

It is now being offered by Christies at auction on the 7th October 2010 and the sales catalogue entry can be seen on page 118 -

The image on the right depicts the Roman Cavalry helmet, copyright Christies.

Further reading

Report on helmet by Ralph Jackson [pdf]

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Hatch taken from protected sub

Published: 11 years ago Author:

Image of the Holland 5 - public domain image from WikimediaThe central bow torpedo tube hatch of the historic submarine Holland 5 has been illegally removed, English Heritage has reported.

The wreck, which lies in 30m of water six miles off Beachy Head in Sussex, is designated as a protected site under the Protection of Wrecks Act 1973.

It is illegal to dive or interfere with the wreck outside sanctioned diving activities run by the site licencee, Mark Beattie Edwards.

An offence has also been committed under the Merchant Shipping Act, as the hatch's removal has not been reported to the Receiver of Wreck.

It was during a licenced dive in June by the Nautical Archaeology Society, of which Beattie Edwards is Programme Director, that divers realised the hatch could be missing.

Another survey dive this month provided confirmation that the hatch was neither on the wreck nor on the surrounding seabed. Marine growth around the hatch's mounting area suggested that it was removed some time ago.

The last firm sighting of the hatch was in September 2008. Survey dives were not possible last year due to inclement weather.

Diver Jamie Smith, who holds a visit licence for the site, said that he was "saddened and shocked" at the removal by "the few that tend to spoil it for the many".

"This is not a diving trophy from the deep but a historic piece of protected wreck," he said. "Please return it."

He added: "If you wish to dive the wreck you can apply for a visitor's permit; this is not too complicated. You can then dive her and take your memories home with you."

English Heritage is appealing to the "diving community for help in locating this important piece of the Holland 5".

Those who think that they may have useful information are asked to contact Sussex Police or Crime Stoppers on 0800 555111.

Holland 5 was the first submarine to be commissioned into the Royal Navy, in January 1903. The torpedo tube hatch was curved to follow the shape of the bow.

The submarine foundered while under tow in 1912. It was discovered by a Kent diver, Jerry Dowd, in 1995 and dived for the first time by submarines expert Innes McCartney in 2001. Since then the NAS and McCartney have worked together to record the wreck, offering places on many survey dives to the broad sport diving community

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Rothley Hoard to go on Display

Published: 10 years ago Author:

The public will have its first chance to view the rare axe mould and three associated axes, found by Mr Andy Chamberlain on 24th May 2009. These complete moulds are extremely rare, with less than 10 known, and help us to understand the technological changes that occured during the Bronze Age. The mould (PAS ref LEIC-A6BB51) would have made a 'Welby' type socketed axe from the late Middle Bronze Age 1020-800BC.

This is very significant as this type of axe was named after the village of Welby, Leics, where they were first identified. Welby lies just 10 miles east of the Rothley findspot and Ben Roberts, Curator of the Bronze Age at the British Museum, believes it is possible that our axe mould could have been used to make the very axes that named the type.

The Hoard was purchased by Leicestershire County Council Museums Service via the Treasure process (Case No 2009 T278) with generous support from the Friends of Leicester and Leicestershire Museums; Friends of Charnwood Museum; Rothley Heritage Trust and parishioners and the Hames Charity (Rothley).

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Treasure and Portable Antiquities annual statistical release 2008

Published: 11 years ago Author:

Annual statistics of the number of objects of treasure and portable antiquities in England and Wales in 2008 produced by the British Museum on behalf of DCMS were released on 23 July 2010 according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Last release date: November 2009 (Treasure and portable Antiquities Annual Report 2007)

Period covered: January to December 2008

Geographic coverage: England, Wales and Northern Ireland for treasure and England and Wales for portable antiquities
Next release date: Statistics from 2009 will be published in the first quarter of 2011
Finds Liaison Officers (FLOs) record finds of treasure and portable antiquities on the Portable Antiquities database. The statistics gathered from the database together with further details of the objects found have previously been published annually in the Treasure and Portable Antiquities annual report.

Report structure/format
The report sets out the latest annual figures for the 12 months to December 2008. It also presents objects recorded by geographical area and by period and category of find. The report is available in rtf and pdf format.

Key messages

In 2008 806 finds of Treasure were reported.In 2008 53,346 finds were recorded on the Portable Antiquities database.In 2008 82 parties waived their right to a reward in 51 cases of Treasure, allowing them to be acquired by museums at no (or reduced) public cost.

Pre-release access
The document below contains a list of Ministers and officials who have received privileged early access to this release of Treasure and Portable Antiquities data. In line with best practice, the list has been kept to a minimum and those given access for briefing purposes had a maximum of 24 hours.

Contact for enquiries:

Department for Culture, Media and Sport
2-4 Cockspur Street
London SW1Y 5DH

The responsible analyst for this release is Peter Antonaides
For enquiries on this release contact: 020 7 211 6188 For general enquiries telephone: 020 7211 6000 

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Scheme website and the Staffordshire Hoard are shortlisted for BAA 2010

Published: 11 years ago Author:

BAA logoToday it was announced that two Scheme projects have been shortlisted in the prestigious British Archaeological Awards, which are sponsored by the Robert Kiln Trust. Over the last 18 months, the Scheme's ICT Adviser has rebuilt and relaunched a new website and database to record public discovery of archaeological objects. This was relaunched on the 24th March 2010 and was nominated for the awards in the 'best archaeological innovation' category. 

The second Scheme project to be entered into these awards was the discovery of the Staffordshire Hoard, which was announced on September 24th 2009. This has been entered into the 'best archaeological discovery' category. The work on the Hoard has already been honoured at the Current Archaeology Conference 2010, with an award in the category for 'best archaeological rescue dig'.

Good luck to all nominees and hopefully the awards will gain publicity for the CBA's Festival of British Archaeology when the award winners are announced on July 19th at the British Museum.

Below follows the statement from the award's organisers. 


The Trustees of the British Archaeological Awards are delighted to announce the short list of nominations for the six individual Awards which make up the 2010 British Archaeological Awards.

Established in 1976, the British Archaeological Awards are a showcase for the best in British archaeology and a central event in the archaeological calendar.

The winners of the six Awards will be announced at the 2010 Awards ceremony which will take place on 19 July at the British Museum, hosted by historian and broadcaster Michael Wood. The ceremony will be a major event within the Council for British Archaeology's Festival of British Archaeology, a huge UK-wide celebration of archaeology with more than 650 events attended by more than 250,000 people, which attracts huge national TV, radio, newspaper and magazine coverage.

The Chairman of the British Archaeological Awards trustees, Dr Mike Heyworth MBE, said:

"The wide-ranging nominations for the 2010 British Archaeological Awards demonstrate the high standard of work going on in archaeology across the United Kingdom. There is huge public interest in archaeology and increasing opportunities for everyone to get involved in archaeological projects in their area. We congratulate all the nominated projects and look forward to a lively ceremony in July when the winners of the Awards will be announced."

The short list of nominations for the six Awards are as follows:

Best Archaeological Project:

  • Archaeology of Inchmarnock Research Project
  • Mellor Heritage Project 2007-9
  • The Tarbat Discovery Programme

Best Community Archaeology Project:

  • "Discover the Lost Bishop's Palace" - Wisbech Castle Community Archaeology Project
  • Fin Cop - Solving a Derbyshire Mystery
  • Mellor Heritage Project 2007-9

Best Archaeological Book:

  • "Britain's Oldest Art: The Ice Age Cave Art of Creswell Crags" by Paul Bahn & Paul Pettitt
  • "Europe's Lost World: the re-discovery of Doggerland" by Vince Gaffney, Simon Fitch & David Smith
  • "The Rose and The Globe, playhouses of Shakespeare's Bankside, Southwark: Excavations 1988-1991" by Julian Bowsher & Pat Miller

Best Representation of Archaeology in the Media:

  • Tinderbox Productions for BBC Radio 4: In Pursuit of Treasure & The Voices Who Dug Up The Past
  • Time Team Series 16, Episode 5: Blood, Sweat & Beers - Risehill, North Yorks
  • The Thames Discovery Programme web site (

Best Archaeological Innovation:

  • Integrated Archaeological Database (IADB:
  • Lindow Man: a Bog Body Mystery Exhibition at the Manchester Museum (April 2008-April 2009)
  • The Portable Antiquities Scheme web site (

Best Archaeological Discovery:

  • Late Bronze Age Copper and Tin Ingots from Moor Sand
  • Links of Noltland excavations - discovery of Orkney Venus figurines
  • The Staffordshire Hoard
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New Minister visits PAS

Published: 11 years ago Author:

Ed Vaizey viewing Roman coins with Anna BoothIn his first week as Culture Minister, Ed Vaizey attended a general meeting of the Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) on 21 May; besides PAS staff, Andrew Burnett (Deputy Director, British Museum) and Hedley Swain (Director, Programme Deliveries, MLA) were also present. Following a presentation of the new PAS database (by Dan Pett) and a recent coin find (by Sam Moorhead), the Minister addressed those present.

He said he was impressed by the new database and its mapping facilities: he particularly enjoyed seeing a map of finds in his own constituency of Wantage, Oxfordshire. The Minister said that PAS enabled people to become fascinated with the past, and also described it as a true partnership project. Looking to the future, he said it was clear the Government had tough decisions ahead, but he stood by what he said whilst he was Shadow Culture Minister, that PAS was a politician's dream, that it was streamlined, and he was aware that even the smallest
cut would have a big impact on delivery.

Therefore he promised that he would make a robust argument on behalf of the Scheme in the forthcoming
Spending Review. Afterwards the Minister was shown some recent finds that had come to light as a result of the PAS, and also had the opportunity to talk to Finds Liaison Officers and the Scheme's Finds Advisers.

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Staffordshire hoard purchased after successful fundraising campaign

Published: 11 years ago Author:

The Art Fund is delighted to announce that the Staffordshire Hoard, the largest archaeological Anglo-Saxon find ever unearthed, has been saved for the nation. The news comes after the National Heritage Memorial Fund (NHMF), the government's fund of last resort for heritage items at risk, pledged £1,285,000 - bringing the campaign to the £3.3m target, just over three weeks ahead of schedule.

Thanks to the support of the public, trusts and foundations, and the generous £1,285,000 NHMF grant, the awe-inspiring find has now been safely secured for Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery and the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery, Stoke-on-Trent. On 13 January 2010 The Art Fund launched the campaign to save the Staffordshire Hoard on behalf of both acquiring museums with a £300,000 grant and with generous pledges of £100,000 each from Birmingham and Stoke City Councils.

Stephen Deuchar, Director of The Art Fund, said:

"We have been absolutely bowled over by the enthusiasm and fascination the Staffordshire Hoard has sparked amongst the British public, as well as visitors from abroad. It is wonderful news that the NHMF has enabled the target of £3.3m to be reached ahead of the deadline, and I hope that this will give the West Midlands a head-start with the next stage in fundraising for the conservation, research and display of the treasure."

Dame Jenny Abramsky, Chair of NHMF, said:

"We're delighted to be able to announce this news today. The Staffordshire Hoard is an extraordinary heritage treasure. It is exactly the sort of thing the National Heritage Memorial Fund was set up to save, stepping in as the 'fund of last resort' when our national heritage is at risk, as a fitting memorial to those who have given their lives in the service of our nation. We're delighted, in our 30th anniversary year, to be able to make sure it stays just where it belongs, providing rare insights into one of the more mysterious periods of our history."

Eminent historian and broadcaster Dr David Starkey helped launch the campaign on 13 January, giving an illuminating speech on the value of the Hoard and coining the term "gangland bling" to describe its dazzling beauty and links to bloody warfare.
Today David Starkey commented:

"This is wonderful news for historians worldwide - the Staffordshire Hoard provides us with vital clues to our ancient past, and now we can set about decoding them. We're delighted that The Art Fund, the NHMF, all other funding bodies and the generous public have helped us save these breathtaking treasures for posterity. It's now vital that we think ahead towards a future conservation of the Hoard, and displays that will match the excitement of the find."

Cllr Martin Mullaney, Cabinet Member for Leisure Sport and Culture for Birmingham City Council said: 

"It is great achievement to secure the hoard for the West Midlands Region. Not only have we managed to raise the necessary £3.3 million to return the hoard to its rightful home a month ahead of schedule but a staggering £900,000 of this has been raised by personal donations. I have been overwhelmed by the public response and can't thank enough everyone who has given and supported our campaign in helping us bringing the Hoard home."

Councillor Hazel Lyth, Stoke-on-Trent City Council, said:

"This grant from the National Heritage Memorial Fund is the cherry on the cake of an extraordinary fundraising campaign which has highlighted how proud and determined the local community have been to keep the Staffordshire Hoard in the region. But this is great news for the whole country; we can now begin to unlock the secrets held within this amazing collection."

Since the launch of the campaign, over £900,000 has been raised through public donations. Over 100,000 people have visited the Staffordshire Hoard displays in Stoke-on-Trent, Birmingham and the British Museum. Donations from members of the public have ranged from £1 to £100,000, and have come in from as far afield as the USA and Japan. In addition to public support, the campaign has received substantial donations from trusts and foundations.

However, The Art Fund emphasised today that there is still more work to be done. A further £1.7m must be found so that the Hoard can be properly conserved, studied and displayed. Plans for the future conservation and interpretation of the Hoard include the creation of a "Mercian Trail" which would highlight the fascinating history of Mercia, the Anglo-Saxon kingdom which covered the West Midlands area. The Hoard was found in July 2009 in a field near Lichfield, which already contains two other Anglo-Saxon treasures: the illuminated St Chad Gospels, and a stone angel. Watling Street, the famous Roman road now known as the A5, runs close by to where the Hoard lay buried for thousands of years.

Experts believe that the 1,500 pieces of Anglo-Saxon gold contain many secrets about the "Dark Ages", and there has already been much debate about the exact date at which it was buried. The Hoard also shifts the focus of Anglo-Saxon history from East to West. Previously, the most important treasure from the period was the Sutton Hoo burial ship, uncovered in Suffolk in 1939. Whilst experts believed that there would be immense wealth in Mercia, they had never found sufficient concrete evidence, until now. It could take decades to unlock all the secrets.

The further £1.7m will also facilitate the future loan of items from the Hoard to key historic venues such as Tamworth Castle and Lichfield Cathedral - both important Mercian sites.

The Staffordshire Hoard contains over 1,500 finely crafted objects, mostly gold and some inlaid with precious stones. It was unearthed in July 2009 by a metal detectorist in a field near Lichfield, and was declared Treasure on 24 September 2009. The two West Midlands museums jointly bid to acquire the Hoard on 25 November and were given until 17 April 2010 to secure it.

Exhibitions of the Hoard in Stoke-on-Trent, Birmingham and the British Museum have drawn visitors from near and far. One enthusiast from South Carolina travelled 3,000 miles to see the displays at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery, whilst a 101 year-old antiques fan from Barlaston was recorded as the oldest person to visit the same exhibition. The Art Fund also received a touching letter from one nine-year-old girl from Devon, who pledged £10 from her own piggy bank to help "save the treasure", and organised a special visit for her to see the Hoard displays.

The campaign has also attracted the support of various celebrities along the way, including Dame Judi Dench, Tony Robinson, Frank Skinner, Bill Wyman, Dr Tristram Hunt, and Michael Palin. The leaders of all three political parties have endorsed the campaign, alongside Rt Hon Margaret Hodge MP, Minister for Culture and Tourism.

All donations received after Wednesday will be directed to the £1.7m campaign for conservation and research. The public can continue to donate to the wider campaign via

Pledges can also be made by telephone on 0844 415 4004. Cheques can be sent to The Art Fund, Freepost LON 17186, PO BOX 2003, Kirkcaldy, KY2 6BR.


The Staffordshire Hoard

The treasure was discovered in a field in the West Midlands in July last year by metal detectorist Terry Herbert The find was reported to Duncan Slarke, Finds Liaison Officer of the Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS), who contacted Roger Bland, Head of the PAS and Kevin Leahy, National Finds Adviser. Birmingham Archaeology carried out the excavation, funded by English Heritage, and this was completed within a month. The Hoard was sent to the Coroner of South Staffordshire and declared treasure on 24 September 2009. On 25 November 2009 the Treasure Valuation Committee reached its valuation of £3.3 million, and the museums interested in acquiring the Hoard were asked to confirm their intentions. The TVC then generated an 'invoice' to the museums, giving four months from this date for the money to be raised. This gave the 17 April deadline. The Hoard comprises over 1,500 items made of gold, silver and precious stones, and dates back to the 7th Century. Mostly military in nature, it is by far the largest find of Anglo-Saxon gold ever recorded, with over 5kg of gold and 1.3kg of silver. The Hoard promises to transform our understanding of the lives of the Anglo-Saxon people, and the role the region of Mercia played in history

Plans for the future of the Hoard

Having successfully raised the £3.3m needed to acquire the Hoard the campaign now turns to raising a further £1.7m to ensure that vital conservation and research work can take place on the 1,500 items that make up the Hoard - and above all, ensure it is appropriately displayed and interpreted for all to enjoy across the 'Mercian Trail' venues.

Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery and the Potteries Museum and Art Gallery are working with Lichfield, Tamworth and Staffordshire Councils to create a 'Mercian Trail' across the Midlands region - that will bring the story of the hoard to life through displays and other media.

The Trail will develop the historical themes associated with the Hoard and promote understanding of the history and archaeology of the Mercian area. In doing this it will support the key regional priorities around learning and education, and stimulate the local economy.

Breakdown of funding

The £3.3 million was raised as follows:

  • £1,285,000 from the NHMF
  • £900,000 from public donations
  • £600,000 from trusts and foundations
  • £300,000 from The Art Fund
  • £100,000 from Birmingham City Council
  • £100,000 from the City of Stoke-on-Trent Council 
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First Prosecution under the Treasure Act

Published: 11 years ago Author:

It has been widely reported that Kate Harding from Ludlow has been the first person prosecuted under the Treasure Act 1996. This note provides clarification on a number of points that have either been omitted from the media reports, or have been incorrectly reported.

  • It has been reported that Harding failed to report a silver coin. In fact the find was a piedfort of Charles IV of France. Piedforts look similar to coins, but experts agree they were not used as currency; therefore they are classed as artefacts and thus single finds of piedforts qualify as Treasure provided they are made of at least 10% of gold or silver. Two single finds of silver piedforts from Surrey and Staffordshire have been declared Treasure and acquired by the British Museum in 2007 (Portable Antiquities & Treasure Report 2007, cat. 285) and 2008 (2008 T388).
  • It has been reported that Harding found the coin as she worked in the garden with her mother at their home in Tenbury Wells, Worcestershire. She originally told the Finds Liaison Officer that she found it in 2008 in her garden in Ludlow, Shropshire.
  • It has been reported that the authorities have been heavy handed on Harding. Harding was repeatedly informed of her legal obligations to report the silver piedfort under the Treasure Act 1996, but failed to do so, so the case was brought to the attention of the local Coroner.
  • The Police investigated the case at the request of the Coroner and passed the file to the Crown Prosecution Service, which took the decision to prosecute. Harding told the Police she had lost the find, but produced it during sentencing.
  • Harding pleaded guilty on 17 February 2010 to failing to report an item which she believed or had reasonable grounds for believing is Treasure (Section 8 of the Treasure Act 1996).
  • In due course there will be a Coroner's Inquest to determine the exact circumstances of discovery and whether or not the object is Treasure.

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