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    • Medieval periodic type: 1750
    • Broad period: BRONZE AGE
    • County: Essex

  • Thumbnail image of ESS-BB59D5

Record ID: ESS-BB59D5
Object type: CHISEL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy cast chisel of probable Bronze Age date (c. 2350 - 801BC). The item is composed of a waisted portion with a curved end comprising the chisel edge, and a tapering square sectioned length emerging from the opposite side. The joint between the emergent square sectioned length and the chisel 'body' is the thickest part of the item. Dimensions: weight: 9.5g, length: 41.9mm, width: 12.2mm, thickness: 9.8mm
Created on: Thursday 21st June 2018
Last updated: Thursday 19th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-FC997B

Record ID: SF-FC997B
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete cast copper-alloy primary (early) Palstave axehead dating to the Middle Bronze Age. The axehead belongs to Group I: shield-patterened types, and probably belongs to the Acton Park II or Taunton metalworking assemblages (Burgess' stages VIII and IX), dating c. 1500-1300 BC. Part of the blade is missing, though otherwise the axehead is preserved intact. It is broadly rectangular in plan, with a straight-sided rectangular butt demonstrating an 'H' shaped cross section, recessed septum and incomplete fan-shaped blade. It is lenticular in profile, with the thickest portion of …
Created on: Tuesday 12th June 2018
Last updated: Thursday 14th June 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Weeley', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of KENT-68BED7

Record ID: KENT-68BED7
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A fragment of cast copper-alloy spearhead, likely dating to the Middle Bronze Age (III) or Late Bronze Age - likely from the Wilburton, Blackmoor / Ewart Park phases. c.1200-750 BC. Description: The fragment represents most of the spear's upper section and is missing only part of the point. It is long, tapering and narrowing, with a very high angular midrib flanked by moulded channels. The fragment is very warped and bent, typical of intentional 'killed' bronze age objects, leaving it almost S-shaped in profile. On one side of the edge there is another possible intentional bend. The b…
Created on: Tuesday 5th June 2018
Last updated: Thursday 7th June 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-17C46C

Record ID: ESS-17C46C
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragmentary copper-alloy palstave axe dating from the Middle Bronze Age c. 1500 - 1000 BC. The axe retains part of the blade and stop-ridge. The blade is lentoid in section and sub-rectangular in shape, flaring outwards nearer the blade edge. The blade edge is now missing. The stop-ridge is rectangular in shape, though the depression in one face is deeper than the other. The butt portion of the axe is also missing. The thickest portion of the item is the junction between blade and stop-ridge where flanges rise to meet at the centre. The surface is very worn and the axe appears to b…
Created on: Tuesday 8th May 2018
Last updated: Thursday 7th June 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-D9FB44

Record ID: PUBLIC-D9FB44
Object type: AWL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Published Find published
One end of a cast copper alloy awl or tracer. The centre of the awl, which is sub-square in cross-section, measures 4.8mm by 5.09mm. This centre is at the transition from a circular section to a square cross section. To one side it tapers, gradually at first then increasingly, to a circular sectioned point at the complete end (awl). The other end is rectangular in section and tapers gradually to the old break (3.7mm by 3.9mm) but probably originally ended in a rectangular sectioned point (tracer end). It is 31.77mm long and weighs 3.79 grams.
Created on: Tuesday 28th November 2017
Last updated: Monday 8th January 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Nr Chrishall Grange', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-9EF82E

Record ID: PUBLIC-9EF82E
Object type: BRACELET
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a copper-alloy pennanular bracelet dating to the Late Bronze Age (c. 1000 - 700 BC). A small portion of the circular-section band survives. This band expands to a flared terminal with a flat end.
Created on: Wednesday 1st November 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 14th March 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Nr Chrishall Grange', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1E6591

Record ID: ESS-1E6591
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Blade tip of a Bronze Age axe. The item is fragmentary and only the curved blade edge of the axe remains. This makes it difficult to identify and date precisely, though it is likely, due to the metal composition and form, that the fragment is Bronze Age in date, c. 2350 - 800BC. The blade tip is lentoid in cross section, with the edges being the thinnest point (1.1mm), and the thickness gradually tapering toward the centre and away from the edge. ​Dimensions: weight: 28.44g, length: 59.1mm, width: 19.6mm, thickness at thickest point: 7.1mm
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 17th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: SF-8A4BBD
Object type: METAL WORKING DEBRIS
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of copper alloy metalworking debris of uncertain date. Very irregular in shape with a heavily pitted and corroded surface. Undiagnostic debris such as this can only be assigned a very broad Bronze Age to post-medieval date range. Length: 31.21mm, width: 16.73mm, thickness: 7.79mm, weight: 15.31g
Created on: Friday 14th July 2017
Last updated: Friday 18th August 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Tolleshunt D'arcy', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-84BFF1

Record ID: SF-84BFF1
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a copper alloy mid to late Bronze Age (and into the early Iron Age) socketed axe. Only a small section of the socketed end survives survive. This is curved in profile with a raised rounded rim along the outer face of the socket end. The breaks are well worn. Both faces have the remains of a dark brown shiny patina in places, but this has worn away on the raised sections. Socketed axes were in use during the mid to late Bronze Age, from c.1300-700 BC. Length: 35.90mm, width: 24.49mm, thickness: 7.02mm, weight: 20.58g
Created on: Friday 26th May 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 16th August 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Tolleshunt D'arcy', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-046731

Record ID: ESS-046731
Object type: PENANNULAR RING
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Description: Gold or gold plated copper alloy, Penannular Ring dating from the Late Bronze Age (c.1150-750 BC). Circular in shape and cross-section with a narrow gap between the terminals which are flat ended. Surface comprising of a bright gold colour with bands of lighter (silver-rich) gold. The ring is likely to have a copper-alloy core as its weight does not suggest it is solid gold. There are also small scratches on the surface of the ring and some cracks on both the flat terminal ends which look to cover a darker metal this could be copper-alloy. Dimensions: Weight: 1.56g,…
Created on: Monday 8th May 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 6th December 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Great Dunmow', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-A81B50

Record ID: ESS-A81B50
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a copper alloy socketed axe likely dating to the late Bronze age, c. 1000 - 800 BC. The fragment is 'C' shaped in cross section and represents a 'corner' piece of the socket from a Bronze Age axe head. There is a moulded ridge on the lip of the socket, as well as another moulded transverse ridge next to this. A casting seem is still visible on the top of the object, both on the outer and inner surfaces. The item has a rough surface and a dark green/grey patina. Due to the fragmentary nature of the find, it is not possible to designate a 'type' to this axe. Dimensi…
Created on: Tuesday 28th March 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 18th July 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Mayland', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-A769EC

Record ID: ESS-A769EC
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a copper alloy axe of middle to late Bronze age date (c. 1500 to 1150 BC). The item is rectangular in shape. The butt and the flanged sides remain, whilst the majority of the axe blade is missing. The flanged sides of the axe fragment are parallel to the stop, and the upper and lower faces are concave, forming an 'H' shaped cross section. The item has a rough surface, and a reddish-brown patina all over. It was treated with renaissance wax. Due to the fragmentary nature of the axe, it is not possible to assign a type. Dimensions: weight: 106.61g, length: 70.53mm…
Created on: Tuesday 28th March 2017
Last updated: Friday 31st March 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Brentwood', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-28290D

Record ID: ESS-28290D
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
The blade tip of a bronze age axe blade. The item is broken and only the end or tip of the blade remains. It is made from cast copper alloy. The axe tip is sub-rectangular in shape, with the top and bottom edges of the axe widening slightly to form a sloghtly curved blade tip. The blade tip does not flare out and then back in on itself into the top and bottom edges, suggesting that the blade was a realtively plain and flat design. As none of body of the axe reamains, it is not possible to further identify in which way the item may have been hafted or secured. Dimensions: weig…
Created on: Wednesday 22nd March 2017
Last updated: Saturday 1st April 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Roxwell', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SUR-E871B8

Record ID: SUR-E871B8
Object type: AWL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Bronze Age to Roman copper-alloy awl, one end of which is pointed and circular in section. The awl thickens to the opposite end which is flattened and chisel-like. Awls are very difficult to date and a wide range of dates is suggested here.
Created on: Sunday 19th March 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 25th April 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PAS-6DBE56

Record ID: PAS-6DBE56
Object type: JEWELLERY
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A rolled-up strip of gold of probable Chalcolithic or Bronze Age date (c. 2500-800 BC). The strip of gold is sub-rectangular in plan, and is rolled up (width ways), forming a tight roll which has been slightly squashed into an oval shape (when viewed from the side). Eleven folds can be counted from the middle. There is some soil still attached to and within these folds. The strip is very thin (less than a diameter). The strip is wider in the middle than near the end, where it tapers from c. 21 mm in the middle towards 15 mm at the end (the end hidden in the folds in the centre of the …
Created on: Wednesday 1st March 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 6th December 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-800C5F

Record ID: ESS-800C5F
Object type: CASTING WASTE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A lump of casting waste, probably dating to the Late Bronze Age (1500-800BC). The object is formed of a flat circular section with a irregularly shaped lump projecting from one side. As the pattina suggests much of the lump is unbroken, there is no obvious form of object that would be shaped in such a way. The most likely answer would be a cauldron lug, though the object does not curve enough. Dimensions: length: 43.28 mm; width: 53.32 mm; thickness: 24.73 mm; weight: 117.13g.
Created on: Tuesday 13th September 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 14th September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-20B4F7

Record ID: ESS-20B4F7
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Possibly a fragment from the blade end of a Late Bronze Age chisel or the butt of a palstave. The object is wedge shaped, with the narrow (blade?) edge slightly rounded due to wear. As the object is incomplete, it is difficult ot identify accurately, though the patina and shape would suggest a Late Bronze Age date. Diameter: 24mm.
Created on: Friday 22nd July 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 23rd August 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SUSS-E33637

Record ID: SUSS-E33637
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Incomplete copper alloy Late Bronze Age socketed axehead dating from c. 1000-800BC. The axehead is a South Eastern type and part of the Ewart Park metalworking assemblage. It has a round section socket and is undecorated except for a single moulded ridge around the socket apeture. There is a single integrally cast loop on the underside of the axehead and a casting seam that runs the length of the object from blade to socket on the upper side. The blade of the axe has been damaged and there are patches of corrosion across the surface. The axehead is triangular in plan, tapering to the …
Created on: Thursday 7th July 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 27th July 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1E9061

Record ID: ESS-1E9061
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Late Bronze Age socketed axehead, dating 1,000-800BC. The blade end is all that remains and is damaged along the edge. A trace of the hollow nature of the object is visible at the break. The metal is a dark brown colour with patches of mid-green patina developing in places. Dimensions: length: 29.50 mm; width: 29.61 mm; thickness: 10.19 mm; weight: 16.07g.
Created on: Thursday 28th April 2016
Last updated: Thursday 28th April 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-4B8242

Record ID: ESS-4B8242
Object type: SWORD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Late Bronze age sword, probably dating to the Ewart Park phase (1,000-800BC). Only part of the blade survives, being roughly rectangular in shape with a ridge running down the centre on both sides. The object has a mid-dark green patina. The blade edges are very worn and no longer exist. Two similar examples with a lozenge-shaped section are illustrated in Needham & Rohl (1998, 135, fig.37, nos.386-7). Dimensions: length: 41.28 mm; width: 21.97 mm; thickness: 7.21 mm; weight: 19.86g.
Created on: Monday 18th April 2016
Last updated: Friday 22nd April 2016
Spatial data recorded.


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