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    • Recorded by (obfuscated for security): 0014358F907011B7
    • Institution: DUR
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    • Primary material: Lead
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    • Object type: BULLA

  • Thumbnail image of DUR-5EAB65

Record ID: DUR-5EAB65
Object type: BULLA
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: East Riding of Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Medieval lead Papal bulla of Pope Innocent IV, whose papacy lasted from 1243 to 1254 AD. The obverse depicts the faces of St Peter and St Paul below the inscription [SPAS]P[E] (SPA = Sanctus Paulus, SPE = Sanctus Petrus), all of which are surrounded by a beaded border, flanking the outside edge of the bulla. St. Paul is seen on the left looking right, with a long pointed beard, and St. Peter is on the right facing left, with a rounded face and beard and hair formed from pellets. Each is within a C or backwards-C beaded border, joined to the main. This follows a set formula, not al…
Created on: Monday 13th June 2011
Last updated: Friday 17th June 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of DUR-A82CF6

Record ID: DUR-A82CF6
Object type: BULLA
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: County Durham
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Lead Medieval papal bulla, of Calixtus II (1119-24). Obverse; CAL/XTVS/[PP II] Reverse; [S]PA/ SP[E]; Worn heads of SS Peter and Paul facing each other Tim Pestell kindly added this information on the bulla 'Calixtus II, elected 2nd February 1119, consecrated 9th Feb and who died on 14th December 1124 (the lettering on Calixtus III's bulla is slightly different). As such this is an important bulla because it is one of the earliest found in Britain. There are three British papal bullae that have been found that pre-date the Norman Conquest, but post-Conquest examples seem to really s…
Created on: Thursday 3rd February 2011
Last updated: Thursday 21st February 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Durham Area', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of DUR-B72736

Record ID: DUR-B72736
Object type: BULLA
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: North Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Lead papal bulla of Pope Innocent III, 1198-1216. It would have been circular in plan but it has been broken and so is irregular. The obverse is much more worn than the reverse. Both sides have a beaded border. The obverse of the bulla contains the legend INNOCENTIVS PP III, PP standing for 'Pastor Pastorum' or 'Shepherd of Shepherds'. The obverse has a border of pellets. On the reverse can be seen depictions of Saints Peter and Paul beneath an inscription reading SPASPE (an abbreviation standing for St. Paul and St. Peter). St. Paul is seen on the left of the seal looking right, with…
Created on: Wednesday 1st July 2009
Last updated: Tuesday 18th March 2014
Spatial data recorded.


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