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  • Thumbnail image of NLM-C45A66

Record ID: NLM-C45A66
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy miniature object. Cast miniature axe head, with a flat-topped blade with basal slant and slightly angled cutting edge, and with a basal loop. An expanded and rounded projection from the butt of the axe head resembles a peen as used for metalworking. There is no provision for hafting, so it may have served as an amulet rather than as a votive object, perhaps for a smith or other devotee of Vulcan. Suggested date: Roman, 43-410 Length: 28.7mm, Height: 11.3mm, Thickness (at peen): 3.9mm, Weight: 4.00gms
Created on: Thursday 7th February 2019
Last updated: Friday 8th February 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NMS-4436A4

Record ID: NMS-4436A4
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Complete copper-alloy miniature developed flat axe dating to the late Early/early Middle Bronze Age. The axe has a narrow butt with moderately concave sides. Initially the sides are only slightly flaring but in the last 20% of its length the width increases by another 50% to form the curved cutting edge. In profile, the axe is lenticular with the maximum thickness at the centre of its length. Dimensions: 34.4mm in length, 12.0mm in max.width, 4.2mm in max.thickness and weighs 4.97g. The axe appears to be modelled on the Class 3 non-flanged axe types of Period 2 circa 2100-1900 BC. It…
Created on: Friday 14th December 2018
Last updated: Monday 17th December 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of YORYM-7B7474

Record ID: YORYM-7B7474
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: IRON AGE
County: North Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete copper-alloy miniature object in the form of a flat axehead of Iron Age to Roman date, c.800 BC - AD 410. The object is sub-rectangular, flaring widely to the cutting edge and rounded to the butt end. One side expands to forma semi-circular loop. The object is undecorated. The metal has a mid-green patina and is in fair condition. The axehead is 16.2mm long, 17.5mm wide, 4.8mm thick and weighs 3.1g. Miniature axeheads are thought to be votive in nature and may have been worn as pendants. Similar examples have been recorded on the PAS database, for examples see NARC-1D5924…
Created on: Wednesday 5th December 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 5th December 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of OXON-55C137

Record ID: OXON-55C137
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete lead alloy miniature axe head of probable Roman date. The axehead is rectangular in plan and triangular in cross section, with the thinnest part being the blade edge. There is a hole pierced vertically through the butt with horizontal mouldings representing the bindings of the handle. The hole would have allowed the object to be worn as a pendat or for a small stick to be inserted. The blade is accentuated with a border next to the butt and down the outer edges. The reverse bears the same mouldings. Votive axes are not uncommon finds and most are dated to the Roman period, w…
Created on: Monday 3rd December 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 4th December 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BUC-411637

Record ID: BUC-411637
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Milton Keynes
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete, copper alloy, Roman, votive axe, AD.43-450. The object is a cast votive axe, with a slight downward curving blade and integrally cast haft. The axe blade is subrectangular in shape with a slight downward curve towards the cutting edge. Close to the butt of the axe on the top is a rectangular projection forming the top of the haft, this continues on the underside to form the haft proper. The lower section of the haft is circular in cross section and at the bottom there is a circumferal incision. A similar axe can be found in LEIC-E7292C, BH-6D6F73 and in the excavations of …
Created on: Thursday 8th November 2018
Last updated: Friday 23rd November 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-07E34B

Record ID: SF-07E34B
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: IRON AGE
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper-alloy miniature 'votive' socketed axehead dating to the late Iron Age or early Roman periods, c. 200 BC-AD 100. The axe realistically takes the form of a Late Bronze Age socketed axe, demonstrating a moulded socket collar (though the socket itself is not rendered), thickset body and widely splayed blade. On one side of the axe head near the socket is a projecting circular loop, now clogged with ferrous corrosion product that may denote the remains of a suspension ring. Preserved in fair condition despite being somewhat encrusted, it measures 23.82mm in length, 9.…
Created on: Monday 5th November 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 2nd January 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Freckenham', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NARC-1D5924

Record ID: NARC-1D5924
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: IRON AGE
County: Buckinghamshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete copper alloy Miniature Axe Pendant of Iron Age or Roman date (800 BC - AD 410). The miniature object is flat and in the form of an axehead. It is sub-rectangular in shape, flaring in size at the cutting edge. The cutting edge is heavily abraded resulting in the loss of some of the edge. The butt of the axe is decorated with two transverse grooved lines on both sides. There is an integral circular attachment loop projecting from the external edge, near the butt of the axe. The metal is a mid green in colour with areas of light green corrosion. Miniature axeheads are tho…
Created on: Thursday 25th October 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 7th November 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of OXON-F7ED94

Record ID: OXON-F7ED94
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: IRON AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper alloy miniature socketed axe head of Late Bronze Age to Roman date ( c. 1100 BC - AD 409). The axe head has a downeard-curving blade with square butt with indentation intended to represent a socket, and an integrally cast loop on the underside. The metal is smooth and quite shiny, especially the top side of the object. Such axe heads are considered to be miniature representations and possibly votive offerings of their full sized counterparts and have been associated with 'ritual' (cringe) activity or worn as amulets. The patina of this object suggests Late Bronze…
Created on: Thursday 11th October 2018
Last updated: Monday 15th October 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-F6733D

Record ID: WILT-F6733D
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman copper alloy miniature socketed axehead, of Robinson's (1995) type III, probably dating to c. AD 44-410. The miniature axehead is sub-rectangular in cross section tapering to a point ath te cutting edge. In profile the upper edge of the blade is straight, whislt the lower edge expands outwards into the cutting edge following the neck, creating a 'drooping' appearance. An off centre sub-oval depression imitates the socket a the mouth of the axehead. Dimensions: length 20.2mm; width 8.4mm; thickness 5.4mm; weight 3.18g. Whilst miniature socketed axeheads have been found in co…
Created on: Thursday 11th October 2018
Last updated: Thursday 11th October 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-F65F69

Record ID: SF-F65F69
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper-alloy miniature or 'votive' axe dating to the Roman period, c. 43-400 AD. It consists a circular-sectioned haft and sub-rectangular tapering head cast as one piece, the head demonstrating a squared off butt while slightly drooping along its length. Preserved in good condition with an even green patina, it measures 32.29mm in length, while the head itself measures 27.95mm long by 7.56mm wide and 3.78mm thick at its midpoint. The haft measures c. 3.23mm thick at its midpoint, and it weighs 6.54g.Miniature axes of various forms are noted from contexts dating from t…
Created on: Thursday 11th October 2018
Last updated: Friday 4th January 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Worlingworth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SUR-267CEF

Record ID: SUR-267CEF
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Kent
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete copper alloy miniature flat axe or possibly a chisel, 59.5mm in length and dating to the early to late early Bronze Age (2050 BC- 1700BC). The axe has straight sides, expanding into a cutting edge, which is curved and 26mm across, with a cutting edge around 1mm thick. The butt end narrows to 15.1mm in width and is slightly convex. There are no flanges or other features. The profile of the axe is lenticular or an elongated pointed oval with a maximum thickness at the centre of 7.3mm. The surface is heavily pitted with the brownish-green patina of copper-alloy - suggesting a …
Created on: Wednesday 19th September 2018
Last updated: Thursday 20th September 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of KENT-1E688D

Record ID: KENT-1E688D
Object type: COIN
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Kent
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An Early-Medieval silver sceat of Primary Series C2ii, Radiate Bust/Votive Standard type. Dating c.700-710. Probably minted in the Netherlands. Abramson (2012. 51) No. 4.40. Obverse: Radiate Bust right, runic 'Tᚪᛈᚪ' translating as AEPA before, broken A, annulet and pellet behind. Beaded Pyramid neck on linear and beaded exergual lines. Reverse: Beaded standard containing votive legend, crosses to side, Pheon ("pick-axe" shape) at outer corners. Dimensions: Diameter: 11.17mm Weight: 1.00g
Created on: Friday 20th July 2018
Last updated: Monday 30th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LIN-F26258

Record ID: LIN-F26258
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete copper-alloy Roman miniature object or votive model axe. The miniature object features a flat rectangular shaft with a circular hole at the top. The perimeter of the hole is incomplete. At the other end of the shaft is a trapezoid shaped axehead. The axehead is flat and tapers from blade to butt. Votive axes were likely used as personal offerings at shrines and in graves during the late Iron Age to Romano-British period (c.100 BC - 400 AD). Green (1981: 258) also suggests that in a Romano-Celtic context, votive axes may have been good luck charms, although interpreting thei…
Created on: Wednesday 18th July 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 18th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-C8A4F8

Record ID: HAMP-C8A4F8
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A small copper alloy, perhaps miniature or 'model', Middle Bronze Age palstave axehead of Schmidt and Burgess 'unclassified low-flanged palstave' type with broad blade (group III) and without side loop, belonging to the Taunton phase of metalworking and corresponding to Needham's period 5, 1500-1150 BC. The flanges are a little worn (old damage) but the object is otherwise complete. From the central stop ridge (13.5mm wide, 13.3mm thick) the blade has gently expanding straight sides, curving into a broad but flattish cutting edge 19.8mm wide (with possible old damage to one corner). Di…
Created on: Monday 16th July 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 17th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of OXON-8E15E0

Record ID: OXON-8E15E0
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: IRON AGE
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy miniature socketed looped axe dating from the Bronze/Iron Age transition to the early Roman period, that is c. 800 BC-AD 200. The axe is complete with a broken loop by which it formed a pendant, the loop being located on a thin edge. There is a rectangular 'socket' at the butt end of the axe and possibly a small casting spur on one edge. Miniature socketed axeheads can be dated from the Bronze Age/Iron Age transition through to the Roman period, though a date towards the earlier end of the spectrum is more likely. They probably functioned as amulets or votive offeri…
Created on: Tuesday 19th June 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 19th June 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-FD2607

Record ID: PUBLIC-FD2607
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: West Sussex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete, Early Medieval, iron axehead from the 10th-11th century, AD.900-1100. The axe head is extremely corroded to a deep orange and brown colour. The socket of the axe is incomplete and the wooden haft is missing. It has a triangular or wedge shaped blade with a slight curve to the cutting edge. The blade of the axe projects downwards more than upwards from the center. Axes of this type are typically known as Dane Axes, though they are a common weapon type used by English forces during the 10th-11th century. They are depicted on the Bayeux tapestry being wielded two handed by…
Created on: Tuesday 12th June 2018
Last updated: Monday 2nd July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LEIC-E7292C

Record ID: LEIC-E7292C
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Cambridgeshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Roman copper alloy miniature object / votive axe, 150-250. Length: 32 mm, width: 29 mm, thickness: 5 mm, weight: 6.61 g. The axe consists of a circular cross sectioned shaft which has a rounded terminal with a double incised collar above. The axe head is sub rectangular, tapering in width and flaring outwards to form a blade. The shaft emerges from the top of the head slightly. One face is incised with an X flanked by incised vertical line. These may be pseudo binding marks, given their position. Compare NLM-629192 SF-E5A4C7 BH-EF7EF6 BH-6D6F73, excavations at Baldock, Hertfordshire…
Created on: Wednesday 30th May 2018
Last updated: Friday 29th June 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-6EF338

Record ID: HAMP-6EF338
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Windsor and Maidenhead
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Late Bronze Age to Roman (1150 BC - AD 410) copper alloy miniature socketed axehead of Robinson's Type I (Robinson, Wiltshire Archaeology Magazine 1995, p.60) with concave sides.The axehead is thinnest at the blade end (1.1mm thick) expanding over the length to 4.5mm thick below the mouth moulding, which is 5.4mm thick. The internal part of the socket measures 4.6x2.8mm and is little more than a dip at 0.9mm deep. The C-shaped loop (7.0mm tall) is cast to the side just below the mouth and is not part of the body of the axe. It has a circular perforation at the centre 2.1mm in diamete…
Created on: Thursday 24th May 2018
Last updated: Friday 25th May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SUSS-96190E

Record ID: SUSS-96190E
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete copper alloy miniature votive axe head, probably Roman, dating AD43-410. The axe head is similar to YORYM-7505A8. There are two borders below the socket separating it from the rest of the axe. Beyond this the axe loses its rectangular shape and narrows down into a more triangular shape, with a slightly flared and rounded cutting end. Just below the socket there is a projecting loop. Length: 21.13mm Width (blade): 10.69mm Width (aperture): 8.97mm Thickness (at thickest point) : 5.82mm Weight: 3.57g
Created on: Monday 14th May 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 16th May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of YORYM-4332A6

Record ID: YORYM-4332A6
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: North Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete lead-alloy probable miniature votive axe possibly of Roman date, c.AD 43 - 410. The object is wedge-shaped, with an oval hole pierced through the thicker part of the object; the thicker portion of the axe is sub-rectangular in cross-section, whereas the blade end is flat and flares downward to the lower cutting edge. The metal has a clean white patina and is worn. The object is 33.5mm long, 6.3mm wide, 7.2mm thick and weighs 6.8g. Axes, mainly from religious shrines and graves, form the largest group of miniature tools found from Roman Britain. For similar examples on the …
Created on: Thursday 10th May 2018
Last updated: Friday 29th June 2018
Spatial data recorded.


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