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Record ID: NMS-741EAC
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of Roman ceramic combed box flue tile, thickness 17mm, weight 25g, mid 1st - 4th century.
Created on: Tuesday 23rd January 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 23rd January 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LON-1CD94C

Record ID: LON-1CD94C
Object type: TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Roman ceramic Lowther's Group 5 and Betts Die 13 relief-patterned flue-tile dating from AD 120-160. A similar tile is illustrated in Betts et al (1997:60 Fig.27h No.13). The front is decorated with relief-patterned rolled design in the "Diamond and lattice" group style. Betts writes "Keyed with wooden rollers applied when the clay was still damp, before they were put into the kiln to fire. This was added so the tiles could be more firmly mortared into place." The fabric is fully oxidised and red throughout. Betts et al (1997:82) write "At Winchester Palace example 13 wa…
Created on: Friday 19th January 2018
Last updated: Friday 19th January 2018
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: SF-8CF8FD
Object type: TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Three medium-sized pieces of box-flue hypocaust tile, high fired orangey fabric with occasional large inclusion, combed decoration on upper surfaces. Date, c. 43-410 AD. Combined weight: 235g.
Created on: Friday 12th January 2018
Last updated: Friday 12th January 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Lidgate', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of IOW-757BAD

Record ID: IOW-757BAD
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Isle of Wight
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Roman ceramic relief-patterned tile, possibly a box-flue (AD 43-409). This fragment includes a finished flat edge. On one face there are worn comb marks and the other face is plain. This object is tempered with numerous various sized pieces of stone and grog. The inner core is grey and the breaks are water-worn. Length: 89.0mm; width: 78.9mm; thickness: 24.0mm. Weight: 196.64g. A chance surface find within the inter-tidal zone. The combed striations would serve as a key for plaster applied on the outer sides of a box or flue tile. This would carry hot air from a fu…
Created on: Thursday 11th January 2018
Last updated: Thursday 11th January 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Isle of Wight', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: NMS-269841
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of Roman ceramic combed box flue tile, thickness 23mm, weight 86g, mid 1st - 4th century.
Created on: Thursday 14th December 2017
Last updated: Thursday 14th December 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-EA3E84

Record ID: BERK-EA3E84
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Roman ceramic relief-patterned box flue tile dating from AD 50-400. The front is decorated with a relief-patterned rolled design in the chevron style. Betts writes that flue tilese were "keyed with wooden rollers [...] when the clay was still damp, before they were put into the kiln to fire. This was added so the tiles could be more firmly mortared into place." The fabric is fully oxidised throughout and has infrequent inclusions of iron and rare small grit / stone. McComish (2015:12) writes "Box flues (tubuli) are hollow rectangular or square cross-sectioned tiles…
Created on: Wednesday 29th November 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 13th December 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LON-801663

Record ID: LON-801663
Object type: TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Roman ceramic Lowther's Group 5 and Betts Die 79, relief-patterned flue-tile dating from AD 150-250. A similar tile is illustrated in Betts et al (1997:56 Fig.27d No.79). The front is decorated with relief-patterned rolled design in the "Diamond and lattice" group style. Betts writes "Keyed with wooden rollers applied when the clay was still damp, before they were put into the kiln to fire. This was added so the tiles could be more firmly mortared into place." The fabric is fully oxidised and red throughout. Betts et al (1997:131) write "There is no useful dating eviden…
Created on: Saturday 7th October 2017
Last updated: Monday 9th October 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-9A2DBD

Record ID: WILT-9A2DBD
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment from a Roman box flue tile dating to AD 43-410. The fragment has evidence of the combed decoration on one face. The outer face is undecorated. The fabric is oxidised orangey-red. There are numerous small-medium flint inclusions as well as some organic inclusions. The fragment weighs 73.94g and measures 76.83mm in length, 59.97mm in width and 16.76mm in thickness.
Created on: Tuesday 8th August 2017
Last updated: Monday 13th November 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of KENT-7686AD

Record ID: KENT-7686AD
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Kent
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Two fragments of Roman ceramic building material, specifically from box flue tile, dating toAD 43-410. Description: The fabric is an orange-red in colour with rare inclusions of small white stones (unidentified). The tiles are all fully oxidised hence the bright orange fabric. Both are irregularly shaped. All have combed linear grooves, which on the larger one have a second group or of grooves which overlap of the main set. Measurements: Fragment 1: 64.01mm wide, 72.6mm long, 27.31mm thick and 139.72g in weight. Fragment 2: 55.3mm wide, 59.299mm long, 26.83mm thick and 66.69g in we…
Created on: Tuesday 25th July 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 26th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NARC-CAA495

Record ID: NARC-CAA495
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Northamptonshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A ceramic building material sherd and two associated oyster shell fragments of Roman date (AD 43-410). The sherd is a flue tile fragment. The fabric is buff in colour and sandy with differential oxidization and a dark grey inner core. One side of the sherd is sanded and blackened and the other surface is combed in one direction before firing. The textured striations would serve as a key for plaster applied on the outer sides of a box or flue tile. This would carry hot air from a furnace around a building, through its walls and under its floors, as part of a hypocaust system. The oyster…
Created on: Monday 17th July 2017
Last updated: Monday 17th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WAW-772C24

Record ID: WAW-772C24
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Warwickshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Three fragments of Roman box flue tile dating to AD 43 - 410. Two of the fragments are irregular in plan and sub-rectangular in section; the third fragment is L-shaped in profile and sub-rectangular in section. The fabric of all three of the fragments is relatively hard with a number of grit inclusions. The fabric of the L-shaped fragment is banded in colour due to fluctuations in temperature when fired; the large fragment is a uniform mid-orange colour and the small fragment is a deep orange. All three of the fragments have outer oxidised layers. There is evidence of grog in all three…
Created on: Thursday 13th July 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 28th November 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: NMS-53418A
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Fragment of a Roman ceramic combed box flue tile, weight 31g, thickness 13mm, mid 1st - 4th century. Surface find in western area.
Created on: Thursday 29th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 30th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: NMS-51D20F
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Angle fragment of a Roman ceramic box flue tile, thickness 12.5mm, weight 48g, mid 1st - 4th century. General surface find.
Created on: Thursday 29th June 2017
Last updated: Thursday 29th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: WILT-01433C
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Swindon
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of Roman (AD 43-410) box flue tile decorated with combed grooves. Within the grooves plaster survives. The fragment is 57.75mm in length, 50.5mm wide, 25.1mm thick and weighs 58.87 grams.
Created on: Thursday 1st June 2017
Last updated: Thursday 1st June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: WILT-FEE40F
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Swindon
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of Roman (AD 43-410) box flue tile, measuring 68.34mm in length, 63.1mm wide and 24.85mm thick. The fragment weighs 74.01 grams. The flue tile is decorated with combed grooves
Created on: Thursday 1st June 2017
Last updated: Thursday 1st June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: WILT-58D6C2
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Roman flue tile dating dating to the period c.AD 43-410. It is broadly rectangular in shape with a triangular edge. There is decoration on one side of either combed or rolled parallel lines. The fragment measures 105.31mm in length, 55.44mm in width, 38.56mm thick and weighs 141.76g. Box flue tiles were used to create flues in the walls of building, through which hot air generated by the hypocaust system would pass. The linear grooves decorating the surfaces are keying to improve the adhesion of wall plaster.
Created on: Wednesday 24th May 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 6th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-5E89B6

Record ID: BERK-5E89B6
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Four fragments of Roman ceramic building material in the form of box flue tile fragments, dating to AD 43-410. The fabric is an orange-red in colour with rare inclusions of small white stones (unidentified). The tiles are all fully oxidised. Two larger fragments have an L-shaped profile while the other two are smaller flat fragmentd. All are decorated with combed or rolled linear grooves, straight and curved. Box flue tiles were used to create flues in the walls of building, through which hot air generated by the hypocaust system would pass. The grooves decorating the surfaces are key…
Created on: Friday 12th May 2017
Last updated: Friday 16th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-0894CC

Record ID: HAMP-0894CC
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Two worn fragments of Romano-British (AD 43-410) ceramic box flue tile. Both are L-shaped in profile and one retains two groups of parallel combed grooves on one face, arranged in a V-shape. Both fabrics are sandy and micaceous. One (grooved piece) is oxidised but grey on the outside surfaces while the other is oxidised to the outside surfaces and grey on the inside. The former measures 59.2x49.9x21.9mm, the latter 69.6x40.2x19.1mm. They collectively weigh 174.44g. Box flue tiles were used to create flues in the walls of a building, through which hot air generated by the hypocaust sys…
Created on: Monday 8th May 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 10th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: NMS-753963
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Six fragments of Roman ceramic combed box flue tile (one with adhering mortar), weight 516g. Mid 1st - 4th century.
Created on: Monday 1st May 2017
Last updated: Monday 1st May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: WILT-0B2483
Object type: FLUE TILE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Swindon
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Four fragments of Roman (AD 43-410) ceramic building material in the form of a box flue tile. The fabric is a red hue, some of the pieces have a reduced grey core. The decoration comprises either combed or rolled cross hatchings. Box flue tiles were used to create flues in the walls of building, through which hot air generated by the hypocaust system would pass. The grooves decorating the surfaces are key to improving the adhesion of the tile to wall plaster. The presence of flue tiles for a hypocaust suggest a substantial building. Collective weight: 280.69 grams.
Created on: Wednesday 26th April 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 26th April 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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