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    • Preservation: Good
    • Broad period: BRONZE AGE

  • Thumbnail image of BERK-41E4C6

Record ID: BERK-41E4C6
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy slender un-looped Middle Bronze Age palstave, probably from the Taunton metalwork phase and dating from c. 1500- 1300 BC. The cutting edge has a pronounced crescentic form with the tips re-curving back onto the expanding form of the blade body. The body has a well-defined stop ridge just short of midway down its length and the flanges extend and taper, down to the blade section. There are clear casting lines down each side of the axe, there are no other design elements to be seen. The blade appears to have been lightly used with a few small indentations and modest …
Created on: Friday 4th August 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 16th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-41B0C2

Record ID: BERK-41B0C2
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A tip fragment of a copper-alloy spearhead of probable Middle Bronze Age date c. 1500 - 1150 BC. The remaining tip has a very well defined central rib that has a rounded diamond form, there is no indication of a socket remaining with this piece. The sides have a slight concave line to them, there are multiple longitudinal striations to the blade surfaces. The surface has a smooth dark green patina with some fritting to the rib and blades.
Created on: Friday 4th August 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 16th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-1D9AF0

Record ID: BERK-1D9AF0
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete copper alloy palstave axe dating to the early Middle Bronze Age. The palstave is complete and in good condition. The crescentic blade is wide and has a bevelled edge, clearer on one side than the other. The stop ridge between the raised low-flanged edges is likewise more prominent on one side than the other. There are no side loops nor a midrib down the centre of the blade.The lack of a side loop and lack of any ribs suggest this palstave may be relatively early and is probably of the Acton Park II period, c.1500-1400 BC.
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-1C4AA6

Record ID: BERK-1C4AA6
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper alloy socketed spearhead dating from the Middle to Late Bronze Age c.1400-900 BC. The spearhead has a slender, tapering leaf-shaped (ogival) blade with slightly bevelled edges and two undrilled lozenge-shaped side 'loops' located near to the mouth of the socket, which is circular in plan and tapers internally. The spearhead is in good condition with some bronze disease and corrosion evident. The loops may have been miscast as they are solid rather than having on internal eye. Spearheads with similar miscastings have been found locally; one from the same parish …
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 3rd August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-9B754B

Record ID: NLM-9B754B
Object type: SCRAPER (TOOL)
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Grey flint with cortex spot, scraper. A small thumbnail scraper with covering angled scalar retouch across the dorsal side and with a bulbar ventral surface. A spot of cortex is retained at the butt. The cutting edge has been finished with very short abrupt retouch executed from the dorsal aspect which follows its curve. Suggested date: Early Bronze Age, 2350-1600 BC. Length: 21.7mm, Width: 22.7mm, Thickness: 9.2mm, Weight: 4.94gms
Created on: Thursday 27th July 2017
Last updated: Thursday 27th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of IOW-BADAF0

Record ID: IOW-BADAF0
Object type: CORE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Isle of Wight
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Later Neolithic or Bronze Age flint core (c. 2700 BC-c. 800 BC). This core is sub-conical in form and has an undulating striking platform. The large flake scars are clearly defined. This core has been used as a hammer stone as one face and one edge have been battered. The core is grey with some off-white areas. Height: 48.0mm; width: 53.7mm; thickness: 38.4mm. Weight: 118.09g.
Created on: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Isle of Wight', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2E639A

Record ID: CORN-2E639A
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained granite elvan muller or rubbing stone. The muller is oval in plan, with two rounded ends, and plano-convex in profile, with a convex upper face and a flat base. The flat, smooth base was used for rubbing, and the upper face convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is fine grained and contains muscovite or mica, tourmaline and felspars. The soft felspars would work into hollows and the hard tourmaline would stand proud of the …
Created on: Wednesday 28th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 12th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2E4F62

Record ID: CORN-2E4F62
Object type: HAMMERSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete greenstone hammerstone. A flattened oval in plan and in section and sub-rectangular in profile. The entire surface has been pecked to form a symmetrical, sub-cylindrical shape which would have been comfortable in the hand, with one face almost flat and the opposite face slightly convex. Both ends have been flattened and are slightly worn through use as a hammerstone. The flatter of the two faces is very slightly worn and may have been used for rubbing whilst the convex face is slightly pitted and may also have been used as a hammerstone. Jones and Taylor (2010) describe two…
Created on: Wednesday 28th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 12th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D2FBAD

Record ID: LANCUM-D2FBAD
Object type: DEBITAGE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Gloucestershire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A piece of flint debitage, probably dating from the late Neolithic or the Bronze Age, c. 2150BC-800BC.
Created on: Friday 23rd June 2017
Last updated: Friday 30th June 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Aldsworth', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-4008DB

Record ID: BERK-4008DB
Object type: CHISEL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper-alloy tanged chisel of Late Bronze Age date. The chisel is in good condition and appears undamaged, with evidence for use wear on the blade tip and edge. The chisel has a tapering square-sectioned tang which abutts the round-sectioned, collared handle stop of the chisel blade. The collar is 13.5 mm diameter. From the collar the chisel blade, which is broadly triangular in plan, flattens in profile and expands to a thin cutting edge with slightly flared shoulders. The cutting edge is 27.5 mm wide. The object is in very good coniditon and has a mid-brown patina ac…
Created on: Friday 16th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 16th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF5521

Record ID: LANCUM-FF5521
Object type: SLAG
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Two amorphic piece of copper alloy slag. Found in an area with Bronze Age and Roman artefacts. The surface is characterised by lumps and hollows and has a tin element is indicated relating to bronze working. The slag has a good deep green patina, similar to that seen on some local Bronze Age metalwork, so it may date from this period. If this lump of slag is indeed Bronze Age, it is interesting that it has survived and was not re-melted. Fragments of casting waste like this one are hard to date. Scientific analysis of the elemental composition of the copper alloy would allow a more acc…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 7th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF3E11

Record ID: LANCUM-FF3E11
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy palstave dating from the Middle Bronze Age, i.e. c. 1500-1300BC. The axe is a heavy implement for its size and complete with the two flanges and a crescent-shaped blade with up-turned corners. It is part of the Taunton metalwork assemblage. The axe has two triangular flanges (diamond-shaped from the side). The casting flashes are visible and have been filed but are still slightly raised and with its small, worn semi-circular stop-ridge it could be related to the shield-pattern palstaves of the Acton Park metalwork assemblage to which it bears some resemblance. It has …
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF1A46

Record ID: LANCUM-FF1A46
Object type: FLAT AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Early Bronze Age cast copper-alloy undecorated developed flat axe (c. 2000-1700 BC): This implement is sub-rectangular in plan with an expanded crescent shaped blade. The butt, in plan, is complete with a rounded terminal. The side profile of the axe is lentoid with both terminals tapering. In cross section the body of the axe has lentoid profile. The axe is decorated with short incised probably chiselled lines below the stop ridge and along the length to the blade. The butt end of the axe has been hammered flat creating a proto-stop ridge. The blade tip flares outwards fr…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-FF125F

Record ID: LANCUM-FF125F
Object type: RAPIER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Mid to Late Bronze Age copper alloy fragment probably a broken rapier or dagger dating 1500 - 1000BC. The object is triangular in form and an oval in cross section. It represents the damaged tip of a spear head. It has a narrow central rib with adjacent channels which has a circular cross section and tapers towards the point. The blades which are damaged taper in width towards the point. Rapiers are really long and have a slim blade and the shoulders and hilt, have broken off Similar to GLO-7EFE1A and WILT-471861 on the database. The length is 143mm, the width is 38mm thickness 20mm a…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-AAB536

Record ID: BERK-AAB536
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper alloy leaf-shaped basal-looped spearhead dating to the Middle Bronze Age (c. 1400-1150 BC), Ehrenberg Class IIIa. Although complete the blade edges are slightly 'nibbled' where they are very thin but where complete the edges are still sharp. There are mulitple scratches along the blade and socket, possibly a result of finishing after being removed from the mould. The internal diameter of the socket is 17.9mm. This spear head is one of several from the area, and a number are known from across Oxfordshire/Berkshire, many associated with watery contexts. Similar lea…
Created on: Friday 9th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 16th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-AA6B78

Record ID: BERK-AA6B78
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of the tip of a cast copper alloy socketed spearhead of the stepped type, dating from Late Bronze Age (1150 - 800 BC). Although fragmentary the spearhead tip is in good condition; the break appears to be ancient.
Created on: Friday 9th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 16th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-AA2EC4

Record ID: BERK-AA2EC4
Object type: BRACELET
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete copper alloy bracelet of probable Middle Bronze Age to Middle Iron Age date. The bracelet is formed from a single bar of copper alloy that has been twisted to create a spiralling effect around much of its length. Towards the two terminal ends the wire is not twisted and instead is a short length of rectangular section. The terminals are hooked allowing the bracelet to be joined together. The wire terminates in a point on each terminal hook. Althogh now slightly distorted, it is evident that the closed diameter of the bracelet would have been very small. Spiral torcs are kno…
Created on: Friday 9th June 2017
Last updated: Monday 12th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-5232B6

Record ID: NLM-5232B6
Object type: CHISEL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy chisel, as kindly identified by the finder. Cast narrow rectangular section bar with a thinned and worn working end; probably broken in antiquity at the other end. The working end is very slightly expanded [by c.0.5mm]. The object closely resembles a simple Later Bronze Age chisel from Plymstock, Devon (Evans, J. 1881, Ancient Bronze Implements of Great Britain, Longmans, Green & Co., London, pages 165-166, fig. 190). The use of the tool appears to have caused a very slight flexion or bending of its lower end. Suggested date: Late Bronze Age, 1000-800 BC. Length: 62.4…
Created on: Monday 5th June 2017
Last updated: Monday 5th June 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'near Gainsborough', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NARC-6D0B5C

Record ID: NARC-6D0B5C
Object type: ARROWHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Northamptonshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete flint Arrowhead of Bronze Age date (2500-1200 BC). The object is a barbed and tanged form and is sub-triangular in plan and bi-convex in section. The object has two small sub-triangular notches removed by pressure flaking, on the proximal edge. The notches create a broad sub-rectangular tang, projecting between them. The right hand barb and distal tip are missing. Both dorsal and ventral surfaces have covering scaled flaking. The left and right hand edges have fine, low angled retouch. The lithic retains no cortex and is therefore a tertiary flake. The flint is light br…
Created on: Thursday 25th May 2017
Last updated: Thursday 25th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NARC-6CDF1E

Record ID: NARC-6CDF1E
Object type: ARROWHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Northamptonshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete flint Arrowhead of Bronze Age date (2500-1200 BC). The object is a barbed and tanged form and is sub-triangular in plan and concavo-convex in section. The object has two sub-triangular notches removed by pressure flaking, on the proximal edge. The notches create a sub-rectangular tang, projecting between them. Both dorsal and ventral surfaces have invasive scaled flaking. The left and right hand edges have fine, low angled retouch. Both ventral and distal surfaces are partially covered with cortex. The lithic has some cortex and is therefore a secondary flake. The flint is…
Created on: Thursday 25th May 2017
Last updated: Thursday 25th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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