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    • Period from: BRONZE AGE
    • Primary material: Stone

  • Thumbnail image of DEV-6E49A1

Record ID: DEV-6E49A1
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Devon
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete whetstone of uncertain date and of a fine, greywacke sandstone. Rectangular in plan and sub-rectangualr in profile, the fragment terminates in worn breaks at either end. Due to abrasion to either face of the stone, in profile the whetstone tapers from 19.3mm wide at one end to 13.7mm at the other, with the narrowing being pronouncedly concave at one end and becoming more gradual below. This is more prominent on one face than the other. Dimensions: length 50.5mm; width 21.8mm; thickness 19.3mm; weight 29.03g. Whetstones were in use from the Bronze Age onwards, and withou…
Created on: Wednesday 30th August 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 30th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of DUR-424732

Record ID: DUR-424732
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: County Durham
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fine-grained, dark grey stone, oval-ended and broken at one end, of uncertain date. It has been used as a whetstone for sharpening blades. The stone is natural, not deliberately shaped, oval in section, thickening and widening to the broken end. The complete end is rounded. The top of the whetstone shows signs of brown 'polish' and has numerous shallow, linear grooves in the surface. The back is concave and rougher; it shows a couple of diagonal grooves but these may be natural wear. Whetstones are known to have been used from the Bronze Age onwards. The improvised use of various s…
Created on: Wednesday 16th August 2017
Last updated: Monday 11th September 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2E639A

Record ID: CORN-2E639A
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained granite elvan muller or rubbing stone. The muller is oval in plan, with two rounded ends, and plano-convex in profile, with a convex upper face and a flat base. The flat, smooth base was used for rubbing, and the upper face convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is fine grained and contains muscovite or mica, tourmaline and felspars. The soft felspars would work into hollows and the hard tourmaline would stand proud of the …
Created on: Wednesday 28th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 12th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2E4F62

Record ID: CORN-2E4F62
Object type: HAMMERSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete greenstone hammerstone. A flattened oval in plan and in section and sub-rectangular in profile. The entire surface has been pecked to form a symmetrical, sub-cylindrical shape which would have been comfortable in the hand, with one face almost flat and the opposite face slightly convex. Both ends have been flattened and are slightly worn through use as a hammerstone. The flatter of the two faces is very slightly worn and may have been used for rubbing whilst the convex face is slightly pitted and may also have been used as a hammerstone. Jones and Taylor (2010) describe two…
Created on: Wednesday 28th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 12th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of DENO-9399FF

Record ID: DENO-9399FF
Object type: SCRAPER (TOOL)
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Derbyshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A chert thumbnail scraper of the Chalcolithic/Beaker period (c. 2400 - c. 2200 BC). Chert, opaque, mostly beige with cream and brown patches. Roughly circular in shape and D-shaped to pointed oval in cross-section. Tertiary flake, soft hammer. Retouch (short, sub-parallel, abrupt) on dorsal face. Length: 24.1mm; width: 22.3mm; thickness: 7.4mm; weight: 4.76g.
Created on: Tuesday 20th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 9th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-25A252

Record ID: CORN-25A252
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A single-sided muller or rubbing stone of fine-grained granite elvan. The muller is circular in plan, plano-convex in section and in profile. The base of the muller is flat and smooth through use as a rubbing implement and the upper face is convex so it could have been held and pushed across another stone. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is fine grained and contains inclusions of dark tourmaline and pale feldspar phenocrysts. The soft feldspar would work into hollows and the hard tourmaline would st…
Created on: Thursday 15th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 19th September 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-258C8B

Record ID: CORN-258C8B
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete medium-grained megacrystic granite double-sided muller or rubbing stone. The muller is semi-circular in plan, with one rounded complete end and one broken straight edge, and rectangular in section. Both faces of the muller are flat and smooth as they were used for rubbing, but one side may have originally been convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is medium-grained, megacrystic granite with pale feldspar inclusions varying f…
Created on: Thursday 15th June 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 19th September 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-35FFA8

Record ID: HAMP-35FFA8
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete and undatable whetstone, square in cross-section at one end (c.44x45mm with one damaged corner), sloping on one face and narrowing on those to either side to become rectangular in cross-section and extending c.35mm to the break (43x24mm). The fabric is grey in colour and sandy, with numerous micaceous inclusions and orange-brown fissures to the outside surface (probably iron staining). It weighs 272g (to the nearest 2g) and measures 92.7mm in length. Whetstones are known to have been used from the Bronze Age onwards and continued to be used for scythes and other tools in…
Created on: Friday 28th April 2017
Last updated: Thursday 4th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-687982

Record ID: CORN-687982
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete whetstone of medium brown sandstone. The object is a narrow, tapered rectangle, with rounded corners, in plan, and plano-convex in profile and section. The ventral face is almost flat with two very slightly dished areas either side of the mid-point. The tool is thinner at the wide end, becoming thicker towards the narrower end. When viewed from the dorsal side, the left-hand edge is flat and highly polished through continuous use; the right-hand edge is less highly polished, flat in places but convex towards the wider end and has also been used as a whetstone to sharpen meta…
Created on: Tuesday 18th April 2017
Last updated: Thursday 8th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2A974E

Record ID: CORN-2A974E
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A sandstone whetstone with bevelled end. Trapezoid in plan, sub-rectangular in profile and ovate in section. Made from a local beach pebble, all the edges are rounded and the surfaces of the implement are generally smooth. There are two patches of percussion marks, one on each of the broader surfaces, close to the wider, proximal end of the object. The narrow distal end of the tool has been rubbed smooth from both sides to produce a bevelled edge. The sharp edge of the bevel has been worn through use. There is a small area of pecking at the proximal end of the shorter side edge of the …
Created on: Monday 3rd April 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 5th April 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2A75D1

Record ID: CORN-2A75D1
Object type: PESTLE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fine-grained hammerstone or pestle, sub-rectangular in plan and section and ovate in profile. It is slightly wider at its distal end but fits comfortably in the hand however it is held and appears to have been used to exploit several of its surfaces for different purposes. The slightly flattened ventral face is pecked and uneven, suggesting use as a hammerstone; the distal end is smooth and the right side of the implement, when viewed from the ventral face, is flat and smooth, and it is likely that both of these surfaces have been used for grinding as a pestle. At the junction betwee…
Created on: Monday 3rd April 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 5th April 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2A69F6

Record ID: CORN-2A69F6
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A muller or rubbing stone with a cup-mark on one side, ovate in plan, sub-rectangular in profile and section. The dorsal face is flat with rounded edges and the two adjacent sides have been shaped by two central, pecked indentations to form a slight waist which enables the implement to be held comfortably in the hand. The original cobble has been split to produce a flat ventral face, resulting in an implement with a wide flat surface which would have been suitable for rubbing or grinding. A pecked indentation, or cup mark, 30 mm in diameter and 4 mm in depth has been formed at the cent…
Created on: Monday 3rd April 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 5th April 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-162BF3

Record ID: PUBLIC-162BF3
Object type: HAMMERSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A beach pebble with percussion markings in the centre of both faces, perhaps used as a hammerstone. A wide sub-oval in plan, lenticular in profile and an elongated oval in section. The ventral surface shows signs of dense pecking in an approximately circular area around 35mm in diameter. The surface pecking in the centre of the dorsal face is similar in extent but far less dense. The surface of the stone is uniformly pale creamy-grey in colour with multiple striations of red-brown iron carbonate. Made from a greywacke sandstone beach pebble from the Crackington Formation dating from o…
Created on: Friday 2nd December 2016
Last updated: Thursday 12th January 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-0E7885

Record ID: PUBLIC-0E7885
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A whetstone, made from a flat greywacke sandstone beach pebble from the Crackington Formation dating from of the Upper Carboniferous age (332 to 290 million years BP). Sub-oval in plan, both ends having been carefully shaped to a blunted point. The side margins are parallel and both surfaces are flat. All surfaces were polished to produce a completely smooth, polished artefact which is comfortable to hold, with no sharp edges or corners. The two flat faces are very slightly concave, suggesting that the whetstone was not subjected to extensive use and may have been lost soon after it w…
Created on: Monday 7th November 2016
Last updated: Thursday 12th January 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-0E64CA

Record ID: PUBLIC-0E64CA
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A broken whetstone, trapezoid in plan, an elongated rectangle in profile and a narrow oval in section. Made from a flat, elongated greywacke sandstone beach pebble from the Crackington Formation dating from of the Upper Carboniferous age (332 to 290 million years BP). Both surfaces and both side margins have been polished to a smooth finish. One side margin is flat, the opposite side margin is curved through repeated use for sharpening metal tools. Both faces are slightly concave. Both ends have been broken off: the proximal end by a single break perpendicular to the side margins. The…
Created on: Monday 7th November 2016
Last updated: Thursday 12th January 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-24C7BA

Record ID: CORN-24C7BA
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete fine-grained sandstone or siltstone whetstone, rectangular in plan, profile and section. One of the wider faces is smooth and might have been used to sharpen blades, and the opposite face with an ovate recess, 42 mm long, 38 mm wide and 4 mm deep, was perhaps used as an anvil for crushing limpets, nuts or smaller foodstuffs. The finder has also found references to prehistoric stones with similar indentations that have been used as anvils for knapping flint from the Iberian peninsula. There are deep grooves on the smooth face that have been caused by later damage, possibly fr…
Created on: Thursday 27th October 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 9th November 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-FC060E

Record ID: PUBLIC-FC060E
Object type: GRINDSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A grinding stone or pestle of uncertain date, sub-circular in plan, a narrow oval in profile and section. Made from a greywacke sandstone beach cobble from the Crackington Formation dating from of the Upper Carboniferous age (332 to 290 million years BP). There is a shallow, linear scar in the centre of the dorsal face, at an angle of 45 degrees from the medial line and 30mm in length may be contemporary with its use or later plough damage. A shorter, deeper scar near the distal end may also be the result of plough damage. The distal end of the cobble has been broken off to form a fla…
Created on: Tuesday 25th October 2016
Last updated: Friday 13th January 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-186CD3

Record ID: CORN-186CD3
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained muscovite granite double-sided muller or rubbing stone. The muller is oval in plan, with one rounded complete end and one broken end, and flat in section. Both faces of the muller are flat and smooth as they were used for rubbing, but one side may have originally been convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is fine grained and contains muscovite or mica, tourmaline and felspars (see report below). The soft felspars would wo…
Created on: Thursday 8th September 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 14th September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-186044

Record ID: CORN-186044
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Coarse biotite granite double-sided muller or rubbing stone. The muller is oval in plan, with two rounded ends, and flat in section. Both faces of the muller are flat and smooth as they were used for rubbing, but one side may have originally been convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is coarse-grained inclusion and contains biotite or black mica, felspars and quartz (see report below). The soft felspars would work into hollows and the…
Created on: Thursday 8th September 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 14th September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of GLO-6EEA07

Record ID: GLO-6EEA07
Object type: PERFORATED OBJECT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A probable Bronze Age stone shafthole implement dating to the period c.2100 - 1250 BC. The item is broken in half across the centre of the shaft hole, the remaining portion is sub-ovular in plan and tapers from a central shaft hole to a very narrow terminal (just 16mm wide) that is slightly rounded. The shaft hole is formed by pecking from either side this has created an hourglass effect when viewed in cross-section, 17mm in the centre of the shaft and about 34cms at the top of both sides. Unfortunately because of the missing half it is impossible to define this item as a mace as oppo…
Created on: Wednesday 31st August 2016
Last updated: Friday 16th December 2016
Spatial data recorded.


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