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    • Period from: BRONZE AGE
    • County: Oxfordshire

  • Thumbnail image of OXON-F7ED94

Record ID: OXON-F7ED94
Object type: MINIATURE OBJECT
Broad period: IRON AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper alloy miniature socketed axe head of Late Bronze Age to Roman date ( c. 1100 BC - AD 409). The axe head has a downeard-curving blade with square butt with indentation intended to represent a socket, and an integrally cast loop on the underside. The metal is smooth and quite shiny, especially the top side of the object. Such axe heads are considered to be miniature representations and possibly votive offerings of their full sized counterparts and have been associated with 'ritual' (cringe) activity or worn as amulets. The patina of this object suggests Late Bronze…
Created on: Thursday 11th October 2018
Last updated: Monday 15th October 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BH-110C09

Record ID: BH-110C09
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Two fragments of a cast copper-alloy Late Bronze Age (c. 1000-800 BC) socketed axe of South Eastern Class A. The larger fragment comprising roughly a quarter of the upper shaft is broadly trapezoidal in plan and wedge-shaped in profile. The axe has a double mouth moulding which is very worn. The surviving body of the axe is broadly rectangular with gently tapering sides. On one face there is a semi-circular shaped loop with an oval perforation infilled with deposition residue. The fragment is broken along the upper casting seam but unevenly along the other sections of the body. The fra…
Created on: Tuesday 18th September 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 2nd October 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ASHM-5E6087

Record ID: ASHM-5E6087
Object type: BLADE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a cast copper alloy axe blade tip probably of mid-late Bronze Age date, c.1500-800 BC. The fragment is too small to define a type.
Created on: Monday 23rd July 2018
Last updated: Friday 31st August 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Childrey', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of BH-7281C8

Record ID: BH-7281C8
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An incomplete cast copper-alloy palstave axe dating to the Middle Bronze Age (c. BC 1600-1400). The palstave is near-complete with only part of the broken butt missing. The palstave is roughly sub-rectangular in shape and flattens and flares outwards to form a wide rounded blade, giving the object a slender elongated sub-ovular shaped cross-section. The butt is H-shaped in section and terminates towards the centre of the axe with shallow rounded stop-ridge and a peltate-shaped recess on both sides at right angles to the septum. The flanges are flat, sub-ovular in plan, straight and par…
Created on: Thursday 12th July 2018
Last updated: Thursday 6th September 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of OXON-24920E

Record ID: OXON-24920E
Object type: BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete barbed and tanged flint arrowhead dating from the Early to Middle Bronze age (c.2400 - 1000 BC). The arrowhead is made on a secondary flake of mottled dark brown flint. The cortex is light. There are soft hammer, low angle scaled bifacial removals around all external edges with the centre of the arrowhead left unretouched.
Created on: Tuesday 26th June 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 26th June 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Stanton Harcourt', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of OXON-8DE7C8

Record ID: OXON-8DE7C8
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a cast copper-alloy socketed axe of Late Bronze Age date. Only the blade edge survives intact, the remainder now missing due to old breaks. The blade edge narrows to a flat tip, still relatively sharp, and is curved in form with expanded sides that narrow in towards the main section of the axe. In cross section the axe head is rectangular in plan and is hollow, showing the beginnings (or end) of a socket. The fragment has a light blue-green patina but much of this original surface is missing from one side of the blade. This is a fragment of a Late Bronze Age socketed axe,…
Created on: Tuesday 19th June 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 19th June 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of GLO-E82DE1

Record ID: GLO-E82DE1
Object type: VOTIVE MODEL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
~~A complete Late Bronze Age or Early Iron Age copper alloy votive model of a miniature wheel dated to c. 1000-500 BC. The wheel is circular in plan with a trapezoidal shaped 'axel' from which four spokes radiate before joining the outer rim. The rim of the wheel and the spokes are rectangular in cross section. There is a circular perforation in the centre of the axle which appears to have been drilled. The upper corners of the model are slightly rounded while the reverse are angular. On the record for HESH-C53CF4, which is very similar to this example, Peter Reavill writes: "This fo…
Created on: Monday 11th June 2018
Last updated: Saturday 6th October 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-6F007F

Record ID: HAMP-6F007F
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An incomplete Middle Bronze Age Transitional palstave axehead of Schmidt and Burgess Type Roundhay, Midribbed Variant (The Axes of Scotland and Northern England, 1981; plate 64 and 65, nos.883-99), and of Penard/Wallington metalworking phase, corresponding with Needham's (1996) Periods 5 -6 and probably dating to 1300 - 1100BC. The incomplete axehead consists of the blade, loop and roughly half the butt end.The blade has incurved long edges and an expanded cutting edge (38.7mm wide and 2.3mm thick), which has suffered some slight damage and has a shallow curve. On both faces is a promi…
Created on: Thursday 24th May 2018
Last updated: Thursday 31st May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: OXON-43C831
Object type: SLAG
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An amorphous copper alloy object,a small piece of slag of uncertain date. The slag has tell-tale bubbling. It has a flat, broadly lozenge-shaped area with a raised, amorphous spur at one end. It is not possible to date this fragment.
Created on: Tuesday 22nd May 2018
Last updated: Thursday 11th October 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: OXON-43B6BD
Object type: CASTING WASTE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An amorphous copper alloy object, probably a casting spur or jet of uncertain date. The spur has a flattened 'foot' which may indicate the mouth of the mould, and also a stem which may be from the top of the mould.
Created on: Tuesday 22nd May 2018
Last updated: Thursday 11th October 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of OXON-B17707

Record ID: OXON-B17707
Object type: SCRAPER (TOOL)
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A collection of three (3) flint scrapers of probable Early Bronze Age date (c. 2500-1600 BC). The scrapers are all broadly circular in plane with invasive,scaled yet expedient retouching between around 50%-90% of the edges. All three scrapers retain cortex; two are primary flakes with the third being secondary. Retouching has occured through the cortex in two examples. The flints vary in colour; light-dark grey; mottles yellow and grey; dark reddish brown.
Created on: Thursday 3rd May 2018
Last updated: Friday 25th May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BUC-2EC123

Record ID: BUC-2EC123
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete copper alloy spear tip from the Bronze Age circa 1700-1500BC. The spear tip is triangular in plan it is also curved and possibly missing a lower piece. The convex surface displays wear to the middle and the edges of the spear are nicked in places. Two of the nicks reveal a green patina underneath the redish brown surface of the spear. A similar tanged spearhead can be found in (folder p73 -74). (MA VI c1700-1500BC) Weight:15.15g. Length: 40.57 mm Width: 21.47 mm Thickness: 10.05 mm
Created on: Friday 27th April 2018
Last updated: Thursday 5th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-06AB93

Record ID: BERK-06AB93
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a small cast copper alloy socketed spearhead, probably of the side looped type and dating to the early Middle Bronze Age, c.1600-1400BC. Side-looped spearheads are Class IV and date from the early Middle Bronze Age. They are likely to belong to the Acton Park 2, Taunton (Cemmaes) or Penard metalwork assemblages, corresponding to Needham's (1997) Period 5 (1500-1150 BC). Although the size of this object suggests a votive use this is not the case. Other examples of small spearheads are known including GLO-F69302, LANCUM-B72611, LANCUM-0433B7 and SWYOR-3D024E on this dat…
Created on: Friday 13th April 2018
Last updated: Friday 13th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WAW-B7224A

Record ID: WAW-B7224A
Object type: SWORD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Probably Bronze Age (-1000 to -800) blade fragment: The cast copper alloy blade fragment is an elongated lozenge in cross-section with a convex surfaces. The breaks across the blade are old and rounded. The edges of the blade are slightly faceted. The surface of the blade has an incomplete mottled dark green and brown patina which is then heavily abraded. It measures 22.89mm long, 23.63mm wide, 7.74mm thick. It weighs 14.74 grams. It is probably a fragment from a sword or rapier of the Late Bronze Age date.
Created on: Wednesday 28th March 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 28th March 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WAW-93F78D

Record ID: WAW-93F78D
Object type: AWL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Bronze Age to Post Medieval (c. 1250 BC to 4th century) awl: The awl has a tang which is rectangular in section and tapers to a blunt edge. The tang is over half of the awl. The other half is square in section, tapering to a blunt, rounded point. The surface has traces of a mottled light grey-green patina. It measures 51.61mm long, 5.98mm wide, 5.52mm thick and weighs 6.2g. Awls can date from the Bronze Age, c. 1250 BC but as the design of awls has changed very little, it could also be much more recent. The patina perhaps suggests a Roman date, but this is not certain.
Created on: Monday 26th March 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 28th March 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-7B524E

Record ID: BERK-7B524E
Object type: BRACELET
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete copper-alloy annular bracelet/arm-ring probably of Bronze Age date 1400 - 1300 BC. The Liss-type bracelet is solid and oval in section and in good condition with brown patina. The body is decorated with incised or engraved panels which are relatively deep and have been applied with some degree of care. The complex decoration comprises of panels of lines or rows of stacked chevrons creating a herringbone pattern separated by 'dividing' sections of 10 or more lines of vertical bands (to the circumference of the bracelet-arming). The three central panels are comprised of 8 or 9…
Created on: Tuesday 13th March 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 9th October 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-FFF2B5

Record ID: BERK-FFF2B5
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete copper-alloy early phase palstave dating to the Middle Bronze Age (c. 1500-1300 BC): The blade of the palstave is sub-trapezoidal in plan with slightly concave sides, flared blade tips, and no side loop. The cutting edge is slightly abraded on one edge although this appears to cut through the patina suggesting post-depositional damage. The sides of the blade are concave in plan, and this curvature stops at the junction of the blade and flange side. In profile the blade is sub-triangular with the widest section being before the stop ridge. The stop ridge has a small hole be…
Created on: Wednesday 7th March 2018
Last updated: Thursday 22nd March 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-D56CDF

Record ID: BERK-D56CDF
Object type: BEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A possible Bronze Age or Iron Age copper alloy bead, which has suffered corrosion. It is sub-lozenge-shaped in cross section. Has an internal measurement of 9mm.
Created on: Wednesday 21st February 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 5th September 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-C4E865

Record ID: BERK-C4E865
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a cast copper alloy palstave axe, dating to the Middle to Late Bronze Age date (1500-1150 BC). The fragment is the butt end of the palstave, with the raised flanges of the edges of the axe retained.
Created on: Tuesday 20th February 2018
Last updated: Thursday 1st March 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: BERK-5A4797
Object type: ARROWHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete late Neolithic to early Bronze Age barbed and tanged flint arrowhead, dating to the period c. 2200 - 1500 BC. One barb missing through a recent break. No photograph
Created on: Thursday 15th February 2018
Last updated: Saturday 24th March 2018
Spatial data recorded.


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