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    • Period from: BRONZE AGE
    • County: Essex

  • Thumbnail image of SF-AA68CB

Record ID: SF-AA68CB
Object type: AWL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete copper-allow Bronze Age awl, dating to 1150-700 BC. The shank has a square cross-section at its middle and it is double ended. Starting from the middle square cross-section it continues tapering towards a chisel-like and broken end, while on the opposite side it turns into an oval cross section ending in a incomplete tip. The chisel-like part is heavily abraded and slightly bent sideways. Cf with SF-C1752A on the PAS database. Length: 63.63 mm Width, at its centre: 4.23 mm Max thickness of the oval cross-sectioned part: 4.33 mm Max thickness of the chisel-like part:…
Created on: Monday 20th August 2018
Last updated: Thursday 6th September 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Birdbrook', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-A9CCBF

Record ID: SF-A9CCBF
Object type: DIRK
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a copper-alloy Bronze Age possible dirk/rapier dating to 1500-1200 BC. It has a sub-rectangular shape in plan and tapers towards one broken end. It has a flattened lozange-shaped cross-section in its middle part. On both faces there is a longitudinal median ridge flanked by the broken and tapered blade edges. The ridge stops at 17.43 mm to the flared and broken end and forks sideways; this end is flat and sub-rectangular in cross-section. The surfaces are heavily abraded and dotted. Cf Rowlands (1976, part 2, pl. 42, no. 1838 and pl. 43, unprov.) Length: 47.42 mm Widt…
Created on: Monday 20th August 2018
Last updated: Thursday 6th September 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Birdbrook', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of KENT-5E7C62

Record ID: KENT-5E7C62
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Lower part of a copper alloy socketed looped axe dating from the Late Bronze Age, i.e. c. 1000-800BC. Possibly of plain South Eastern Type. Description: The fragment survives only as the blade end. The sides begin to curve inwards from the curved crescent blade-edge, flaring in section to a rectangle. The broken edges are heavily worn likely indicate breakage in antiquity although the variation in patination may indicate it happen while in the ground. The break across the body is irregular. The surface of the axe is heavily mottled dark to light green to light brown in patina and is h…
Created on: Monday 23rd July 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 25th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1F6B9C

Record ID: ESS-1F6B9C
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Partially worked flake of grey flint, likely dating to the late Neolithic/early Bronze Age, c. 3000 - 1500 BC. There is retouch along the upper left edge when viewed from the ventral face which is scaled and thins the flake edge slightly. The right edge of the ventral face also shows evidence of retouch, along the bottom edge forming a shallow crescent. The upper right edge of the ventral face is straight and diagonal. When viewed from the dorsal face this edge is backed almost all along its length, with only a small portion in the middle showing no evidence of retouch. The retouch a…
Created on: Friday 20th July 2018
Last updated: Monday 23rd July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1F247F

Record ID: ESS-1F247F
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Primary flake which has been utilised as a scraper or other lithic hand-held tool. The flake's dorsal surface is covered almost entirely by cortex, suggesting it was struck as a primary flake without any prior removals on the dorsal surface. It is likely that the flake was utilised opportunistically, as there is little in terms of retouch. Where retouch is seen, primarily on the mid right edge when viewed from the dorsal face, it takes the form of parallel removals forming a steep 'backed' edge. This was likely done to blunt this portion of the edge. The retouch continues, though to a…
Created on: Friday 20th July 2018
Last updated: Thursday 26th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1EF776

Record ID: ESS-1EF776
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Possible debitage flake with evidence of some edge flaking. Likely early Bronze Age in date, c. 2500 - 1500 BC. The ventral face is uneven and mottled, though the right edge does show evidence of retouch in a parallel scaled fashion at the section nearest the butt. The retouch seems to continue along the right side for the length of the flak, though is not as clearly defined toward the tip. The dorsal face shows evidence of removals toward the butt and along the right side of the arris. These are not as regular as the small retouch on the ventral face. It is likely that the sma…
Created on: Friday 20th July 2018
Last updated: Monday 23rd July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-BB59D5

Record ID: ESS-BB59D5
Object type: CHISEL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy cast chisel of probable Bronze Age date (c. 2350 - 801BC). The item is composed of a waisted portion with a curved end comprising the chisel edge, and a tapering square sectioned length emerging from the opposite side. The joint between the emergent square sectioned length and the chisel 'body' is the thickest part of the item. Dimensions: weight: 9.5g, length: 41.9mm, width: 12.2mm, thickness: 9.8mm
Created on: Thursday 21st June 2018
Last updated: Thursday 19th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-FC997B

Record ID: SF-FC997B
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete cast copper-alloy primary (early) Palstave axehead dating to the Middle Bronze Age. The axehead belongs to Group I: shield-patterened types, and probably belongs to the Acton Park II or Taunton metalworking assemblages (Burgess' stages VIII and IX), dating c. 1500-1300 BC. Part of the blade is missing, though otherwise the axehead is preserved intact. It is broadly rectangular in plan, with a straight-sided rectangular butt demonstrating an 'H' shaped cross section, recessed septum and incomplete fan-shaped blade. It is lenticular in profile, with the thickest portion of …
Created on: Tuesday 12th June 2018
Last updated: Thursday 14th June 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Weeley', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of KENT-68BED7

Record ID: KENT-68BED7
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A fragment of cast copper-alloy spearhead, likely dating to the Middle Bronze Age (III) or Late Bronze Age - likely from the Wilburton, Blackmoor / Ewart Park phases. c.1200-750 BC. Description: The fragment represents most of the spear's upper section and is missing only part of the point. It is long, tapering and narrowing, with a very high angular midrib flanked by moulded channels. The fragment is very warped and bent, typical of intentional 'killed' bronze age objects, leaving it almost S-shaped in profile. On one side of the edge there is another possible intentional bend. The b…
Created on: Tuesday 5th June 2018
Last updated: Thursday 7th June 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-17C46C

Record ID: ESS-17C46C
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragmentary copper-alloy palstave axe dating from the Middle Bronze Age c. 1500 - 1000 BC. The axe retains part of the blade and stop-ridge. The blade is lentoid in section and sub-rectangular in shape, flaring outwards nearer the blade edge. The blade edge is now missing. The stop-ridge is rectangular in shape, though the depression in one face is deeper than the other. The butt portion of the axe is also missing. The thickest portion of the item is the junction between blade and stop-ridge where flanges rise to meet at the centre. The surface is very worn and the axe appears to b…
Created on: Tuesday 8th May 2018
Last updated: Thursday 7th June 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-D9FB44

Record ID: PUBLIC-D9FB44
Object type: AWL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Published Find published
One end of a cast copper alloy awl or tracer. The centre of the awl, which is sub-square in cross-section, measures 4.8mm by 5.09mm. This centre is at the transition from a circular section to a square cross section. To one side it tapers, gradually at first then increasingly, to a circular sectioned point at the complete end (awl). The other end is rectangular in section and tapers gradually to the old break (3.7mm by 3.9mm) but probably originally ended in a rectangular sectioned point (tracer end). It is 31.77mm long and weighs 3.79 grams.
Created on: Tuesday 28th November 2017
Last updated: Monday 8th January 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Nr Chrishall Grange', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-9EF82E

Record ID: PUBLIC-9EF82E
Object type: BRACELET
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a copper-alloy pennanular bracelet dating to the Late Bronze Age (c. 1000 - 700 BC). A small portion of the circular-section band survives. This band expands to a flared terminal with a flat end.
Created on: Wednesday 1st November 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 14th March 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Nr Chrishall Grange', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-79D304

Record ID: ESS-79D304
Object type: UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast-copper alloy item of unknown function. On first inspection the artefact appears to be a blade tip, as it is sub-rectangular in shape and tapers in thickness to a point. However, when looking at the item in section, there appear to be sub-spherical cavities inside the item which suggest it was mounted or attached to another object. Based on the surface patina and the composition of the copper-alloy, a suggested date within the Bronze Age is given. Dimensions Length (mm) Width (mm) Thickness (mm) Weight (g) 16.1 14.7 …
Created on: Friday 6th October 2017
Last updated: Monday 1st October 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1E6591

Record ID: ESS-1E6591
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Blade tip of a Bronze Age axe. The item is fragmentary and only the curved blade edge of the axe remains. This makes it difficult to identify and date precisely, though it is likely, due to the metal composition and form, that the fragment is Bronze Age in date, c. 2350 - 800BC. The blade tip is lentoid in cross section, with the edges being the thinnest point (1.1mm), and the thickness gradually tapering toward the centre and away from the edge. ​Dimensions: weight: 28.44g, length: 59.1mm, width: 19.6mm, thickness at thickest point: 7.1mm
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 17th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: SF-CF1EA5
Object type: METAL WORKING DEBRIS
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of copper alloy metalworking debris of uncertain date. Very irregular in shape and appear to be waste from the casting process (it may be a very irregular casting sprue). Undiagnostic debris such as this can only be assigned a very broad Bronze Age to post-medieval date range. Length: 34.18mm, width: 21.21mm, thickness: 10.78mm, weight: 24.56g
Created on: Wednesday 5th July 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 8th August 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Great Bentley', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-84BFF1

Record ID: SF-84BFF1
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a copper alloy mid to late Bronze Age (and into the early Iron Age) socketed axe. Only a small section of the socketed end survives survive. This is curved in profile with a raised rounded rim along the outer face of the socket end. The breaks are well worn. Both faces have the remains of a dark brown shiny patina in places, but this has worn away on the raised sections. Socketed axes were in use during the mid to late Bronze Age, from c.1300-700 BC. Length: 35.90mm, width: 24.49mm, thickness: 7.02mm, weight: 20.58g
Created on: Friday 26th May 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 16th August 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Tolleshunt D'arcy', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-046731

Record ID: ESS-046731
Object type: PENANNULAR RING
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Description: Gold or gold plated copper alloy, Penannular Ring dating from the Late Bronze Age (c.1150-750 BC). Circular in shape and cross-section with a narrow gap between the terminals which are flat ended. Surface comprising of a bright gold colour with bands of lighter (silver-rich) gold. The ring is likely to have a copper-alloy core as its weight does not suggest it is solid gold. There are also small scratches on the surface of the ring and some cracks on both the flat terminal ends which look to cover a darker metal this could be copper-alloy. Dimensions: Weight: 1.56g,…
Created on: Monday 8th May 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 6th December 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Great Dunmow', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D132C4

Record ID: ESS-D132C4
Object type: HOARD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An addendum to the previously recorded 'Tendring Hoard' (see PAS ref A group of 11 bronze objects found through metal detecting in Tendring, Essex, found in the same area and therefore associated with the Tendring Hoard (2015 T590). 1) sword fragment. A fragment of a copper alloy sword blade. The fragment is from the blade, broken across the blade on both ends, resulting in a slight curved or s-shaped profile in section. The cross section shows a convex middle section which then thins towards each blade edge. The curved cross-section suggests that the fragment stems from the upper se…
Created on: Thursday 30th March 2017
Last updated: Friday 21st September 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-A81B50

Record ID: ESS-A81B50
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a copper alloy socketed axe likely dating to the late Bronze age, c. 1000 - 800 BC. The fragment is 'C' shaped in cross section and represents a 'corner' piece of the socket from a Bronze Age axe head. There is a moulded ridge on the lip of the socket, as well as another moulded transverse ridge next to this. A casting seem is still visible on the top of the object, both on the outer and inner surfaces. The item has a rough surface and a dark green/grey patina. Due to the fragmentary nature of the find, it is not possible to designate a 'type' to this axe. Dimensi…
Created on: Tuesday 28th March 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 18th July 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Mayland', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-A769EC

Record ID: ESS-A769EC
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a copper alloy axe of middle to late Bronze age date (c. 1500 to 1150 BC). The item is rectangular in shape. The butt and the flanged sides remain, whilst the majority of the axe blade is missing. The flanged sides of the axe fragment are parallel to the stop, and the upper and lower faces are concave, forming an 'H' shaped cross section. The item has a rough surface, and a reddish-brown patina all over. It was treated with renaissance wax. Due to the fragmentary nature of the axe, it is not possible to assign a type. Dimensions: weight: 106.61g, length: 70.53mm…
Created on: Tuesday 28th March 2017
Last updated: Friday 31st March 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Brentwood', grid reference and parish protected.


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