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    • Period from: BRONZE AGE
    • County: Essex

  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1E6591

Record ID: ESS-1E6591
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Blade tip of a Bronze Age axe. The item is fragmentary and only the curved blade edge of the axe remains. This makes it difficult to identify and date precisely, though it is likely, due to the metal composition and form, that the fragment is Bronze Age in date, c. 2350 - 800BC. The blade tip is lentoid in cross section, with the edges being the thinnest point (1.1mm), and the thickness gradually tapering toward the centre and away from the edge. ​Dimensions: weight: 28.44g, length: 59.1mm, width: 19.6mm, thickness at thickest point: 7.1mm
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 17th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: SF-CF1EA5
Object type: METAL WORKING DEBRIS
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of copper alloy metalworking debris of uncertain date. Very irregular in shape and appear to be waste from the casting process (it may be a very irregular casting sprue). Undiagnostic debris such as this can only be assigned a very broad Bronze Age to post-medieval date range. Length: 34.18mm, width: 21.21mm, thickness: 10.78mm, weight: 24.56g
Created on: Wednesday 5th July 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 8th August 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Great Bentley', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-84BFF1

Record ID: SF-84BFF1
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a copper alloy mid to late Bronze Age (and into the early Iron Age) socketed axe. Only a small section of the socketed end survives survive. This is curved in profile with a raised rounded rim along the outer face of the socket end. The breaks are well worn. Both faces have the remains of a dark brown shiny patina in places, but this has worn away on the raised sections. Socketed axes were in use during the mid to late Bronze Age, from c.1300-700 BC. Length: 35.90mm, width: 24.49mm, thickness: 7.02mm, weight: 20.58g
Created on: Friday 26th May 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 16th August 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Tolleshunt D'arcy', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-046731

Record ID: ESS-046731
Object type: PENANNULAR RING
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Description: Gold or gold plated copper alloy, Penannular Ring dating from the Late Bronze Age (c.1150-750 BC). Circular in shape and cross-section with a narrow gap between the terminals which are flat ended. Surface comprising of a bright gold colour with bands of lighter (silver-rich) gold. The ring is likely to have a copper-alloy core as its weight does not suggest it is solid gold. There are also small scratches on the surface of the ring and some cracks on both the flat terminal ends which look to cover a darker metal this could be copper-alloy. Dimensions: Weight: 1.56g, Diam…
Created on: Monday 8th May 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 6th December 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Great Dunmow', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-A81B50

Record ID: ESS-A81B50
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a copper alloy socketed axe likely dating to the late Bronze age, c. 1000 - 800 BC. The fragment is 'C' shaped in cross section and represents a 'corner' piece of the socket from a Bronze Age axe head. There is a moulded ridge on the lip of the socket, as well as another moulded transverse ridge next to this. A casting seem is still visible on the top of the object, both on the outer and inner surfaces. The item has a rough surface and a dark green/grey patina. Due to the fragmentary nature of the find, it is not possible to designate a 'type' to this axe. Dimensions: we…
Created on: Tuesday 28th March 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 18th July 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Mayland', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-A769EC

Record ID: ESS-A769EC
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a copper alloy axe of middle to late Bronze age date (c. 1500 to 1150 BC). The item is rectangular in shape. The butt and the flanged sides remain, whilst the majority of the axe blade is missing. The flanged sides of the axe fragment are parallel to the stop, and the upper and lower faces are concave, forming an 'H' shaped cross section. The item has a rough surface, and a reddish-brown patina all over. It was treated with renaissance wax. Due to the fragmentary nature of the axe, it is not possible to assign a type. Dimensions: weight: 106.61g, length: 70.53mm, width…
Created on: Tuesday 28th March 2017
Last updated: Friday 31st March 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Brentwood', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-28290D

Record ID: ESS-28290D
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
The blade tip of a bronze age axe blade. The item is broken and only the end or tip of the blade remains. It is made from cast copper alloy. The axe tip is sub-rectangular in shape, with the top and bottom edges of the axe widening slightly to form a sloghtly curved blade tip. The blade tip does not flare out and then back in on itself into the top and bottom edges, suggesting that the blade was a realtively plain and flat design. As none of body of the axe reamains, it is not possible to further identify in which way the item may have been hafted or secured. Dimensions: weight: 5…
Created on: Wednesday 22nd March 2017
Last updated: Saturday 1st April 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Roxwell', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SUR-E871B8

Record ID: SUR-E871B8
Object type: AWL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Bronze Age to Roman copper-alloy awl, one end of which is pointed and circular in section. The awl thickens to the opposite end which is flattened and chisel-like. Awls are very difficult to date and a wide range of dates is suggested here.
Created on: Sunday 19th March 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 25th April 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PAS-6DBE56

Record ID: PAS-6DBE56
Object type: JEWELLERY
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A rolled-up strip of gold of probable Chalcolithic or Bronze Age date (c. 2500-800 BC). The strip of gold is sub-rectangular in plan, and is rolled up (width ways), forming a tight roll which has been slightly squashed into an oval shape (when viewed from the side). Eleven folds can be counted from the middle. There is some soil still attached to and within these folds. The strip is very thin (less than a diameter). The strip is wider in the middle than near the end, where it tapers from c. 21 mm in the middle towards 15 mm at the end (the end hidden in the folds in the centre of the b…
Created on: Wednesday 1st March 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 6th December 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-800C5F

Record ID: ESS-800C5F
Object type: CASTING WASTE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A lump of casting waste, probably dating to the Late Bronze Age (1500-800BC). The object is formed of a flat circular section with a irregularly shaped lump projecting from one side. As the pattina suggests much of the lump is unbroken, there is no obvious form of object that would be shaped in such a way. The most likely answer would be a cauldron lug, though the object does not curve enough. Dimensions: length: 43.28 mm; width: 53.32 mm; thickness: 24.73 mm; weight: 117.13g.
Created on: Tuesday 13th September 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 14th September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-20B4F7

Record ID: ESS-20B4F7
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Possibly a fragment from the blade end of a Late Bronze Age chisel or the butt of a palstave. The object is wedge shaped, with the narrow (blade?) edge slightly rounded due to wear. As the object is incomplete, it is difficult ot identify accurately, though the patina and shape would suggest a Late Bronze Age date. Diameter: 24mm.
Created on: Friday 22nd July 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 23rd August 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SUSS-E33637

Record ID: SUSS-E33637
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Incomplete copper alloy Late Bronze Age socketed axehead dating from c. 1000-800BC. The axehead is a South Eastern type and part of the Ewart Park metalworking assemblage. It has a round section socket and is undecorated except for a single moulded ridge around the socket apeture. There is a single integrally cast loop on the underside of the axehead and a casting seam that runs the length of the object from blade to socket on the upper side. The blade of the axe has been damaged and there are patches of corrosion across the surface. The axehead is triangular in plan, tapering to the …
Created on: Thursday 7th July 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 27th July 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1E9061

Record ID: ESS-1E9061
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Late Bronze Age socketed axehead, dating 1,000-800BC. The blade end is all that remains and is damaged along the edge. A trace of the hollow nature of the object is visible at the break. The metal is a dark brown colour with patches of mid-green patina developing in places. Dimensions: length: 29.50 mm; width: 29.61 mm; thickness: 10.19 mm; weight: 16.07g.
Created on: Thursday 28th April 2016
Last updated: Thursday 28th April 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-4B8242

Record ID: ESS-4B8242
Object type: SWORD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Late Bronze age sword, probably dating to the Ewart Park phase (1,000-800BC). Only part of the blade survives, being roughly rectangular in shape with a ridge running down the centre on both sides. The object has a mid-dark green patina. The blade edges are very worn and no longer exist. Two similar examples with a lozenge-shaped section are illustrated in Needham & Rohl (1998, 135, fig.37, nos.386-7). Dimensions: length: 41.28 mm; width: 21.97 mm; thickness: 7.21 mm; weight: 19.86g.
Created on: Monday 18th April 2016
Last updated: Friday 22nd April 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-B608B5

Record ID: ESS-B608B5
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete Middle Bronze Age possible spearhead, dating 1500-1150BC. The object is in incredibly poor condition and thus undiagnostic. It appears to have a central ridge, widening towards the lower end of the object, though no trace of a socket is visible. The original shape of the object is uncertain due to corrosion and damage. Peter Reavil (Finds Liaison Officer, Herefordshire & Shropshire) suggests the object may be a spearhead or a rapier blade, though based on the section of the object it is more likely to be a spearhead. In either case it would likely date from 1500 to 11…
Created on: Wednesday 10th February 2016
Last updated: Thursday 7th April 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-B43703

Record ID: SF-B43703
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a copper alloy middle Bronze Age palstave axe. Only a small section of the butt end of the palstave survives. This is rectangular in shape with a flange running along both side of both faces, each expanding slightly towards the centre creating a H shape in cross-section. The flanges extend almost to the end of the butt. The surface is heavily pitted and corroded with traces of a brown-orange patina in places. The break is worn. Without further diagnostic details the form of the palstave is uncertain, although it is likely to be an early or transitional type suggesting…
Created on: Wednesday 10th February 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 23rd August 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Tolleshunt D'arcy', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SUR-1530DF

Record ID: SUR-1530DF
Object type: SOCKETED AXEHEAD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A late Bronze Age plain socketed axe of Southeastern type, Ewart Park metalwork assemblage c1000-800BC. The axe appears to have had a long and interesting life and has been used despite a small casting flaw in the form of a hole below the loop. The two parts of the mould were not aligned properly; the casting seams have been smoothed and the axe shows signs of use. There are striations on the blade; the blade has been shaped and formed and has been used and resharpened. The blade is now blunt and this may have been deliberate. The axe shows clear signs of initial work to break it u…
Created on: Wednesday 16th December 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 3rd May 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6B238A

Record ID: ESS-6B238A
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A natural flake with evidence of retouch, probably dating to the Late Bronze Age (1000-800BC). The object is oval in shape with evidence of short, scaled, semi-abrupt retouch along two of the edges. Kevin Leahey notes that this is likely an "opportunistic" flint made in later Prehistory from natural or re-used flints. Dimensions: length: 91.34 mm; width: 50.82 mm; thickness: 13.20 mm; weight: 77.71g.
Created on: Tuesday 8th December 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 8th December 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-DCD4DE

Record ID: WILT-DCD4DE
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of copper alloy, probably Middle Bronze Age (1500-1050 BC), socketed spearhead, consisting of the tip of the blade only. The blade has a pronounced mid-rib, c 8mm across at its wider end/ break and narrowing to 4.14mm in diameter at the point. It is slightly oval in profile. The sides of the blade are c 3.60mm at the break, thus the blade is c 13.50mm in width overall at that point but the edges are abraded. The patina is green in colour. The fragment measures 43.42mm in length. It weighs 10.92g.
Created on: Tuesday 1st December 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 13th January 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BH-88E869

Record ID: BH-88E869
Object type: PALSTAVE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Middle Bronze Age palstave. The piece represents the butt of the implement, to which the head of the shaft would have been attached. The rounded top side extends smoothly into the vertical sides, which are straight and parallel-sided. On both of the palstave's two wider surfaces, each edge is marked by a right-angled flange, the height of which increases towards the bottom. These flanges border the flat central area. The patination of the piece extends across the break, indicating that the damage occurred in antiquity. Length: 29.1mm; width: 17.9mm; thickness: 9m…
Created on: Friday 27th November 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 23rd December 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Birchanger', grid reference and parish protected.


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