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    • Object type: cannon ball
    • Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
    • Institution: SWYOR

  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-DDFF23

Record ID: SWYOR-DDFF23
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Sheffield
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A possible Post Medieval iron cannon ball dating from about AD 1500 - 1950. It is a spherical ball of iron. It is 82mm diameter and 4.2kg (4200g). This size and weight does not conform to standard cannon ball measurements, but it could be a non-standard missile. Alternatively, it could also be a ball from a crushing mill, machinery or a bearing from a swiveling piece of machinery such as a crane or gun.
Created on: Wednesday 10th October 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 10th October 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-C952B8

Record ID: SWYOR-C952B8
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A possible stone cannon ball of Late Medieval to Post Medieval date. It is sub-spherical and made from what appears to be igneous rock, perhaps granite with possible feldspar seams. It is 50.1mm in diameter and weighs 145g. At just under 2 inches diameter, this ball is the right size for a Falconet cannon. Falconets were invented in the late 15th century and were used throughout the 16th and 17th centuries.
Created on: Tuesday 9th October 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 13th November 2018
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  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-C925B6

Record ID: SWYOR-C925B6
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A possible stone cannon ball of medieval to Post Medieval date, about AD 1450- 1700. It is sub-spherical and made from what appears to be igneous rock, perhaps granite with possible feldspar inclusions. At 2.6 inches diameter, this ball is just too big for a Falcon cannon. It could be made for a non-standard firearm if it is a cannon ball. Other uses in industry cannot be ruled out. It is 65.6mm in diameter and weighs 380g.
Created on: Tuesday 9th October 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 13th November 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-9C2E89

Record ID: SWYOR-9C2E89
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Rotherham
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast iron probable shot or cannon ball dating from the post-medieval period, about AD 1500-1700. It is a sphere of iron, with a slightly pited and corroded surface, dark brown in colour. It is 39.5mm diameter (1,5 inches) and has a mass of 235g (eight and a quarter ounces). It may have been itended for use in a Serpentine cannon which had a nominal bore size of 1.5 inch diameter, firing shot weighing 0.75 lb, or a Rabinet cannon which fired shot weighing 8oz. Corrosion may have altered the size and weight of this example. Compare SOM-A0A8A2 which cites Blackmore (1990) Arms…
Created on: Saturday 26th May 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 30th May 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-503D18

Record ID: SWYOR-503D18
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: York
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast lead alloy ball, possibly a Post-Medieval cannonball for a small bore cannon such as a rabinet with a one inch bore. There is a mark where the casting sprue was removed and a large, flat facet on one side, suggesting that it may have struck some object other than stone. The diameter, at 28.5mm (1.1in) is correct for this type of cannon, but the weight, at 119.8gm (4.2oz) is too light, being only half the expected weight.
Created on: Monday 19th October 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 21st October 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-9CC326

Record ID: SWYOR-9CC326
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: East Riding of Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A corroded, cast iron cannon ball for a falcon cannon, probably dating from the early Post-Medieval period, AD 1500 - 1700. It is 58mm in diameter (2.3 inches) and weighs 694gm (2.3pounds). It should be noted that this object could also be a modern mill or industrial process such as a bearing or crushing ball from a large piece of machinery. The Falcon cannon came into use during the latter half of the 15th Century and were mounted on four wheels to make it more mobile, they were widely used during the Civil War. Compare YORYM-6CA699.
Created on: Tuesday 11th August 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 12th August 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-D58D38

Record ID: SWYOR-D58D38
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Wakefield
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast lead cannon ball of Post-Medieval date, about AD 1500 - 1700. It is 50.3mm (1.97in) in diameter and weighs 652gm (1lb 7oz), suggesting that it was intended for use in a falconet. It was quite crudely cast, the two hemispheres being slightly different sizes, and there are traces of a casting ridge remaining. It has suffered considerable damage from agricultural machinery since deposition in the soil. A number of other falconet balls can be found on the database, most are cast iron but one or two are of cast lead. See for example references IOW-322F47 and SOM-047461. The fi…
Created on: Wednesday 7th January 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 7th January 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-5D91DC

Record ID: SWYOR-5D91DC
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Doncaster
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast iron spherical artefact, possibly a Post Medieval cannon ball, but more probably a Post Medieval to Modern crushing ball from stone crushing equipment, a mill, a bearing or a similar industrial device. The weight and size at 2.75 inches and 2lb 13 oz. fall half-way between the parameters for two known types of cannon, the Minion (3.5 inch bore, 4 lb ball) and the falcon (2.5 inch bore, 2lb ball). It is 70.1 mm in diameter and weighs 1277gm. The ball is very regular and the metal is in good condition.
Created on: Tuesday 2nd September 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 2nd September 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-A16C9F

Record ID: SWYOR-A16C9F
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: North Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A lead alloy possible cannon ball from a small cannon such as a Falconet or Serpentine, but the ball is not a standard size or mass. The ball is sub-spherical, oval in section. One face is smooth and rounded but the other side is jagged and possibly broken with angular fractures and fissures in the metal. It has a mass of 306g which is 10 and 3/4 oz, and a diameter of 48mm or 1.9 inches.
Created on: Monday 19th May 2014
Last updated: Monday 19th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-E227E4

Record ID: SWYOR-E227E4
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Sheffield
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast iron possible cannon ball of Post Medieval date, probably 17th century. The iron ball is spherical with an approximate diameter of 66mm (2.6 inches) which makes it about the right size to be from a Falcon cannon. However it could also be a more modern object such as a crushing ball from a mill or industrial process, or a large bearing from a large piece of machinery such as a gun emplacement. The fact that the object was found in a once heavily industrialised area of Sheffield adds weight to this theory, as does the limited amount of corrosion. For a similar object see SWYO…
Created on: Wednesday 27th February 2013
Last updated: Friday 1st March 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-D12767

Record ID: SWYOR-D12767
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Doncaster
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast iron probable cannon ball of Post Medieval date, probably 17th century. The iron ball is spherical and rusty but in a stable condition. It measures 3.6in in diameter and weighs 6.6lb. This makes is about the right size to be from a minion cannon, but the ball is heavier than the standard weight of 4-5lb. This casts some doubt of the identification as a cannon ball and raises the possibility that it is a more modern object such as a crushing ball from a mill or industrial process, or a large bearing from a large piece of machinery such as a gun emplacement.
Created on: Thursday 14th February 2013
Last updated: Thursday 14th February 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-7E0827

Record ID: SWYOR-7E0827
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: North Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A possible Post Medieval lead alloy cannon ball for a small cannon such as a Rabinet with a 1 inch bore. The shot is sub-spherical with many flat facets and a white patina. It is 28mm in diameter, so may have been intended for a 1 inch bore. It weighs 4 1/2 oz or about 130g which is lighter than the standard weight for a rabinet shot. If not ammunition, the object could be waste lead or a weight of some description.
Created on: Tuesday 29th January 2013
Last updated: Tuesday 29th January 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-6D55C3

Record ID: SWYOR-6D55C3
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Doncaster
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast iron cannon ball, spherical in shape, and with hardly any pitting or corrosion. The diameter of 90 mm and weight of about 1.8kg compares well with examples of Civil War ordinance. There are two areas where the surface is white metal rather than iron. These may be to smooth out a poorly cast area, but the reason for their presence is not known with certainty. The size and weight of the ball suggests that it would fit a 'Minion' cannon which had a 3.5 inch bore and shot a 4 pound ball (Bailey, 2000, 95). These were used from the 16th century to the late 17th century but sa…
Created on: Thursday 11th October 2012
Last updated: Thursday 11th October 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-E27961

Record ID: SWYOR-E27961
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Derbyshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A stone ball which is approximately the right size for use in a Serpentine small cannon with a bore size of 1.5 inches. The cannon ball is not quite spherical and has a crescent shaped area of wear with striations across it all in the same direction.
Created on: Friday 17th August 2012
Last updated: Friday 17th August 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-0D82C1

Record ID: SWYOR-0D82C1
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Rotherham
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron cannon ball dating from the Post Medieval period. At 61.55mm diameter (2.4 inches) and weighing 951g (2lb, 1.5oz), it corresponds with the standard size of a Falcon cannon ball. The spherical iron ball has been coated with a preservative.
Created on: Monday 14th May 2012
Last updated: Monday 14th May 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-E08321

Record ID: SWYOR-E08321
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Wakefield
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A post-medieval, cast iron cannon ball, probably for the small cannon known as a falcon and dating from AD1600-1800. It is 65.1mm in diameter and weighs 1075gm.
Created on: Tuesday 6th December 2011
Last updated: Wednesday 18th January 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-4C23D3

Record ID: SWYOR-4C23D3
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Doncaster
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Post-Medieval lead or lead alloy shot or small cannon ball probably dating from about 1500-1800 AD. It weighs 80.14g and is 25.9mm in diameter. It is sub spherical and has presumably been cast; however, no casting flanges are present. The ball has been flattened in some areas, which may be the result of impact; the surface has several scrapes throughout and a number of deep gouges on one side. The cannon ball has a creamy grey-white patina. Please compare to PAS record IDs: SWYOR-2BB9A6, LANCUM-0EF770 and HESH-0A8E63. At about 1 inch in diameter, this shot could have been used in …
Created on: Tuesday 29th November 2011
Last updated: Wednesday 11th January 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-4C03A3

Record ID: SWYOR-4C03A3
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Doncaster
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron probable cannon ball of Post-Medieval date. The object is a corroded sphere of iron. It weighs 331g which is just under 12oz. It has a diameter of 49.4mm (about 2 inches). However, this particular size and weight combination does not correspond with known cannon ball sizes. The closest are ammunition for a Serpentine at 1.5 inch diameter, weighing 0.75 lb or a Falconet with a 2 inch diameter, weighing 1.5 lbs. Corrosion may have altered the size and weight. Light cannon were developed in the late 15th century, but this is likely to date from the English Civil War if it is a ca…
Created on: Tuesday 29th November 2011
Last updated: Wednesday 11th January 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-762D10

Record ID: SWYOR-762D10
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Sheffield
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Two iron balls which may be cannon balls. They are each about 2 inches in diameter and weigh about 1.5 pounds. This makes them the right size and weight to have been used in Falconet cannon. A Falconet was a small cannon used both on land and in light naval vessels. A number were used during the English Civil War (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falconet_(cannon) ). They date from about 1500 - 1700 AD. The cannon balls have been coated with a preservative.
Created on: Monday 19th September 2011
Last updated: Monday 19th September 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-5EE135

Record ID: SWYOR-5EE135
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Sheffield
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron cannon ball of Post Medieval date. It is a sphere of iron which is about 60mm in diameter and weighs about 900g. It is probably a cannon ball from a Falcon cannon (which had a 2.5 inch bore and fired 2lb balls), though there is also the possibility that it is a crushing ball from a much later industrial process. The cannon ball is likely to date from the English Civil Wars (1642 - 1651) during which time Sheffield Castle changed hands several times.
Created on: Tuesday 6th September 2011
Last updated: Tuesday 6th September 2011
Spatial data recorded.


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