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    • Object type: STAFF
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  • Thumbnail image of KENT-8EA7E6

Record ID: KENT-8EA7E6
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Kent
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast copper alloy late Medieval or Post Medieval staff or scepter terminal. It is a hollow cylinder, with a slightly domed top. There is still the remains of the wooden staff inside. There is decoration that is repeated around the entire object. There is curvilinear decoration around the top and bottom, with v-shapes in between. This item is likely to be late Medieval or Post Medieval in date, although no comparisons can be found. 23.42mm H x 13.07mm D 4.02g There is a possibility that the decoration could be a very stylized face.
Created on: Thursday 9th September 2010
Last updated: Monday 1st November 2010
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-8C67D6

Record ID: HAMP-8C67D6
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An openwork artefact solidly cast in copper alloy: such objects are currently thought to be lower terminals from medieval ecclesiastical staffs. The object consists of a cuboid openwork head with a circular sleeve emerging from one of the faces. Although cuboid in plan, the head is in fact formed of lozenges with a central cross; it gives the effect of a cube with its corners cut off. At each corner of each lozenge is a large pellet. The is an equally large pellet in the centre of the cross on the uppermost face. The centres of all the other faces have a slightly smaller pellet. P…
Created on: Tuesday 23rd September 2008
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-F6D824

Record ID: SF-F6D824
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a copper-alloy possible terminal collar from a cross-staff, possibly late early medieval or medieval in date. Cross-staff heads were described as sword-pommels in the London Museum Medieval catalogue ( Ward and Perkins, p23, fig,2) but they have more recently been identified as cross-staff heads by Simon Bailey (Medieval Archaeology, 1994, 171-5, no 30). They are thought to have an ecclesiastical use, and a date range from the eleventh to fourteenth centuries. It is not known with certainty whether these terminal were postioned at the top or the bottom of the staff…
Created on: Thursday 19th July 2007
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Barking', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-A69D93

Record ID: SF-A69D93
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
a medieval copper alloy terminal or head from a cross-staff. It is in the form of a decorated lattice-work knob with a tubular socket. The lattice is made with strips 3.25mm wide. The terminal is hexagonal, with each face having a central protruding pellet at the centre of a six-pointed star. The top of the terminal has a six-sided open-wok shape with a cental domed pellet. At the base of the lattice-work there is a collar above the socket which is plain except for four holes evenly spaced around it, each 4mm in diameter. The socket finishes with a rolled over rim, and has an intern…
Created on: Monday 10th April 2006
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Great Barton', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-E1DB04

Record ID: SF-E1DB04
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete copper-alloy late early medieval or medieval terminal from a cross-staff, 11th-12th century in date. Under half of the terminal now survives and it is slightly distorted, it is most likely to have been spherical originally, it now measures 29.5mm by 34.16mm in size and 15.07mm in thickness. It has openwork lattice decoration the suriving face has a cruciform design formed of four triangular holes around a central rounded knob, the sides have smaller lozenge shapes with smaller rounded knobs between these. There would have originally been a collar to accomodate the s…
Created on: Monday 31st July 2006
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Finningham', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of WMID-20EEE6

Record ID: WMID-20EEE6
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Staffordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A cast copper-alloy ornamental cross-staff head mount (length: 57.8mm; width: 35.5mm; thickness of metal: 5.5mm, although thickness does vary; weight: 80.17g). The cuboid head consists of a latticed openwork design on all four sides as well as the top which reaches upwards to form a pyramid. The openwork seems to resemble a floral decoration on each of the four sides, with four petals forming a sub-square face with slightly protruding knobs at each of the four corners as well as one in the centre. Outside this central decoration, on each of the four main faces, there are further ope…
Created on: Thursday 5th August 2004
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of LIN-0D6053

Record ID: LIN-0D6053
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Possible copper alloy staff fitting or knife/pointer handle. The object is a cylinder with a rounded collar in the centre. The upper terminal is damaged, but appears to have patches of the original perimeter. There is a small rivet hole in the side. The lower terminal is a also damaged but would have been zig-zagged. The object is decorated longitudinally with bands of incised lines. Between each band is a wavey rouletted line. The object bears some similarity to a copper alloy mace head with zig-zagged terminal from Gotland (Thunmark-Nylen, 1998, Tafel 264.3).
Created on: Friday 21st July 2006
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of LIN-B52293

Record ID: LIN-B52293
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: IRON AGE
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A copper alloy terminal, probably from a staff or sceptre. The object is cylindrical and measures 26mm in diameter. The wall is 1.7mm thick. The cylinder is decorated with five concave bands each measuring 2mm in width. The first band forms the perimeter of the opening. A small bar of copper alloy is threaded through the centre of the cylinder through two holes in the wall. Each hole is located between the first two bands. The bar is damaged towards one end where it is slightly pushed downwards towards the opening. The final band curves into an expanded terminal …
Created on: Tuesday 7th April 2009
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Branston', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LIN-D03FB1

Record ID: LIN-D03FB1
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper-alloy staff or sceptre terminal with a hollow openwork body with a rectangular loop at the base. The main body is circular in plan and rectangular in cross-section. Both sides are openwork though only one bears an additional motif in the centre. Unfortunately this motif is too worn to determine what it was. The arrangement of the openwork holes on the motif side create triangular cells around the lower hemisphere. The opening at the base is rectangular and from it extends a square loop. This loop is offset. To either side of the square loop is a futher rectangular loop…
Created on: Monday 7th December 2009
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WAW-8E2FA3

Record ID: WAW-8E2FA3
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Warwickshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A cast copper alloy terminal or head from a cross-staff. It is in the form of a sub-hexagonal, decorated with lattice-work forming triangles with a trefoil knop at each junction. The lattice-work forms openwork. Integral to the base is an integral tubular socket. The socket has a 12.16mm internal diameter. It is decorated with two linear parallel grooves. The socket has two rivet holes, one on either side. Both the rivet holes have remains of an iron rivet. The surface of the terminal has a light green/grey coloured patina. Some of the knops are slightly abraded or corroded. The termin…
Created on: Friday 21st April 2006
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WAW-8A0D21

Record ID: WAW-8A0D21
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Worcestershire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy terminal or head from a cross-staff. It is in the form of a sub-hexagonal, decorated with lattice-work forming triangular openwork. The upper portion of cross-staff is missing, there are four spurs with broken edges which probably originally joined to form a ‘+’ shape. The breaks are not recent as the patina covers the edges. Integral to the base is an integral tubular socket. The socket has a 13.68mm internal diameter. On opposite sides there are two incomplete rivet holes. The damage did not occur recently. The socket is undecorated. The surface of the termina…
Created on: Tuesday 7th August 2007
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BUC-5F9404

Record ID: BUC-5F9404
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Staffordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A hollow copper alloy terminal in the form of a decorated lattice-work knob with a tubular socket. The lattice is made with 5mm wide strips with a row of flattened pellets of the same metal attached along the length. The top of the knob is finished with a larger domed pellet. The socket has a rolled over rim and four holes, 4.70mm in diameter. Although these objects were once thought of as sword pommels (e.g. London Museum Medieval Catalogue, fig 2 no. 2), since 1994 they have been identified as heads from staffs (Bailey in Medieval Archaeology no. 38, 1994, 171-5). Bailey illustrates…
Created on: Tuesday 26th July 2005
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Catton Hall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SUSS-392FE8

Record ID: SUSS-392FE8
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: IRON AGE
County: West Sussex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper alloy end cap from a wooden staff or pole. The cap is cylindrical with one end closed by a flat cap and one open. 50% of the rim of the open end is lost to old breaks. Near the open end, on opposite sides, are two round holes, presumably to hold rivets which would rivet the cap onto a woodern pole; one is incomplete due to old breaks. Half way between the holes is a loop which projects from the side of the cylinder; it is roughly rectangular with rounded corners and 10.5mm long by 7.6mm wide by 3.5mm thick. Opposite this loop the edge is broken but the area below the break …
Created on: Tuesday 6th January 2009
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Near Goring by Sea', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of BH-B64636

Record ID: BH-B64636
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Bedford
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A cast copper-alloy finial which, it has been suggested (see ref 1), would originally have been attached to the base of a cross-staff of 11th-century date. The body of the object is a latticed sphere measuring 36.5mm in diameter and comprising a series of roughly lozenge-shaped holes which increase slightly in size from top to bottom. At each of the four points of each lozenge is a sub-circular raised knob. These also increase in size from top to bottom. The bottom of the body is slightly flattened and has four sub-triangular holes around one slightly damaged triangular hole. The objec…
Created on: Thursday 12th August 2004
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Sharnbrook', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of BH-F48C72

Record ID: BH-F48C72
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Hertfordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A damaged copper-alloy and lead artefact. Previously, these artefacts were thought to be sword pommels; however, in a recent article in 'Medieval Archaeology' (no. 38, 1994, p. 171-5), Simon Bailey has questioned this interpretation and suggested that they may be terminals from the bases of ecclesiastical cross shafts. This particular piece is very similar to an example from London (London Museum Medieval Catalogue 1967, p. 23, no. 2, described as a sword pommel), and to PAS record number DENO-CC4B34. The decorative styles of other pieces, for example BUC-69D596, suggest a date range o…
Created on: Thursday 17th July 2008
Last updated: Thursday 24th February 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Ridge', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NARC-BDFB91

Record ID: NARC-BDFB91
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy openwork finial or ferrule from a staff, probably dating to the 11th-14th centuries. It consists of a short 16mm diameter open terminal with two grooves around the edge and two rivet holes, one of whichis obscured by damage to the edge.The tube extends from an openwork structure. The object as a whole is 56mm high and terminates in a globular knop. It has four triangular-shaped faces, all four of which meet at the top of the finial and are topped with a rounded knop 6.5mm in diameter. Each side has 5 shaped holes: the upper two are triangular, the lower two are rect…
Created on: Friday 4th February 2011
Last updated: Thursday 3rd March 2011
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of WAW-A729E3

Record ID: WAW-A729E3
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Worcestershire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy Roman bird mount, probably an eagle, possibly a raven or crow. The style of the eagle is quite stylised and is stood upright, with its wings folded in and legs slightly splayed forward. The back of the bird forms an oval platform with fine cross-hatching in a central panel, and fine grooves continue on the side of the neck. The head is moulded and has a thick hooked beak and the eyes are slightly bulbous. The underside of the bird is hollow and has traces of iron forming a circular platform. The surface of the mount has an incomplete and slightly pitted heavy …
Created on: Thursday 16th December 2010
Last updated: Monday 7th March 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NMS-1553D1

Record ID: NMS-1553D1
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete and abraded Late Saxon suspension unit or staff terminal consisting of an incomplete integral suspension loop above what remains of a sub-conical socket of roughly circular cross-section. Of three out of originally five triangular apertures in the edge of the socket only one is complete. The lowermost surviving part, below the intact aperture, may be the base or the upper edge of another aperture. Length >37mm. External diameter of suspension loop 15mm. The metal is rough-surfaced and purplish in colour. No good parallel noted. Perhaps 10th or 11th century.
Created on: Tuesday 9th August 2011
Last updated: Tuesday 9th August 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NMS-CD65C8

Record ID: NMS-CD65C8
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete Roman possible staff terminal, hollow oval-sectioned shank with solid globular terminal (diameter 19mm) at one end, three reels alternating with two spools, broken collar at other end, length 37mm, length of socket 17mm. Weighs 38.91g.
Created on: Tuesday 30th August 2011
Last updated: Tuesday 30th August 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BH-989BB1

Record ID: BH-989BB1
Object type: STAFF
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Hertfordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A copper-alloy looped fitting which takes the form of a three-dimensional representation of an animal, such as a deer, goat or cow. The body is of 'D-shaped' section, with a slight narrowing towards the centre. The neck extends upwards at a right-angle from the body. The animal faces forwards, its head being reasonably realistic in appearance, with moulded ears and short antlers or horns (one of each damaged), pellet eyes and a rounded snout. The underside of the animal's body is slightly concave and there is also a slight upward inclination either side of the centre point. Part of a …
Created on: Friday 22nd July 2011
Last updated: Tuesday 27th September 2011
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Baldock', grid reference and parish protected.


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