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    • Material: Iron

  • Thumbnail image of IOW-DE96D9

Record ID: IOW-DE96D9
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Isle of Wight
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An apparently complete possible post-Medieval iron cannon ball (c. 1580-c. 1700). The ball is corroded and pitted and has a circumferential casting seam. The present dimensions suggest that it could have been used in a falcon or a minion (Blackmore 1976: 392-398). Diameter: 64.0mm. Weight: 993.0g. (3.027044 lbs). Blackmore, H. L. 1976. The Armouries of the Tower of London. Vol. 1, Ordnance. London: HMSO.
Created on: Monday 23rd April 2018
Last updated: Monday 23rd April 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Isle of Wight', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-998B6D

Record ID: NLM-998B6D
Object type: STUD
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Iron and copper alloy stud. A short iron shank expanded at its upper end and with a billeted rim around a central rounded boss of different material, here taken to be copper alloy, though the form is not dissimilar to that of an early cat's eye reflector. Suggested date: Post-Medieval to Modern, 1850-1950. Length: 18.8mm, Diameter: 14.3mm, Weight: 3.60gms
Created on: Friday 20th April 2018
Last updated: Friday 20th April 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Amcotts', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-5DEE43

Record ID: SOM-5DEE43
Object type: SPUR
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Post-Medieval or Modern white metal inlaid iron rowell spur, probably dating to c. AD 1600-1900. The spur survives largely complete, missing only the terminal of one arm, as well as the rowell itself. The arms are plano-convex in cross section, with a sub-rectangular sectioned neck expanding from the mid-point. The neck is short and plain, bifurcating into the rowell box, and with either arm of the box terminating in a perforated lobe. The box is filled with iron corrosion. Applied to the surface of the arms are traces of pressed, white metal decoration, from what survives a combinat…
Created on: Tuesday 17th April 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 17th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NARC-35D213

Record ID: NARC-35D213
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Northamptonshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of an iron Spearhead of Roman date (AD 43-410). The retained portion of the object has a flattened lozenge sectioned blade. The upper end terminates in an old transverse break. There is some retained socket at the lower end of the object and is terminated by an old abraded break. The retained socket is split and folded, a feature typical of Early Medieval spearheads. While typologies exist for spearheads these are based on finds from graves and it is likely that this find pre-dates them. The object has a heavily pitted and corroded patina Length: 40.53mm, Width: 15.87mm, T…
Created on: Tuesday 3rd April 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 3rd April 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'South Northamptonshire', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NARC-35C22F

Record ID: NARC-35C22F
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Northamptonshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete iron Spearhead of Roman date (AD 43-410). The object has a slightly angled and flattened lozenge sectioned blade. The upper end terminates in an old transverse break before the upper pointed aspect. There is some retained socket at the lower end of the object and is terminated by an old abraded break. The retained socket is split and folded, a feature typical of Early Medieval spearheads. While typologies exist for spearheads these are based on finds from graves and it is likely that this find pre-dates them. The object has a heavily pitted and corroded patina Length: 6…
Created on: Tuesday 3rd April 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 3rd April 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'South Northamptonshire', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NARC-35ADE7

Record ID: NARC-35ADE7
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Northamptonshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete iron Spearhead of Roman date (AD 43-410). The object has a slightly angled and flattened lozenge sectioned blade. The upper end terminates in an old transverse break before the pointed aspect. The socket is retained at the lower end of the object and terminates at the lower end in an old abraded beak. The retained socket is split and folded, a feature typical of Early Medieval spearheads. While typologies exist for spearheads these are based on finds from graves and it is likely that this find pre-dates them. The object has a heavily pitted and corroded patina Length: 7…
Created on: Tuesday 3rd April 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 3rd April 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'South Northamptonshire', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-A495EC

Record ID: HAMP-A495EC
Object type: HORSESHOE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete iron medieval to post-medieval horseshoe (1200-1700). It is difficult to give a narrower date range or type due to a large proportion of the horseshoe being missing. As well as this, the horseshoe has been bent slightly. There is one circular, 3.17mm in diameter, hole which may be a nail-hole, on the very edge of the shoe. Due to the absence of other nail-holes and the condition of the horseshoe in general it is impossible to ascertain whether this is a nail-hole, or mere damage. What may have been the calkin is also covered in corrosion. In total, the horseshoe measures …
Created on: Tuesday 27th March 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 17th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-A3F22D

Record ID: HAMP-A3F22D
Object type: HORSESHOE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron medieval/ early post-medieval (1350-1550) horseshoe with one iron nail in situ. It is most likely a type 4. The horseshoe is heavily corroded, and measures 134.09mm in length and 130.61mm at maximum width, though it narrows to a point after this. The presence of corrosion on the horseshoe makes the thickness variable, but it is approximately 8.07mm thick. The calkin and feathered heels have sustained some damage, but the thickening (or upsetting, as Clark describes) best resembles that seen in fig.2a, datasheet 4 "Medieval Horseshoes", Clark. The nail-holes are almost all indis…
Created on: Tuesday 27th March 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 17th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LON-8E9E71

Record ID: LON-8E9E71
Object type: PADLOCK
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Medieval-Post Medieval iron padlock, dating to AD 1450-1700. This padlock is spherical with a circular locking arm. The arm is D-shaped in cross-section and is 6.6mm thick. The arm is joined to the spherical body with L-shaped projections or hinges either side of the body. There is a hole just off centre of the body on one side. This may be the remains of the key hole. The padlock is very worn and corroded. It is dark brown in colour with patches of redish-brown corrosion. Dimensions: length: 76.7mm; width: 52mm; body diameter: 46.9mm; weight: 140.30g. Similar finds on th…
Created on: Monday 26th March 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 24th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-50DF28

Record ID: WILT-50DF28
Object type: HORSESHOE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron bevelled horseshoe, probably of late medieval date (c AD 1450 - 1550). The object is a rounded U-shape in plan with a more purely U shape inner profile and is apparently complete. It has a broad web (47.63mm), tapering along the quarter of each branch towards the heel (27.79mm). The number and location of nail holes cannot be determined due to corrosion. It is also difficult to distinguish caulkins on the heels but it is likely it has 'upset' or thickened caulkins as there is a thickening of the metal here (13.25mm).There is some wear to the toe of the shoe. The side wall at th…
Created on: Friday 23rd March 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 28th March 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LON-39871B

Record ID: LON-39871B
Object type: KNIFE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Post-Medieval knife dating to AD 1700 to 1800. The knife has an iron blade and scale tange with a bone handle. The blade is sub-oval in shape with a pointed tip. It is 4.2mm in maximum thickness, reducing to 0.5mm in thickness. The blade is rectangular in cross-section at the bolster end and sub-oval in cross-section at the tip. The blade is 122.5mm in length, and 23.6mm in maximum width. On one side of the blade near the bolster there is a quality mark of the crown above an X. There is white residue on both sides of the blade covering the possible maker's marks at one end. …
Created on: Thursday 22nd March 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 25th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-1034F8

Record ID: BERK-1034F8
Object type: ARROWHEAD
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete iron tanged and barbed arrowhead of probable medieval date. The arrowhead has suffered some damage to the barbs and both are now bent with one resting against the tang. The arrowhead has the remains of a rectangular tang which is thicker than the point itself; the tang then flattens. Tanged examples are usually seen in European arrowheads, unlike English arrowheads which were usually socketed. Small barbed arrowheads like this example could be used for hunting game, as they were designed to remain inside the body of the prey, but they were also firmly fixed into the a…
Created on: Tuesday 20th March 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 20th March 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of IOW-BF61D5

Record ID: IOW-BF61D5
Object type: UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Isle of Wight
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete iron object of Unknown date and uncertain function. Possibly Medieval or post-Medieval. This object is sub rectangular in plan and sub-oval in cross-section. One edge is flat and the opposite end is pointed. The object is sheathed/encased in sheet copper-alloy which has transverse grooves. An abutting seam can be seen on one face. Traces of gilding are present on the copper-alloy. Length: 40.4mm; width: 17.0mm; thickness: 12.4mm. Weight: 28.19g.
Created on: Friday 16th March 2018
Last updated: Sunday 18th March 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Isle of Wight', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of YORYM-BF157C

Record ID: YORYM-BF157C
Object type: KNIFE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: North Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete copper-alloy and iron knife and knife end cap of Post-Medieval date, c.AD 1500 - 1600. The end cap has a double loop terminal with an integral rectangular shaft with transverse slot for the tag of the knife. The remaining portion of the knife is triangular in plan with a short length of tang to one end. The end cap is 20.2mm long, 11.3mm wide, 4.1mm thick and weighs 2.7g. The knife is 69.9mm long, 19.7mm wide, 4.8mm thick and weighs 10.5g. End-caps such as this example are dated to the 16th century (Geake, 2001).
Created on: Friday 16th March 2018
Last updated: Thursday 12th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-9421A6

Record ID: BERK-9421A6
Object type: HORSESHOE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: West Berkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete iron horseshoe of medieval date. The horseshoe has a flat plate which is attached to the shoe (and the hoof) via iron nails. The form of the horseshoe suggests it is a Type 3 or Type 4 horseshoe (after Clark 1995), dating from c. AD 1250-1400. There are no obvious calkins and it is unlikely that this shoe ever had any - the plate suggests that this is an orthopaedic shoe fitted to protect the 'frog', the cushioned underside of the hoof. The frog protects the sensitive structures of the hoof from damage when the horse steps on uneven ground or rocks. Examples of medieval h…
Created on: Wednesday 14th March 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 14th March 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-7F34A2

Record ID: WILT-7F34A2
Object type: NAIL
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron nail of Roman date (c. AD 43 - 410) broken in two pieces. The shaft of the nail has a circular cross-section and tapers in diameter from 9.44mm just below the head to 5.30mm just below the head. The head is slightly domed and measures 20.50mm in diameter. The first piece measures 70.56mm in length and weighs 18.81g. The second piece is 56.89mm in length and weighs 8.08g. Total weight 26.89g and total length atleast 125.18mm. The nail can be classed under Mannings' (1985) typology as a Type 1a nail. It is heavily corroded. Similar to PAS WILT-1D8D9A
Created on: Tuesday 13th March 2018
Last updated: Thursday 29th March 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BH-12BEF9

Record ID: BH-12BEF9
Object type: FINGER RING
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Darlington
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A iron and intaglio finger ring dating to the second or third century AD. The finger ring possesses an oval hoop which is D-shaped in section and expands significantly to wide shoulders. It has an integral setting for an intaglio which is in situ. The intaglio appears to be made from dark blue or black glass. The intaglio was originally engraved with motif. However, there is damage to the intaglio making it difficult to discern the exact nature of this motif. The internal diameter of the finger ring is 20mm. The external diameter is 25mm. The height of the finger ring is 23mm. The fing…
Created on: Thursday 8th March 2018
Last updated: Thursday 19th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of BERK-00477B

Record ID: BERK-00477B
Object type: AXE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
The remains of a small socketed iron tool, possibly an axe or chisel or other woodworking tool of early-medieval to post-medieval date. The tool has an unevenly worn crescentic blade which narrows in to the remains of a circular socket. It appears that the small section of the socket retained may be open, a trait often seen on iron objects and weapons of early-medieval date.
Created on: Wednesday 7th March 2018
Last updated: Thursday 22nd March 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-EB8CFF

Record ID: SWYOR-EB8CFF
Object type: AXE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Bradford
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete Iron axehead of unknown date, probably Medieval to Post Medieval date, about AD 1200 - 1900. It appears to be handforged. It has a socket which is triangular in plan. In profile, the axe has straight parallel sides at the socket end and then starts to flare at both top and bottom, before the cutting edge is broken off. It is about 215mm long, and 90mm wide at the socket. It has a dark brown surface, but is in good condition. The shape of the socket does not seems to fit with any of Ward Perkins Type for Medieval axes. As functional tools, axes change very little in de…
Created on: Tuesday 6th March 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 6th March 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-D67DBD

Record ID: SWYOR-D67DBD
Object type: HORSESHOE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lancashire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron horseshoe (in two pieces) of probable Medieval to Post Medieval date, about AD 1250 - 1600. It is of Clark Type 4 (Clark, 2004, The Medieval Horse and its Equipment). It has a fairly narrow inner profile and no obvious calkins. The shoe has three nail holes on one side and four on the other with six rectangular headed nails extant or partially extant, each standing proud of the shoe. The horseshoe is sub-rectangular in section, being convex on the ground surface and flat on the foot surface. The web measures 31.6mm at its widest point and narrows down to 22mm at one heel, and 1…
Created on: Monday 5th March 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 4th April 2018
Spatial data recorded.


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