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    • Material: Stone
    • Object type: WHETSTONE
    • Institution: NLM

  • Thumbnail image of NLM-FEC0CD

Record ID: NLM-FEC0CD
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North East Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Compacted Sandstone water rolled cobble, probable whetstone; a sparkling surface indicates the presence of mica or other abrasive constituents in a sandy matrix, and hence suitability as a sharpening stone. This large sub-triangular flat-sided stone has one large flat surface smoothed and dished by wear. Other surfaces are unmodified, though scratches from plough strike appear on all. The use of improvised hones is characteristic of a long period from later Prehistory to the Viking Age. A rock of this size might be used to sharpen large tools such as a scythe or spade iron. It may have…
Created on: Wednesday 6th September 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 6th September 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'East Ravendale', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-804A3E

Record ID: NLM-804A3E
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North East Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Grey-green fine grained compact Sandstone, possible whetstone fragment, as kindly suggested by the finder. A small and probably water-rolled pebble of sub-rectangular section, possibly dished by wear on one of its wider flat faces, but with no other trace of utilisation. Rounded, probably naturally, at one end, and broken at the other; subsequently abraded. This may be a small or personal hone improvised from a chance discovery from glacial Drift. The use of varied improvised hones, rubbing stones and smoothers was common from later Prehistory to the Middle Saxon period. Suggested date…
Created on: Thursday 31st August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 31st August 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Laceby', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-800F98

Record ID: NLM-800F98
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North East Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained compact grey possibly Sandstone with occasional sparkling flecks on its sides; whetstone, as kindly identified by the finder. The material has a superficial resemblance to the volcanic Greenstone used to make Neolithic group 6 axes, and specialist examination of the broken surface might determine whether such an axe may have been reworked and reused in this case. At all events, this is now a straight-sided bar-shaped hone of rectangular section, rounded at one end and broken at the other. All flat surfaces are lightly dished by wear towards the centre of the object; a face…
Created on: Thursday 31st August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 31st August 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Laceby', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-7FA566

Record ID: NLM-7FA566
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Lead and stone whetstone fragment. The broken end of a fine-grained grey layered stone, possibly a slate but resembling a 'phyllite', with a neatly-cut square section groove around its narrower end, and another at right angles to this on either side. The broken end of the hone has been sheathed in lead, which has held its parts together. The hone may have broken across the site of an original suspension hole. There is a probably drilled transverse hole in the end of the lead sheathing which would replace it. This is an unusual example of the repair of a personal hone so it could be con…
Created on: Friday 26th May 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 30th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-689B55

Record ID: NLM-689B55
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: MODERN
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Reconstituted stone or carborundum possible whetstone fragment. One end of a moulded rectangular object in a dense dark grey material. A panel with bevelled edges is moulded on one side of the object. There are no traces of use or wear. Suggested date: Modern, 1900-1950. Length: 25mm, Width: 30.6mm, Thickness: 13.3mm, Weight: 19.80gms.
Created on: Monday 13th March 2017
Last updated: Monday 13th March 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Low Burnham', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-47ECF6

Record ID: NLM-47ECF6
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Micaceous grey fine-grained Sandstone hone [non-specialist identification by MF]. Rectangular flat-sided stone bar with smoothed zones along its longer edges, and lightly bevelled at one end - the other is broken at an angle. The flat sides bear prominently sparkling mica which does not appear on the edges, though these have received more wear. The stone lacks the green or blueish cast of Norwegian schist, and might be a glacial erratic, perhaps originating in Scotland. The use of collected stones for sharpening and rubbing is a feature of all metal-using periods before the Viking inva…
Created on: Wednesday 15th February 2017
Last updated: Friday 17th February 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Swinhope', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-E1ED34

Record ID: NLM-E1ED34
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone hone. Grey fine-grained stone, possibly a greywacke, whetstone. Small personal or portable hone with an aperture of diameter 5.5mm, probably drilled from both sides, at one end. Both ends are rounded but the main part of the object has four sides which meet each other at crisp arises. Two opposed sides are dished by wear, while the others retain the curve of the original stone. The fashion for whetstones perforated for wear from a belt or girdle is a feature of the Later Saxon/Anglo-Scandinavian period. This object does not display the characteristics of the imported stones whic…
Created on: Friday 30th September 2016
Last updated: Friday 30th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'near Caistor', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-D66B2E

Record ID: NLM-D66B2E
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine grained moderately compacted pale sandstone whetstone fragment. A square section fragment from a longer and slightly tapering hone with all four of its flat sides smoothed by wear. Both ends lost. The use of probably local stone for sharpening stones is characteristic of the period between the later Iron Age and the Middle Saxon period. The neat and regular finish would probably make a Roman or later date most likely. Suggested date: Unknown, 43-850. Length: 48.8mm, Width: 27.4mm, Thickness: 26.5mm, Weight: 50.64gms
Created on: Tuesday 31st May 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 31st May 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Binbrook', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-6D2E8B

Record ID: NLM-6D2E8B
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Ferruginous limestone probable whetstone fragment. Stone shaped like an oversized finger with one markedly smoothed broad surface which is lightly dished by wear and lightly scored by diagonal and transverse grooves suggestive of the sharpening of pointed pins or needles. Limited patches of wear have also partially smoothed the opposite face. Broken raggedly at its wider end. The use of a relatively local stone is likely, which is characteristic of hones of the Later Iron Age to Early Medieval periods. Accompanying material tends to point to the later part of this date-range. Suggeste…
Created on: Thursday 26th May 2016
Last updated: Thursday 26th May 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Binbrook', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-6D1CB4

Record ID: NLM-6D1CB4
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine grained compacted sandstone whetstone fragment. A rectangular section fragment probably from the middle of a whetstone, possibly of hog-backed formAll the faces save for the broken ends are smoothed by wear. Two faces meeting at an obtuse angle are likely to mark the top of the whetstone, and a dished face opposite these faces its most heavily used and worn face. The selection of a local [to northern Britain] rather than an imported stone may suggest a pre-Viking date. The hog-backed form in such stones occurs amongst early medieval finds at Beverley, East Riding of Yorkshire (Fo…
Created on: Thursday 26th May 2016
Last updated: Thursday 26th May 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Binbrook', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-C5818B

Record ID: NLM-C5818B
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Dark grey dense fine grained and layered stone: whetstone fragment. A thin bar with rounded slightly convergent edges and broad flat sides, both smoothed by wear and randomly scratched on one side, broken at both its ends. The width should probably suggest use in a kitchen or workshop, and the thickness may suggest heavy use leading to thinning and eventual breakage of the object. Suggested date: Post-Medieval, 1700-1900. Length: 26.9mm, Width: 48.9mm, Thickness: 8.1mm, Weight: 25.80gms.
Created on: Wednesday 18th May 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 18th May 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Haxey', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-DD2078

Record ID: NLM-DD2078
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Grey stone, probably Norwegian Schist. Whetstone fragment. Rectangular section fragment from a hone of imported Telemark Schist. Towards one end the object is broken across a hole of an hourglass form showing it was drilled from both sides. The hone narrows from its perforated upper end because of wear, and its longer narrow side is also lightly dished from use. Broken at both ends. The drilling of hones for suspended wear was characteristic of 'phyllite' hones of the later Anglo-Scandinavian period, though it was extended to the smaller Norwegian schist hones, made of a material whic…
Created on: Thursday 19th November 2015
Last updated: Thursday 19th November 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Swinhope', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-4437B0

Record ID: NLM-4437B0
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Sandstone whetstone fragment. Very slightly tapered cylindrical stone object, flat at its broader end and broken at the other. The sides are lightly dished and facetted by wear. The use of various stones for sharpening, either commercially imported or, more usually in this region, collected from local drift deposits, was especially characteristic of the Romano-British and Anglo-Saxon periods. Contact with Scandinavia introduced phyllite and schist hones which would dominate the market for hone stones until the later Middle Ages. Suggested date: Unknown, Roman to Early Medieval, 43-850…
Created on: Wednesday 19th August 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 23rd September 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Swinhope', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-776B49

Record ID: NLM-776B49
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine grained dense grey stone, possible rubber or whetstone. Flat-sided oval ended river-washed pebble; one end chipped. The surface is possibly smoothed by wear overall. The form is probably natural and the stone derived from glacial drift. This might have been used as an improvised polisher for organic materials, including textiles, or alternatively as a whetstone. The use of adventitiously recovered stones for such functions is especially characteristic of the Anglo-Saxon period, sandwiched as it is between eras characterised by more systematic exploitation and marketing of stones …
Created on: Thursday 16th July 2015
Last updated: Thursday 16th July 2015
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-E99F66

Record ID: NLM-E99F66
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine grained Sandstone possible whetstone. Trapezoid straight-sided object of rectangular section, chipped at both ends and thickest at its wider end. The fine grained stone would lend itself to use as an improvised sharpener, and such mediocre honestones are most commonly reported from Roman contexts, though were also used before and after. Some doubt may be introduced by the tendency of some sedimentary stones to split neatly along bedding planes, as well as by other natural processes such as Aeolian sand-blasting, and by the lack of dishing from wear. Suggested date: Roman, 43-410.…
Created on: Monday 15th June 2015
Last updated: Monday 15th June 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Binbrook', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-7BF3BA

Record ID: NLM-7BF3BA
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Fine grained grey stone whetstone. A small bar-shaped hone with a drilled hole of diameter 4.2mm for suspension from a belt or girdle. Thinned by heavy wear, which has contributed a smoothly curved end; the object was probably discarded at the end of a long working life, having too little length left for whetting a blade. This material is sometimes described as purple phylite, though this description may embrace stones of various tints gathered from glacial drift as well as from geological sources in Scotland, Norway and elsewhere. 'Phylite' hones are prominent among whetstones of Ang…
Created on: Friday 10th April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 28th April 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Northorpe', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-3ACFB3

Record ID: NLM-3ACFB3
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Norwegian Schist Whetstone fragment. A sub-cylindrical mullion or bar of fine-grained grey-green stone with two flattened and one lightly dished faces; both ends broken. The stone comes from the Telemark region of Norway, and importation from the 12th century onwards established its effective dominance over the market for sharpening stones in England throughout the medieval period. Suggested date: Medieval, 1200-1450. Length: 51.3mm, Diameter: 22.6mm, Weight: 44.88gms.
Created on: Tuesday 7th April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 21st April 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Pilham', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-CC5855

Record ID: NLM-CC5855
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine grained Sandstone possible Whetstone fragment. A flat-sided water-rolled cobble with both flat surfaces apparently smoothed or dished by wear, which may extend to one slightly concave side. Broken at one end. The improvised use of various stones from glacial drift for sharpening or rubbing stones is characteristic of the Roman and Early Medieval periods until the Viking Age, when Scandinavian stones from the Telemark region became widely available. Suggested date: Unknown, Roman to Early Medieval, 43-850. Length: 76.6mm, Width: 57mm, Thickness: 24.1mm, Weight: 159.18gms.
Created on: Thursday 12th February 2015
Last updated: Friday 13th February 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-E5FD8E

Record ID: NLM-E5FD8E
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Compacted fine Sandstone [non-specialist identification by MF] water rolled cobble possible whetstone. Oval-ended pebble broken at one end. The object now bears a sooty looking deposit. The use of various erratic stones as improvised rubbers or grinders and sharpeners was common from Prehistory through to the end of the Early Medieval period, when access to better sharpening stones from Scandinavia led them to dominate the market. It is, however, possible that the limited wear on this example is the result of accidental or natural processes. Suggested date: Unknown, possibly 800 BC-AD
Created on: Tuesday 20th January 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 21st January 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Kelstern', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-E5E958

Record ID: NLM-E5E958
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Compacted fine Sandstone [non-specialist identification by MF] water rolled cobble possible whetstone. Oval-ended pebble broken at one end. One face is smoothed by (presumably) longitudinal wear. The object now bears a sooty-looking deposit. The use of various erratic stones as improvised rubbers or grinders and sharpeners was common from Prehistory through to the end of the Early Medieval period, when access to better sharpening stones from Scandinavia led them to dominate the market. It is, however, possible that the limited wear on this example is the result of accidental or natura…
Created on: Tuesday 20th January 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 21st January 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Kelstern', grid reference and parish protected.


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