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    • Material: Stone

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Record ID: NMS-E9E884
Object type: ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Very weathered shapeless piece of oolitic limestone, a stone of non-local origin and not a glacial erratic, building material and almost certianly medieval. No worked surface has survived. 130 x 60 x 40mm. Weight 318g. 13th - early 16th century.
Created on: Friday 30th September 2016
Last updated: Friday 30th September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-E288FF

Record ID: NLM-E288FF
Object type: PENCIL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Grey stone pencil. A slate 'pencil' of probably milled stone, as would be used by schoolchildren in the later 19th and early 20th centuries. Rounded by wear at one end and broken at the other. Suggested date: Post-Medieval, 1850-1900. Length: 27.1mm, Diameter: 5.8mm, Weight: 1.74gms
Created on: Friday 30th September 2016
Last updated: Friday 30th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Clixby', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-E1ED34

Record ID: NLM-E1ED34
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone hone. Grey fine-grained stone, possibly a greywacke, whetstone. Small personal or portable hone with an aperture of diameter 5.5mm, probably drilled from both sides, at one end. Both ends are rounded but the main part of the object has four sides which meet each other at crisp arises. Two opposed sides are dished by wear, while the others retain the curve of the original stone. The fashion for whetstones perforated for wear from a belt or girdle is a feature of the Later Saxon/Anglo-Scandinavian period. This object does not display the characteristics of the imported stones which…
Created on: Friday 30th September 2016
Last updated: Friday 30th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Grasby', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-B938B8

Record ID: NLM-B938B8
Object type: AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Grey-green vesicular stone, possible axehead blank fragment. A fragment from one end of a sub-rectangular billet with flat sides and curved at its one remaining corner, roughly bevelled at one end and smoothed or hollowed on its two largest sides. This was kindly suggested as a possible Greenstone fragment by Sandra Firth of the North Lincolnshire Pottery Research Group, which would suggest an association with the Group 6 axes of Langdale stone, which are common local finds. It is at all events an alien stone to the underlying geology of its find-spot. It may be a fragment of a rubber …
Created on: Wednesday 28th September 2016
Last updated: Friday 30th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Grasby', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-FA7EA7

Record ID: PUBLIC-FA7EA7
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of whetstone, probably early-medieval in date. The whetstone has been manufactured from fine-grained mica schist, most probably sourced in Scandinavia. Other whetstones made from this type of stone have been recorded in association with early-medieval finds. The whetstone is rectangular in plan and sub-square in section at one end and sub-triangular in section at the other end. The four longer faces are worn smooth but with some damage from farm machinery. The whetstone is broken at both ends with the squarer end broken across what may have been the drilled hole for the susp…
Created on: Monday 19th September 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 20th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Skidbrooke', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6B04DA

Record ID: ESS-6B04DA
Object type: PERFORATED OBJECT
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Half of an unfinished Mesolithic pebble mace head, dating c. 9,000-4,000 BC. The object is formed from a pebble that has a mid-dark brown colour, with traces of a holed through the centre. Kevin Leahy suggests the material of a similar complete stone recorded on the PAS database (ESS-6D4EC7) is quartzite (pers. comm. 02.09.2016). The perforation would have been to allow it to be hafted. There are some traces of wear around the pointed end. This may indicate that it was used, before it was broken.However, both the wear and the break may simply be the result of post depositional process…
Created on: Monday 12th September 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 13th September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of YORYM-2C41A8

Record ID: YORYM-2C41A8
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: York
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete though probably unfinished stone axehead of Neolithic date, c. 3500 - 2100 BC. The axehead is trapezoidal in plan with a pointed ovate section. The surfaces are rough with a chip to one side of the butt edge. The unpolished nature of the object suggests it was not properly finished. Patches of a reddish tinge are present on the surface of the object and may be a result of iron staining. The axe fragment is 144.4mm long, 69.1 to 46.5mm wide, 37.7mm thick and weighs 577g. The axe is comprised of a grey-green fine-grained siliceous tuff - a sedimentary volcanic rock possibly …
Created on: Friday 9th September 2016
Last updated: Thursday 29th September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-186CD3

Record ID: CORN-186CD3
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained muscovite granite double-sided muller or rubbing stone. The muller is oval in plan, with one rounded complete end and one broken end, and flat in section. Both faces of the muller are flat and smooth as they were used for rubbing, but one side may have originally been convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is fine grained and contains muscovite or mica, tourmaline and felspars (see report below). The soft felspars would wor…
Created on: Thursday 8th September 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 14th September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-186044

Record ID: CORN-186044
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Coarse biotite granite double-sided muller or rubbing stone. The muller is oval in plan, with two rounded ends, and flat in section. Both faces of the muller are flat and smooth as they were used for rubbing, but one side may have originally been convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is coarse-grained inclusion and contains biotite or black mica, felspars and quartz (see report below). The soft felspars would work into hollows and the …
Created on: Thursday 8th September 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 14th September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-BCB2DE

Record ID: PUBLIC-BCB2DE
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A fragment of whetstone, probably early-medieval in date. The whetstone has been manufactured from fine-grained mica schist, most probably sourced in Scandinavia. Other whetstones made from this type of stone have been recorded in association with early-medieval finds. The whetstone is sub-trapezoidal in plan and sub-square in section with the four longer faces being very smooth but with some damage from farm machinery. The whetstone is broken at both ends with the narrower end broken across what may have been the drilled hole for the suspension loop.
Created on: Sunday 4th September 2016
Last updated: Friday 9th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Skidbrooke', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-BB6724

Record ID: PUBLIC-BB6724
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A fragment of a large whetstone. The object is made from a very fine-grained, banded sandstone. It is sub-rectangular in both plan and section with one end rounded and smooth. The opposite end has been broken and the rest of the whetstone lost. All surfaces apart from the broken section are worn smooth.
Created on: Sunday 4th September 2016
Last updated: Friday 9th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Skidbrooke', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of GLO-6F4CA8

Record ID: GLO-6F4CA8
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A stone cannon ball that dates to AD 1400-1700. The cannon ball is broadly spherical, though slightly misshapen, overall the ball has a diameter of 65mm and weighs 341.21g
Created on: Wednesday 31st August 2016
Last updated: Friday 2nd September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of GLO-6F45E6

Record ID: GLO-6F45E6
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A stone cannon ball that dates to AD 1400-1700. The ball is sub-spherical in form, with a very uneven surface, overall the ball has a diameter of 63mm and weighs 338.38g
Created on: Wednesday 31st August 2016
Last updated: Friday 2nd September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WAW-6E1FBE

Record ID: WAW-6E1FBE
Object type: FLAKED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Worcestershire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Neolithic (-3500 to -2100) flaked axehead: The axehead has been knapped from a fine-grained dark grey volcanic tuff which weather to a mid grey colour on one face and a mid grey-green on the other face. Broadly the axehead can be classed as a cordate in shape. The axehead has been bifacially flaked to produce an asymmetrical pointed oval section. The upper tip is rounded and this is due to some wear but also more recent abrasion. The surface of the axehead has a patination as described previously, and along the edges there is some recent damage and scaring. The axehead measures 95.11m…
Created on: Friday 19th August 2016
Last updated: Friday 19th August 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6D4EC7

Record ID: ESS-6D4EC7
Object type: PERFORATED OBJECT
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An unfinished Mesolithic pebble mace head, dating c. 9,000-4,000 BC. The object is formed from a pebble that has a mid-dark brown colour, with traces of an attempt to drill through the object on either side. Kevin Leahy suggests the material of the stone is quartzite (pers. comm. 02.09.2016). The attempted perforation would have been to allow it to be hafted. There are traces of wear around the edges, particularly at the more pointed end. This may indicate that it was still used despite not being hafted. However, it may simply be the result of natural processes, such as deposition in a…
Created on: Friday 19th August 2016
Last updated: Friday 2nd September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-4605B6

Record ID: NLM-4605B6
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North East Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone weight. Bright white limestone, possibly magnesian limestone outcropping near Tadcaster, Doncaster etc. Yorkshire. Now of sub-ovoid form, possibly due to a large chip along one side incurred in antiquity. The weight is flat-sided and has an hourglass-shaped aperture of 55-34mm diameter drilled from both sides. The finder kindly notes a carved feature on one flat side. This may be formed as a simple cross with the ends of two adjacent arms bent at right angles in the manner of a swastika, or, if one arm is discounted for its relative shallowness, as a letter Y or H [see inset illu…
Created on: Wednesday 17th August 2016
Last updated: Thursday 18th August 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SOM-20D822

Record ID: SOM-20D822
Object type: MORTAR (VESSEL)
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Somerset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A stone mortar of probable late medieval to post medieval date (c. AD1400- 1700). The mortar has been carved from a single block of carboniferous limestone. It is bioclastic and exhibits traces of crinoids, brachiopods and bivalves. There are a number of locally available sources of carboniferous limestone. The stone is possibly Devonian or Cannington limestone, but is more likely to derive from the Mendips (Dennis Parsons, pers comm). The outer face of the mortar has a number of small angular dish shaped peck marks present, however, most of these appear to have been polished out. T…
Created on: Wednesday 3rd August 2016
Last updated: Monday 8th August 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Old Cleeve', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LIN-B442B3

Record ID: LIN-B442B3
Object type: AMULET
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A probable Middle Saxon amulet made from a natural piece of fossilised coral. The fossil is oval in plan and also in section, measuring 92mm in length and 29mm in width. It weighs 179.12g. All sides of the fossil are rough, and all show a dense grouping of corralites. Columns are also visible on one side. The fossil is a Carboniferous colonial coral of the Lithostrotionidae family (Nudds 1980). It is ferruginised, and thus very heavy. Its origin is Derbyshire or Yorkshire, but it was found at Little Carlton, Lincolnshire. Plausably, its place of discovery could be explained by it havi…
Created on: Friday 29th July 2016
Last updated: Friday 29th July 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Louth area', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-0C32AC

Record ID: LANCUM-0C32AC
Object type: FLAKE
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: North Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Flint flake from a blade prepared core of possible late Mesolithic to Bronze Age date. It appears to have been hit with a hard hammer (probably stone) at the base which has resulted in the fracture damage. It has fine damage around the edges, some of this could be post-depositional, but the natural more pointed tip has damage that suggests this may have been through use. Length: 30mm; width: 19mm; thickness: 8mm; weight: 5g
Created on: Thursday 21st July 2016
Last updated: Thursday 21st July 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'West Tanfield', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of DENO-A41483

Record ID: DENO-A41483
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Nottinghamshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An incomplete stone Neolithic polished axehead (c.4000-c.2200 BC). The axehead is greenish grey in colour, with red striations. The axehead has plough damage at the butt and the cutting edge, but is otherwise undamaged. The axehead tapers towards the butt and has a vesica-shaped (pointed oval) cross-section. Both edges are faceted. This feature and the material the axe is made from suggest that the axe probably comes from the Great Langdale axe factory (in the Lake District).
Created on: Saturday 16th July 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 9th August 2016
Spatial data recorded.


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