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    • Material: Stone

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Record ID: NMS-23E5CA
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a Rhineland lava quern of unknown date, with a small part of the edge extant, one face tooled, diameter c.430mm, thickness 34.5mm, weight 1.534kg. Roman or Middle Saxon to medieval. Found north of a footpath
Created on: Friday 21st July 2017
Last updated: Sunday 23rd July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: NMS-1E1CF9
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Two probably medieval or early post-medieval chalk weights, both with a median perforation, probably for ½ pound troy, 13th - 16th century: - globular with flattened poles, surface pitted and in places with a thin skin lost, diameter 56mm, height 47mm, hole diameter 18 - 25mm, weight 183.20g / 2827.0 grains / 5.8895oz - cylindrical with convex sides, length 52mm, diameter 500mm, hole diameter 19 - 20mm (narrowing unevenly towards the centre, drilled form both ends), weight 186.72g / 2881.4 grains / 6.0045oz. ½-pound troy (6oz) = 2880 grains
Created on: Friday 21st July 2017
Last updated: Friday 21st July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-E2B784

Record ID: HAMP-E2B784
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete fine-grained micaceous stone whetstone or hone. It is sub-rectangular in shape with (worn) breaks at both short ends, revealing a D-shaped cross-section. It narrows from 20.1x14.8mm at one break to 14.6x11.6mm at the other, over a length of 76.3mm. The stone is grey to the flat underside but otherwise brown in colour with lines of silvery inclusions running through it. These appear as dark grey longitudinal striations on the brown surface. The stone is soapy to the touch. The object weighs 41.20g. Whetstones or hones of this type were often perforated in order to suspend …
Created on: Tuesday 18th July 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 18th July 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Bishops Waltham', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of DEV-355846

Record ID: DEV-355846
Object type: PERFORATED OBJECT
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: Devon
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete perforated cobble "mace head" or pebble hammer of probable Mesolithic to Neolithic date. The mace head is a well rounded oblong in plan, sub-rectangular in profile and sub-oval in cross-section. The perforation is positioned centrally, and was drilled from both faces, resulting in an hour-glass cross section. The perforation is 24.9mm in diameter at the opening, narrowing to c.14mm at the "waist" of the perforation. The mace head has been significantly damaged, with battering to one end resulting in a large concave break between one edge and the perforation, with correspo…
Created on: Monday 10th July 2017
Last updated: Friday 14th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-A61754

Record ID: HAMP-A61754
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete knapped, ground and polished stone axehead of Neolithic date, c. 4000 - 2100 BC. There is significant recent-ish damage to the butt end, with lighter damage (also recent-ish) to the cutting edge. It is triangular in shape with an asymmetrical, shallowly-curved cutting edge and a rounded butt-end. The axehead has a pointed-oval cross-section, measuring 28.2x19.6mm at the damaged butt-end (just before the damage, it measures 43.3x36.4mm). It widens to the cutting edge (78.9mm) and thins significantly over the last quarter of length to c.2mm thick at the very edge. The sides…
Created on: Monday 3rd July 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 11th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: NMS-387DB6
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a Rhineland lava quern of unknown date, all edges broken, one face tooled, thickness 32mm, weight 764g. Roman or Middle Saxon to medieval.
Created on: Wednesday 28th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 28th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2E639A

Record ID: CORN-2E639A
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained granite elvan muller or rubbing stone. The muller is oval in plan, with two rounded ends, and plano-convex in profile, with a convex upper face and a flat base. The flat, smooth base was used for rubbing, and the upper face convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is fine grained and contains muscovite or mica, tourmaline and felspars. The soft felspars would work into hollows and the hard tourmaline would stand proud of the …
Created on: Wednesday 28th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 12th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2E4F62

Record ID: CORN-2E4F62
Object type: HAMMERSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete greenstone hammerstone. A flattened oval in plan and in section and sub-rectangular in profile. The entire surface has been pecked to form a symmetrical, sub-cylindrical shape which would have been comfortable in the hand, with one face almost flat and the opposite face slightly convex. Both ends have been flattened and are slightly worn through use as a hammerstone. The flatter of the two faces is very slightly worn and may have been used for rubbing whilst the convex face is slightly pitted and may also have been used as a hammerstone. Jones and Taylor (2010) describe two…
Created on: Wednesday 28th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 12th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: NMS-0F82DA
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Whetstone of sub ovoid to sub trapezoidal section with rounded edges, all faces are polished smooth and blackened from use, except for recent damage which reveals the light grey origional colour of the fine grained micaceous shist. As both ends are broken and damaged in antiquity, it is uncertian if this impliment was perforated from suspention. Romano-british to Medieval.
Created on: Monday 26th June 2017
Last updated: Monday 26th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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Record ID: NLM-BC44C5
Object type: POLISHER
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone rubber or polisher. A four-sided pyramidal object of regular form, and with corners and the aris between each pair of adjoining faces rounded, possibly by heavy wear or prolonged immersion. The object is of an off-white tint. Under the hand lens, the surface has occasional rounded pits, and rare spots - six were counted - of white metal of up to c.0.5mm diameter. The former are fairly evenly distributed but the latter are more commonly situated close to the smoothed arises. The spots of metal may suggest a use as a burnishing or finishing tool, and their bright metallic colour hi…
Created on: Thursday 22nd June 2017
Last updated: Thursday 22nd June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-145F64

Record ID: SF-145F64
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete Neolithic flaked an polished flint axe. It is roughly triangular in shape, with largely straight sides and a slightly outwards curving blade end. Both faces are covered with scaled, covering retouch and have been partially polished on the ridges between the flaking scars. The blade end has also been polished to create a sharp cutting edge. There is an abrupt break across the butt end and its tip is missing. The flint is an opaque light grey in colour with some surface patination. Length: 94.87mm, width: 48.86mm, thickness: 11.93mm, weight: 16.37g
Created on: Wednesday 14th June 2017
Last updated: Thursday 20th July 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Lackford', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: HESH-FFCB4A
Object type: MILLSTONE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A small millstone or large quern stone of probable later medieval date (AD 1250-1600). The stone is incomplete being broadly oval in plan and D shaped in cross section. Significant stone is lost around the edges due to fracturing possibly through heat (there are blackened sooted marks in places) or frost action. The upper surface has a rough pecked surface; this has been created by cold chisel working creating a rough and regular pattern. This working extends into the central hole which is oval in shape. The hole measures 8cm length and 9 cm width. The underside of the stone is smooth …
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Thursday 22nd June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-FF6822

Record ID: CORN-FF6822
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Group I type greenstone axe head, ovate in plan, lozenge-shaped in profile, and round at the butt end and oval at the blade end in cross section. The cutting edge is asymmetrically curved and the butt end is pointed. All surfaces would have originally been pecked and ground but the majority of the axe is now deeply pitted due to weathering with polishing only remaining on the butt and blade end, on both faces, but more remains on the dorsal face of the blade. The deeply pecked face is marked by lighter areas of abrasion which have been caused by later damage, and there are some patc…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 14th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LIN-E7E358

Record ID: LIN-E7E358
Object type: VOTIVE MODEL
Broad period: MODERN
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A modern stone votive model depicting the Hindu deity Ganesha. The model comprises a flat, domed panel with a narrow ledge at the base. The elephant-god Ganesha is depicted dancing on the ledge. Ganesha is depicted facing forwards, with his right arm is bent upwards, and his left arm down by his waist. Engraved lines decorate the back panel above the shoulders and also to the sides of the head. Further lines are seen across the waist, perhaps representing a belt or band also running diagonally down from the left shoulder. The model is in a good condition but the features are rather wor…
Created on: Monday 12th June 2017
Last updated: Monday 12th June 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of LVPL-AABBA5

Record ID: LVPL-AABBA5
Object type: SPINDLE WHORL
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Wrexham
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete stone spindle whorl or weight dating from c. AD43 - 1100. The object is circular in plan and sub-rectangular in cross section. In the centre of the object is a circular perforation with an internal diameter of 10mm. Each face is covered with striations and scratches but does not appear to be decorated. One edge of the object is thinner due to wear measuring 4mm thick. The opposite edge measures 5.5mm thick. Dimensions: 35mm in diameter, 5.5mm thick, 12.7g Other examples of stone spindle whorls which have been recorded on the PAS database include BUC-3BBC64, GAT-2277ED, GAT…
Created on: Friday 9th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 9th June 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Gresford', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: LIN-A784E5
Object type: VOTIVE MODEL
Broad period: MODERN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A greenstone votive model or abstract representation of the Hindu deity Shiva, known as a lingam (Sanskit for 'symbol'). This type of object is also known as a Shiva 'linga' or 'Shivling'. The Shiva Lingam is formed of three parts; a pedestal base, a pointed oval ledge, and a dome decorated with three horizontal lines. These are considered as Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva respectively. Shiva Lingams or 'shivlings' can occur as natural objects, such as domed stones, or as votive models used for worship in temples or smaller shrines. Shivlings are holy symbols of the Lord Shiva that are c…
Created on: Friday 9th June 2017
Last updated: Monday 26th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-93903B

Record ID: NLM-93903B
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cornish Gabbro polished stone axehead, as identified by the finder with reference to advice kindly offered by Mike Boyd, emeritus Keeper of Natural History for Hull Museum. A lentoid section polished axe with a curving cutting edge at its widest part, tapering slightly to a rounded butt. A slight chip on one side has been smoothed in antiquity. This might have been damage associated with the hafting of the axehead. Suggested date: Neolithic, 4000-2350 BC. Length: 117mm, Width: 72.9mm, Thickness: 35.1mm, Weight: [in slight excess of] c.500gms
Created on: Thursday 8th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 9th June 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Swinhope', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: WILT-FE9DB6
Object type: TESSERA
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Swindon
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Six Roman stone tessera dating to the period c. AD 43 - 410. The tessera are broadly rectangular and range from 20.5mm thick to 13.8mm thick. They are composed of a dark grey coarse grained stone. The combined weight is 122.04 grams.
Created on: Thursday 1st June 2017
Last updated: Thursday 1st June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D86BA5

Record ID: LANCUM-D86BA5
Object type: MACE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone perforated axe-hammer of probably the very late Neolithic or early Bronze Age period, dating from c. BC 2500 - c. BC 1800. Axe-hammers are also known as Battle Axes and some of the smaller examples have been recorded as perforated maces (mace-heads). The differences between these types / classifications are uncertain and the artefact type as a whole is in need of reassessment in line with modern discoveries and approaches to artefact studies. This is further complicated by signs of water wear on the artefact making it difficult to definitively identify as an axe hammer or mace h…
Created on: Tuesday 30th May 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-D855C3

Record ID: LANCUM-D855C3
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete polished stone Langdale Tuff axehead of Neolithic date (3500-2400 BC). The handaxe is broken at the cutting edge and at the butt end. The surface of the axe is granular but smooth with a distinct blue green hue. The object is sub-rectangular in plan and tapers inward toward the butt and is sub-ovate is section with slightly flattened sides. The blade end tapers out to the sided and in along the blade edge. The axe is broken at the blade and along one side. It is possible that it has been ritually broken. The object is a Langdale polished Axehead, called as such due to th…
Created on: Tuesday 30th May 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 4th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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