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    • Material: Animal skeletal material

  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-ED0498

Record ID: PUBLIC-ED0498
Object type: HAIR PIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete Roman bone hair pin dating to AD 150 - 400. This is a Greep type B1.1 and Crummy type 3 with head shape variety "A". The head is globular with a small flat area on the very top. The pin shaft tapers to join the head and bulges outwards as it moves away and then tapers again towards a point, which is broken and now missing. Dimensions: length: 58.61mm; diameter of shaft: 4.05mm; diameter of head: 5.99mm; weight: 1.32g Greep (1983:350) writes "Whilst the overwhelming majority of these forms belong to the third and fourth centuries, Crummy's (1979, 161) date of c.AD 200 fo…
Created on: Sunday 5th May 2019
Last updated: Monday 13th May 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-EC7815

Record ID: PUBLIC-EC7815
Object type: GAMING PIECE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman bone gaming counter, probably dating 2nd - 4th century AD. This is a Crummy type 1 counter (Kenyon type A). It is round, lathe turned and with bevelled edge. The upper surface is countersunk and has a flat lower surface. There is a central perforation on the top side, a remnant from the lathe. A similar example can be found in Crummy (1995, 92, nos. 2256), from an archaeological context dating circa AD 150 - AD 250, though they can be found throughout the Roman period with little variation. Dimensions: diameter: 19.17 mm; thickness: 2.95 mm; weight: 1.36 g. Crummy, N. 1995. …
Created on: Sunday 5th May 2019
Last updated: Monday 13th May 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-C9A904

Record ID: PUBLIC-C9A904
Object type: DIE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete Roman to Post Medieval cuboid bone die with irregular size faces (2 and 4 smaller than the rest), facetted edges and rounded corners. The die was manufactured by cutting a section from the shaft of a long-bone and stopping up the medullary cavity with two bone plugs to face 4 (still in situ) and face 3 (lost in antiquity). The numbers are in negative relief and indicated by double ring and dot marks, positioned in a regular layout, so the opposite sides add up to 7, and in an arrangement known as Potter's variant 1. MacGregor (1985: pg130-131) notes: "The dice in use thr…
Created on: Sunday 21st April 2019
Last updated: Monday 13th May 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-64385D

Record ID: PUBLIC-64385D
Object type: GAMING PIECE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman bone gaming counter, probably dating 2nd - 4th century AD. This is a Crummy type 1 counter (Kenyon type A). It is round, lathe turned and with a bevelled edge. The upper surface is countersunk and has a flat lower surface. There is a central perforation on the top side, a remnant from the lathe. A similar example can be found in Crummy (1995, 92, nos. 2256), from an archaeological context dating circa AD 150 - AD 250, though they can be found throughout the Roman period with little variation. Dimensions: diameter: 21.74 mm; thickness: 3.87 mm; weight: 2.5 g. Crummy, N. 1995.…
Created on: Tuesday 16th April 2019
Last updated: Monday 13th May 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LIN-A21863

Record ID: LIN-A21863
Object type: SPINDLE WHORL
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete bone spindle whorl or gaming piece, dating to the early medieval period c.AD 600-800. The circular whorl is bi-convex in profile, 39.18 mm in diameter, 15.84 mm thick and with a circular central perforation that is 7.21 mm in diameter and weighs 14.49g. The upper surface is worn, with traces of circumferential incised rings around the central perforation. The underside is worn with traces of five circumferential incised rings.The surface takes a light-brown colour. Fibres were spun into thread using a drop-spindle made of bone, ceramic or stone 'whorls' which acted as flywh…
Created on: Sunday 7th April 2019
Last updated: Wednesday 8th May 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Little Carlton', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LIN-9D24C2

Record ID: LIN-9D24C2
Object type: SPINDLE WHORL
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Bone spindle whorl or gaming piece, dating to the early medieval period c.AD 600-800. The circular whorl is bi-convex in profile, 35.38 mm in diameter, 13.53 mm thick and with a circular central perforation that is 8.14 mm in diameter and weighs 11.82g. The smooth upper surface is decorated with five sub-circular incised rings around the central perforation. Outside the central perforation, there are three small indentations - which could represent damage made in antiquity. The underside is undecorated and consists of the coarser, inner part of the bone with many cut ends of…
Created on: Sunday 7th April 2019
Last updated: Wednesday 8th May 2019
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Little Carlton', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LIN-6AFB6D

Record ID: LIN-6AFB6D
Object type: AWL
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Viking antler handle from an awl, dating to the ninth or tenth century AD. The handle is made from a piece of antler tine and is neatly cut flat at both ends. The tine is sub-circular in section and tapers from end to end. The centre of the antler is hollow. Both ends have been carefully modified in order to allow an awl (now missing) to be inserted. The modification comprises a deeply cut, v-shaped notch, which at its deepest cuts into the hollow centre. A series of cut marks shows that the notches were cut in stages. The exterior of the tine is smooth, having a 'polished' appearan…
Created on: Wednesday 27th February 2019
Last updated: Friday 15th March 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LIN-6AA5DE

Record ID: LIN-6AA5DE
Object type: AWL
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Viking antler handle from an awl, dating to the ninth or tenth century AD. The handle is made from a piece of antler tine and is neatly cut flat at both ends. The tine is sub-circular in section and tapers from end to end. The centre of the antler is hollow. Both ends have been carefully modified in order to allow an awl (now missing) to be inserted. The modification comprises a deeply cut, v-shaped notch, which at its deepest cuts into the hollow centre. A series of cut marks shows that the notches were cut in stages. The notch at the larger end of the time is damaged. The exterio…
Created on: Wednesday 27th February 2019
Last updated: Friday 15th March 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-1899E9

Record ID: SWYOR-1899E9
Object type: KNIFE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Calderdale
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A bone knife handle; a single scale from a scale tang knife of probable Post Medieval date, about AD 1300 - 1700. The scale is plain. It is sub-rectangular, slightly wider at one end and with the wider end rounded, but this may be post-depositional damage. It is D shaped in cross-section, the flat side displaying tool marks where it was sawn. There are four solid iron rivets surviving along the centre of the handle, fairly evenly spaced. Length 103.47mm, width 21.60mm, thickness 5.81mm, weight 15.87g. Cowgill et al (1987) note that no scale tang knives were found in London earlier tha…
Created on: Monday 11th February 2019
Last updated: Thursday 21st March 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-1821E9

Record ID: SWYOR-1821E9
Object type: KNIFE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Calderdale
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An antler whittle tang knife handle of uncertain date, probably Medieval to Modern. The handle is a cracked tube of antler, with the burr visible at one end; this end has been sawn flat. There is a triangular hold for the tang in the solid end. The other end is hollow and the walls of the tube have been carved so they taper internally and externally. Length 114.58mm, diameter 25.88mm, weight 63.71g. Whittle tang handles were the most common form of Medieval knife handle until the 15th century, but they are also used today, and there are modern knifes being made with antler handles. Co…
Created on: Monday 11th February 2019
Last updated: Thursday 21st March 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LON-C1D9E9

Record ID: LON-C1D9E9
Object type: DIE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman to Post Medieval ivory or bone die. The die is cuboid and each value is marked by a ring-and-dot design, which range from 1 to 6. Opposite sides add up to 7. This die is Potter variant 9 (Finds Research Group 700-1700, Datasheet 23, Dice by Geoff Egan). Dimensions: length: 8.13mm; width: 8.31mm; weight: 1.00g Similar dice are illustrated in Crummy (1983, 96-97) which date to the Roman period and Egan et al (1998, 290-291 ref 953 and 954) which are dated to c. 1350 to 1450 AD. Therefore a wide cross period date is suggested.
Created on: Thursday 7th February 2019
Last updated: Tuesday 26th February 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-72F96C

Record ID: PUBLIC-72F96C
Object type: GAMING PIECE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman bone gaming counter, probably dating 1st-5th century AD. This is a Crummy type 1 counter (Kenyon type A). It is round, lathe turned, with flat upper and lower surfaces and bevelled edge. There is a central perforation on the top side, a remnant from the lathe. Similar examples can be found in Crummy (1995, 91, nos. 2245 - 2248). They seem to have been produced throughout the Roman period with little variation. Dimensions: diameter: 18.43 mm; thickness: 3.93 mm; weight: 1.92 g. Crummy, N. 1995. The Roman small finds from excavations in Colchester 1971-1979. Colchester Archaeo…
Created on: Sunday 3rd February 2019
Last updated: Monday 13th May 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-1CE628

Record ID: HAMP-1CE628
Object type: UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An eight-sided flat section of worked bone with a central perforation 5.6mm in diameter. A pair of grooved lines run from the perforation to a corner of the object, creating eight radiating panels. Each of these is decorated close to the outside edge with a ring-and-dot motif. The underside is undecorated. It measures 28.3x27.3x3.6mm and weighs 3.47g.
Created on: Wednesday 30th January 2019
Last updated: Friday 12th April 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LON-048B3D

Record ID: LON-048B3D
Object type: GAMING PIECE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Roman bone gaming counter dating from AD 50-410. The counter is undecorated except for a central concave depression and a small central hole on one side, possibly from a lathe. The edges are bevelled outwards. Similar counters can be found in Crummy (1995: No. 2256), and in MacGregor (1985: pg132-133). Kenyon type A, they seem to have been produced throughout the Roman period with little variation. Dimensions: diameter: 21.00mm; thickness: 2.67mm; weight: 1.30g Similar gaming counters on the database are LON-CD5569 and LON-5A9DBC. References: Crummy, N. 1995. The Roman s…
Created on: Tuesday 29th January 2019
Last updated: Tuesday 29th January 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LON-7207F6

Record ID: LON-7207F6
Object type: MARLIN SPIKE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Post Medieval bone apple corer or fid, dating 18th century. The object is formed from a sheep's metapodial which has been carved using a saw. The proximal end of the bone has been sliced in half to form a scoop, leaving the hollow centre of the bone. The upper side of the corer has been decorated with a series of four incised X's or saltire crosses with a incised horizontal lines between each cross. At the distal end the fid has been pierced with a 3.61mm diameter drilled hole possibly for suspension. The keel of the distal has been removed. Dimensions: length: 100.48mm; wi…
Created on: Thursday 10th January 2019
Last updated: Wednesday 16th January 2019
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of KENT-7A1656

Record ID: KENT-7A1656
Object type: WASTER
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An unfinished turned bone object, possibly a large button, furniture fitting or even a rondel dagger fitting. Description: The unfinished item is circular (35mm in diameter) with a central perforation (3.05mm in diameter), there is a very small triangular tab at one side and at the other a large irregularly shaped tab on the other other side. Both sides have been heavily polished.and worn. Guiding lines and ware is visible. It is uncertain why the object was abandoned as there does not appear to be a clear fault in the object. Measurements: 62.37mm long, 36.93mm wide, 3.44mm thick a…
Created on: Monday 17th December 2018
Last updated: Monday 17th December 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of KENT-791E68

Record ID: KENT-791E68
Object type: TOKEN
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A worn turned and stamped? ivory or bone uniface token or 'pass' naming 'Lambeth Wells' likely dating c.1696-1786. Description: The token is circular and of uniface form (decorated on one side). The token show some concentric patterning on the surface either from the turning process to produce it or the grow rings of the ivory. The inscription, executed in cursive script is in three lines and reads " */Lambeth/Wells ". It remains in mostly a good condition if slightly worn and abraded. Measurements: 27.57mm in diameter, 1.82mm thick and 1.7g in weight. Discussion: This object names …
Created on: Monday 17th December 2018
Last updated: Monday 17th December 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WAW-10781B

Record ID: WAW-10781B
Object type: COMB
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Warwickshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Early Medieval (Anglo-Saxon c. 5th to 12th century) bone comb fragment: The portion of the comb which remains is one side edge and a short portion of the teeth element of a comb. The side edge of the comb is sub-rectangular with slightly tapering outer corners, the tapering occurs in plan and in depth towards the upper edge. Protruding and integral to the interior of the side is the body of the comb. The body has traces of teeth on the upper and lower edge, all but one of the teeth are broken. The teeth on the upper edge have a tooth gauge of 5 per cm, and the teeth on the lower edge …
Created on: Wednesday 12th December 2018
Last updated: Wednesday 19th December 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of KENT-C72C7F

Record ID: KENT-C72C7F
Object type: DIE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Greater London Authority
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A regular carved and incised bone die of uncertain date Description: The die is roughly cuboid, with incuse dots indicating the values of each side formed by drilled or incised dimples. The numbering is clear and legible, however does feature scratches on all faces. The die is a polished brown colour. Measurements: 6.17mm x 7.01mm x 6.91mm x 6.11mm and weighing 0.50g. Discussion: The die has a regular layout, i.e. the number on opposite sides adds up to seven. The regular numbering system on dies was used from the Roman period through to the present day (Ottaway and Rogers, 2002). E…
Created on: Friday 2nd November 2018
Last updated: Monday 17th December 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of DUR-2FA083

Record ID: DUR-2FA083
Object type: KNIFE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Redcar and Cleveland
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete bone knife handle of the Post Medieval period (AD1500-1700). The object has a rounded start and is sub-rectangular in shape, tapering slightly to a broken terminal. There is a large chip near the rounded terminal with a subsequent chip a third of the way along the outside edge. The broken terminal has a jagged edge.The handle has been decorated with an incised geometrical pattern that divides into three panels running along the length of the handle, each separated with a straight vertical groove. The central of the three panels has been filled with slightly diagonal groo…
Created on: Friday 26th October 2018
Last updated: Thursday 23rd May 2019
Spatial data recorded.


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