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    • Manufacture: Ground/polished

  • Thumbnail image of NLM-2D4EA8

Record ID: NLM-2D4EA8
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Volcanic Tuf, a grey-green stone probably from Langdale, Cumbria, polished stone axe fragment. An extremely battered and chipped fragment of what must have originally have been a large polished stone axe of ovoid section, probably Group 6. Both sides bear large dished fracture surfaces, with most of this damage apparently incurred in antiquity. It does not appear likely to represent use of the axe; rather, should one venture to proffer interpretation, it appears more like evidence for strenuous efforts to 'kill' the object. Suggested date: Early Neolithic, 4000-3500 BC. Length: 57mm, …
Created on: Thursday 18th June 2015
Last updated: Monday 22nd June 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Swinhope', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LVPL-952A84

Record ID: LVPL-952A84
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A copper alloy nummus of the House of Constantine. Reverse: [GLORIA EXERCITVS]; Two soldiers standing, holding spear and shield; between them, two standards. Reece period 17, AD330-335.
Created on: Thursday 11th June 2015
Last updated: Thursday 11th June 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Navenby', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LIN-5AA533

Record ID: LIN-5AA533
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Neolithic flint polished axehead. The axe is sub-oval in plan and pointed oval in section; both long edges taper to a point rather than having side facets. The cutting edge is smooth and complete apart from a small notch which has the appearence of recent damage caused by its presence within the plough-zone. The butt is slightly concace both in plan and in section, and is possible a break. The surface of the axe is smooth and highly polished. On both long sides there is evidence of at least one large flake having been removed. A bulb of percussion is seen along both flake scars. That…
Created on: Monday 8th June 2015
Last updated: Monday 8th June 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LIN-C7A33C

Record ID: LIN-C7A33C
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Neolithic polished stone axehead. In plan the axe is sub-oval, tapering from the cutting edge to the butt. In section the axe is oval with flattened sides. The cutting edge is chipped in places, exposing a mid-green interior that looks somewhat similar to polished axes from the Langdale quarry in the Lake District. The surface of the axe is highly polished with occasional red-brown coloured veins. This axe appears to be the same as that recorded on the Lincoln Historic Environment Record as 53105, found in 1980.
Created on: Monday 1st June 2015
Last updated: Monday 1st June 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LIN-C5FD2A

Record ID: LIN-C5FD2A
Object type: PERFORATED OBJECT
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete stone axe of Mesolithic to Neolithic date (c. 8,300 to 2,500 BC). In plan the axe is an irregular ellipse, having a slightly wider cutting edge than the butt. An hour-glass shaped hole extends through the axe; this hole is off-centred, being located approximately one third in from the butt. In section the axe is oval with flattened sides. Both the butt and the cutting edge are pointed oval in section. Some damage has occured to the cutting edge, exposing a green coloured grain somewhat similar to the greenstone sources at Langdale, Cumbria. The butt is flat. Length: 126mm, W…
Created on: Monday 1st June 2015
Last updated: Monday 8th June 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-9CD196

Record ID: CORN-9CD196
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained granite elvan or rhyolite muller or rubbing stone. The muller is sub-oval in plan and trapezoidal in profile and section. Both faces of the muller, which are not parallel, are flat and smooth as they were used for rubbing. One side may have originally been convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. Rhyolite is a silica-rich igenous rock and usually contains feldspar and quartz crystals and is therefore similar to elvan in its composition (…
Created on: Saturday 30th May 2015
Last updated: Sunday 31st May 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-9BE2F7

Record ID: CORN-9BE2F7
Object type: SPINDLE WHORL
Broad period: IRON AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Micaceous argillaceous shale spindle whorl, ranging from pink to light brown in colour with a sparkling surface from the mica inclusions. The whorl is oval in plan and flat in profile, with smooth parallel faces, and a slightly off-centre tapering depression in each face which do not meet in the middle and perforate the stone. On one face the depression is 2 mm in diameter and 3 mm deep and the other depression on the opposite face is 4 mm in diameter and 2 mm deep. The depressions have been deliberately drilled from each face but not completed so that the spindle whorl was never used.…
Created on: Saturday 30th May 2015
Last updated: Sunday 31st May 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SWYOR-21A416

Record ID: SWYOR-21A416
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Doncaster
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete polished stone axe dating from the Neolithic period, about 4000 BC - 2200 BC. Only the cutting end survives. It is made from polished tan coloured fine grained stone. It is sub-rectangular in plan and is faceted in cross-section. There is edge damage on the curved convex cutting edge and a large damaged area near the break, probably from plough damage. It is 78.7mm long, 58.9mm wide and 25.7mm thick. 190g. Kevin Leahy (National Finds Advisor) adds that the cracking and crazing visible in the images may suggest that the axe has been burnt. Also, the side facets suggest th…
Created on: Tuesday 12th May 2015
Last updated: Monday 29th June 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-7BF3BA

Record ID: NLM-7BF3BA
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Fine grained grey stone whetstone. A small bar-shaped hone with a drilled hole of diameter 4.2mm for suspension from a belt or girdle. Thinned by heavy wear, which has contributed a smoothly curved end; the object was probably discarded at the end of a long working life, having too little length left for whetting a blade. This material is sometimes described as purple phylite, though this description may embrace stones of various tints gathered from glacial drift as well as from geological sources in Scotland, Norway and elsewhere. 'Phylite' hones are prominent among whetstones of Angl…
Created on: Friday 10th April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 28th April 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Northorpe', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-3ACFB3

Record ID: NLM-3ACFB3
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Norwegian Schist Whetstone fragment. A sub-cylindrical mullion or bar of fine-grained grey-green stone with two flattened and one lightly dished faces; both ends broken. The stone comes from the Telemark region of Norway, and importation from the 12th century onwards established its effective dominance over the market for sharpening stones in England throughout the medieval period. Suggested date: Medieval, 1200-1450. Length: 51.3mm, Diameter: 22.6mm, Weight: 44.88gms.
Created on: Tuesday 7th April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 21st April 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Pilham', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-BBE441

Record ID: SF-BBE441
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cambridgeshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete flint polished axehead of Neolithic date. It is struck from a mottled pale grey to white flint, is roughly triangular in form and pointed oval in section with flattened/faceted edges. The rounded butt end is complete and has limited short, long angled and scaled retouch on both faces. Both sides of the axe have flattened, rectangular faces that are smoothly polished and narrow towards each end of the axe. Each of the faces are smoothly polished with few flake scars visible, although with some orange/brown staining probably resultant from plough damage. At the blade end the a…
Created on: Wednesday 1st April 2015
Last updated: Saturday 25th April 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Thriplow', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-EE83DB

Record ID: WILT-EE83DB
Object type: ADZE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A polished stone miniature adze of Neolithic to Bronze Age date (c. 3500 - 2200 BC). The adze measures 52.04mm in length, 13.03mm in width at the butt end, widening to 23.77mm at the blade end, is 10.92mm thick at the butt end, widening to 15.03mm thick in the body, before tapering to 1.33mm at the blade end. It weighs 27.30g. The adze is thick butted with an asymmetric profile. The butt is squared off and has been flattened. One face has been ground and polished flat with the blade end sharply facetted to create the edge. The opposite face is convex with facetted mesal sides and a sh…
Created on: Tuesday 10th March 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 31st March 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CAM-97F9E7

Record ID: CAM-97F9E7
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Neolithic polished flint axehead with retouch and post-depositional damage. The axehead has a pointed oval to almost lozenge shaped cross section. A lot of the polished surface has been removed by retouch and small amounts of damage. The polished surface survives predominantly along the centre of both sides which then extends, flaring into a fan shape, to cover all of the blade end. Retouch is present along both edges of both sides of the axehead and around both sides of the butt end giving the appearance of an axe rough-out with only partial polish. Small irregular shaped areas of t…
Created on: Friday 6th March 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 15th April 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-88BBE9

Record ID: SF-88BBE9
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete and worn stone object, probably a whetstone or hone of uncertain date. It is formed from a very finely grained dark grey to black stone, and is square in section and rectangular in form. All surfaces show signs of extensive wear and corrosion, resulting in all corners being rounded and the surfaces slightly concave in places. Towards the old breaks there is what appears to be a single band or constriction running around the object. The entire object measures 31.54mm in length, 12.92mm in width, 11.30mm in thickness, and 9.18g in weight. This is probably a very worn stone…
Created on: Thursday 5th March 2015
Last updated: Friday 6th March 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Barking', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: NMS-DB9F8C
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a probably medieval hone of pale grey micaceous stone, split longitudinally and broken across on end. The cross-section was probably sub-rectangular, and tapering from the finished end. On the one surving braod surface there are five short longitudinal lines of rust, presumably from use with an iron tool. Extant length and thickness 55 and 11.5 - 9mm. Width 28.5 - 23mm. Weight 32g. Perhaps 12th - 15th century. Finder's no. GW3
Created on: Wednesday 25th February 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 25th February 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-CC5855

Record ID: NLM-CC5855
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine grained Sandstone possible Whetstone fragment. A flat-sided water-rolled cobble with both flat surfaces apparently smoothed or dished by wear, which may extend to one slightly concave side. Broken at one end. The improvised use of various stones from glacial drift for sharpening or rubbing stones is characteristic of the Roman and Early Medieval periods until the Viking Age, when Scandinavian stones from the Telemark region became widely available. Suggested date: Unknown, Roman to Early Medieval, 43-850. Length: 76.6mm, Width: 57mm, Thickness: 24.1mm, Weight: 159.18gms.
Created on: Thursday 12th February 2015
Last updated: Friday 13th February 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NMGW-A2177B

Record ID: NMGW-A2177B
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Powys
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Neolithic polished stone axehead dating from c. 3,500 to 2,200 BC date. The axehead is complete and is comparatively small (with a length of 109.0mm and a weight of 146.2g). The butt is comparatively wide (at 35mm), giving the axe a trapezoidal form and has a very gentle curve. The sides are straight and gradually divergent, reaching a maximum width (of 45.5mm) at the blade. Both faces are deeply convex giving the axe a pointed-oval body section. The axe reaches its maximum thickness (of 23.2mm) near the blade edge (27mm from the edge). The axe was flaked and then partially polis…
Created on: Tuesday 10th February 2015
Last updated: Thursday 19th February 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NMGW-8DCE4C

Record ID: NMGW-8DCE4C
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: the Vale of Glamorgan
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Neolithic flint polished axehead of c. 3,500 to 2,200 BC date. The axe is complete and is comparatively small (with an overall length of 125.9mm and weighing 112.3g), with some recent damage to a blade tip and to the butt. The butt is rounded and slender (with a width of 18mm) with some flaking scars evident, mostly patinated. The sides are moderately straight, slightly convex and gradually widening towards the blade edge (where the axe has a maximum width of 40.4mm). The faces of the axe are convex, giving it a pointed-oval section, reaching its maximum thickness (of 18.3mm) at appr…
Created on: Monday 9th February 2015
Last updated: Monday 9th March 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-FB075D

Record ID: NLM-FB075D
Object type: POLISHER
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Brown Quartzite [non-specialist identification by MF] water rolled cobble possible polisher or rubber. An oval-ended pebble fragment with a limited flattened and darker area, most clearly distinguished from the rest of the surface by the removal of tiny pale naturally formed abrasion scars which cover the rest of the object. The use of various erratic stones as improvised rubbers or grinders and sharpeners was common from Prehistory through to the end of the Early Medieval period. Suggested date: Unknown, possibly 800 BC-AD 1000. Length: 50.0mm, Width: 43.5mm, Thickness: 26.1mm, We…
Created on: Wednesday 21st January 2015
Last updated: Thursday 22nd January 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Kelstern', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-E5FD8E

Record ID: NLM-E5FD8E
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Compacted fine Sandstone [non-specialist identification by MF] water rolled cobble possible whetstone. Oval-ended pebble broken at one end. The object now bears a sooty looking deposit. The use of various erratic stones as improvised rubbers or grinders and sharpeners was common from Prehistory through to the end of the Early Medieval period, when access to better sharpening stones from Scandinavia led them to dominate the market. It is, however, possible that the limited wear on this example is the result of accidental or natural processes. Suggested date: Unknown, possibly 800 BC-AD
Created on: Tuesday 20th January 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 21st January 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Kelstern', grid reference and parish protected.


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