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    • Manufacture: Ground/polished

  • Thumbnail image of NLM-9B4225

Record ID: NLM-9B4225
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Grey green tuff polished axehead fragment. A small chip or spall from the cutting edge of a greenstone polished axehead, with more of the stone on one side of the edge than the other. A flat and polished facet one side of the fragment marks the limit of the cutting edge, and indicates that the axe head whence it derives had flattened upper and lower edges. Suggested date: Neolithic, 4000-2700 BC. Length: 23.7mm, Height: 23.2mm, Thickness (of this chip rather than the axe): 6.4mm, Weight: 5.57gms
Created on: Thursday 27th July 2017
Last updated: Thursday 27th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of DENO-60CCE4

Record ID: DENO-60CCE4
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Derbyshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A flint Neolithic polished axehead (c.4000-c.2200 BC). The axehead is patinated with a variety of different colours, including pale grey, light beige, dark grey-brown and orangey-brown. The axehead has a wide curving blade and tapers towards a square-ended butt. It has a thick pointed oval cross-section. Overall, the axehead measures 151.3 mm, 66.2 mm wide, 38.2 mm thick. It weighs 424.77 g. The axehead has some damage along the its top and bottom edges, but the patina on the damaged areas is the same as the polished areas indicating that the damage is ancient.
Created on: Monday 24th July 2017
Last updated: Friday 18th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of DEV-355846

Record ID: DEV-355846
Object type: PERFORATED OBJECT
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: Devon
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete perforated cobble "mace head" or pebble hammer of probable Mesolithic to Neolithic date. The mace head is a well rounded oblong in plan, sub-rectangular in profile and sub-oval in cross-section. The perforation is positioned centrally, and was drilled from both faces, resulting in an hour-glass cross section. The perforation is 24.9mm in diameter at the opening, narrowing to c.14mm at the "waist" of the perforation. The mace head has been significantly damaged, with battering to one end resulting in a large concave break between one edge and the perforation, with correspo…
Created on: Monday 10th July 2017
Last updated: Friday 14th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-A61754

Record ID: HAMP-A61754
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete knapped, ground and polished stone axehead of Neolithic date, c. 4000 - 2100 BC. There is significant recent-ish damage to the butt end, with lighter damage (also recent-ish) to the cutting edge. It is triangular in shape with an asymmetrical, shallowly-curved cutting edge and a rounded butt-end. The axehead has a pointed-oval cross-section, measuring 28.2x19.6mm at the damaged butt-end (just before the damage, it measures 43.3x36.4mm). It widens to the cutting edge (78.9mm) and thins significantly over the last quarter of length to c.2mm thick at the very edge. The sides…
Created on: Monday 3rd July 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 11th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2E639A

Record ID: CORN-2E639A
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained granite elvan muller or rubbing stone. The muller is oval in plan, with two rounded ends, and plano-convex in profile, with a convex upper face and a flat base. The flat, smooth base was used for rubbing, and the upper face convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is fine grained and contains muscovite or mica, tourmaline and felspars. The soft felspars would work into hollows and the hard tourmaline would stand proud of the …
Created on: Wednesday 28th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 12th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2E4F62

Record ID: CORN-2E4F62
Object type: HAMMERSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete greenstone hammerstone. A flattened oval in plan and in section and sub-rectangular in profile. The entire surface has been pecked to form a symmetrical, sub-cylindrical shape which would have been comfortable in the hand, with one face almost flat and the opposite face slightly convex. Both ends have been flattened and are slightly worn through use as a hammerstone. The flatter of the two faces is very slightly worn and may have been used for rubbing whilst the convex face is slightly pitted and may also have been used as a hammerstone. Jones and Taylor (2010) describe two…
Created on: Wednesday 28th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 12th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: NMS-0F82DA
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Whetstone of sub ovoid to sub trapezoidal section with rounded edges, all faces are polished smooth and blackened from use, except for recent damage which reveals the light grey origional colour of the fine grained micaceous shist. As both ends are broken and damaged in antiquity, it is uncertian if this impliment was perforated from suspention. Romano-british to Medieval.
Created on: Monday 26th June 2017
Last updated: Monday 26th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-BC44C5

Record ID: NLM-BC44C5
Object type: POLISHER
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone rubber or polisher. A four-sided pyramidal object of regular form, and with corners and the aris between each pair of adjoining faces rounded, possibly by heavy wear or prolonged immersion. The object is of an off-white tint. Under the hand lens, the surface has occasional rounded pits, and rare spots - six were counted - of white metal of up to c.0.5mm diameter. The former are fairly evenly distributed but the latter are more commonly situated close to the smoothed arises. The spots of metal may suggest a use as a burnishing or finishing tool, and their bright metallic colour hi…
Created on: Thursday 22nd June 2017
Last updated: Thursday 22nd June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NMS-6A485E

Record ID: NMS-6A485E
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Very large and heavy ground and polished axe of mottled orange and off-white patination with many streaks of iron across both faces. The axe is complete apart from a post-depositional flake removal, some crushing of the cutting edge and a small chip to the butt; this damage reveals whitish grey flint below the patination. Both faces retain some flake scars around the edges but most have been ground smooth along the median ridge, including a hollow on one face; the undamaged part of the cutting edge is still sharp. Both edges are heavily ground to a rounded profile. Donated to Norwich C…
Created on: Sunday 18th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 12th July 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-145F64

Record ID: SF-145F64
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete Neolithic flaked an polished flint axe. It is roughly triangular in shape, with largely straight sides and a slightly outwards curving blade end. Both faces are covered with scaled, covering retouch and have been partially polished on the ridges between the flaking scars. The blade end has also been polished to create a sharp cutting edge. There is an abrupt break across the butt end and its tip is missing. The flint is an opaque light grey in colour with some surface patination. Length: 94.87mm, width: 48.86mm, thickness: 11.93mm, weight: 16.37g
Created on: Wednesday 14th June 2017
Last updated: Thursday 20th July 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Lackford', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-FF6822

Record ID: CORN-FF6822
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Group I type greenstone axe head, ovate in plan, lozenge-shaped in profile, and round at the butt end and oval at the blade end in cross section. The cutting edge is asymmetrically curved and the butt end is pointed. All surfaces would have originally been pecked and ground but the majority of the axe is now deeply pitted due to weathering with polishing only remaining on the butt and blade end, on both faces, but more remains on the dorsal face of the blade. The deeply pecked face is marked by lighter areas of abrasion which have been caused by later damage, and there are some patc…
Created on: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 14th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LVPL-AABBA5

Record ID: LVPL-AABBA5
Object type: SPINDLE WHORL
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Wrexham
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete stone spindle whorl or weight dating from c. AD43 - 1100. The object is circular in plan and sub-rectangular in cross section. In the centre of the object is a circular perforation with an internal diameter of 10mm. Each face is covered with striations and scratches but does not appear to be decorated. One edge of the object is thinner due to wear measuring 4mm thick. The opposite edge measures 5.5mm thick. Dimensions: 35mm in diameter, 5.5mm thick, 12.7g Other examples of stone spindle whorls which have been recorded on the PAS database include BUC-3BBC64, GAT-2277ED, GAT…
Created on: Friday 9th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 9th June 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Gresford', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-93903B

Record ID: NLM-93903B
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cornish Gabbro polished stone axehead, as identified by the finder with reference to advice kindly offered by Mike Boyd, emeritus Keeper of Natural History for Hull Museum. A lentoid section polished axe with a curving cutting edge at its widest part, tapering slightly to a rounded butt. A slight chip on one side has been smoothed in antiquity. This might have been damage associated with the hafting of the axehead. Suggested date: Neolithic, 4000-2350 BC. Length: 117mm, Width: 72.9mm, Thickness: 35.1mm, Weight: [in slight excess of] c.500gms
Created on: Thursday 8th June 2017
Last updated: Friday 9th June 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Swinhope', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NARC-C8C503

Record ID: NARC-C8C503
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Northamptonshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete polished stone Axe-Head of Neolithic date (3500-1500 BC). The object is sub-triangular in plan and lozenge-shaped in section. The object represents the butt or hafting end of a Langdale Axe-Head. The cutting edge and the majority of the body of the object are missing due to a transverse break. The retained portion also has some minor negative scars at both ends however with the exception of these and the transverse break the surfaces are smooth and highly polished and the edges bevelled The stone is grey-green in colour and opaque and is made from a fine-grained silic…
Created on: Friday 5th May 2017
Last updated: Friday 5th May 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-687982

Record ID: CORN-687982
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete whetstone of medium brown sandstone. The object is a narrow, tapered rectangle, with rounded corners, in plan, and plano-convex in profile and section. The ventral face is almost flat with two very slightly dished areas either side of the mid-point. The tool is thinner at the wide end, becoming thicker towards the narrower end. When viewed from the dorsal side, the left-hand edge is flat and highly polished through continuous use; the right-hand edge is less highly polished, flat in places but convex towards the wider end and has also been used as a whetstone to sharpen meta…
Created on: Tuesday 18th April 2017
Last updated: Thursday 8th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-6871F8

Record ID: CORN-6871F8
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A small Group I type greenstone axe head, ovate in plan, lozenge-shaped in profile and oval in cross section. The cutting edge is asymmetrically curved and the butt is faceted. All surfaces have been ground; the edges are slightly pitted due to weathering but traces of polishing remain on both faces, especially at the blade end. There is a circular area of deep pecking on one face, approximately 22 mm in diameter and on the opposite face are slight traces of pecking, suggesting that the tool was perhaps re-used for hammering or as a small mortar. The deeply pecked face is marked by sev…
Created on: Tuesday 18th April 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 13th June 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-3E7BBE

Record ID: PUBLIC-3E7BBE
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: IRON AGE
County: East Riding of Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fine grained compacted pale sandstone whetstone fragment. The remaining fragment is sub-rectagular in shape and has a rounded shape to the outer unbroken face. There are three smooth surfaces worn on the upper unbroken face and the object appears to have been used to sharpen small implements, such as knives. The object fits comfortably into the palm of the hand for the purpose of sharpening implements. The use of probably local stone for sharpening stones is characteristic of the period between the later Iron Age and the middle Saxon period. Other finds from the site would probably m…
Created on: Tuesday 4th April 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 5th April 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of DOR-369E04

Record ID: DOR-369E04
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Dorset
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete ground greenstone axehead. A triangular axehead with flattened sides. The cutting edge is convex and slightly offcentre. The axehead tapers to the broken butt. One face remains convex, the other has been damaged. The cross section is sub-lenticular. The surface has been pecked and ground and is slightly pitted as a result of weathering. The origin is uncertain, but it is possible that it originated on Cornnwall or South Wales. Date: Neolithic - 4000 - 2300 BC Dimensions: 84.03 mm x 36.38 mm x 22.41 mm Weight: 155.76 g
Created on: Tuesday 4th April 2017
Last updated: Tuesday 16th May 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Owermoigne', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2A974E

Record ID: CORN-2A974E
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A sandstone whetstone with bevelled end. Trapezoid in plan, sub-rectangular in profile and ovate in section. Made from a local beach pebble, all the edges are rounded and the surfaces of the implement are generally smooth. There are two patches of percussion marks, one on each of the broader surfaces, close to the wider, proximal end of the object. The narrow distal end of the tool has been rubbed smooth from both sides to produce a bevelled edge. The sharp edge of the bevel has been worn through use. There is a small area of pecking at the proximal end of the shorter side edge of the …
Created on: Monday 3rd April 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 5th April 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-2A75D1

Record ID: CORN-2A75D1
Object type: PESTLE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fine-grained hammerstone or pestle, sub-rectangular in plan and section and ovate in profile. It is slightly wider at its distal end but fits comfortably in the hand however it is held and appears to have been used to exploit several of its surfaces for different purposes. The slightly flattened ventral face is pecked and uneven, suggesting use as a hammerstone; the distal end is smooth and the right side of the implement, when viewed from the ventral face, is flat and smooth, and it is likely that both of these surfaces have been used for grinding as a pestle. At the junction betwee…
Created on: Monday 3rd April 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 5th April 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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