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    • Manufacture: Ground/polished

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Record ID: NMS-DB9F8C
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a probably medieval hone of pale grey micaceous stone, split longitudinally and broken across on end. The cross-section was probably sub-rectangular, and tapering from the finished end. On the one surving braod surface there are five short longitudinal lines of rust, presumably from use with an iron tool. Extant length and thickness 55 and 11.5 - 9mm. Width 28.5 - 23mm. Weight 32g. Perhaps 12th - 15th century. Finder's no. GW3
Created on: Wednesday 25th February 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 25th February 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-CC5855

Record ID: NLM-CC5855
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine grained Sandstone possible Whetstone fragment. A flat-sided water-rolled cobble with both flat surfaces apparently smoothed or dished by wear, which may extend to one slightly concave side. Broken at one end. The improvised use of various stones from glacial drift for sharpening or rubbing stones is characteristic of the Roman and Early Medieval periods until the Viking Age, when Scandinavian stones from the Telemark region became widely available. Suggested date: Unknown, Roman to Early Medieval, 43-850. Length: 76.6mm, Width: 57mm, Thickness: 24.1mm, Weight: 159.18gms.
Created on: Thursday 12th February 2015
Last updated: Friday 13th February 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NMGW-A2177B

Record ID: NMGW-A2177B
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Powys
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Neolithic polished stone axehead dating from c. 3,500 to 2,200 BC date. The axehead is complete and is comparatively small (with a length of 109.0mm and a weight of 146.2g). The butt is comparatively wide (at 35mm), giving the axe a trapezoidal form and has a very gentle curve. The sides are straight and gradually divergent, reaching a maximum width (of 45.5mm) at the blade. Both faces are deeply convex giving the axe a pointed-oval body section. The axe reaches its maximum thickness (of 23.2mm) near the blade edge (27mm from the edge). The axe was flaked and then partially polished,…
Created on: Tuesday 10th February 2015
Last updated: Thursday 19th February 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NMGW-8DCE4C

Record ID: NMGW-8DCE4C
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: the Vale of Glamorgan
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Neolithic flint polished axehead of c. 3,500 to 2,200 BC date. The axe is complete and is comparatively small (with an overall length of 125.9mm and weighing 112.3g), with some recent damage to a blade tip and to the butt. The butt is rounded and slender (with a width of 18mm) with some flaking scars evident, mostly patinated. The sides are moderately straight, slightly convex and gradually widening towards the blade edge (where the axe has a maximum width of 40.4mm). The faces of the axe are convex, giving it a pointed-oval section, reaching its maximum thickness (of 18.3mm) at appr…
Created on: Monday 9th February 2015
Last updated: Monday 9th February 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-FB075D

Record ID: NLM-FB075D
Object type: POLISHER
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Brown Quartzite [non-specialist identification by MF] water rolled cobble possible polisher or rubber. An oval-ended pebble fragment with a limited flattened and darker area, most clearly distinguished from the rest of the surface by the removal of tiny pale naturally formed abrasion scars which cover the rest of the object. The use of various erratic stones as improvised rubbers or grinders and sharpeners was common from Prehistory through to the end of the Early Medieval period. Suggested date: Unknown, possibly 800 BC-AD 1000. Length: 50.0mm, Width: 43.5mm, Thickness: 26.1mm, We…
Created on: Wednesday 21st January 2015
Last updated: Thursday 22nd January 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Kelstern', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-E5FD8E

Record ID: NLM-E5FD8E
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Compacted fine Sandstone [non-specialist identification by MF] water rolled cobble possible whetstone. Oval-ended pebble broken at one end. The object now bears a sooty looking deposit. The use of various erratic stones as improvised rubbers or grinders and sharpeners was common from Prehistory through to the end of the Early Medieval period, when access to better sharpening stones from Scandinavia led them to dominate the market. It is, however, possible that the limited wear on this example is the result of accidental or natural processes. Suggested date: Unknown, possibly 800 BC-AD
Created on: Tuesday 20th January 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 21st January 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Kelstern', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-E5E958

Record ID: NLM-E5E958
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Compacted fine Sandstone [non-specialist identification by MF] water rolled cobble possible whetstone. Oval-ended pebble broken at one end. One face is smoothed by (presumably) longitudinal wear. The object now bears a sooty-looking deposit. The use of various erratic stones as improvised rubbers or grinders and sharpeners was common from Prehistory through to the end of the Early Medieval period, when access to better sharpening stones from Scandinavia led them to dominate the market. It is, however, possible that the limited wear on this example is the result of accidental or natura…
Created on: Tuesday 20th January 2015
Last updated: Wednesday 21st January 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Kelstern', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-EB48C4

Record ID: CORN-EB48C4
Object type: PERFORATED OBJECT
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Incomplete greenstone (epidiorite) shafthole adze, sub-oval in plan, tapering slightly towards the surviving end, and lozenge-shaped in profile and section. About half of the adze remains, including the blade end, and half of the shaft hole. Both ends would have been worked to form an edge which could have been used for chopping as well as hammering. The implement has been worked from a beach cobble and would have been collected from the coast. It would have then been pecked and ground into shape and the central hole bored by using sand and a drill. The shaft hole is semi-circular in …
Created on: Saturday 27th December 2014
Last updated: Monday 23rd February 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-184B06

Record ID: NLM-184B06
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Stone polished axehead fragment. Pale green fine grained compact stone, probably a volcanic tuf. This is an abraded chip from a polished stone axe, probably Group 6 and the material probably Greenstone from Langdale, Cumbria. The curved end of the fragment suggests the chip is from the side of the crescentic cutting edge. Suggested date: Early Neolithic, 4000-3500 BC. Length: 39.6mm, Width: 43.3mm, Thickness: 10.1mm, Weight: 19.17gms.
Created on: Wednesday 17th December 2014
Last updated: Monday 12th January 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Swinhope', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of BH-C2EBDD

Record ID: BH-C2EBDD
Object type: QUERN
Broad period: IRON AGE
County: Hertfordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Part of a Late Iron Age to Early Roman rotary quern stone. The piece represents just under half of the originally ring-shaped upper stone. The stone is of classic 'bee hive' form, being domed, with a flat underside, and retains part of its inverted-conical hopper, located centrally. Part of a conical handle socket extends horizontally from the outer face, terminating a short distance from the hopper. Another feature of the stone is a recessed perimeter band, which probably represents a seating for a driving strap. The puddingstone itself is a conglomerate comprising small to medium…
Created on: Saturday 13th December 2014
Last updated: Monday 12th January 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-703FBC

Record ID: WILT-703FBC
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An incomplete Neolithic polished greenstone axehead dating to the period c. 4000 - 2500 BC. The axehead is trapezoidal in shape and widens from the butt end to the blade. It tapers in thickness from the butt end to the blade. The axehead has an ovular cross-section at the butt end and a lenticular cross-section at the blade end. The butt end of the axehead was broken off in antiquity and the remaining fragment reused. The butt end appears to have been used as a hammer stone. There is evidence of pecking on this surface and it is slightly rounded. The cutting edge of the blade has been…
Created on: Tuesday 9th December 2014
Last updated: Monday 12th January 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-F129D9

Record ID: SF-F129D9
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A complete polished stone axe of Neolithic date. It is oval in form and pointed oval in section and formed from a finely grained stone that grey/green in colour in the breaks, with stained brown surfaces that have some post-depositional damage evident in iron staining and several transverse and vertical scratches. The object has a crescentic blade end with chips at one end and close to the centre, as well as multiple striations on the cutting edges that indicate probable use-wear and possible re-sharpening. It has good all-over polish, with slight facetting to both edges as well as th…
Created on: Wednesday 3rd December 2014
Last updated: Monday 12th January 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Thrandeston', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NMGW-4B403A

Record ID: NMGW-4B403A
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Conwy
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Neolithic stone axehead, complete (with a length of 142.8mm and a weight of 536.3g) and has a consistent polish which has removed all the shaping, presumably through pecking. The butt is blunt and has an even curve (45mm wide). Both sides are straight and gradually divergent to the blade. The axe has a pointed elliptical body section and reaches a maximum thickness (of 35.3mm) approximately one third of the length from the blade (53mm from the blade). The blade is moderately rounded (and has a width of 80.4mm). The blade retains its edge and has a number of small nicks. Geological …
Created on: Tuesday 25th November 2014
Last updated: Thursday 4th December 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CAM-5EAB98

Record ID: CAM-5EAB98
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: City of Peterborough
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An Early to Middle Neolithic polished stone axehead dating c. 4000-3300 BC. This axehead has a pointed-oval cross section. One side edge has a slight flattened lateral facet, the opposing side edge having a subtler flattened lateral facet that could easily be missed during a very quick examination of this artefact thus giving the impression of a lateral rounded-pointed edge. The artefact weighs 290.74g, has a length of 126.5mm, maximum width of 60.5mm and maximum thickness of 31.7mm. The type of stone used to create this axehead has not yet been fully identified however the finder …
Created on: Friday 14th November 2014
Last updated: Thursday 4th December 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NMGW-333716

Record ID: NMGW-333716
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Worcestershire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Neolithic polished stone axehead, probably dating between c. 3500 - 2100BC The axehead is comparatively small (with a length of 78.0mm and a weight of 120.8g). The butt (with a width of 31.0mm) is convex and may have been reworked. The sides are straight and gradually divergent to the blade edge (with a width of 58.7mm). There is some polishing on the sides, which are slender. The faces are convex, producing a pointed oval body section, with a maximum thickness (of 20.3mm) near the middle (35mm from the blade edge). The blade edge is moderately straight and displays evidence of con…
Created on: Wednesday 12th November 2014
Last updated: Thursday 4th December 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WILT-385CCA

Record ID: WILT-385CCA
Object type: SPINDLE WHORL
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A stone spindle whorl which is circular in plan probably dating to the Medieval period, (1100-1500). It is circular in plan and sub-rectangular in cross-section. The object has a central circular perforation which has been drilled from each side. The object measures 33.33mm in diameter, 8.52mm in thickness and weighs 14.94g. The diameter of the internal perforation is 6.54mm. The object consists of a light greyish-brown rough stone possibly a micaceous sandstone. Spindle whorls were used from the Roman through to the Post-Medieval period. Egan (Egan G. 1998 The Medieval Household D…
Created on: Friday 31st October 2014
Last updated: Wednesday 31st December 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-E59C0B

Record ID: NLM-E59C0B
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Doncaster
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Volcanic Tuff Polished Stone Axe. Large and elongated polished stone axe head, probably Langdale group 6. The axe has a curving cutting edge, more worn on one side, and a lentoid section with flattened edges, and tapers towards a narrow butt. The original shaping appears to have left a slight bulge on one edge uncorrected. One large and one small chip on one side and two large chips on the other have been smoothed, and represent damage incurred and repaired in the working life of the axe, perhaps arising from its hafting; the cutting edge remains sharp. Other chips, particularly at th…
Created on: Monday 27th October 2014
Last updated: Wednesday 29th October 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Finningley', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NMGW-906A4F

Record ID: NMGW-906A4F
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Swansea
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Neolithic flaked and polished stone axe, c. 3500 - 2100BC The axe is near-complete (with a length of 164mm and a weight of 381.9g) with a few recent flaking scars and some rounding through water-rolling. The butt is narrow and moderately straight (with a width of 24mm). Both sides are convex, reaching their widest position (of 58.7mm) close the blade edge (46mm from the edge). The widest point is also close to the point of maximum thickness of the axe (at 31.0mm, 54mm from the blade edge). Both faces are convex across both their lengths and widths, with remnants of partially ground…
Created on: Thursday 23rd October 2014
Last updated: Wednesday 29th October 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NMGW-7B5EC1

Record ID: NMGW-7B5EC1
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
Neolithic flint polished axe dating from c. 3,500 - 2,200BC The axe is fragmentary, represented by the butt (with a surviving length of 61.0mm and a weight of 57.4g) and the axe broke in antiquity. The butt is slightly damaged but would have been narrow and rounded. The sides are straight and convergent towards the break. The axe has an oval body section (with a maximum surviving width and thickness of 44.2mm and 20.4mm respectively). The flaking scars from roughing-out the axe are evident on both faces and are partially polished-out. More flaking scars are evident on one of the fa…
Created on: Wednesday 22nd October 2014
Last updated: Wednesday 29th October 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WAW-55CB30

Record ID: WAW-55CB30
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Gloucestershire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman, possible, Polden Hill type brooch (AD c. 80-120): The incomplete copper alloy brooch has wings which are semi-cylindrical terminating with incomplete perforated wing caps. The wings are probably undecorated but this is difficult to be certain due to corrosion. The axis bar, spring and pin are all missing. The bowhead is slightly hump-like in profile and decorated with a prominent, off-centre vertical ridge which tapers slightly. The bow is broken just below the wings, and is therefore missing. The break was not recent. The surface of the brooch is abraded and undulating, poss…
Created on: Monday 20th October 2014
Last updated: Friday 24th October 2014
Spatial data recorded.


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