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    • Manufacture:Ground/polished

  • Thumbnail image of HAMP-C49A3D

Record ID: HAMP-C49A3D
Object type: MACE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Hampshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A stone mace head or pebble hammer of Neolithic or earlier date. The object is made from an oval pebble, 101.5mm in length, 84.4mm wide and 35.8mm thick with an oval cross-section on both the long and short axis. The perforation hole is circular and has an hourglass cross section, tapering on both sides from 38mm diameter at the surface to 20mm at a ridge around the mid point of the channel. The hole was bored from both sides of the stone (to meet in the middle) probably using a rotating drill and sand abrasive. Both ends of the macehead have patches of battering damage suggesting…
Created on: Friday 17th June 2022
Last updated: Monday 20th June 2022
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NMS-4EA515

Record ID: NMS-4EA515
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Less than half of a ground and polished Neolithic axe: - of white and pale grey patinated flint with numerous rusty iron scrapes to the surface from contact with agricultural machinery, there is also a patch or orange, red/brown to one face, truncated by the break, this may have been a sub-cortical surface from the flint “blank” this axe was made from. Only the cutting edge has been recovered, broken transversely in antiquity by a transverse bending fracture probably whilst in use. The break is at roughly 90 degrees to the surface of the axe with one side hinging round towa…
Created on: Monday 30th May 2022
Last updated: Thursday 9th June 2022
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NARC-F61987

Record ID: NARC-F61987
Object type: PLOUGH
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Northamptonshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete stone Plough Pebble of Early-Medieval to Medieval date (AD 900-1100). The object is ovate with one flattened end, and one rounded end. This is a 'plough pebble' which was used by being hammered into the sole plate of a wooden plough. The is probably quartzite and is light brown in colour. Height: 84.95mm, Width: 106.58mm, Thickness: 83.88mm, Weight: 1,103.00g A similar example can be seen on the Portable Antiquities Scheme database: NLM-C8C5B9, NARC-40442C and FAKL-2AF0D1 Dr. Kevin Leahy notes in FAKL-2AF0D: Plough pebbles are an interesting pheno…
Created on: Thursday 26th May 2022
Last updated: Thursday 26th May 2022
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of WAW-CC13F2

Record ID: WAW-CC13F2
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete ground and polished axehead dating to the Neolithic period (c. 4000-2100 BC). The implement is sub-oval in form, tapering to the cutting edge at one end and terminating in a worn break at the oppsing end. The object has been extensively chipped and ground to form a smoth surface. The blade edge has a curved forward and is now chipped. The butt of the axehead is now missing. The stone is a dark grey in colour with some pits and scratches. Comparable examples recorded on the PAS databasse include GLO-EFC8A8, DUR-7380F3 and LVPL-2C1556. The overall dimensions are…
Created on: Tuesday 24th May 2022
Last updated: Saturday 28th May 2022
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of BUC-9279D9

Record ID: BUC-9279D9
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Buckinghamshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of polished Neolithic, stone axehead, dating 4000-2200 BC. The object comprises the cutting end of the axehead and a part of the main body with a substantial old break. The stone is dark and not flint or chert, greenish in colour it is possibly a greenstone or basalt. Chipping and crush damage along the cutting edge suggest the object was heavily used prior to breaking and loss or discard. The cross section of the axehead main body is oval. Length: 78.47 mm Width: 57.51 mm Thickness: 13.7 mm Diameter: 40 mm
Created on: Monday 9th May 2022
Last updated: Monday 16th May 2022
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NMS-17FC14

Record ID: NMS-17FC14
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Butt end of a part-polished Neolithic axe, less than half remains, broken transversely in antiquity, most likely while in use. The axe is of light patinated pale grey flint, both lateral edges are rounded off by grinding. It appears that there has been an attempt to reshape the break, several hard hammer strikes have removed short, hinged flakes along the broken (face) edge with an angle amenable to reduction but the other edge of the break has been left as is, one (side) edge has had two gauging flakes struck, both ending in hinges, it seems the axe was discarded at this this point. …
Created on: Thursday 21st April 2022
Last updated: Tuesday 26th April 2022
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-BFE750

Record ID: SF-BFE750
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete Neolithic greenstone axehead dating to circa 4000-2350 BC. It is pointed oval in section. It flares outwards from the butt end to the crescentic cutting edge. The butt has some iron staining on it. The surface is singificantly weathered and rolled, with the original polished surface now having eroded. It is formed of greenstone, an igneous rock which found throughout the south west of England. has been subjected to low grade metamorphism, which is found throughout the south west of England. There are clusters around Dartmoor, Exmoor and the Land's End peninsula. Gi…
Created on: Tuesday 5th April 2022
Last updated: Wednesday 27th April 2022
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Near Burgate', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NMS-06B8DA

Record ID: NMS-06B8DA
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Broken part-polished axe, of thin butted form and narrow form: - of pale patinated mottled grey flint with spotty iron stains to both faces, the butt was broken in antiquity and the ground and polished cutting edge is recently damaged. The cross section is rhombic, with the median ridge offset to one side on both faces, both lateral edges are left as knapped and are not abraded to aid with hafting. Neolithic, 4,000 to 2,350 BC.
Created on: Tuesday 15th March 2022
Last updated: Tuesday 15th March 2022
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of SF-76516B

Record ID: SF-76516B
Object type: ARM GUARD
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Suffolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete Early Bronze Age stone arm guard (bracer) dating to circa 2300-2100 BC. Broadly rectangular in plan in section it has polished bevelled edges. At either end are located central circular drilled apertures to enable fixing to the arm. The faces of the stone have been smoothed. One end is slightly wider than the other. Broadly linear striations on both faces are the result of the bow having snapped-back during firing. A very similar armguard was recovered from the Stonehenge Archer burial assemblage, radiocarbon dated to circa 2300 BC (Heath 2012: 122-123) whilst two were…
Created on: Tuesday 8th March 2022
Last updated: Friday 8th April 2022
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Debenham', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of DUR-7380F3

Record ID: DUR-7380F3
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: County Durham
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete polished stone axehead of the neolithic period, dated to 4000 - 2200 BCE. Dimensions: 64.3mm long, 33.0mm wide, 14.65mm thick, 43.3g. The material is a green-brown colour, with a few bands of a paler green, and is therefore identified as probably Great Langdale volcanic tuff. The axehead is generally sub-trapezoidal with a rounded narrow butt end and a wider rounded blade end and generally straight sides and a pointed oval.in transverse and longitudinal section. The blade edge is sharply angled and feels sharp along part of its length. The opposed, butt ed…
Created on: Tuesday 8th March 2022
Last updated: Tuesday 29th March 2022
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-71316D

Record ID: NLM-71316D
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained stone whetstone fragment; uncleaned, so material remains uncertain. One end of a rectangular section hone with all four sides dished by wear, in two opposed faces very heavily so. One proximal corner is rubbed or worn, broken across the other end. The improvised use of sharpening stones is especially typical of the Roman and Early Medieval periods; the former dating may be suggested here by accompanying finds. Suggested date: Roman, 43-410 Length: 37.9mm, Width: 29.1mm, Thickness: 21.6mm, Weight: 34.07gms
Created on: Tuesday 8th March 2022
Last updated: Tuesday 8th March 2022
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'near Market Rasen', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-60F3A4

Record ID: NLM-60F3A4
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained dense compact reddish-tinted Sandstone whetstone fragment, as kindly suggested by the finder. A sub-rectangular fragment of stone with two or three angled smoothed surfaces, rougher below where it has split along natural bedding planes, probably after its deposition, and broken at one end. The improvised use of hone stones is especially characteristic of the Roman and Anglo-Saxon periods; these might come from Glacial Drift, and in this case the stone is not local. Suggested date: Unknown, Roman to Early Medieval, 43-850 Length: 81mm, Width: 44.3mm, Thickness: 21.5mm…
Created on: Monday 7th March 2022
Last updated: Monday 7th March 2022
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'near Market Rasen', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NMS-BD3EF4

Record ID: NMS-BD3EF4
Object type: AXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Part-polished axe, of mottled grey and black flint, now patinated mid-brown. The axe is bifacially knapped to form a sub-trapezoidal plan with a rounded butt and a thin, lenticular cross section, a hollow of thin, worn cortex remains to the dorsal face to one side, near to the butt, this is surrounded by black flint. The entire axe is bifacially worked with well struck, confident invasive and overlapping flake scars apart from the cortex, the only unmodified surface extant. The broadest point has been ground and polished to a sharp cutting edge, this is in good condition with only a f…
Created on: Thursday 3rd February 2022
Last updated: Thursday 10th February 2022
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of DEV-8FB235

Record ID: DEV-8FB235
Object type: ASSEMBLAGE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Devon
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Two worked and heated fragments of sedimentary rocks of unknown age, dating to c. 1500 BC -AD 1900. The fragments are of irregular shape, although loosely rectilinear. One is a blackened stone with thin lines of strata and a white cortex on the underside whose heated surface has an almost greenish tinge, while the other is a reddish brown tone and markedly smoother. They have been deliberately heated to produce an extremely high shine surface on their dorsal side, which has then been used as a base for cutting as there are multiple deeply incised cut marks on these high shine su…
Created on: Tuesday 1st February 2022
Last updated: Friday 11th February 2022
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of DEV-8F8C21

Record ID: DEV-8F8C21
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Devon
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A whetstone formed from a sedimentary rock, possibly greywacke, of unknown age, dating to c. 1500 BC -AD 1900. The whetstone is trapezoidal in shape and rectangular in section. It has a deep area of wear where it has been used for sharpening tools, which is discoloured and dark compared to the surrounding mid grey coloured stone. The wear has created a ridge where the objects being sharpened were brought backwards along the wear surface. While a medieval to post medieval date is posited, examples from Cornwall recorded with the PAS (e.g. CORN-0EE8C3) have been found in con…
Created on: Tuesday 1st February 2022
Last updated: Friday 11th February 2022
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of GLO-EFC8A8

Record ID: GLO-EFC8A8
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Gloucestershire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Neolithic ground and polished axehead. The implement has been extensively chipped and ground into a long elongated sub-oval shape in plan. The blade edge has a curved forward edge that has been ground and polished to form the cutting edge. From either side of the blade, the sides gently narrow to the rounded butt which is rounded with a pitted appearance probably where this section was not polished. The stone is a dark green colour with creamy speckles. The axe dates from between circa 3500 BC to 2100BC
Created on: Wednesday 12th January 2022
Last updated: Wednesday 12th January 2022
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-D7B7D0

Record ID: NLM-D7B7D0
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North East Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained Sandstone possible whetstone fragment, as kindly identified by the finder. A fragment from the tapering end of a cobble whose sub-triangular section may initially have been defined by natural erosion by wind-blown sand or water. These smooth faces, however, appear to have been further smoothed by use as a sharpening stone, resulting in the formation of a shallow concavity or dishing on one of the sides. The improvised use of erratic pebbles as sharpening stones was common from later Prehistory, through the Roman period, and into the Early Medieval period. Suggested date: …
Created on: Tuesday 11th January 2022
Last updated: Wednesday 12th January 2022
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Laceby', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LEIC-F1DCAF

Record ID: LEIC-F1DCAF
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Leicestershire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete Neolithic polished stone Axe, dating to c. 3450 - 2350 BC. The lithic is a polished volcanic stone probably from the Langdale region. The tapered butt of the axe remains. The object is trapezoidal and lentoid in cross section. It has an off white creamy patina. The faces of the axe are heavily polished. The butt tapers from the break to a blunted point. The axehead terminates in a transverse break. Length: 65 mm Width: 47 mm Thickness: 17 mm Weight: 64 g The object is a Langdale polished Axehead, called such due to the source of the raw material the axehead…
Created on: Tuesday 7th December 2021
Last updated: Tuesday 7th December 2021
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of DENO-E009B7

Record ID: DENO-E009B7
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Derbyshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A polished stone axehead of Neolithic date (3450 - 2100 BCE). The lithic is a polished igneous stone. The lithic is lozengiform in plan and is bi-convex in section. The outer edges are bevelled. The blade has a deep chip, the butt end has shallow negative scars, possibly post depositional. Length 81mm, width 49mm, tapering to 21mm, thickness 19mm and weight 102.2g.
Created on: Monday 6th December 2021
Last updated: Tuesday 12th April 2022
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LVPL-9334B0

Record ID: LVPL-9334B0
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Wirral
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete whetstone of uncertain date. The object is oval and made of a dark brown / red stone, rich in mica, posibly a local sandstone. The surface is marked with distinctive lines, indicative of its use as a whetstone. One face is roughly flat and is inscribed with a triangle the covers the whole width of the stone. The dating of whetstones is difficult as they were used from the Bronze Age to modern times. Dimensions: Length 91.95mm; width 40.91mm; thickess 29.4mm; weight 150.3g
Created on: Monday 8th November 2021
Last updated: Monday 8th November 2021
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Clatterbridge', grid reference and parish protected.


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