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    • Manufacture: Ground/polished

  • Thumbnail image of NLM-ECE803

Record ID: NLM-ECE803
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Pale grey local flint of indifferent quality, as kindly identified by the finder; polished axe. A large oval section polished axehead with a curved cutting edge mostly lost to ancient [patinated, in two large flakes] and later impact damage, and tapering to a narrower butt which is similarly damaged, though with some indications of light battering in antiquity. The upper and lower sides of the axe are lightly flattened or facetted. The finder notes that brown lines scratched on the surface represent the action of the ploughshare which has upended and damaged the object in the course of…
Created on: Wednesday 30th November 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 30th November 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Barnetby le Wold', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of YORYM-05794A

Record ID: YORYM-05794A
Object type: PERFORATED OBJECT
Broad period: MESOLITHIC
County: East Riding of Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete stone perforated object, dating to from the Mesolithic to the Bronze Age (c.9,000-1,600 BC). The stone is broadly square in plan, but tapers slightly to a terminal with a worn break. A circular concave area is present on each side just before the break, resulting in the oval cross section narrowing at the centre. This suggests that the stone has been partially perforated. One indent has a dark brown patina on some areas. The other terminal is oval in cross section and also terminates in a worn break. Stuart Ogilvy (geologist) has looked at the stone and belives it is a si…
Created on: Monday 7th November 2016
Last updated: Monday 7th November 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Near Driffield', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-24C7BA

Record ID: CORN-24C7BA
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete fine-grained sandstone or siltstone whetstone, rectangular in plan, profile and section. One of the wider faces is smooth and might have been used to sharpen blades, and the opposite face with an ovate recess, 42 mm long, 38 mm wide and 4 mm deep, was perhaps used as an anvil for crushing limpets, nuts or smaller foodstuffs. The finder has also found references to prehistoric stones with similar indentations that have been used as anvils for knapping flint from the Iberian peninsula. There are deep grooves on the smooth face that have been caused by later damage, possibly fr…
Created on: Thursday 27th October 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 9th November 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of YORYM-DE2E6E

Record ID: YORYM-DE2E6E
Object type: AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: East Riding of Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Neolithic stone axehead, dating to the period c.3500 - 2100 BC. The axehead is lenticular in cross-section and semi-circular in plan, with a break along its straight edge. Therefore most of the body and the butt end are missing. It narrows in thickness towards the blade, which is now very worn and has pieces missing. Chips are also present in the stone along the broken edge. The axehead fragment measures 63.67mm in length, 40.92mm in width, 20.87mm in thickness at its broken end and weighs 82g. The axe is comprised of a grey-green fine-grained siliceous tuff - a sedim…
Created on: Monday 24th October 2016
Last updated: Friday 4th November 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Near Driffield', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-8DB2C5

Record ID: HESH-8DB2C5
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A near complete ground and polished axehead formed of a very fine grained siliceous stone - probably a chert from the Cretaceous upper greensand horizon - of probable later Neolithic date (3000-2000 BC). The axe is knapped from a light grey / cream coloured chert with a milky white coloured surface patina. There is considerable mid orange staining across the reworked surface and this is possibly as a result in the burial environment - possibly indicating deposition within soils that are iron rich or have a predilection towards iron panning / waterlogging. The matrix of the stone is un…
Created on: Thursday 20th October 2016
Last updated: Thursday 20th October 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Broseley', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-8666A6

Record ID: PUBLIC-8666A6
Object type: HANDAXE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Oxfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a ground and polished stone hand axe of Neolithic date. The handaxe is broken at the cutting edge and at the butt end. The surface of the axe is granular but smooth with a distinct blue green hue. The type of stone has not been identified. The handaxe is broadly crescentic in cross section, with the outer surface convex and the inner concave. Grinding occurs after 4000 BC, so this axe is likely to have a date range of between 4000-2500 BC. Axes were ground using large stones used for the purpose. Grinding or polishing axes was a manfuacturing technique which produced…
Created on: Thursday 20th October 2016
Last updated: Thursday 20th October 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Lyford', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-E1ED34

Record ID: NLM-E1ED34
Object type: WHETSTONE
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone hone. Grey fine-grained stone, possibly a greywacke, whetstone. Small personal or portable hone with an aperture of diameter 5.5mm, probably drilled from both sides, at one end. Both ends are rounded but the main part of the object has four sides which meet each other at crisp arises. Two opposed sides are dished by wear, while the others retain the curve of the original stone. The fashion for whetstones perforated for wear from a belt or girdle is a feature of the Later Saxon/Anglo-Scandinavian period. This object does not display the characteristics of the imported stones whic…
Created on: Friday 30th September 2016
Last updated: Friday 30th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'near Caistor', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-B938B8

Record ID: NLM-B938B8
Object type: AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Grey-green vesicular stone, possible axehead blank fragment. A fragment from one end of a sub-rectangular billet with flat sides and curved at its one remaining corner, roughly bevelled at one end and smoothed or hollowed on its two largest sides. This was kindly suggested as a possible Greenstone fragment by Sandra Firth of the North Lincolnshire Pottery Research Group, which would suggest an association with the Group 6 axes of Langdale stone, which are common local finds. It is at all events an alien stone to the underlying geology of its find-spot. It may be a fragment of a rubber…
Created on: Wednesday 28th September 2016
Last updated: Friday 30th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'near Caistor', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-29C74E

Record ID: LANCUM-29C74E
Object type: BOOK FITTING
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete and damaged copper alloy, book clasp or fitting of the Late Medieval to Post Medieval period, dating from circa AD 1450 - circa AD 1700. The clasp is broadly rectangular in plan and rectangular in section. At one end is an extended vertical, cylindrical loop to hold the hasp bar which is still in place. To the left of this is a vertical rectangle consisting of diagonal incised lines, with a rope decoration inside. The object tapers in slightly, and there is a circular perforation, which holds the long attachment tack. The other end flares out and terminates in a sca…
Created on: Friday 9th September 2016
Last updated: Friday 9th September 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Holt', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of LANCUM-28C254

Record ID: LANCUM-28C254
Object type: MORTAR (VESSEL)
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Cumbria
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Extremely worn and incomplete stone mortar, probably dating from the medieval period, that is the 14th-15th century. The mortar was carved from a single block of white marble-like stone. Most of the surfaces now appear stained to a light tan colourand there is dirt clinging to the grooves and crevices. It does not appear finished as shallow gouge marks can still be seen and felt all over the outside and inside surfaces. The mortar is broadly circular in plan, the base is flat and measures 140mm in diameter while the top measured about 190mm in diameter. The sides are very slightly cur…
Created on: Friday 9th September 2016
Last updated: Saturday 1st October 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-186CD3

Record ID: CORN-186CD3
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fine-grained muscovite granite double-sided muller or rubbing stone. The muller is oval in plan, with one rounded complete end and one broken end, and flat in section. Both faces of the muller are flat and smooth as they were used for rubbing, but one side may have originally been convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is fine grained and contains muscovite or mica, tourmaline and felspars (see report below). The soft felspars would wo…
Created on: Thursday 8th September 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 14th September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of CORN-186044

Record ID: CORN-186044
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Cornwall
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Coarse biotite granite double-sided muller or rubbing stone. The muller is oval in plan, with two rounded ends, and flat in section. Both faces of the muller are flat and smooth as they were used for rubbing, but one side may have originally been convex so that it could be held and pushed across a base for grinding. The muller would have been used with a larger saddle quern to grind grain between the stones to make flour. The granite is coarse-grained inclusion and contains biotite or black mica, felspars and quartz (see report below). The soft felspars would work into hollows and the…
Created on: Thursday 8th September 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 14th September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of GLO-6EEA07

Record ID: GLO-6EEA07
Object type: PERFORATED OBJECT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A probable Bronze Age stone shafthole implement dating to the period c.2100 - 1250 BC. The item is broken in half across the centre of the shaft hole, the remaining portion is sub-ovular in plan and tapers from a central shaft hole to a very narrow terminal (just 16mm wide) that is slightly rounded. The shaft hole is formed by pecking from either side this has created an hourglass effect when viewed in cross-section, 17mm in the centre of the shaft and about 34cms at the top of both sides. Unfortunately because of the missing half it is impossible to define this item as a mace as oppo…
Created on: Wednesday 31st August 2016
Last updated: Monday 5th December 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of GLO-6F4CA8

Record ID: GLO-6F4CA8
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A stone cannon ball that dates to AD 1400-1700. The cannon ball is broadly spherical, though slightly misshapen, overall the ball has a diameter of 65mm and weighs 341.21g
Created on: Wednesday 31st August 2016
Last updated: Friday 2nd September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of GLO-6F45E6

Record ID: GLO-6F45E6
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Wiltshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A stone cannon ball that dates to AD 1400-1700. The ball is sub-spherical in form, with a very uneven surface, overall the ball has a diameter of 63mm and weighs 338.38g
Created on: Wednesday 31st August 2016
Last updated: Friday 2nd September 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-9FF8F4

Record ID: NLM-9FF8F4
Object type: POLISHED KNIFE
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: North Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Grey flint polished knife fragment. A chip from the side of a polished flint knife of thin lentoid section, with part of one straight cutting edge remaining and with a flat ?ventral surface. An edge which runs approximately at right angles to the polished edge is chamfered, probably by angled hard-hammer strike during an episode of reuse of this chip. Suggested date: Late Neolithic, 2700-2350 BC. Length: 22mm, Width: 24.1mm, Thickness: 4.3mm, Weight: 3.11gms
Created on: Thursday 28th July 2016
Last updated: Monday 1st August 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of PUBLIC-9D2712

Record ID: PUBLIC-9D2712
Object type: MOUNT
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Lincolnshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A possibly Roman stone setting. The stone is a domed shape with a small section of the side chipped away. The exterior surface of the stone is polished with a marble-like texture and look. There are a few dents and cracks in the surface.
Created on: Thursday 28th July 2016
Last updated: Monday 14th November 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of LVPL-882DAE

Record ID: LVPL-882DAE
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Wirral
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A polished stone axe of Neolithic date, (3500-2100BC). The object is teardrop (or pointed oval) in plan and oval in cross-section. It has been ground and polished smooth and is pitted in places down one face. The axe has a wide cutting edge and is a mottled dark brown - black in colour.
Created on: Wednesday 27th July 2016
Last updated: Wednesday 2nd November 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Bidston', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: NMS-E50239
Object type: POLISHED AXEHEAD
Broad period: NEOLITHIC
County: Norfolk
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Butt end from a partially ground and polished Neolithic flint axe, with flake scars apparently from hard hammer direct percussion. It was broken transversely in antiquity by a bending fracture presumably whilst in use. The flint is mottled grey with the lighter coloured parts (including the break) slightly patinated light brown. 65 x 50 x 32 mm. c.4000 - c.2350 BC.
Created on: Tuesday 19th July 2016
Last updated: Tuesday 19th July 2016
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of NLM-E7B47B

Record ID: NLM-E7B47B
Object type: MULLER
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: North Yorkshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Stone rubber. An irregular cobble of fine grained tan coloured compacted sandstone, smoothed by water which has exposed natural bedding planes, and probably also by use-wear and handling. One end is flattened and the form of this stone lends itself to a grip between thumb and forefinger if the flat face were to be used. This belongs to a series of improvised rubbers and smoothers whose currency was probably catholic, but which are especially associated with contexts dated to between the Later Iron Age and the Early Medieval period. A range of uses, for example as kitchen or dyestuff m…
Created on: Thursday 7th July 2016
Last updated: Monday 11th July 2016
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Burton Salmon', grid reference and parish protected.


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