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    • Institution: HESH
    • Primary material: Iron

  • Thumbnail image of HESH-5D2C4A

Record ID: HESH-5D2C4A
Object type: NAIL
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Large hand wrought iron nail with a large boss like square shaped head with a distinctive D shaped cross section. The shank of the nail is square and broken. The surface of the nail suffers from active laminating corrosion. A direct parallel has not been found, but the shear size suggests that it was not for domestic furniture, instead it is suggested that it might be an iron nail from a studded timber door, or possibly from a boat. A date is also difficult to suggest - it is possibly ancient but as it is hand made it could date from as late as 1900. The iron nail measures, 50.3mm len…
Created on: Tuesday 17th April 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 21st August 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'River Perry', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-638172

Record ID: HESH-638172
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Small cannon ball of probable Post-Medieval (English Civil War) dating to c. AD 1600 - 1700. The cannon ball is spherical. It has been made in iron which has been presumably cast. The ball is of a dark brown colour with orange flecks, small areas of slight flaking and active corrosion. The cannon ball is in fairly good condition and with no obvious dents or grazes which might suggest use. Due to its size it may have been made for a hand-held cannon (possibly a dragon or serpentine) rather than for a standard sized cannon. It measures diameter 33.5mm and weighs 143 grams.
Created on: Monday 23rd January 2017
Last updated: Thursday 14th September 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Cockshutt', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-F6D40A

Record ID: HESH-F6D40A
Object type: ASSEMBLAGE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An assemblage comprising 31 metal objects probably dating to the 17th - 18th Centuries. The assemblage includes: Three staples Eighteen iron nails Two pieces of carbonised material believed to be coke Eight pieces of metalwork tools including: 2 x knife blade fragment, 1 x iron hammer head, 1 x curved knife, 1 x handle for an iron implement, 1 x pointing trowel and 2 x iron pot sherds. The carbonised material is a small sample of a much larger assemblage that has been viewed by the finder on this site. There has been no evidence of pottery on the site or other diagnosti…
Created on: Tuesday 28th April 2015
Last updated: Tuesday 26th May 2015
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-128F1C

Record ID: HESH-128F1C
Object type: AXE
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Worcestershire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron axe, axehead or hatchet of uncertain date possibly Medieval - post medieval date (1000 - 1800 AD). The axe is broadly sub-rectangular in plan with an irregular shaped expanded blade that has a pronounced downward projection. The socket of the axe is broken formed by the tail of the axe being folded and welded; the socket was a sub-triangular in shape. The butt of the axe is lost. The internal face of the socket has the remains of iron impregnated wood imbedded within the corrosion. As the blade expands in width it tapers in section; forming a wide even cutting edge. The bevel…
Created on: Thursday 22nd January 2015
Last updated: Sunday 29th November 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Piddle', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-C26546

Record ID: HESH-C26546
Object type: BLOOM
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron ingot or billet formed from a hammer shaped bloom of probable Early Medieval - early Post Medieval date (AD 550-1550). The ingot is broadly rectangular in plan and triangular in cross section. It has an uneven surface patina and the surviving surface has a series of oval scars, most likely from the spalling of surface corrosion. One end has a flattened and polished removal where the surface had been tested by the finder with an angle grinder. This test suggested that it was formed from wrought iron. Where this test has been undertaken a series of shallow cracks extend in the s…
Created on: Wednesday 2nd April 2014
Last updated: Monday 23rd January 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-1A7B44

Record ID: HESH-1A7B44
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Published Find published
An iron socketed spearhead, possible eel spear, of post medieval date(1600-1800). The spearhead consists of 6 prongs formed from a single sheet of iron which has been spilt into two pieces, and then made into 3 prongs. The ends of each prong have triangular points. The spear is in fairly good condition. It is a dark brown orange colour with areas of flaking and active corrosion. The spear measures 208.8mm long and 83.1mm wide and 10.1mm thick. The diameter of the socket is 21.7mm. The spearhead weighs 200 grams.
Created on: Thursday 13th March 2014
Last updated: Tuesday 17th July 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-1A5D66

Record ID: HESH-1A5D66
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron cannon ball of post-medieval (probably English Civil War) date (1600-1700AD). The cannonball is sub-spherical with a diameter of 59.7mm mm. It weighs 6.8 kilograms (15lbs). It is made of iron which has been presumably cast - although the seams cannot be seen. The ball is of a mid-brown orange colour with areas of flaking and active corrosion. The cannon ball is in fairly good condition with no evidence of pitting. If the ball has been fired then it hasn't been damaged - suggesting it didn't hit anything substantial. The size of the ball suggests that it was possibly for a 5.5 …
Created on: Thursday 13th March 2014
Last updated: Wednesday 21st May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-CA47E4

Record ID: HESH-CA47E4
Object type: HORSESHOE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Three wrought iron horseshoe of probable later medieval, post-medieval or modern date (1400-1800). All the horseshoe are U shaped in plan with flared and enlarged terminals or heals; in cross section the shoe is sub-rectangular (rectangular with rounded corners. All the shoes have suffered with laminating corrosion that has destroyed their outsurfaces. This has removed what-ever detail present - slight traces of partial fullering can be seen on each branch of the shoes. Fullering is the creation of a U shaped groove through which the nail holes were punched. The horseshoe has an encrus…
Created on: Wednesday 20th November 2013
Last updated: Monday 15th October 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: HESH-B5A5C4
Object type: SPUR
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment from an iron spur of probable late medieval or post medieval (1300-1700) date. The fragment consists of the two arms (both broken, and corroded) and also the upper part of the neck that leads to the rowel box which is lost. The arms of the spur are both broken approximately half way along their lengths, the edges are eroded and corroded. Both arms are D shaped in cross section. The area defined by the arms is very slight although movement in the soil might have made this narrower. The neck of the spur is formed at the mid point - in section it is rectangular. There is no evid…
Created on: Wednesday 26th June 2013
Last updated: Thursday 5th December 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Oswestry', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-07DFE4

Record ID: HESH-07DFE4
Object type: SPEAR
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Powys
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A wrought iron spearhead of unknown date - most probably Roman (50 -300 AD) but could date from the Roman - Medieval periods (50-1450) The spearhead is irregular in shape being encased within iron corrosion - it has broken into two parts and the metal in section is also laminating - making the piece very fragile. The spearhead is best described as having a slender profile with a slight leaf shaped blade. Due to corrosion it is not possible to say whether the spear has a discernible mid rib as the cross section is too heavily distorted. The blade has a broken and blunted point. The …
Created on: Tuesday 18th June 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 9th July 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'New Radnor', grid reference and parish protected.


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Record ID: HESH-E5E2C3
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An irregular sub-spherical shaped piece of iron shot / small cannon ball probably of post medieval / civil war date (1600-1700 AD). The ball is of a mid-purplish brown colour with small areas of flaking and active corrosion. The cannon ball is in fairly good condition and with no obvious dents or grazes which might suggest use. It is slightly elliptical but there are no impact marks. The size is small but most probably used in a small cannon called a Falcon (with a 2.5" bore and a ball that weighed 2lbs). Falcons were light and relatively robust being used for close fighting where the…
Created on: Friday 15th February 2013
Last updated: Monday 25th March 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Image not taken

Record ID: HESH-CEFFA3
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron cannon ball of post-medieval (probably English Civil War) date (1600-1700AD). The cannonball is sub-spherical with a diameter of c. 4.3 inches [4 inches 3/16]) or 110mm. It weighs 6.8 kilograms (15lbs). It is made of iron which has been presumably cast - although the seams cannot be seen. The ball is of a mid-brown orange colour with areas of flaking and active corrosion. The cannon ball is in fairly good condition; however, there are a number of areas which exhibit pitting, denting, and grazes. This damage is as a direct result of the exposing of casting flaws by corrosion wh…
Created on: Wednesday 21st November 2012
Last updated: Tuesday 27th November 2012
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-3C1A62

Record ID: HESH-3C1A62
Object type: SHOT
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Telford and Wrekin
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An irregular spherical shaped piece of iron shot / small cannon ball probably of post medieval / civil war date (1600-1700 AD). The ball is of a mid-brown purplish colour with small areas of flaking and active corrosion. It has been consolidated by applying hammerite - or similar rust proof surface. The shot is in fairly good condition and with no obvious dents or grazes which might suggest use. The size is small either suggesting it was used as grape shot or that it was for a small hand-held cannon (possibly a rabinet (1inch bore) or serpentine (1 ½ inch bore). The diameter of the ba…
Created on: Friday 2nd November 2012
Last updated: Tuesday 20th March 2018
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Newport', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-57EED1

Record ID: HESH-57EED1
Object type: KEY (LOCKING)
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron key of probable later medieval date (1350 - 1500). When found (c. 1970's) the key was heavily corroded and has since been cleaned and all corrosion products removed. The key is complete and broadly sub rectangular in plan. It consists of an irregular oval (kidney) shaped loop which extends into a irregular broadly square sectioned bar (shank). The edges of this section are faceted / chamfered (although it is difficult to be sure due to it being cleaned) and the section tapers along its length. From the lower edge of the shank a sub-rectangular bit projects. The bit is broadly …
Created on: Wednesday 10th October 2012
Last updated: Monday 11th March 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-A0BF71

Record ID: HESH-A0BF71
Object type: KEY (LOCKING)
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete hand made iron rotary key of probable medieval date (1150 - 1400 AD). The key is irregular in plan and cross section. Being made out of iron, it was probably forged. The key can be described in several sections: The bow or handle, shank and bit. The bow consists of a vertical oval, with a circular cross section. It is 46.6mm tall and 29.3mm wide. The shank is attached to the bow at the mid point of the right hand side. Opposite that on the left hand side, there is a slight swelling on the inside surface. The shank consists of an rod, rectangular in plan and circular in cross…
Created on: Thursday 15th December 2011
Last updated: Tuesday 3rd July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-94B533

Record ID: HESH-94B533
Object type: CANNON BALL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Telford and Wrekin
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Iron Cannon ball. possibly from a falcon Dimension: Width 6.3cm x 5.8 cm Weight 710gm.
Created on: Tuesday 8th November 2011
Last updated: Tuesday 10th December 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Newport', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-175D84

Record ID: HESH-175D84
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete two-piece variant style trumpet brooch of Roman date (50-150AD). The brooch seems to be made of iron, which is highly irregular, it is possible that the brooch is in-fact cast copper alloy which has iron wire inlays, however, it is the recorders opinion that the piece is far too magnetic for this to be an adequate hypothesis. The bow of the brooch has a distinctly angular profile and an angular D shaped cross section. The bow conjoins with a D shaped rectangular head and tapers along its length, most notably aft the mid-point. There is no foot-knop but a small fragment of c…
Created on: Thursday 28th July 2011
Last updated: Tuesday 15th January 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Richards Castle', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-BC24D3

Record ID: HESH-BC24D3
Object type: SLAG
Broad period: ROMAN
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Small fragment of iron slag of unknown date. The associated material (being both Roman and also Post Medieval date) suggest that the context of this find is from is either mixed or has a post medieval intrusion; therefore a wide Roman - Post Medieval date is attributed to this find (50-1800 AD). The slag is slightly magnetic and has an orange coloured corrosion product associated. Where it is broken a honeycomb like internal matrix / structure is revealed. The fragment measures 22mm length, is 11.4mm width, 13.2mm thick and weighs 3.41 grams.
Created on: Thursday 12th May 2011
Last updated: Sunday 10th March 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Madley', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-795491

Record ID: HESH-795491
Object type: UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Shropshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A hand wrought iron artefact of probably later medieval or post medieval date (1400-1800 AD). The exact nature and function of this artefact is unknown, some suggestions are made below, however the two most convincing suggestions are that it is a crude pole weapon, or that it is a functional handmade tool for agricultural or industrial working. The artefact is made from two pieces of forged iron which have been hammer-welded together. The blade is irregular in shape; it is possible that the metal was shaped to form two cutting edges. The blade is slotted into a V shaped wedge and weld…
Created on: Wednesday 9th March 2011
Last updated: Tuesday 15th March 2011
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of HESH-F0FE65

Record ID: HESH-F0FE65
Object type: FERRULE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: County of Herefordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An iron ferrule of unknown date, most likely post medieval 1650 - 1850 (although there is an outside chance that it maybe Roman). The ferrule is formed from a single length of iron sheet that has been formed into a conical sheath; a sub-rectangular projection is present on the upper edge. This is pierced and a small iron rivet is present to secure the ferrule to the shaft. A single split is present along ¾ of the length. The socket is filled with iron enriched soil. This ferrule does not match any illustrated in Manning's: British Museum Catalogue of Romano-British Iron Tools an…
Created on: Sunday 6th February 2011
Last updated: Thursday 7th March 2013
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Leintwardine', grid reference and parish protected.


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