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    • Institution: ESS

  • Thumbnail image of ESS-48ECB1

Record ID: ESS-48ECB1
Object type: SEAL MATRIX
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Lead alloy circular seal matrix. Face features an inscription in outer border. Double cross or 8-pointed star in the centre. Inscription appears to be S' IOh' EDWINC or EDWIN C. This suggests the seal was that of a John Edwinc or Edwin. The back is plain with the remains of a raised nodule. ​Dimensions: weight: 24.1g, diameter: 29.1mm, thickness: 3.8mm
Created on: Monday 16th October 2017
Last updated: Monday 16th October 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-B01842

Record ID: ESS-B01842
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Hertfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete cast copper-alloy circular plate brooch​ of early Roman date (c. AD 43 to 60). The brooch consists of a flat circular central portion with a border and two sinuous stylised dolphins on either side. The disc is recessed for enamel though none survives. The dolphins are joined to the brooch on their underside, facing downwards, with their tails curving up and away from the disc before curving back down on themselves and re-attaching to the disk higher up. The surface patina is dark green and dark brown in places with some evidence of tinning or silvering on the disc border…
Created on: Monday 21st August 2017
Last updated: Monday 21st August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-AC1024

Record ID: ESS-AC1024
Object type: COIN
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Hertfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Silver halfgroat of Henry VIII (1509-1547), North 1850, Southwark mint, c. 1544-47. Obverse: Extremely worn, partial bust and top of crown just visible. Legend partial but 'D G AGL' is visible. Reverse: long cross fourchee over roal shield. Roman 'E' mint mark, CIVITAS LONDON
Created on: Monday 21st August 2017
Last updated: Monday 21st August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6FDFE3

Record ID: ESS-6FDFE3
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: ROMAN
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete cast copper-alloy Roman dolphin type brooch dating from c. AD 75 - 175. The item consists of an intact bow and catchplate, partial wings and much of the head. Along the bow there is a central raised ridge which extends along the top of the head. The inside of the wings are hollow and there is a hole in the central plate in the centre of the wings which would have held the spring pin. ​Dimensions: weight: 4.23g, width: 16.7mm, length: 36.6mm
Created on: Friday 18th August 2017
Last updated: Friday 18th August 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6FD079

Record ID: ESS-6FD079
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: ROMAN
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete cast copper-alloy Roman dolphin type brooch dating from c. AD 75 - 175. The item is missing large portions and all that remains is the head, wings and a small part of the bow. Along the bow there is a central raised ridge which extends along the top of the head. The inside of the wings are hollow and there is a partial hole in the plate in the centre of the wings which would have held the spring pin. ​Dimensions: weight: 2.46g, width: 18.8mm, length: 19.2mm
Created on: Friday 18th August 2017
Last updated: Friday 18th August 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6F892F

Record ID: ESS-6F892F
Object type: TOKEN
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A lead alloy token of medieval to post medieval date. The token is decorated though the motifs are very unclear. It appears that one side features a cross or wheel-like object. The item has a light brown patina. Tokens were easy to make and distributed widely throughout a large period of time; therefore, they are difficult to date precisely. Those decorated to resemble Medieval long cross pennies continued to be circulated throughout both the Medieval and Post Medieval periods and a general date of c. AD 1250-1800 is given. They have a huge range of designs which were not necessarily …
Created on: Friday 18th August 2017
Last updated: Friday 18th August 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6F597A

Record ID: ESS-6F597A
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Post-medieval cast copper-alloy double loop buckle with attachment plate and stud still intact. The buckle is complete though the pin is missing, and features two identical loops on either side of a strap bar, to which a flat plate is attached with stud upstanding at the end. The loops are sub-oval in shape and the sides of the buckle curve inwards towards one another, becoming narrowest at the attachment point with the strap bar. The surface features moulded decoration in the form of many transverse ridges across the surface of both loops. There are also two moulded knops on each sid…
Created on: Friday 18th August 2017
Last updated: Friday 18th August 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6F1FCC

Record ID: ESS-6F1FCC
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragmentary cast copper-alloy buckle of the spectacle typle. Only one loop of the original double loop design remains. The buckle is 'D'- shaped in cross section with moulded knops on either end of the strap bar. There are also two moulded transverse bands on the mid portion of the outermost part of the loop, where the pin would rest if the item was intact. Similar buckles to this have been dated to c. 1550-1650. See Whitehead, pg 61 for comparative examples. ​Dimensions: weight: 4.43g, width: 26.0mm, length: 27.4mm, thickness: 2.6mm ​​References: Whitehead, R. 2003. ​Buckles…
Created on: Friday 18th August 2017
Last updated: Friday 18th August 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6ED8CC

Record ID: ESS-6ED8CC
Object type: BUTTON
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper-alloy button of probable 16th century age. The button head is plano-convex and features a moulded design in relief on the face. This takes the form of a sun-burst motif of eight swirled arms emanating from a central point. On the back there is an integral shank with a drilled hole in the centre for attachement to garments.For a similar artefact, see Read no. 116, which derived from a c. 16th century context. See also PAS record LIN-F77A68 for a near identical artefact. ​Dimensions: weight: 2.75g, diameter of button head: 11.4mm, thickness of head: 4.1mm, length including…
Created on: Friday 18th August 2017
Last updated: Friday 18th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6EB1EF

Record ID: ESS-6EB1EF
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragmentary post-medieval buckle of the spectacle type. The item is cast copper-alloy, and retains only one loop of an original double looped design. The buckle is 'D' shaped in cross section. There is evidence of moulded knops at either end of the strap bar, just before the point at which the other loop has broken off. The item has a green/grey patina, and the surface of the buckle is plain and undecorated. Likely date is c. 1500-1650. See Whitehead, pg 54 for comparisons ​Dimensions: weight: 1.14g, width: 17.6mm, height: 20.0mm, thickness: 2.5mm ​References: Whitehead, R. 200…
Created on: Friday 18th August 2017
Last updated: Friday 18th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6E6AD9

Record ID: ESS-6E6AD9
Object type: COIN
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Silver halfpenny of James I (1603-1625). North 2078, tun initial mark, c. 1615-16. Obverse: Portcullis with tun initial mark above, all inside a beaded border. Reverse: Cross moline with three pellets in each angle.
Created on: Friday 18th August 2017
Last updated: Friday 18th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6E3CF7

Record ID: ESS-6E3CF7
Object type: COIN
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy rose farthing of Charles I (1625-1649). North 2291, Rose type 2, c. 1634-36. Obverse: Single arched crown with two sceptres in saltaire through it. Legend illegible. Reverse: Single rose surmounted by single arched crown.
Created on: Friday 18th August 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 6th September 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6CF228

Record ID: ESS-6CF228
Object type: COIN
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy rose farthing of Charles I (1625-1649). Type unknown, c. 1634-1636. Obverse: Very worn, crown visible. Reverse: Single rose surmounted by crown. Both obverse and reverse legends are too worn to read.
Created on: Friday 18th August 2017
Last updated: Wednesday 6th September 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6C9D05

Record ID: ESS-6C9D05
Object type: COIN
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Silver voided long-cross cut halfpenny of Henry III (1216-1272). Class 3a. Mint unsure but possibly Winchester. Minted c. 1248-50. Obverse: crowned bust facing without sceptre. [hENRICVS] REX : II[I] Reverse: Voided long-cross dividing legend. Legend unclear but appears to include INC or INE
Created on: Friday 18th August 2017
Last updated: Friday 18th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1E786D

Record ID: ESS-1E786D
Object type: MOUNT
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy mount or fitting. The item is sub-circular in shape and features seven punched holes in the surface, each around a central circular indentation, which may have featured a small hole in the centre to hold a rivet or pin. The item is thin in section, and is likely to have been made from hammered copper-alloy sheet. The item's precise use is unknown, though an estimated age is given as medieval, due to similarities in punched designs seen elsewhere. Dimensions: 1.04g, width: 23.6mm, thickness: 1.1mm
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 17th August 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1E7444

Record ID: ESS-1E7444
Object type: VESSEL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper alloy vessel leg fragment. The foot is cast and takes the form of a lion's paw. A drilled hole is set centrally on a U-shaped tab, which would have been in contact with the vessel bottom. The lion was a popular symbol of British imperial power throughout the 19th century. Suggested date: Post-Medieval, c. 1800-1900. For a similar example on the database, see NLM-8C13D7
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 17th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1E68C8

Record ID: ESS-1E68C8
Object type: MOUNT
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Cast copper-alloy bar mount, likely Medieval in date, c. 1200-1400. The item is an elongated oval in shape with an extended thinner oval knop protruding from one end, and a bent flange extending at a right angle from the other. The flange is separated from the main body of the mount by a raised transverse ridge across the surface of the bar. The surface features moulded relief decoration and some evidence of gilding remains. There are two rivet holes; one near to either end of the mount. The item is convex on the surface, and D-shaped in profile. The underside is flat and undecorated…
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 17th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1E6591

Record ID: ESS-1E6591
Object type: AXE
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Blade tip of a Bronze Age axe. The item is fragmentary and only the curved blade edge of the axe remains. This makes it difficult to identify and date precisely, though it is likely, due to the metal composition and form, that the fragment is Bronze Age in date, c. 2350 - 800BC. The blade tip is lentoid in cross section, with the edges being the thinnest point (1.1mm), and the thickness gradually tapering toward the centre and away from the edge. ​Dimensions: weight: 28.44g, length: 59.1mm, width: 19.6mm, thickness at thickest point: 7.1mm
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 17th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1E6205

Record ID: ESS-1E6205
Object type: STRAP END
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy tongue shaped two-piece strap end. Early Medieval in date, c. 450-600AD. The item is fragmentary and only the end of the piece remains. There is a small rivet still intact near to the curved edge of the piece, securing both plates in place. The upper plate, which mirrors the shape of the larger back-plate though smaller, is decorated on the upper surface. Much of the detail is now lost. However, there is some remaining decorative material in the form of silvering or tinning. ​Dimensions: weight: 1.06g, length: 17.8mm, width: 9.7mm
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 17th August 2017
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1E57B9

Record ID: ESS-1E57B9
Object type: TOILET ARTICLE
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Hertfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy toilet article of Roman date c. AD43-410. The item is likely a Roman ligula or a similar small implement used for cosmetic purposes. It features a cylindrical shaft which tapers toward a thinner flattened end where the 'scoop' portion is located. The scoop itself is circular and is slightly dished, forming a concavity in the centre. The shaft is bent in a curved right-angle at the opposite end to the scoop, and the tip of this end appears to be broken, suggesting that the item was originally longer. ​Dimensions: weight: 1.4g, length: 37.6mm, width: 4.5mm, thickness: 2.2
Created on: Wednesday 2nd August 2017
Last updated: Thursday 17th August 2017
Spatial data recorded.


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