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    • Institution: ESS

  • Thumbnail image of ESS-9AE789

Record ID: ESS-9AE789
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Hertfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy Roman brooch of the Colchester derivative 'two-piece' type, dating to the period c. AD 40 - 70. The brooch is almost complete, though is missing the catchplate and pin. The bow is ridged and features a central spine which heightens toward the head where two parallel ridges also appear at either side.. There is a 'V' shaped notch in the spine at the crest of the bow head which separates the bow portion from the double pierced lug. The upper lug hole holds the chord of the spring mechanism, whilst the lower holds the axial bar. The wings of the brooch head are semi-cylind…
Created on: Tuesday 7th August 2018
Last updated: Thursday 13th September 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-9A477C

Record ID: ESS-9A477C
Object type: SEAL MATRIX
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Hertfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy seal matrix of Medieval date, c. 13th - 14th century. The matrix is pointed oval in shape and slightly oval in section. The die features an indented design depicting a bird with a star and crescent above it. The die is bordered with a legend. The underside of the matrix is plain and undecorated, and features a looped attachment at one point. Dimensions: weight: 5.7g, length: 31.2mm, width: 20.2mm, thickness: 2.2mm, thickness (inc loop): 6.5mm
Created on: Tuesday 7th August 2018
Last updated: Thursday 13th September 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-86FB72

Record ID: ESS-86FB72
Object type: COIN WEIGHT
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Hertfordshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A square two sided coin weight, likely for a French half ecu, dating to the period AD 1422 - 1545. One face depicts a beaded circle inside which is a crowned shield with three lis is inside. The other face is heavily worn but likely had a numeral inside a beaded circular border. There appears to be a letter 'A' visible inside the beaded border, close to the edge. Dimensions: weight: 1.2g, width: 13.1mm, length: 13.5mm, thickness: 1.2mm These weights were used to weight the French ecu and half ecu, issued with minor weight variation between the reigns of Charles VII ( 1422-61) and Lou…
Created on: Monday 6th August 2018
Last updated: Monday 6th August 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-9CA18E

Record ID: ESS-9CA18E
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy Roman radiate of probably Tetricus II (AD 271-274). Unknown reverse type. Unknown mint
Created on: Thursday 26th July 2018
Last updated: Monday 30th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1FA69B

Record ID: ESS-1FA69B
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: PALAEOLITHIC
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Worked flint of deep brown/beige colour. There is working around most edges of the flake. When viewed from the ventral face, there is an extremely prominent bulb 'ripple' pattern, suggesting a forceful flake removal. The entire edge of the flake has been 'backed' or retouched by steep sided removals which blunt the edge of the flake. This backing is extremely prominent on the lower right edge when viewed from the ventral face where removals have completely blunted and thickened the edge resulting in a 9.5mm thick edge. The striking platform has also been worked with invasive scaled r…
Created on: Friday 20th July 2018
Last updated: Thursday 26th July 2018
No spatial data available.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1F6B9C

Record ID: ESS-1F6B9C
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Partially worked flake of grey flint, likely dating to the late Neolithic/early Bronze Age, c. 3000 - 1500 BC. There is retouch along the upper left edge when viewed from the ventral face which is scaled and thins the flake edge slightly. The right edge of the ventral face also shows evidence of retouch, along the bottom edge forming a shallow crescent. The upper right edge of the ventral face is straight and diagonal. When viewed from the dorsal face this edge is backed almost all along its length, with only a small portion in the middle showing no evidence of retouch. The retouch a…
Created on: Friday 20th July 2018
Last updated: Monday 23rd July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1F247F

Record ID: ESS-1F247F
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Primary flake which has been utilised as a scraper or other lithic hand-held tool. The flake's dorsal surface is covered almost entirely by cortex, suggesting it was struck as a primary flake without any prior removals on the dorsal surface. It is likely that the flake was utilised opportunistically, as there is little in terms of retouch. Where retouch is seen, primarily on the mid right edge when viewed from the dorsal face, it takes the form of parallel removals forming a steep 'backed' edge. This was likely done to blunt this portion of the edge. The retouch continues, though to a…
Created on: Friday 20th July 2018
Last updated: Thursday 26th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1EF776

Record ID: ESS-1EF776
Object type: LITHIC IMPLEMENT
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Possible debitage flake with evidence of some edge flaking. Likely early Bronze Age in date, c. 2500 - 1500 BC. The ventral face is uneven and mottled, though the right edge does show evidence of retouch in a parallel scaled fashion at the section nearest the butt. The retouch seems to continue along the right side for the length of the flak, though is not as clearly defined toward the tip. The dorsal face shows evidence of removals toward the butt and along the right side of the arris. These are not as regular as the small retouch on the ventral face. It is likely that the sma…
Created on: Friday 20th July 2018
Last updated: Monday 23rd July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-0643C5

Record ID: ESS-0643C5
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy Roman Sestertius of unknown ruler and date, c. AD 50 - 260 Obverse is extremely worn but bust facing right can be made out. Reverse is too worn to decipher. Inscriptions are illegible. Dimensions: weight: 14.4g, diameter: 28.2mm, thickness: 4.1mm
Created on: Thursday 19th July 2018
Last updated: Thursday 19th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-0630CD

Record ID: ESS-0630CD
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy Roman As or Dupondius of unknown ruler and date, c. AD 40 - 260 Both faces too worn to decipher. Inscriptions are illegible. Dimensions: weight: 4.1g, diameter: 21.6mm, thickness: 2.8mm
Created on: Thursday 19th July 2018
Last updated: Thursday 19th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-061FE7

Record ID: ESS-061FE7
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy Roman As or Dupondius of unknown ruler and date. Obverse is bust facing right. Reverse is too worn to decipher. Inscriptions are illegible. Dimensions: weight: 5.8g, diameter: 24.0mm, thickness: 2.7mm
Created on: Thursday 19th July 2018
Last updated: Thursday 19th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E06326

Record ID: ESS-E06326
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy Roman nummus of the House of Constantine, dating to the period AD 324-330 (Reece period 16). PROVIDENTIAE CAESS reverse type depicting camp gateway with two turrets, star above. Mint of Trier.
Created on: Tuesday 17th July 2018
Last updated: Monday 30th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-DFEFAE

Record ID: ESS-DFEFAE
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy Roman nummus of the House of Constantine, struck under Constantine II (AD 337-340) in the name of Helena, dating to the period AD 337-341 (Reece period 17). PAX PVBLICA reverse type depicting Pax standing left holding spear and branch. Mint unknown
Created on: Tuesday 17th July 2018
Last updated: Monday 30th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-DFC5A3

Record ID: ESS-DFC5A3
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy Roman nummus of the House of Constantine, dating to the period AD 335-341 (Reece period 17). GLORIA EXERTICVS reverse type depicting two soldiers and one standard. Mint unclear
Created on: Tuesday 17th July 2018
Last updated: Monday 30th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-DF203A

Record ID: ESS-DF203A
Object type: JETTON
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Post Medieval Nuremberg copper-alloy Jetton of Hans Kravwinckel II, AD 1562-1635. Obverse shows three Lis and three crowns alternating around a six heart shaped petal rose with pellet at centre. Only the letters IN remain. The rest of the flan is missing. Reverse shows imperial orb with a cross on top surrounded by a tressure of three main arches with three outward points between. This is surrounded by a pelleted border. Only the letters IV remain. The rest of the flan is missing. The Jetton is 16.9mm in diameter and weighs 0.5g.
Created on: Tuesday 17th July 2018
Last updated: Thursday 19th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-DE1060

Record ID: ESS-DE1060
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A copper-alloy Sestertius of The Empress Sabina Ad128-137. Wife of Hadrian. (Reece Period 6) The obverse shows bust facing right with plaited hair. This dates the coin to later than AD130 as the hairstyle changed after Sabrina visited Egypt. An A is visible to the top right of the bust. The reverse shows Ceres seated left. SC type. Could possibly be Concordia but detail is lacking. No legible inscription survives on either side. The coin is 29.5mm in diameter, 4.3mm thick and weighs 15.1g.
Created on: Tuesday 17th July 2018
Last updated: Thursday 19th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-C7C9E9

Record ID: ESS-C7C9E9
Object type: VESSEL
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Fragment of a cast copper-alloy vessel leg or stand, dating to the Medieval period c. 1400 - 1600. The leg is triangular in section and widens toward the top edge. The top edge is curved to hold the underside of a curved metal vessel. There is a slight flange edge along one side of the curved upper edge. Immediately below the curved edge there is a 'socketed' section which is thinner in thickness than the 'leg' or lower portion of the vessel stand. Copper alloy vessels were used from the medieval period until the 19th century though cast Iron pots became increasingly prevalent from t…
Created on: Monday 16th July 2018
Last updated: Monday 23rd July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-C79C0E

Record ID: ESS-C79C0E
Object type: BELL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Incomplete cast copper-alloy rumbler or 'crotal' bell. The bell is spherical and cast in two hemispheres. Much of the bell is now missing as it has been damaged. The bell dates to the Psot Medieval period, c. 1500 - 1800. The decoration on the surface is cast and consists lines radiating perpendicular to the central joint. A sounding hole is still present on one hemisphere. The outer surface is coated in white metal, giving the bell a silvery appearance. The top of the bell shows the remains of a damaged terminal loop. The inside of the bell has a green patina. Dimensions: weight: …
Created on: Monday 16th July 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 17th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-C69567

Record ID: ESS-C69567
Object type: MOUNT
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Copper-alloy sheet metal mount dating from the late medieval to post-medieval period, c. 1400-1650. The mount is square shaped with rounded corners. The centre of the mount is raised in a convex boss. Each corner has a drilled circular rivet hole, and along each edge are two punched circular designs. The underside is convex where the boss is present on the upper surface. The mount was possibly a book mount, used to the protect the outer surfaces of delicately bound books from damage when stored in a library. The patina is dark green with some red. The mount is damaged and bent. Dim…
Created on: Monday 16th July 2018
Last updated: Tuesday 17th July 2018
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6217F2

Record ID: ESS-6217F2
Object type: STUD
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
Circular or disc shaped stud of probable Early Medieval date. The item is cast in copper-alloy, and shows evidence of a short remaining length of a sub-rectangular arm attached to the disc, measuring approx 3.7mm in length. The angular form of the outside edge of the circle would suggest that there were further attachments which have now been lost. The surface of the stud is decorated with a punched or incised ring and dot motif. There are 6 ringed dots encircling a central ringed dot. The underside is flat with a pyramidial shaped stud emerging horizontally from the centre of the di…
Created on: Wednesday 11th July 2018
Last updated: Thursday 19th July 2018
No spatial data available.


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