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    • Secondary identifier (obfuscated for security): PAS51FA33720012DE
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  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D3E122

Record ID: ESS-D3E122
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A probable cast lead weight of uncertain date. The artefact is sub rectangular with a sub rectangular cross section. It is undecorated with a slightly pitted surface. It measures 13mm in length and weighs 13.12g. Lead weights, along with spindle whorls were commonly used from the Iron Age through to the Post Medieval period and are difficult to date with any certainty. Undecorated examples cannot be securely dated without supporting contextual evidence.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E4A557

Record ID: ESS-E4A557
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast lead weight or possible spindle whorl of uncertain date. The weight is hemispherical with a flat base, circular in plan and convex top. It has a sub circular hole drilled through the centre. It is undecorated and covered with pitting and scratch marks. The weight has a cream-grey patination. It weighs 21.39g. Lead weights, along with spindle whorls were commonly used from the Iron Age through to the Post Medieval period and are difficult to date with any certainty. Undecorated examples cannot be securely dated without supporting contextual evidence.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E922F6

Record ID: ESS-E922F6
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
County: Cambridgeshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast lead weight or gaming piece, dating to the Early Medieval period (850 - 950 AD). The object is in the form of a truncated cone, circular base and tapering sides, with a flattened top. Five knops projection from the top, giving the object a castellated appearance. It measures 32mm in diameter. A similar example is recorded on this database; FAKL-CED235.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E93E46

Record ID: ESS-E93E46
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Cambridgeshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast lead weight or possible spindle whorl of uncertain date. The weight is hemispherical and circular in plan, with a concave base and convex top. It has a sub circular hole drilled through the centre. It is undecorated and covered with pitting and scratch marks. The weight has a cream-grey patination and weighs 7.82g. Lead weights, along with spindle whorls, were commonly used from the Iron Age through to the Post Medieval period and are difficult to date with any certainty. Decorated examples are thought to date to the Medieval to Post Medieval periods while undecorated exampl…
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E8ABD3

Record ID: ESS-E8ABD3
Object type: VESSEL
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Cambridgeshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy repair from a vessel (pot mend), dating from the Roman to Medieval periods (43 - 1500 AD). One face of the pot med is sub rectangular with a smaller sub circular bar projecting from the centre. The mend measures 29mm in length. No fabric adheres to the mend to indicate what type of vessel it was used to repair. Pot mends of this form are found in both Roman and Medieval periods as a common way to repair broken pottery vessels. Without any remains of the pot it is impossible to date it more precisely.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-10C542

Record ID: ESS-10C542
Object type: VESSEL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Medieval to Post Medieval cast copper alloy cooking vessel rim fragment dating from AD1250 - AD1850. The fragment is decorated with a thickened band, measuring 5.16mm in width, around the edge just below the rim. The fragment is too small to determine the original diameter of the vessel. The fragment measures 61.12mm in length, 47.86mm in height, 5.86mm in thickness and weighs 62.11g. Butler, Green and Payne (2009: Finds Research Group AD700-1700 Datasheet 41) comment that rim fragments which are found as individual fragments are likely to be from cauldrons or posne…
Created on: Friday 18th October 2013
Last updated: Monday 10th February 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-C0B396

Record ID: ESS-C0B396
Object type: TOKEN
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Cambridgeshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Medieval to Post Medieval cast lead alloy 'boy bishop' token dating from 1470 - 1539 AD. The obverse possibly depicts a a crude impression of a mitred head, the legend is illegible. The reverse depicts a long cross with three pellets in each quarter, the reverse legend is also illegible.
Created on: Monday 14th October 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D331D1

Record ID: ESS-D331D1
Object type: THIMBLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete, cast copper alloy thimble dating to the Post Medieval (1500 - 1800 AD). The thimble is formed of steeply angled sides and a domed top. The surface has been decorated with a series of irregular indentations. The thimble has been damaged and has a transverse break across the bottom edge. The thimble also appears to have been squashed causing a vertical tear from the bottom up to the domed top. The thimble measures 21mm in diameter.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E96F45

Record ID: ESS-E96F45
Object type: STRAP FITTING
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Cambridgeshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy strap loop dating to the Medieval period (1300 - 1400 AD). The strap loop is flat and sub rectangular with an integral centrally situated external rivet on one side. It is undecorated. It measures 26mm in length. For similar examples see Egan & Pritchard (1991: 232) Fig. 147. For similar examples on the PAS database see HAMP-539464 or SUR-5F4543.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E4F1F4

Record ID: ESS-E4F1F4
Object type: STRAP END
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete, cast copper alloy composite strap end dating to the Medieval period (1270-1400 AD). The strap end is of a two piece, circular form. The strap end measures 76mm in length. At the strap end it is sub triangular in plan. It then widens again to form two broadly rectangular projections. Along the top edge of the sub triangle there are two small iron rivets. At either side of the rivets on the front and the edge of the piece, there are small triangular 'V' shaped notches, each pointing towards the rivets. There is an incised design decorating the panel consisting of a broad rec…
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Thursday 7th May 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E8F522

Record ID: ESS-E8F522
Object type: SPINDLE WHORL
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Cambridgeshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A ceramic spindle whorl dating from the Roman to Medieva periods (43 - 1500 AD). The spindle whorl is flat and sub circular with a circular hole through the centre. The whorl has been formed from a fine white paste sherd. It measures 32mm in diameter. Spindle whorls were commonly used from the Iron Age through to the Post Medieval period which makes them difficult to date without contextual evidence. This spindle whorl appears to have been made from a piece of Roman pottery and so a slightly shorter date range has been suggested.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D45256

Record ID: ESS-D45256
Object type: RIVET
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A sheet copper alloy rivet dating between the Medieval and Post Medieval periods (1475 - 1800 AD). The rivet is formed from a sheet of copper alloy rolled into a cone and with the top flattened to form a head. The rivet measures 10mm in length. The function for these objects is unclear, however it is thought that they may have been used for repairing metal vessels. A discussion of these rivets can be found in Egan 2005: 101. Egan suggests that rivets like this were a later form of rivet, which took over from the Medieval folded staples in the late 15th to the mid to late 16th cent…
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D4F774

Record ID: ESS-D4F774
Object type: RING
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy functional ring, probably dating to the Medieval period (1150 - 1450 AD). The ring is circular with a slightly flattened cross section. It measures 28mm in diameter. For similar examples see Egan (1998: 62) nos. 91 - 119.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E731B7

Record ID: ESS-E731B7
Object type: RING
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Cambridgeshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy functional ring of uncertain function and date. The ring is circular in plan and in cross section. The ring measures 19mm in diameter. Plain rings may have had a range of uses and as such are difficult to date without any diagnostic features or contextual evidence.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D369E3

Record ID: ESS-D369E3
Object type: POWDER MEASURE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast, lead alloy cap from a powder measure dating to the Post Medieval (1600 - 1700 AD). It has a circular base with straight sides and an open top. There are no side lugs although there appears to be scarring on at least one side. It measures 20mm in diameter. For an almost identical example see Courtney (1988: 2) Fig. 3. For an example on the database see SOM-5A0707.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E5F408

Record ID: ESS-E5F408
Object type: NUT CRACKERS
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a nutcraker arm (1300-1600). It is sub rectangular with a circular cross section. It slightly tapers to the terminal which is decorated with an acorn shaped knop. The other end is flattened on one side to create a D shapped cross section. There is a break running across this end. The flattened end is decorated on both sides with a series of incised grooves and raised ridges. On the convex side there are two grooves and two ridges running parallel and next to the break. On the flattened side there are at least six ridges running parallel to the break until they meet the c…
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Thursday 13th July 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E873D5

Record ID: ESS-E873D5
Object type: NAIL
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Cambridgeshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy nail dating to the Roman period (43 - 400 AD). The nail has a solid plano-convex head and a tapering shank with a sub rectangular cross section. The nail measures 38mm in length. The nail possibly came from a piece of furniture and similar nails were excavated in Colchester, as illustrated by Crummy (1983: 115) Fig. 116.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E6DF18

Record ID: ESS-E6DF18
Object type: MOUNT
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Cambridgeshire
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy mount dating from the Medieval to Post Medieval periods (1100 - 1700 AD). The mount is circular with a central convex boss and eight evenly spaced protruding lobed knops. The reverse is concave and undecorated. In the centre of the reverse there is an integrally cast sharp spike. The spike tapers to a point and is bent over so that it slightly protrudes between two of the lobed knops. The mount measures 36mm in diameter. A similar example is recorded on this database; SUSS-1D0EC3.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E55388

Record ID: ESS-E55388
Object type: MIRROR CASE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
One half of a cast copper alloy mirror case lid dating to the Medieval period (1150 - 1450 AD). The other half of the case is missing. It is circular, flat and has a looped fitting protruding from one side. It is undecorated and damaged. Circa 25% is missing from the opposite side to the looped fitting. The lid measures 30mm in diameter. For similar examples on the PAS database see WILT-3CA276 or LIN-98C335.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D218F6

Record ID: ESS-D218F6
Object type: KNIFE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Post Medieval worked bone knife handle dating between 1500 - 1700 AD. The fragment is one half of a handle that would half been oval sectioned. It is sub rectangular in plan with a rounded end. Along one edge there are two rivet holes with old breaks. There are also two sub circular holes drilled into the handle. One is situated just off centre along the right edge whilst the other is nearer the top of the handle at the left hand side. The handle is decorated with a double cross hatched design along the upper and lower edges with a series of vertical lines in groups of…
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


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