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    • Secondary identifier (obfuscated for security): PAS51FA33720012DE
    • County: Essex
    • Thumbnail: Only records with images please
    • Primary material: Copper alloy

  • Thumbnail image of ESS-10C542

Record ID: ESS-10C542
Object type: VESSEL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Medieval to Post Medieval cast copper alloy cooking vessel rim fragment dating from AD1250 - AD1850. The fragment is decorated with a thickened band, measuring 5.16mm in width, around the edge just below the rim. The fragment is too small to determine the original diameter of the vessel. The fragment measures 61.12mm in length, 47.86mm in height, 5.86mm in thickness and weighs 62.11g. Butler, Green and Payne (2009: Finds Research Group AD700-1700 Datasheet 41) comment that rim fragments which are found as individual fragments are likely to be from cauldrons or posne…
Created on: Friday 18th October 2013
Last updated: Monday 10th February 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-FD43E4

Record ID: ESS-FD43E4
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Medieval to Post Medieval cast copper alloy buckle dating from AD1250 - AD1800. The fragment probably came from an oval looped buckle but it is too small to be diagnostic. The outer edge has an incised line running along it. The fragment measures 32.78mm in length, 6.25mm in width, 2.25mm in thickness and weighs 2.15g.
Created on: Thursday 17th October 2013
Last updated: Monday 10th February 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E64471

Record ID: ESS-E64471
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a cast copper alloy brooch dating to the Roman period. The brooch is a Hod Hill type dating between 43 and 70 AD. The brooch consists of the hinge and part of the bow. The pin is missing but there are traces of iron corrosion in the hollow tube that would have held it. The bow is slightly arched and tapers towards the base. There is a transverse break across the bow before the foot meaning that the catchplate is also missing. The bow is undecorated. The brooch measures 31mm in length. A similar example can be seen on the database at SUR-FE6060.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E5F408

Record ID: ESS-E5F408
Object type: NUT CRACKERS
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a nutcraker arm (1300-1600). It is sub rectangular with a circular cross section. It slightly tapers to the terminal which is decorated with an acorn shaped knop. The other end is flattened on one side to create a D shapped cross section. There is a break running across this end. The flattened end is decorated on both sides with a series of incised grooves and raised ridges. On the convex side there are two grooves and two ridges running parallel and next to the break. On the flattened side there are at least six ridges running parallel to the break until they meet the c…
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Thursday 13th July 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E55388

Record ID: ESS-E55388
Object type: MIRROR CASE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
One half of a cast copper alloy mirror case lid dating to the Medieval period (1150 - 1450 AD). The other half of the case is missing. It is circular, flat and has a looped fitting protruding from one side. It is undecorated and damaged. Circa 25% is missing from the opposite side to the looped fitting. The lid measures 30mm in diameter. For similar examples on the PAS database see WILT-3CA276 or LIN-98C335.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E4F1F4

Record ID: ESS-E4F1F4
Object type: STRAP END
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete, cast copper alloy composite strap end dating to the Medieval period (1270-1400 AD). The strap end is of a two piece, circular form. The strap end measures 76mm in length. At the strap end it is sub triangular in plan. It then widens again to form two broadly rectangular projections. Along the top edge of the sub triangle there are two small iron rivets. At either side of the rivets on the front and the edge of the piece, there are small triangular 'V' shaped notches, each pointing towards the rivets. There is an incised design decorating the panel consisting of a broad rec…
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Thursday 7th May 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E47DD7

Record ID: ESS-E47DD7
Object type: AWL
Broad period: BRONZE AGE
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Published Find published
A late Bronze Age cast copper alloy awl dating from 1000BC to 800BC. The awl has a thickened centre and tapers to a point at each end. It has a circular cross section and the tip at one end has been slightly bent over. It measures 56mm in length. For a similar example on the PAS database see BH-D64995.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D4F774

Record ID: ESS-D4F774
Object type: RING
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy functional ring, probably dating to the Medieval period (1150 - 1450 AD). The ring is circular with a slightly flattened cross section. It measures 28mm in diameter. For similar examples see Egan (1998: 62) nos. 91 - 119.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D483A1

Record ID: ESS-D483A1
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a cast copper alloy, double loop buckle dating to the Post Medieval period (1570 - 1700 AD). The buckle is trapezoidal with a sub rectangular loop. The second loop does not survive due to a transverse break across the buckle just to one side of the strap bar. The centrally located strap bar is narrowed and recessed with a pointed knop at each end. The pin does not survive. The outside edge of the buckle is bevelled. The buckle measures 18mm in length. For a similar examples see Whitehead (2003: 82) nos. 506 or 507.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D45256

Record ID: ESS-D45256
Object type: RIVET
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A sheet copper alloy rivet dating between the Medieval and Post Medieval periods (1475 - 1800 AD). The rivet is formed from a sheet of copper alloy rolled into a cone and with the top flattened to form a head. The rivet measures 10mm in length. The function for these objects is unclear, however it is thought that they may have been used for repairing metal vessels. A discussion of these rivets can be found in Egan 2005: 101. Egan suggests that rivets like this were a later form of rivet, which took over from the Medieval folded staples in the late 15th to the mid to late 16th cent…
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D331D1

Record ID: ESS-D331D1
Object type: THIMBLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete, cast copper alloy thimble dating to the Post Medieval (1500 - 1800 AD). The thimble is formed of steeply angled sides and a domed top. The surface has been decorated with a series of irregular indentations. The thimble has been damaged and has a transverse break across the bottom edge. The thimble also appears to have been squashed causing a vertical tear from the bottom up to the domed top. The thimble measures 21mm in diameter.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D16AB7

Record ID: ESS-D16AB7
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A incomplete, cast copper alloy buckle plate dating to the Medieval period (1250 - 1400 AD). The buckle is a single loop spur buckle. The plate is sub rectangular and tapers slightly before terminating in a rounded end with a round hole through the middle. The other end of the buckle plate flares out to form the buckle. This end has a transverse break across leaving two projections. At the top of the buckle plate there is a centrally located sub rectangular notch that would have housed the pin, which no longer survives. Just below this notch is another circular hole through the buckle…
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D0ACA1

Record ID: ESS-D0ACA1
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast, copper alloy, double loop annular buckle dating to the Medieval to Post Medieval periods (1350 to 1650 AD). The buckle is annular with a strap bar running across the centre. The pin survives and is formed of a piece of wire bent around the strap bar. The buckle measures 26mm in diameter. For similar examples see Whitehead (2003: 44 - 45) nos. 251 - 256.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6B0BB6

Record ID: ESS-6B0BB6
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy, Post Medieval buckle dating from AD1620 to AD1680. The frame is rectangular in plan with the outer edge tickened and projecting to a triangular point. The central strap bar is narrowed, is slightly convex and has a rectangular cross section. At each end of the strap bar is a rounded knop. The pin is missing. The upper surface has the remains of a treatment, probably tinning. The buckle measures 23.55m in length, 20.69mm in width, 2.69mm in thickness and weighs 3.61g. It is likely that this was originally a double looped buckle and the second loop has been lo…
Created on: Thursday 10th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 13th November 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-74F923

Record ID: ESS-74F923
Object type: JETTON
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Post medieval copper alloy Nuremberg Rose/Orb type jetton struck by Hans Krauwinckel II (1586 - 1635 AD). The obverse bears three crowns alternately with three lis around a central six petalled rose. The legend reads HANNS . KRAVWINCKEL . IN . NVR. The reverse bears an imperial orb surmounted by cross patty within a tressure of of three arches. The legend reads GOTT . ALLEIN . DIE . EER . ESEI Mitchiner (1988) illustrates similar examples, nos. 1518 - 1528.
Created on: Friday 23rd August 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-74DD21

Record ID: ESS-74DD21
Object type: JETTON
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Post medieval copper alloy Nuremberg Rose/Orb type jetton struck by Kilian Koch (1587-1632 AD). The obverse bears three crowns alternately with three lis around a central six petalled rose. The legend reads KILIANVS + KOCH + NVRENBERG. The reverse bears an imperial orb surmounted by cross patty within a tressure of of three arches. The legend reads RECHEN . PFENNIGE. Mitchiner (1988), illustrates this type, no. 1455.
Created on: Friday 23rd August 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-74B342

Record ID: ESS-74B342
Object type: JETTON
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Post medieval copper alloy Nuremberg Rose/Orb type jetton struck by Hans Schultes (1553 - 1584 AD) dating to 1550 - 1560 AD. The obverse bears three crowns alternately with three lis around a central six petalled rose. The legend reads HANS . SCHVTES . OG. The reverse bears an imperial orb surmounted by cross patty within a tressure of of three arches, an ornament in each external angle. The legend reads HANS . SCHVLTES . O. Mitchiner (1988) illustrates this example, no. 1336.
Created on: Friday 23rd August 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-742E65

Record ID: ESS-742E65
Object type: COIN
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A very worn, Post Medieval copper alloy rose farthing of Charles I (1625 - 1649 AD). Initial mark illegible, dating to 1636 - 1644 AD.
Created on: Friday 23rd August 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-741C02

Record ID: ESS-741C02
Object type: COIN
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A very worn, Post Medieval copper alloy farthing token of either James I (1603 - 1625 AD) or Charles I (1625 - 1649 AD). Uncertain type and initial mark.
Created on: Friday 23rd August 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-739A98

Record ID: ESS-739A98
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman copper alloy nummus of Constantine I (306-337 AD) dating to the period 330 -335 AD (Reece Period 17). GLORIA EXERCITVS reverse type depicting two soldiers with two standards. Uncertain mint.
Created on: Friday 23rd August 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


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