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    • Secondary identifier (obfuscated for security): PAS51FA33720012DE
    • County: Essex
    • Sort: objectType

  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D3E122

Record ID: ESS-D3E122
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A probable cast lead weight of uncertain date. The artefact is sub rectangular with a sub rectangular cross section. It is undecorated with a slightly pitted surface. It measures 13mm in length and weighs 13.12g. Lead weights, along with spindle whorls were commonly used from the Iron Age through to the Post Medieval period and are difficult to date with any certainty. Undecorated examples cannot be securely dated without supporting contextual evidence.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E4A557

Record ID: ESS-E4A557
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast lead weight or possible spindle whorl of uncertain date. The weight is hemispherical with a flat base, circular in plan and convex top. It has a sub circular hole drilled through the centre. It is undecorated and covered with pitting and scratch marks. The weight has a cream-grey patination. It weighs 21.39g. Lead weights, along with spindle whorls were commonly used from the Iron Age through to the Post Medieval period and are difficult to date with any certainty. Undecorated examples cannot be securely dated without supporting contextual evidence.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-10C542

Record ID: ESS-10C542
Object type: VESSEL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Medieval to Post Medieval cast copper alloy cooking vessel rim fragment dating from AD1250 - AD1850. The fragment is decorated with a thickened band, measuring 5.16mm in width, around the edge just below the rim. The fragment is too small to determine the original diameter of the vessel. The fragment measures 61.12mm in length, 47.86mm in height, 5.86mm in thickness and weighs 62.11g. Butler, Green and Payne (2009: Finds Research Group AD700-1700 Datasheet 41) comment that rim fragments which are found as individual fragments are likely to be from cauldrons or posne…
Created on: Friday 18th October 2013
Last updated: Monday 10th February 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D331D1

Record ID: ESS-D331D1
Object type: THIMBLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete, cast copper alloy thimble dating to the Post Medieval (1500 - 1800 AD). The thimble is formed of steeply angled sides and a domed top. The surface has been decorated with a series of irregular indentations. The thimble has been damaged and has a transverse break across the bottom edge. The thimble also appears to have been squashed causing a vertical tear from the bottom up to the domed top. The thimble measures 21mm in diameter.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E4F1F4

Record ID: ESS-E4F1F4
Object type: STRAP END
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete, cast copper alloy composite strap end dating to the Medieval period (1270-1400 AD). The strap end is of a two piece, circular form. The strap end measures 76mm in length. At the strap end it is sub triangular in plan. It then widens again to form two broadly rectangular projections. Along the top edge of the sub triangle there are two small iron rivets. At either side of the rivets on the front and the edge of the piece, there are small triangular 'V' shaped notches, each pointing towards the rivets. There is an incised design decorating the panel consisting of a broad rec…
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Thursday 7th May 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D45256

Record ID: ESS-D45256
Object type: RIVET
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A sheet copper alloy rivet dating between the Medieval and Post Medieval periods (1475 - 1800 AD). The rivet is formed from a sheet of copper alloy rolled into a cone and with the top flattened to form a head. The rivet measures 10mm in length. The function for these objects is unclear, however it is thought that they may have been used for repairing metal vessels. A discussion of these rivets can be found in Egan 2005: 101. Egan suggests that rivets like this were a later form of rivet, which took over from the Medieval folded staples in the late 15th to the mid to late 16th cent…
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D4F774

Record ID: ESS-D4F774
Object type: RING
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy functional ring, probably dating to the Medieval period (1150 - 1450 AD). The ring is circular with a slightly flattened cross section. It measures 28mm in diameter. For similar examples see Egan (1998: 62) nos. 91 - 119.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D369E3

Record ID: ESS-D369E3
Object type: POWDER MEASURE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast, lead alloy cap from a powder measure dating to the Post Medieval (1600 - 1700 AD). It has a circular base with straight sides and an open top. There are no side lugs although there appears to be scarring on at least one side. It measures 20mm in diameter. For an almost identical example see Courtney (1988: 2) Fig. 3. For an example on the database see SOM-5A0707.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E5F408

Record ID: ESS-E5F408
Object type: NUT CRACKERS
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a nutcraker arm (1300-1600). It is sub rectangular with a circular cross section. It slightly tapers to the terminal which is decorated with an acorn shaped knop. The other end is flattened on one side to create a D shapped cross section. There is a break running across this end. The flattened end is decorated on both sides with a series of incised grooves and raised ridges. On the convex side there are two grooves and two ridges running parallel and next to the break. On the flattened side there are at least six ridges running parallel to the break until they meet the c…
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Thursday 13th July 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E55388

Record ID: ESS-E55388
Object type: MIRROR CASE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
One half of a cast copper alloy mirror case lid dating to the Medieval period (1150 - 1450 AD). The other half of the case is missing. It is circular, flat and has a looped fitting protruding from one side. It is undecorated and damaged. Circa 25% is missing from the opposite side to the looped fitting. The lid measures 30mm in diameter. For similar examples on the PAS database see WILT-3CA276 or LIN-98C335.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D218F6

Record ID: ESS-D218F6
Object type: KNIFE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Post Medieval worked bone knife handle dating between 1500 - 1700 AD. The fragment is one half of a handle that would half been oval sectioned. It is sub rectangular in plan with a rounded end. Along one edge there are two rivet holes with old breaks. There are also two sub circular holes drilled into the handle. One is situated just off centre along the right edge whilst the other is nearer the top of the handle at the left hand side. The handle is decorated with a double cross hatched design along the upper and lower edges with a series of vertical lines in groups of…
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-74B342

Record ID: ESS-74B342
Object type: JETTON
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Post medieval copper alloy Nuremberg Rose/Orb type jetton struck by Hans Schultes (1553 - 1584 AD) dating to 1550 - 1560 AD. The obverse bears three crowns alternately with three lis around a central six petalled rose. The legend reads HANS . SCHVTES . OG. The reverse bears an imperial orb surmounted by cross patty within a tressure of of three arches, an ornament in each external angle. The legend reads HANS . SCHVLTES . O. Mitchiner (1988) illustrates this example, no. 1336.
Created on: Friday 23rd August 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-74DD21

Record ID: ESS-74DD21
Object type: JETTON
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Post medieval copper alloy Nuremberg Rose/Orb type jetton struck by Kilian Koch (1587-1632 AD). The obverse bears three crowns alternately with three lis around a central six petalled rose. The legend reads KILIANVS + KOCH + NVRENBERG. The reverse bears an imperial orb surmounted by cross patty within a tressure of of three arches. The legend reads RECHEN . PFENNIGE. Mitchiner (1988), illustrates this type, no. 1455.
Created on: Friday 23rd August 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-74F923

Record ID: ESS-74F923
Object type: JETTON
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Post medieval copper alloy Nuremberg Rose/Orb type jetton struck by Hans Krauwinckel II (1586 - 1635 AD). The obverse bears three crowns alternately with three lis around a central six petalled rose. The legend reads HANNS . KRAVWINCKEL . IN . NVR. The reverse bears an imperial orb surmounted by cross patty within a tressure of of three arches. The legend reads GOTT . ALLEIN . DIE . EER . ESEI Mitchiner (1988) illustrates similar examples, nos. 1518 - 1528.
Created on: Friday 23rd August 2013
Last updated: Friday 13th June 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1EAEE1

Record ID: ESS-1EAEE1
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman copper alloy copy of an as of Claudius dating to AD43 - AD54 (Reece Period 2). Reverse depicts Minerva advancing right. Uncertain Mint.
Created on: Monday 19th August 2013
Last updated: Thursday 17th October 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1EBA48

Record ID: ESS-1EBA48
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman copper alloy contemporary copy of an as of Claudius dating to AD43 - AD54 (Reece Period 2). Reverse depicts Minerva advancing right. Uncertain Mint.
Created on: Monday 19th August 2013
Last updated: Thursday 17th October 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1EC882

Record ID: ESS-1EC882
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman copper alloy dupondius or as of uncertain Emperor dating to AD43 - AD260. Uncertain reverse and mint.
Created on: Monday 19th August 2013
Last updated: Thursday 17th October 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1ED710

Record ID: ESS-1ED710
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman copper alloy sestertius of uncertain Emperor dating to AD43 - AD260. Uncertain reverse and mint.
Created on: Monday 19th August 2013
Last updated: Thursday 17th October 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1F0047

Record ID: ESS-1F0047
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman silver denarius of uncertain Emperor dating to AD43 - AD260. Reverse depicts figure standing facing left. Uncertain mint.
Created on: Monday 19th August 2013
Last updated: Thursday 17th October 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-1F1281

Record ID: ESS-1F1281
Object type: COIN
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Roman copper alloy radiate of Postumus dating to AD260 - AD269 (Reece Period 13). Reverse depicts figure standing left. Uncertain mint.
Created on: Monday 19th August 2013
Last updated: Thursday 17th October 2013
Spatial data recorded.


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