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    • Secondary identifier (obfuscated for security): PAS51FA33720012DE
    • County: Essex
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  • Thumbnail image of ESS-6B0BB6

Record ID: ESS-6B0BB6
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy, Post Medieval buckle dating from AD1620 to AD1680. The frame is rectangular in plan with the outer edge tickened and projecting to a triangular point. The central strap bar is narrowed, is slightly convex and has a rectangular cross section. At each end of the strap bar is a rounded knop. The pin is missing. The upper surface has the remains of a treatment, probably tinning. The buckle measures 23.55m in length, 20.69mm in width, 2.69mm in thickness and weighs 3.61g. It is likely that this was originally a double looped buckle and the second loop has been lo…
Created on: Thursday 10th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 13th November 2013
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D16AB7

Record ID: ESS-D16AB7
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A incomplete, cast copper alloy buckle plate dating to the Medieval period (1250 - 1400 AD). The buckle is a single loop spur buckle. The plate is sub rectangular and tapers slightly before terminating in a rounded end with a round hole through the middle. The other end of the buckle plate flares out to form the buckle. This end has a transverse break across leaving two projections. At the top of the buckle plate there is a centrally located sub rectangular notch that would have housed the pin, which no longer survives. Just below this notch is another circular hole through the buckle…
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D0ACA1

Record ID: ESS-D0ACA1
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast, copper alloy, double loop annular buckle dating to the Medieval to Post Medieval periods (1350 to 1650 AD). The buckle is annular with a strap bar running across the centre. The pin survives and is formed of a piece of wire bent around the strap bar. The buckle measures 26mm in diameter. For similar examples see Whitehead (2003: 44 - 45) nos. 251 - 256.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D218F6

Record ID: ESS-D218F6
Object type: KNIFE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Post Medieval worked bone knife handle dating between 1500 - 1700 AD. The fragment is one half of a handle that would half been oval sectioned. It is sub rectangular in plan with a rounded end. Along one edge there are two rivet holes with old breaks. There are also two sub circular holes drilled into the handle. One is situated just off centre along the right edge whilst the other is nearer the top of the handle at the left hand side. The handle is decorated with a double cross hatched design along the upper and lower edges with a series of vertical lines in groups of…
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D331D1

Record ID: ESS-D331D1
Object type: THIMBLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
An incomplete, cast copper alloy thimble dating to the Post Medieval (1500 - 1800 AD). The thimble is formed of steeply angled sides and a domed top. The surface has been decorated with a series of irregular indentations. The thimble has been damaged and has a transverse break across the bottom edge. The thimble also appears to have been squashed causing a vertical tear from the bottom up to the domed top. The thimble measures 21mm in diameter.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D369E3

Record ID: ESS-D369E3
Object type: POWDER MEASURE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast, lead alloy cap from a powder measure dating to the Post Medieval (1600 - 1700 AD). It has a circular base with straight sides and an open top. There are no side lugs although there appears to be scarring on at least one side. It measures 20mm in diameter. For an almost identical example see Courtney (1988: 2) Fig. 3. For an example on the database see SOM-5A0707.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E64471

Record ID: ESS-E64471
Object type: BROOCH
Broad period: ROMAN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a cast copper alloy brooch dating to the Roman period. The brooch is a Hod Hill type dating between 43 and 70 AD. The brooch consists of the hinge and part of the bow. The pin is missing but there are traces of iron corrosion in the hollow tube that would have held it. The bow is slightly arched and tapers towards the base. There is a transverse break across the bow before the foot meaning that the catchplate is also missing. The bow is undecorated. The brooch measures 31mm in length. A similar example can be seen on the database at SUR-FE6060.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E5F408

Record ID: ESS-E5F408
Object type: NUT CRACKERS
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a nutcraker arm (1300-1600). It is sub rectangular with a circular cross section. It slightly tapers to the terminal which is decorated with an acorn shaped knop. The other end is flattened on one side to create a D shapped cross section. There is a break running across this end. The flattened end is decorated on both sides with a series of incised grooves and raised ridges. On the convex side there are two grooves and two ridges running parallel and next to the break. On the flattened side there are at least six ridges running parallel to the break until they meet the c…
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Thursday 13th July 2017
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D5B6A4

Record ID: ESS-D5B6A4
Object type: BUTTON
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast tin button dating to the Medieval period (1250 - 1350 AD). The button is spherical with an applied copper alloy wire looped shank that has now been lost. The shank has a transverse break across it leaving two small copper alloy projections. The button measures 11mm in diameter. For a similar example see Read (2010: 26) no. 78.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E55388

Record ID: ESS-E55388
Object type: MIRROR CASE
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
One half of a cast copper alloy mirror case lid dating to the Medieval period (1150 - 1450 AD). The other half of the case is missing. It is circular, flat and has a looped fitting protruding from one side. It is undecorated and damaged. Circa 25% is missing from the opposite side to the looped fitting. The lid measures 30mm in diameter. For similar examples on the PAS database see WILT-3CA276 or LIN-98C335.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D4F774

Record ID: ESS-D4F774
Object type: RING
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast copper alloy functional ring, probably dating to the Medieval period (1150 - 1450 AD). The ring is circular with a slightly flattened cross section. It measures 28mm in diameter. For similar examples see Egan (1998: 62) nos. 91 - 119.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E4F1F4

Record ID: ESS-E4F1F4
Object type: STRAP END
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete, cast copper alloy composite strap end dating to the Medieval period (1270-1400 AD). The strap end is of a two piece, circular form. The strap end measures 76mm in length. At the strap end it is sub triangular in plan. It then widens again to form two broadly rectangular projections. Along the top edge of the sub triangle there are two small iron rivets. At either side of the rivets on the front and the edge of the piece, there are small triangular 'V' shaped notches, each pointing towards the rivets. There is an incised design decorating the panel consisting of a broad rec…
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Thursday 7th May 2015
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D483A1

Record ID: ESS-D483A1
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a cast copper alloy, double loop buckle dating to the Post Medieval period (1570 - 1700 AD). The buckle is trapezoidal with a sub rectangular loop. The second loop does not survive due to a transverse break across the buckle just to one side of the strap bar. The centrally located strap bar is narrowed and recessed with a pointed knop at each end. The pin does not survive. The outside edge of the buckle is bevelled. The buckle measures 18mm in length. For a similar examples see Whitehead (2003: 82) nos. 506 or 507.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D57A64

Record ID: ESS-D57A64
Object type: BUTTON
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A cast tin button dating to the Post Medieval (1500 - 1650 AD). The button is discoidal with a convex front and a flat back. It has an integral iron shank which has now been lost. The front is decorated with a central pellet. It measures 14mm in diameter. For a similar example see Read (2010: 64) no. 226.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D45256

Record ID: ESS-D45256
Object type: RIVET
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A sheet copper alloy rivet dating between the Medieval and Post Medieval periods (1475 - 1800 AD). The rivet is formed from a sheet of copper alloy rolled into a cone and with the top flattened to form a head. The rivet measures 10mm in length. The function for these objects is unclear, however it is thought that they may have been used for repairing metal vessels. A discussion of these rivets can be found in Egan 2005: 101. Egan suggests that rivets like this were a later form of rivet, which took over from the Medieval folded staples in the late 15th to the mid to late 16th cent…
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-D3E122

Record ID: ESS-D3E122
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A probable cast lead weight of uncertain date. The artefact is sub rectangular with a sub rectangular cross section. It is undecorated with a slightly pitted surface. It measures 13mm in length and weighs 13.12g. Lead weights, along with spindle whorls were commonly used from the Iron Age through to the Post Medieval period and are difficult to date with any certainty. Undecorated examples cannot be securely dated without supporting contextual evidence.
Created on: Tuesday 15th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-E4A557

Record ID: ESS-E4A557
Object type: WEIGHT
Broad period: UNKNOWN
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A complete cast lead weight or possible spindle whorl of uncertain date. The weight is hemispherical with a flat base, circular in plan and convex top. It has a sub circular hole drilled through the centre. It is undecorated and covered with pitting and scratch marks. The weight has a cream-grey patination. It weighs 21.39g. Lead weights, along with spindle whorls were commonly used from the Iron Age through to the Post Medieval period and are difficult to date with any certainty. Undecorated examples cannot be securely dated without supporting contextual evidence.
Created on: Wednesday 16th October 2013
Last updated: Wednesday 28th May 2014
Spatial data recorded. This findspot is known as 'Chignall', grid reference and parish protected.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-FD43E4

Record ID: ESS-FD43E4
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Medieval to Post Medieval cast copper alloy buckle dating from AD1250 - AD1800. The fragment probably came from an oval looped buckle but it is too small to be diagnostic. The outer edge has an incised line running along it. The fragment measures 32.78mm in length, 6.25mm in width, 2.25mm in thickness and weighs 2.15g.
Created on: Thursday 17th October 2013
Last updated: Monday 10th February 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-10C542

Record ID: ESS-10C542
Object type: VESSEL
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A fragment of a Medieval to Post Medieval cast copper alloy cooking vessel rim fragment dating from AD1250 - AD1850. The fragment is decorated with a thickened band, measuring 5.16mm in width, around the edge just below the rim. The fragment is too small to determine the original diameter of the vessel. The fragment measures 61.12mm in length, 47.86mm in height, 5.86mm in thickness and weighs 62.11g. Butler, Green and Payne (2009: Finds Research Group AD700-1700 Datasheet 41) comment that rim fragments which are found as individual fragments are likely to be from cauldrons or posne…
Created on: Friday 18th October 2013
Last updated: Monday 10th February 2014
Spatial data recorded.


  • Thumbnail image of ESS-134BA0

Record ID: ESS-134BA0
Object type: BUCKLE
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
County: Essex
Workflow stage: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
A Post Medieval cast pewter shoe or knee buckle dating from AD1660 - AD1720. The buckle is sub annular and symmetrical with two central drilled holes which would have held a separate spindle making the buckle double looped. The spindle, and thus the pin, has now been lost. The buckle has a moulded decoration on the front. This is formed of four rounded knops at the four 'corners'. The two upper and the two lowers knops are linked to each other by a raised line following the curve of the loops. In the centre of these lines, where the spindle would have attached, is a pointed knop. The …
Created on: Friday 18th October 2013
Last updated: Monday 10th February 2014
Spatial data recorded.


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